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enhancing vietnams innovative capacity through intellectual property

1.3

School life expectancy

n/a

n/a

76,98

20

n/a

n/a

Assessment in reading,
2.1.4

mathematics, and science


2.1.5

Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary

2.2

Tertiary education

24,74

81

2.2.1

Tertiary enrolment

21,88

85

Strength


77
Strength/Weakness
Index

Indicator Name

Score

Rank

Global

Income
Group

Graduates in science and
2.2.2



engineering

38,13

46

2.2.3

Tertiary level inbound mobility

0,79

2.3

Research and development (R&D)

7,38

67

2.3.1

Researchers

8,36

58

2.3.2

Gross expenditure on R&D (GERD)

11,22

61

104 Weakness

Global R&D companies, average
2.3.3

expenditure top 3

0

43 Weakness Weakness

QS university ranking average score
2.3.4

top 3 universities

3

Infrastructure

9,93

64

42,02

82

Information and communication
3.1

technologies (ICTs)

57,55

82

3.1.1

ICT access

48,76

90

3.1.2

ICT use

38,73

92

3.1.3

Government's online service

73,61

57

3.1.4

Online e-participation

69,1

70

3.2

General infrastructure

39,26

45

3.2.1

Electricity output

6,25

81

3.2.2

Logistics performance

56,62

38

3.2.3

Gross capital formation

47,09

32

3.3

Ecological sustainability

29,23

100

3.3.1

GDP per unit of energy use

17,88

92

3.3.2

Environmental performance

46,96

Strength

104 Weakness

ISO 14001 environmental
3.3.3

certificates

16,49

45

Strength


78
Strength/Weakness
Index

Indicator Name

Score

Rank

Global

Income
Group

4

Market sophistication

57,04

29

Strength

4.1

Credit

68,64

11 Strength

Strength

4.1.1

Ease of getting credit

4.1.2

Domestic credit to private sector

75

29

63,12

16 Strength

Strength

Strength

Microfinance institutions' gross loan
4.1.3

portfolio

67,78

8 Strength

4.2

Investment

33,14

108 Weakness

Ease of protecting minority
4.2.1

investors

55

84

4.2.2

Market capitalization

14,5

41

4.2.3

Venture capital deals

8,07

37

4.3

Trade, competition, & market scale

69,33

35

4.3.1

Applied tariff rate, weighted mean

84,92

61

4.3.2

Intensity of local competition

63,15

90

4.3.3

Domestic market scale

64,62

33

5

Business sophistication

30,01

69

5.1

Knowledge workers

22,83

Strength

102 Weakness

Employment in knowledge-intensive
5.1.1

services

0,17

117 Weakness Weakness

5.1.2

Firms offering formal training

24,8

70 Weakness

9,76

42

GERD performed by business
5.1.3

enterprise

Strength

GERD financed by business
5.1.4

enterprise

81,91

5.1.5

Females employed with advanced

18,23

8 Strength
83

Strength


79
Strength/Weakness
Index

Indicator Name

Score

Rank

Global

Income
Group

degrees
5.2

Innovation linkages

20,04

86

University/industry research
5.2.1

collaboration

38,59

75

5.2.2

State of cluster development

45,24

74

5.2.3

GERD financed by abroad

8,53

64

5.2.4

Joint venture/strategic alliance deals

13,78

49

0,2

84

Patent families filed in at least two
5.2.5

offices

5.3

Knowledge absorption

5.3.1

Intellectual property payments

n/a

5.3.2

High-tech imports

100

5.3.3

ICT services imports

0,55

47,15

23 Strength

Strength

n/a
1 Strength

Strength

126 Weakness Weakness

Foreign direct investment, net
5.3.4

inflows

59,36

23 Strength

Research talent in business
5.3.5

enterprise

28,68

51

6

Knowledge and technology outputs

35,56

27

6.1

Knowledge creation

8,13

80

6.1.1

Patent applications by origin

5,19

65

Strength

PCT international applications by
6.1.2

origin

0,52

82

6.1.3

Utility model applications by origin

6,37

35

6.1.4

Scientific and technical publications

15,16

74

6.1.5

Citable documents H index

11,67

57

6.2

Knowledge impact

56,45

5 Strength

Strength


80
Strength/Weakness
Index

Indicator Name

Score

Rank

Global

Income
Group

Growth rate of GDP per person
6.2.1

engaged

6.2.2

New business density

6.2.3
6.2.4

93,62

3 Strength

Strength

n/a

n/a

Total computer software spending

26,97

38

ISO 9001 quality certificates

19,65

37

Strength

High-tech and medium high-tech
6.2.5

output

48,42

27

Strength

6.3

Knowledge diffusion

42,08

18 Strength

Strength

6.3.1

Intellectual property receipts

n/a

6.3.2

High-tech exports

100

6.3.3

ICT services exports

0,7

n/a
1 Strength

Strength

125 Weakness Weakness

Foreign direct investment, net
6.3.4

outflows

25,55

71

7

Creative outputs

32,31

47

7.1

Intangible assets

43,71

53

Strength

Trademark application class count
7.1.1

by origin

34,95

24 Strength

7.1.2

Industrial designs by origin

14,97

43

7.1.3

ICTs and business model creation

56,12

83

ICTs and organizational model
7.1.4

creation

54,43

63

7.2

Creative goods and services

28,85

32

n/a

n/a

Cultural and creative services
7.2.1

exports

7.2.2

National feature films produced

4,05

78

7.2.3

Entertainment and media market

1,27

56 Weakness

Strength


81
Strength/Weakness
Index

Indicator Name

Score

Rank

Global

Income
Group

Printing, publications & other media
7.2.4

output

15,65

70

7.2.5

Creative goods exports

68,23

10 Strength

Strength

7.3

Online creativity

12,98

44

Strength

7.3.1

Generic top-level domains (gTLDs)

2,44

74

Strength

Country-code top-level domains
7.3.2

(ccTLDs)

1,85

69

7.3.3

Wikipedia yearly edits

4,79

70

7.3.4

Mobile app creation

42,86

13 Strength

Strength

Source: WIPO, 2020


82
Table 4.2: Growth rate (%) of Total Patents and Utility Models/Solutions
applications of Residents - Vietnam in comparison with top ASEAN and North
East Asia

Note: Statistics not available * Indonesia: 2012; ** Thái Lan: 2015
Source: IP Vietnam



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