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Phân tích diễn ngôn EN44
A discourse can be of any size as long as it forms aKhông…….
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. All are correct
b. group of sentences
c. large stretch of language
d. meaningful whole
Câu trả lời đúng
Phản hồi
Answer: a meaningful whole
Instruction: In terms of size, a discourse can be realized by a word, a phrase, a clause
/sentence, a paragraph, a cluster of paragraphs, a book or even as big as a whole library
providing that it forms a meaningful whole.
Source: Chapter 1, section 1.2, page 13 (course book).
Cohesion is concerned with formal surface structures (syntax and lexis) to interact with
underlying …….. relations or underlying functional coherence to create textual unity.
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. Syntactic
b. All are correct.
c. semantic Câu trả lời đúng
d. pragmatic

Phản hồi
Answer: semantic
Source: Chapter 1, section 1.3, page 14 (course book).
According to David Nunan, (1993), …. can be related, not only in terms of the idea they
share, but also in terms of their functions within the discourse.
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. sentences Câu trả lời đúng
b. Phrases
c. All are correct.
d. words
Phản hồi
Answer: sentences
Source: Chapter 1, section 1.2, page 13 (course book).
Informativity depends on the notions of …… and probability.
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. predictability
b. Knowledgeability
c. interchangeability
d. choice Câu trả lời đúng
Phản hồi
Answer: choice.
Source: Chapter 1, section 1.3, page 16 (course book).
The syntax of spoken language is typically ……. structured…. that of written language.


Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. much less….than1923 Câu trả lời đúng
b. much more…..than
c. All are correct.
Câu trả lời không đúng
d. as much….as
According to J. R. Firth, by studying conversations can we understand………….. better
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. All are correct.
b. language and its form
c. language and its function Câu trả lời đúng
d. Language and its structure
Phản hồi
Answer: language and its function.
Instruction: Conversations are functional language in context.


Source: Chapter 1, section 1.1, page 9 (course book).
Spoken language contains many ……, often simply sequences of phrases.
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. internally complex
b. subordinate clauses.
c. incomplete sentences Câu trả lời đúng
d. well-structured sentences
Phản hồi
Answer: incomplete sentences 1923
Source: Chapter 1, section 1.3, page 21 (course book).
The writer is …… the speaker.
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. as implicit as
b. All are correct.
c. less implicit than Câu trả lời đúng
d. more implicit than
Phản hồi
Answer: less implicit than 1923
Source: Chapter 1, section 1.3, page 21 (course book).
Coherence is concerned with the ……….. sequencing of the arrangement of the information,
the concepts and relation of the textual world which underlie and are realized by the surface
text.
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. logical. Câu trả lời đúng
b. surface
c. random
d. illogical
Phản hồi
Answer: logical.


Instruction: Coherence is concerned with the logical sequencing of the arrangement of the
information
Source: Chapter 1, section 1.3, page 14 (course book).
………..refers to the relationship between a particular text and other texts which share
characteristics with it.
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. Informativity
b. Intentionality
c. Acceptabilty
d. Intertextuality Câu trả lời đúng
Phản hồi
Answer:Intertextuality
Source: Chapter 1, section 1.3, page 19 (course book).
According to Carthy (1993), cohesion is a guide to …..
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. intentionality
b. informativity
c. coherence. Câu trả lời đúng
d. Intertextuality
Phản hồi
Answer: coherence:
Instruction: Regarding the relationship between cohesion and coherence, the former is only
a guide to the latter.
Source: Chapter 1, section 1.3, page 15 (course book).
Coherence is the feeling that a text …….
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. hangs together. Câu trả lời đúng
b. belongs to a particular genre.
c. has a formal surface relationship
d. contains information
Phản hồi
Answer: hangs together.
Instruction: Coherence is something created by the reader in the act of reading the text. It is
the feeling that a text hangs together, that it makes sense and that it is not just a jumble of
sentences.
Source: Chapter 1, section 1.3, page 15 (course book).
The first official studies on discourse appeared in….
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. the 1950s. Câu trả lời đúng
b. the 1930s.
c. the 1920s
d. the 1940s.
Phản hồi
Answer: the 1950s.


