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SỞ GIÁO DỤC VÀ ĐÀO TẠO
ĐỀ CHÍNH THỨC
(Đề thi gồm có 08 trang)
KỲ THI TUYỂN SINH VÀO LỚP 10 TRUNG HỌC PHỔ THƠNG
NĂM HỌC 2018 – 2019
Mơn thi: TIẾNG ANH – CHUYÊN
Thời gian làm bài: 150 phút, không kể thời gian phát đề
Lưu ý: Thí sinh làm bài trực tiếp vào đề thi, viết câu trả lời vào đúng vị trí quy định theo hướng
Điểm Giám khảo 1 Giám khảo 2 Mã bài thi
(do HĐ chấm ghi)
PART A. PHONETICS (10.0 pts)
I. Choose the option A, B, C, or D that has the underlined part pronounced differently from the
others. (5.0 pts)
1. A. cupboard B. pneumonia C. description D. receipt
2. A. calcite B. palaeography C. palmist D. salmon
3. A. gem B. vague C. allergy D. geminate
4. A. chortle B. epoch C. arch D. perch
7. A. dispose B. hesitation C. pantyhose D. increase
8. A. compensate B. devil C. stereo D. impede
9. A. subtle B. combust C. doubt D. womb
10.A. augmentative B. gauge C. fraudster D. tautology
II. Choose the option A, B, C, or D that has the different stress pattern from the others. (5.0 pts)
11. A. compulsory B. curriculum C. appropriate D. secondary
12. A. hospital B. different C. supportive D. compliment
13. A. stimulate B. maximize C. interrupt D. register
14. A. tsunami B. terrorist C. tradition D. disaster
15. A. application B. certificate C. biology D. security
16. A. identify B. television C. particular D. majority
17. A. academic B. engineering C. available D. sympathetic
18. A. psychology B. mischievousness C. impossible D. photography
19. A. obligatory B. geographical C. international D. undergraduate
20. A. university B. punctuality C. agricultural D. mathematician
PART B. VOCABULARY AND GRAMMAR (30.0pts)
I. Choose the best word or phrase from A, B, C, or D to complete these sentences. (10.0 pts)
21. I saw a _______ scarf in a shop near my house.
A. sweet little green silk B. little green silk sweet
C. sweet green little silk D. green little sweet silk
22. There has been a recommendation that Peter _______ the president of the country.
A. will be elected B. be elected C. is elected D. was elected
23. He kept his marriage for years, but eventually the truth _______.
A. came out B. went out C. came through D. fell out
A. I was born in B. in which I was born C. where I was born D. that I was born
25. It is difficult for museums to find funds to protect the nation’s_______.
A. inheritance B. heritage C. possessions D. legacy
26. Tom: “I thought your performance last Sunday was wonderful.”
A. Don’t tell a lie. I thought it was terrible.
B. You must be kidding. It was not as good as I had expected.
C. I completely agree with you. It was terrific.
D. No doubt!
27. When his alarm went off, he shut it off and slept for _______ 15 minutes.
A. other B. others C. another D. the others
28. _______ every industry in our modern world requires the work of engineers.
A. Wholly B. Hardly C. Most D. Virtually
29. He felt ______when he failed the exams the second time.
A. discouraged B. discouraging C. encouraged D. encourage
30. ______ I had nothing for breakfast but an apple, I had lunch early.
