Aims Understand importance of good memory Familiar with new effective study
methods Improve concentration skills Study smarter not harder
What is memory? Memory is the ability to store and retrieve
Types of memory
Short-term memory (STM): • Capacity for holding a small amount of information • Readily available for a short period of time
Long – term memory (LTM): •Memory that can last as little as a few days or as long as decades.
What Affects Memory? Sleep- Adults need 8 hours Smoking- decline in brain function,
affecting memory Stress- can cause short term memory
How To Improve Memory Exercises encourages brain to function at best No distractions- takes longer, makes you forgetful Sleep- 66% more likely to forget things from lack
of sleep Challenge yourself- Play games
Memory Aids Acronyms Visualizations Rhymes Summaries
Effort Models The Listening , Analysis Effort,
The Memory Effort, The Production Effort, plus the Coordination
Effort Model of Simultaneous Interpretation SI = L + P + M + C
L is the Listening and Analysis Effort, P is the Production Effort, M stands for Memory, and C for Coordination.
ffort Model for Consecutive Interpretatio Gile also believes that Consecutive Interpretation
consists of two phases: a listening and a reformulation phase, and then, a reconstruction phase: CI = L + M + N, N is the note-taking process followed by phase two: CI = Rem + Read + P Rem:interpreters retrieve messages from their shortterm memory and reconstruct the speech , N: read the notes , P: produce the Target Language Speech short CI = L + M + P + C
What is Concentration? Defined as "the ability to direct one's
thinking in whatever direction one would intend“
Factors Concentration Depends On: Commitment Skill and enthusiasm for the task Our psychological, emotional and physical
state Our environment
Factors Affecting Concentration: Day dreaming Negative thinking and self doubt Feeling overwhelmed Loud environment
Methods To Improve Concentration: Concentration span, breaks and
rewards Ensure your environment aids concentration Rank your tasks Stimulants : coffee, tea, energy drink,...