Instruction: It was when the term Discourse Analysis appeared for the first time in Harris
(1952).
Source: Chapter 1, section 1.1, page 10 (course book).
According to Halliday & Hasan, (1976), discourse is …….
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. a grammatical unit
b. isolated words or sentences.
c. a unit of language in use Câu trả lời đúng
d. a unit of form
Phản hồi
Answer: a unit of language in use
Instruction: Discourse is a unit of language in use. It is not a grammatical unit, like a clause
or a sentence.
Passives, it-clefts or wh-clefts are common in…….
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. All are correct.
b. spoken language Câu trả lời đúng
c. spoken and written texts
d. written language
Phản hồi
Answer: spoken language 1923
Source: Chapter 1, section 1.3, page 21 (course book).
Linguistically, written language tends to consist of clauses that are…….
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. structurally independent.
b. simply structured.
c. All are correct.
d. internally complex. Câu trả lời đúng
Phản hồi
Answer: internally complex.
Source: Chapter 1, section 1.3, page 20 (course book).
Under the influence of Bloomfield, and then Chomsky, linguists focused on ………..
problems of language for many decades.
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. All are correct.
b. formal and structural Câu trả lời đúng
c. semantic
d. functional
Phản hồi
Answer: formal and structural
Instruction: During that time, under the influence of Bloomfield, and then Chomsky, linguists
only focused on formal and structural problems of language for many decades, and, for this
reason, meaning was put aside


Source: Chapter 1, section 1.1, page 10 (course book).
In Dell Hymes’ model of context, Code is a term which is used instead of …….
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. evaluation of the text
b. text-type
c. language Câu trả lời đúng
d. the time and place of a speech event
Phản hồi
Answer: language
Source: Chapter 2, section 2.3.2, page 29 (course book).
There is aKhông ……. relationship between discourse and context.
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. overt
b. dialectical Câu trả lời đúng
c. unilateral
d. limited
Phản hồi
Answer: dialectical.
Source: Chapter 2, section 2.1, page 27 (course book).
The overhearers or unintended addressees are referred to as….. in Dell Hymes’ model of
context.
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. setting
b. topic
c. audience
Câu trả lời đúng
d. channel
Phản hồi
Answer: audience
Source: Chapter 2, section 2.3.2, page 29 (course book).
………refers to the situation giving rise to the discourse, and within which the discourse is
embedded.
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. Discourse
b. Context Câu trả lời đúng
c. Textuality
d. Text
Phản hồi
Answer: Context.
Source: Chapter 2, section 2.1, page 27 (course book).
The interpretation of one sentence …….. without looking back at the previous sentences or
referring to the coming ones.
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. can be achieved


b. is likely to be achieved
c. is hardly achieved Câu trả lời đúng
d. All are correct.
Phản hồi
Answer: is hardly achieved
Source: Chapter 2, section 2.2, page 28 (course book).
How many elements are there in Halliday’s model of context?
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. 3 Câu trả lời đúng
b. 2
c. 5
d. 4
Phản hồi
Answer: 3
Source: Chapter 2, section 2.3.3, page 29 (course book).
There is …….. of discourse kinds which consist of only one word/phrase/sentence.
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. a small number
Câu trả lời đúng
b. a considerable number
c. a large number
d. a number
Phản hồi
Answer: a small number
Source: Chapter 2, section 2.2, page 28 (course book).
According to Nunan (1993) there are ……..types of context
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. five
b. four
c. two Câu trả lời đúng
d. three
Phản hồi
Answer: two.
Source: Chapter 2, section 2.1, page 27 (course book).
According to J. R. Firth, the context consists of …….elements.
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. 5
b. 4.
c. 3 Câu trả lời đúng
d. 2
Phản hồi
Answer: 3
Source: Chapter 2, section 2.3.1, page 28 (course book).