A. However B. Since C. Due to D. Therefore
31. Let’s go for a picnic this week, _______?
A. do we B. don’t we C. shall we D. have we
32. No sooner _______ to marry Jack _______ to have serious doubts.
A. had Carol agreed / than she began B. Carol has agreed / than she began
C. had Carol agreed / than she begins D. had Carol agreed / than she had begun
33. Boy: “What is your greatest phobia?” Girl: “_______”
A. I'm afraid not. B. Worms, definitely!
C. Probably people who smoke. D. I haven’t made up my mind yet.
34. I wouldn’t waste time _______ that book if I were you.
A. to reading B. reading C. read D. to be read
35. It is _______ for you to stay in New York with just a few dollars in your pocket.
A. incapable B. unable C. impossible D. irresponsible
36. I wish you _______ me a new one instead of having it _______ as you did.
A. would give / to repair B. gave / to repair
C. had given / to be repaired D. had given / repaired
37. When the electricity failed, he _______ a match to find the candles.
A. rubbed B. scratched C. struck D. started
38. It’s four miles further if you don’t take the _______ cut.
A. narrow B. by C. short D. half
39. When _______ to explain his mistake, the new employee cleared his throat nervously.
A. asking B. to be asked C. to be asking D. asked
40. Be careful! The mountain road is _______ slippery.
A. terrify B. terrifyingly C. terrifying D. terrified
21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30.
31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40.
II. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate forms of the words in parentheses. (10.0 pts)
A MEXICAN COOKERY COURSE
On holiday last year my two travelling (0. COMPANY) companions and I joined a day's
cookery course in a Mexican restaurant. There were eight (41.PARTICIPATE)______, all keen to learn
the secrets of the nation's cuisine. The students ranged from people who already had some (42.
EXPERT) ______ in the kitchen, to totally (43. SKILL) ______ people like myself.
Our teacher, Liana Cabrera, started with a short talk, then handed out some notes giving (44.
EXPLAIN) ______ of terms we'd be coming across. Soon we were trying out a range of exotic
ingredients, with (45.SURPRISE) ______ good results. Cabrera started giving cookery lessons five
years ago, and has become quite a (46. CELEBRATE) ______ with long waiting lists for her courses.
And because of her extensive knowledge of almost-forgotten regional dishes she is also a regular (47.
CONTRIBUTE) ______ to cookery programs on national television.
In the afternoon I joined the salsa-making team, with rather (48.DISASTER) ______ results. My
colleagues complained that my food was so (49.PAIN) ______ hot it made their eyes water. Their own
efforts turned out (50.CONSIDER) ______ better than mine. The communal meal at the end of the day
was delicious, and I'd not only learnt something about cooking, but I'd also broadened my
understanding of Mexican culture.
III. Each numbered line in the following passage has one missing word. Put an oblique stroke (/)
where the word has been omitted and write the missing word in each blank. The first one has
been done for you. (5.0 pts)
Cleaner wrasses are small marine fish / feed on the parasites living
on the bodies of larger fish. Each cleaner owns a ‘station’ on a reef
where clientele come get their mouths and teeth cleaned. Client fish
come in two varieties: residents and roamers. Residents belong species
with small territories; they have no choice to go to their local cleaner.
Roamers, on the hand, either hold large territories or travel widely,
means that they have several cleaning stations to choose from. The
cleaner wrasses sometimes ‘cheat’. This occurs when the fish takes a
bite out its client, feeding on healthy mucus. This makes the client jolt
and swim away. Roamers more likely to change stations if a cleaner
IV. Use the correct forms of the verbs in brackets to complete the following passage. (5.0 pts)
A pioneer in the field of telecommunications, Alexander Graham Bell (61. bear) _______ in
1847 in Edinburgh, Scotland. He moved to Ontario, and then to the United States, (62. settle) _______
in Boston, before (63. begin) _______ his career as an inventor. Throughout his life, Bell had been
interested in the education of deaf people. This interest led him to (64. invent) _______ the microphone
and, in 1876, his “electrical speech machine,” which (65. call) _______ a telephone today. News of his
invention quickly spread throughout the country, even throughout Europe. By 1878, Bell (66. set)
_______ up the first telephone exchange in New York City. Bell imagined great uses for his telephone,
PART C. READING (30.0 pts)
I. Choose one word from A, B, C or D that best completes each gap in the passage. (5.0 pts)
GIRLS AND TECHNOLOGY
If you want your daughter to succeed, buy her a toy construction set. That is the advice from
Britain’s (71) _______ female engineers and scientists. Marie-Noelle Barton, who heads an
Engineering Council campaign to encourage girls into science and engineering, maintains that some of
Britain’s most successful women have had their careers (72) _______ by the toys they played with as
children. Even girls who end (73) _______ nowhere near a microchip or microscope could benefit from
a better (74) _______ of science and technology.
