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were classified legally as black, white, Indian, and “colored.”
Don’t confuse the term colored with the old derogatory term
for black people in the United States. In South Africa, it meant
people of mixed race. The term is still used today, but since many
don’t like it, and since it has a different historical meaning in the
US, I will use the term “mixed race” to avoid confusion. OK?
Now, as I was saying, the demographics break down like this:
75% are black, 13.6% are white, 8.6% are mixed race, and
then 2.6% are Indian. Now, like I said, the people of mixed race
and of Indian descent supported the effort to bring down
apartheid, and I should add that a few of the white people did
as well. So, after a long and difficult struggle, apartheid was
dismantled by F.W. De Klerk in 1990. Yes, do you have a question?
: Does everyone speak English in South Africa?
M: No, not necessarily. Most people do, I think, but there are actually
eleven official languages. English is one, and I’m sure you’ve all
heard of Afrikaans? That’s the language of the Dutch settlers.
It sort of evolved into a new language over the centuries of Dutch
settlement. The most commonly spoken language that’s native
to the area, I believe, would be Zulu. Then there are others, but
I won’t get into them right now... They should be in your book.
Anyway, back to the different ethnic groups for a moment. You
should be aware that South Africa has the largest population of
people of European descent in Africa, and the largest Indian
population outside of Asia. Not only that, it also has the largest
mixed race community in Africa. Now, as I was saying earlier, South
Africa has the largest economy of all the countries on the African