According to J. R. Firth, all meaning was ……. .
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. All are correct.
b. function in context.
Câu trả lời đúng
c. context-free.
d. form-based
Phản hồi
Answer: function in context.
Source: Chapter 2, section 2.3.1, page 28 (course book).
Utterances are not only dependant on the physical context for their interpretations, they are
also …… the language surrounding them.
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. isolated from
b. independent of
c. closely related to Câu trả lời đúng
d. slightly related to
Phản hồi
Answer: closely related to
Source: Chapter 2, section 2.2, page 28 (course book).
The topic, the purpose of the event and the setting belong to ….. context.
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. formal
b. All are correct.
c. non-linguisic Câu trả lời đúng
d. linguistic
Phản hồi
Answer: Non-linguistic.
Source: Chapter 2, section 2.1, page 27 (course book).
What does Addresser refer to in Dell Hymes’ model of context?
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. Only the speaker
b. Only the writer
c. the speaker or the writer Câu trả lời đúng
d. the hearer or the reader
Phản hồi
Answer: the speaker or the writer
Source: Chapter 2, section 2.3.2, page 29 (course book).
According to Dell Hymes, the context consists of ……. elements.
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. 9
b. 10 Câu trả lời đúng
c. 11
d. 8
Phản hồi


Answer: 10
Source: Chapter 2, section 2.3.2, page 29 (course book).
………context is the language that surrounds or accompanies the piece of discourse under
analysis.
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. Non-linguistic.
b. Experiential.
c. All are correct.
d. Linguistic Câu trả lời đúng
Phản hồi
Answer: Linguistic.
Source: Chapter 2, section 2.1, page 27 (course book).
…………..reference items are expressed through personal pronouns, possessive pronouns
and possessive determiners.
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. Personal Câu trả lời đúng
b. Demonstrative
c. Comparartive
d. All are correct.
Grammatical cohesive devices include reference, substitution, ellipsis and ……….
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. apposition.
b. conjunction Câu trả lời đúng
c. co-ordination
d. subordination.
Phản hồi
Answer: conjunction
Source: Chapter 3, section 3.1, page 39 (course book).
The basic meaning of the …….. is ‘there is something more to be said’.
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. additive relation
Câu trả lời đúng
b. adversative relation
c. temporal relation
d. causal relation
Phản hồi
Answer: additive relation
Source: Chapter 3, section 3.1.4.2, page 77 (course book).
……….is the use of one lexical item with the same meaning in more than one sentence.
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. synonymy
b. Repetition Câu trả lời đúng
c. general word.
d. antonymy


Phản hồi
Answer: Repetition
Source: Chapter 3, section 3.2.1.1, page 89 (course book).
What type of conjunction is ‘only’ in the following text?
I’d love to join in. Only I don’t know how to play.
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. additive
b. temporal
c. adversative Câu trả lời đúng
d. causal Câu trả lời không đúng
Phản hồi
A 3rd person form typically refers …….. to a preceding item in the text.
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. cataphorically Câu trả lời không đúng
b. endophorically
c. exophorically
d. anaphorically Câu trả lời đúng
The basic meaning of the …….. is ‘contrary to expectation’.
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. causal relation
b. additive relation
c. adversative relation Câu trả lời đúng
d. temporal relation
First and second person forms are normally interpreted ……… by reference to the situation.
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. endophorically
b. anaphorically
c. exophorically Câu trả lời đúng
d. cataphorically
Phản hồi
Echoing and auxiliary contrasting are the two types of ………
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. None is correct.
b. clausal ellipsis
c. nominal ellipsis
d. verbal ellipsis
Câu trả lời đúng
Phản hồi
Answer: verbal ellipsis
Source: Chapter 3, section 3.1.3.2.2, page 70 (course book).
Based on………, reference is classified into exophoric and endophoric reference.
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. All are correct.
b. reference realisation
c. its function