‘It’s a (75) _______ of giving them experience and confidence with technology so that when
they are (76) _______ with a situation requiring some technical know-how, they feel they can handle it
(Cambridge Certificate in Advanced English 1, CUP)
71. A. foremost B. uppermost C. predominant D. surpassing
72. A. styled B. shaped C. built D. modeled
73. A. in B. by C. on D. up
74. A. hold B. grasp C. insight D. realisation
75. A. matter B. situation C. state D. cause
76. A. approached B. encountered C. presented D. offered
77. A. admit B. allow C. receive D. permit
78. A. for B. to C. from D. with
79. A. off B. through C. forward D. out
80. A. accessible B. feasible C. reachable D. obtainable
71. 72. 73. 74. 75.
76. 77. 78. 79. 80.
II. Read the passage and fill in each blank with ONE suitable word. (15.0 pts)
The age of a garden (0) has a great effect on the abundance of its wildlife. Since most animals
depend ultimately on plants for their food, animal life cannot easily establish (81) _______ in the
absence of plant life. A lot of land behind a newly-built house, even (82) _______ covered with a layer
of good soil, will support very (83) _______ resident species other (84) _______ microscopic
organisms. (85) _______ from the odd worm or spider, not (86) _______ creatures will be able to earn
a (87) _______ in the garden at this stage.
Colonisation takes (88) _______ gradually. Humans may introduce plants, and weed seeds will
arrive on the breeze or be dropped (89) _______ passing birds. Insects and other animals visit the
garden and, given suitable conditions, they take (90) _______ residence there. (91) _______ all this
activity, however, it (92) _______ years for a garden to become fully populated, and it cannot really be
regarded as mature until it is (93) _______ of supporting fully-grown shrubs and trees. On this basis, a
large (94) _______ of British gardens are immature, inasmuch as they do not support (95) _______ a
variety of wildlife as an older garden.
81. 82. 83. 84. 85.
86. 87. 88. 89. 90.
91. 92. 93. 94. 95.
III. Read the following passage and choose the best answer (A, B, C or D) to complete each
Learning means acquiring knowledge or developing the ability to perform new behaviors. It is
common to think of learning as something that takes place in school, but much of human learning
Even before they enter school, young children learn to walk, to talk, and to use their hands to
manipulate toys, food, and other objects. They use all of their senses to learn about the sights, sounds,
tastes, and smells in their environments. They learn how to interact with their parents, siblings, friends,
and other people important to their world. When they enter school, children learn basic academic
subjects such as reading, writing, and mathematics. They also continue to learn a great deal outside the
classroom. They learn which behaviors are likely to be rewarded and which are likely to be punished.
They learn social skills for interacting with other children. After they finish school, people must learn
to adapt to the many major changes that affect their lives, such as getting married, raising children, and
finding and keeping a job.
Because learning continues throughout our lives and affects almost everything we do, the study
of learning is important in many different fields. Teachers need to understand the best ways to educate
children. Psychologists, social workers, criminologists, and other human-service workers need to
understand how certain experiences change people’s behaviors. Employers, politicians, and advertisers
make use of the principles of learning to influence the behavior of workers, voters, and consumers.
Learning is closely related to memory, which is the storage of information in the brain.
Psychologists who study memory are interested in how the brain stores knowledge, where this storage
takes place, and how the brain later retrieves knowledge when we need it. In contrast, psychologists
who study learning are more interested in behavior and how behavior changes as a result of a person’s
There are many forms of learning, ranging from simple to complex. Simple forms of learning
involve a single stimulus. A stimulus is anything perceptible to the senses, such as a sight, sound, smell,
touch, or taste. In a form of learning known as classical conditioning, people learn to associate two
stimuli that occur in sequence, such as lightning followed by thunder. In operant conditioning, people
learn by forming an association between a behavior and its consequences (reward or punishment).
People and animals can also learn by observation - that is, by watching others perform behaviors. More
complex forms of learning include learning languages, concepts, and motor skills.