d. pointing direction Câu trả lời đúng
Why did you come home late last night? / I won’t tell you why.
The type of ellipsis that takes place after why is………..
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. clausal ellipsis Câu trả lời đúng
b. nominal ellipsis
d. None is correct.
Halliday & Hasan divides verbal ellipsis into ………
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. operator and echoing ellipsis. Câu trả lời không đúng
b. lexical and operator ellipsis. Câu trả lời đúng
c. lexical and echoing ellipsis
d. operator and auxiliary contrasting ellipsis.
Lexical cohesion is divided into reiteration and ……….
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. apposition.
b. subordination
c. coordination Câu trả lời không đúng
d. collocation Câu trả lời đúng
Phản hồi
…….. means either restating an item in a later part of the discourse by direct repetition or
else reasserting its meaning by exploiting lexical relations.
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. Reiteration Câu trả lời đúng
b. All are correct.
c. Repetition
d. Collocation
Phản hồi
Answer: Reiteration
Source: Chapter 3, section 3.2, page 88 (course book).
Those conjunctions like likewise, similarly, in the same way, in (just) this way express ………
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. Appositive relations
b. Comparative relations Câu trả lời đúng
c. Complex additive relations
d. Simple additive relations
Phản hồi
Câu trả lời đúng là:
The three environments in which clausal substitution takes place are ………….
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. report, modality and comparison
b. comparison, modality and condition
c. report, condition and modality Câu trả lời đúng
There are ………. types of substitution.
Chọn một câu trả lời:


a. 2
b. 5
c. 3 Câu trả lời đúng
d. 4
Phản hồi
Answer: 3
Source: Chapter 3, section 3.1.2.2, page 58 (course book).
According to Halliday & Hasan, substitution is a relation within the text on the ……….. level.
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. syntactical
b. lexical
c. lexico-grammatical Câu trả lời đúng
d. grammatical
Phản hồi
Answer: lexico-grammatical
Source: Chapter 3, section 3.1.2.1, page 58 (course book).
…………refers to those pairs of opposites that are gradable such as thin>Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. Contrary relation Câu trả lời đúng
b. ordered series
c. Complementary relation
d. Relational opposite
Phản hồi
Câu trả lời đúng là:
What type of reference is essentially a form of verbal pointing?
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. All are correct.
b. Personal Câu trả lời không đúng
c. Demonstrative Câu trả lời đúng
d. Comparative
References to the entity/items within the text are …….. references.
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. endophoric Câu trả lời đúng
b. anaphoric
c. cataphoric
d. exophoric
Phản hồi
Answer: endophoric
………..is the relation between class and (direct) subclass.
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. Superordinate Câu trả lời đúng
b. Synonymy
c. Meronymy
d. Antonymy
The relation between furninture and table, desk, chair, bed is that of ……..
Chọn một câu trả lời:


a. Synonymy
b. Superordinate Câu trả lời đúng
c. Meronymy
d. Antonymy
Phản hồi
Answer: Superordinate
Source: Chapter 3, section 3.2.1.4, page 91 (course book).
Reiteration includes repetition, synonymy, antonymy, superodinate,……..and general word.
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. homonymy
b. meronymy Câu trả lời đúng
c. metonymy
d. metaphor
……. is not an anaphoric relation.
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. Substitution
b. Conjunction. Câu trả lời đúng
c. Reference
d. Ellipsis Câu trả lời không đúng
Source: Chapter 3, section 3.1.1.2, page 41 (course book).
……….refers to the use of nouns with general meanings to refer to some item with specific
meanings.
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. General word Câu trả lời đúng
b. Meronymy
c. Superordinate
d. Antonymy
‘not…but’ is the basic meaning of ……….
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. Corrective relations Câu trả lời đúng
b. Contrastive relations
c. Adversative relation ‘proper’
d. Dismissive (generalized adversative) relations
Phản hồi
Answer: Corrective relations
Source: Chapter 3, section 3.1.4.2.3, page 76 (course book).
Which type of clausal substitution is perhaps not?
Chọn một câu trả lời:
b. Substitution of modalized clauses Câu trả lời đúng
c. Substitution of reported clauses
d. Substitution of comparative clauses
……….refers to the relation between different words bearing the same meaning or nearly the
same meaning.
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. Synonymy Câu trả lời đúng


b. superodinate
c. antonymy
d. Repetition
Phản hồi
Answer: Synonymy
Source: Chapter 3, section 3.2.1.2, page 90 (course book).
Clausal substitution is expressed through ………. .
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. such and so Câu trả lời không đúng
b. All are correct.
c. such and not
d. so and not Câu trả lời đúng
………..reference: points the reader/listener backwards to a previously mentioned entity,
process or state.
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. Anaphoric Câu trả lời đúng
b. Endophoric
c. Exophoric
d. Cataphoric
Phản hồi
Answer: Anaphoric
Source: Chapter 3, section 3.1.1.2, page 41 (course book).
Nominal substitution is the use of a substitute item to replace the ………. of a corresponding
noun phrase.
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. Premodification
b. Postmodification
c. All are correct.
d. Head noun Câu trả lời đúng
Phản hồi
Answer: Head noun
Source: Chapter 3, section 3.1.2.2.1, page 58 (course book).
……….. expresses the relationship of identity which exists between units in discourse.
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. Ellipsis
b. Substitution
c. Conjunction
d. Reference Câu trả lời đúng
Phản hồi
Answer: Reference
Source: Chapter 3, section 3.1.1, page 39 (course book).
………presents a part/whole relationship.
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. Synonymy
b. Antonymy


c. Meronymy Câu trả lời đúng
d. Superordinate
Phản hồi
Answer: Meronymy
Source: Chapter 3, section 3.2.1.4, page 92 (course book).
………. refers to the association of lexical items that regularly co-occur.
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. Reiteration
b. Repetition
c. Collocation Câu trả lời đúng
d. Synonymy
Phản hồi
Answer: Collocation
Source: Chapter 3, section 3.2.2, page 94 (course book).
People, object, place, creature are examples of………
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. Superordinate
b. Meronymy
c. General words Câu trả lời đúng
d. Antonymy
Phản hồi
Answer: General word
Source: Chapter 3, section 3.2.1.5, page 92 (course book).
References to assumed, shared worlds outside the text are ……..reference.
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. anaphoric.
b. cataphoric
c. endophoric.
d. exophoric Câu trả lời đúng
What type of reference is expressed through adjectives and adverbs and serves to compare
items within a text in terms of identity or similarity?
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. Personal
b. All are correct.
d. Comparative Câu trả lời đúng
Grammatical cohesion is the surface marking of …….. links between clauses and sentences
in written discourse, and between utterances and turns in speech.
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. semantic Câu trả lời đúng
b. All are correct.
c. pragmatic
d. syntactic
Phản hồi
Answer: semantic
Source: Chapter 3, section 3.1, page 39 (course book).


………… reference points the reader or listener forwards.
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. Endophoric
b. Exophoric
c. Cataphoric Câu trả lời đúng
d. Anaphoric
Phản hồi
Answer: Cataphoric
Source: Chapter 3, section 3.1.1.2, page 41 (course book).
It’s the way I like to go to work. One person and one line of enquiry at a time. Otherwise,
there’s a muddle.
In the above text, otherwise is aKhông………. conjunction.
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. temporal
b. adversative
c. causal Câu trả lời đúng
d. additive
Most of the instances of the substitute one/ones are ……….. .
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. exophoric
b. anaphoric Câu trả lời đúng
c. All are correct.
d. cataphoric
Contrary, complementary, relational opposite and ordered series are the four subtypes
of ……….
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. meronymy
b. antonymy
Câu trả lời đúng
c. synonymy
d. superordinate
Phản hồi
Answer: antonymy
Source: Chapter 3, section 3.2.1.2, page 90 (course book).
Which is NOT an IFID?
b. punctuation
AKhông ……….. act is performed via the communicative force of an utterance.
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. illocutionary Câu trả lời đúng
I’m not sure if this makes sense, but the car had no lights.
In the above sentence, I’m not sure if this makes sense is …….
b. a manner hedge