(Extracted from Microsoft® Student 2009 – DVD Version)
96. According to the passage, which of the following is learning in broad view comprised of?
A. Acquisition of social and behavioural skills
B. Knowledge acquisition and ability development
C. Knowledge acquisition outside the classroom
D. Acquisition of academic knowledge
97. According to the passage, what are children NOT usually taught outside the classroom?
A. literacy and calculation B. right from wrong
C. interpersonal communication D. life skills
98. Getting married, raising children, and finding and keeping a job are mentioned in paragraph 2 as
examples of _______.
A. the changes to which people have to orient themselves
B. the situations in which people cannot teach themselves
C. the ways people’s lives are influenced by education
D. the areas of learning which affect people’s lives
99. Which of the following can be inferred about the learning process from the passage?
A. It takes place more frequently in real life than in academic institutions.
B. It becomes less challenging and complicated when people grow older.
C. It is more interesting and effective in school than that in life.
D. It plays a crucial part in improving the learner’s motivation in school.
100. According to the passage, the study of learning is important in many fields due to _______.
A. the exploration of the best teaching methods
B. the need for certain experiences in various areas
C. the influence of various behaviours in the learning process
D. the great influence of the on-going learning process
101. It can be inferred from the passage that social workers, employers, and politicians concern
themselves with the study of learning because they need to _______.
A. make the objects of their interest more aware of the importance of learning
B. understand how a stimulus relates to the senses of the objects of their interest
C. thoroughly understand the behaviours of the objects of their interest
D. change the behaviours of the objects of their interest towards learning
102. The word “retrieves” in paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to _______.
A. generates B. creates C. recovers D. gains
103. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage?
A. Psychologists studying memory are concerned with how the stored knowledge is used.
B. Psychologists studying memory are concerned with the brain’s storage of knowledge.
C. Psychologists studying learning are interested in human behaviours.
D. Psychologists are all interested in memory as much as behaviours.
104. According to the passage, the stimulus in simple forms of learning _______.
A. is created by the senses B. bears relation to perception
C. makes associations between behaviours D. is associated with natural phenomena
105. The passage mainly discusses _______.
A. practical examples of learning inside the classroom
B. application of learning principles to formal education
C. general principles of learning
D. simple forms of learning
96. 97. 98. 99. 100.
101. 102. 103. 104. 105.
PART D. WRITING (30.0 pts)
I. Finish each of the following sentences in such a way that it means the same as the sentence
printed before. (5.0 pts)
106. In the unlikely event of a fire, please do not use the lift.
107. They declared war on the pretext of defending their territorial rights.
108. I wasn't surprised when they refused to pay me.
As I _______________________________________________________________________
109. I am absolutely sure he took the money on purpose.
He couldn’t _________________________________________________________________
110. Her success went beyond her expectation.
Never had __________________________________________________________________
II. Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first one. Do not change
the word given. (5.0 pts)
111. ‘You should stop your children watching too much television,’ the psychologist told Mary. (LET)
The psychologist advised ______________________________________________________
112. The local council wants to impose a ban on driving at more than 30 kilometres per hour anywhere
in this area. (ILLEGAL)
The local council wants to _____________________________________________________
113. Tommy missed the plane because he was late leaving for the airport. (TIME)
If only _____________________________________________________________________
114. The guidelines for the appointment of new staff need to be thoroughly revised. (THOROUGH)
There needs ________________________________________________________________
115. The change in the company’s logo didn’t make any difference to the majority of its customers.
The change in the company’s logo ______________________________________________
III. Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first one, using between
three and five words and including the word given. (5.0 pts)
116. It took me some time to understand fully what happened. (WHILE)
It was a _____________________________________________ understood what had happened.
117. It looks as though the thieves escaped in a white Mercedes van. (GETAWAY)
The thieves _______________________________________________ in a white Mercedes van.
118. Can I speak to you privately for a few minutes? (WORD)
Can I ______________________________________________________ you for a few minutes?
119. I was amazed because there were no problems throughout the holiday. (WENT)
To __________________________________________________ wrong throughout the holiday.
120. He really wanted to impress the interviewers. (DESPERATE)
He ______________________________________________ the interviewers a good impression.
IV. Write an essay of about 150-180 words on the advantages and disadvantages of learning
online. (15.0 pts)