Felicity conditions are those conditions for the performance of a speech act to be
recognized ………….
c. All are correct.
According to Searles, Could you lend me a pen, please? is aKhông ……….
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. commissive
b. directive Câu trả lời đúng
c. representative
d. expressive
Phản hồi
Answer: directive
Source: Chapter 4, section 4.3.2, page 108 (course book).
A presupposition is something the speaker assumes to be the case …….. making an
utterance.
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. All are correct.
b. before Câu trả lời đúng
c. while
d. after
Phản hồi
Answer: before
Source: Chapter 4, section 4.8.1, page 126 (course book).
Apologize, thank, deplore, compliment are examples of ...........
Chọn một câu trả lời
b. behabitives
AKhông ……….. act is the results or effects that are produced by means of saying
something.
c. perlocutionary
Performative verb is a verb that ………….. names the illocutionary act being performed.
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. implicitly
b. None is correct.
c. vaguely
d. explicitly Câu trả lời đúng
Phản hồi
Answer: punctuation
Source: Chapter 4, section 4.4, page 111 (course book).
Presuppositions ………. under negation.
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. remain constant
Bert: Do you like ice-cream?


Ernie: Is the Pope Catholic.
Which maxim is violated in the above text?
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. Relation
Which is NOT a felicity condition on the successful performance of the act of Promising?
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. The event will not have a beneficial effect.
……….. state(s) the ‘essence’ of the act, i.e., that the utterance ‘counts as’ speech act x or y
or z.
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. Essential condition Câu trả lời đúng
b. Sincerity condition
c. Propositional content conditions
d. Preparatory conditions
Phản hồi
Answer: Essential condition .Source: Chapter 4, section 4.5, page 113 (course book).
Which type of presupposition is in the King of Sweden?
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. Existential
…………refer to the information communicated by choosing a word which expresses one
value from a scale of values.
d. Scalar implicatures
grouped illocutionary acts into ………. classes.
b. five
According to Searles, We will not do that. is aKhông ……….
d. commissive
Which type of presupposition is in Where did you go last night??
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. Existential
b. Factive
c. Structural Câu trả lời đúng
d. Lexical
The Cooperative principle consists of ……… maxims.
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. four
He couldn’t live without her, I guess.
In the above sentence, I guess is …….
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. a manner hedge
b. a quality hedge
d. a quantity hedge
Not to change the subject, but is this related to the budget?


In the above sentence, Not to change the subject is …….
b. a relation hedge
Whenever there is an indirect relationship between a structure and a……….., we have an
indirect speech act.
d. function
Which does NOT belong to the Manner maxim?
d. Be relevant.
AKhông ……… act is the act of saying something which is meaningful and can be
understood.
b. locutionary
The action performed by producing an utterance consists of ……. related acts.
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. 3
Pragmatics is the study of how more gets communicated than is………..
c. saidCâu trả lời đúng
According to Searles, Declarations are those kinds of speech acts that …….. the world via
their utterance.
Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. change
So, to cut a long story short, we grabbed our stuff and ran.
In the above sentence, to cut a long story short is …….
d. a quantity hedge
Actions performed via utterances are generally called……….
b. speech acts
appoint, dismiss, degrade, name, order, sentence are examples of ……….
b. exercitives Câu trả lời đúng



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