Unit 10 HEATHY LIFESTYLE AND LONGEVITY A. PRONUNCIATION 1. Choose the word that has a different stress pattern from the other three by circling A, B, C, or D. 1. A. teacher
2. A. importance
3. A. expectancy
4. A. organ
5. A. massage
6. A. medicine
7. A. welcome
8. A. possible
9. A. office
10. A. answer B. reply C. singer D. future 2. Practice saying the following sentences with a partner. Pay attention to the fall- rise intonation. 1.
A: Can I ask you a question? B: Sure. What's up?
A: Hello. How may I help you? B: Can you tell me where the fitting room is?
A: Would you like something to eat? Cake? B: Yes, please!
A: How are you doing? B: I'm great. And you?
A: Will you help me with something? B: What is it?
A: I can't seem to sleep. B: What's wrong?
A: Do you like exercising? B: No, I hate it. Do you?
A: My sister had a baby yesterday. B: Really? A boy or a girl?
A: Should we ask the teacher for help? B: Yes, let's ask her.
10. A: Did you hear about Prince Harry's engagement? B: Really? I haven't heard about it. B. VOCABULARY & GRAMMAR 1. Fill in the missing words from the word bank. You may have to change the form of the words. X-ray
1. The piece of paper you get from the doctor to take to the chemist's to obtain medicine is called a(n) ……………….. . 2. Be careful with that boiling water; you might ……………….. yourself! 3. If a disease is ……………….., it means it can be spread from person to person, especially in the air. 4. ……………….. are medicinal products in which the active ingredients are derived from natural sources and have not been processed too much. 5. If you suffer from ……………….. your doctor may recommend taking sleeping tablets. 6. A(n) ……………….. is a doctor whose job is to perform operations. 7. Even though they taste great, fast foods don't contain much ……………….. value. 8. You may have broken one of your ribs. I think we'd better take a(n) ……………….., just to make sure. 9. When she broke her leg, she had to go around on ……………….. for several weeks afterwards. 10. If you can take out 30 minutes each day from your busy schedule to sit still and ……………….., it will do you wonders. 2. Complete the blanks with the best answer by circling A, B, C or D. 1. If someone is seriously ill, they may need to go to hospital to have a/an ……………….. . A. operation
2. If you want antibiotics, you'll have to ask the doctor for a ……………….. . A. recipe
3. He didn't feel like going to the party because he had a terrible ………………... A. disease
4. Her mother sent her to bed because she had quite a high ……………….. . A. cough
5. Her baby boy is 5 weeks old today, so she took him to get a ……………….. . A. scratch B. stab C. vaccination D. wound 3. Match the verbs with the words. Some verbs can be matched with more than one words/phrases. 1. give
A. a temperature
B. an injection
C. a prescription
D. a diagnosis
E. an illness
F. an operation
H. ill I. a disease J. the heart beat
4. Put each of the following words or phrases in the correct space in the passage below. look after - treat - ache - examine - suffer - stay - cure - operate I am a family doctor. I have a nurse to help me and a receptionist to help the patients when they come to see me. When I see patients in my surgery, first I listen to their problems, then I (1)
……………….. them. Then, if I can, I (2) ……………….. them for their illnesses. Some simply have sore throats, headaches or flu and I give them a prescription to take to the chemist's. Others (3) ……………….. from serious diseases of the heart, lungs, stomach or even brain. I can't always (4) ……………….. them myself and sometimes I have to send them to hospital for treatment. If something is seriously wrong with them, the hospital will decide to (5) ……………….. on them. The trouble is people don't (6) ……………….. themselves properly. It really isn't so difficult to (7) ……………….. healthy. If your head begins to (8) ……………….., have a rest. If you always feel tired, get more exercise. Eat well. Have a good diet. And have a regular check-up with the doctor. 5. Complete the following sentences by circling the best choice (A, B, C or D) 1. The teacher promised ________. A. that we can learn three English songs B. if we learn three English songs C. we would learn three English songs D. whether we would learn three English songs 2. Bill: “Have you seen any interesting comedy lately, Nancy?” Bill asked Nancy ________. A. if she will see an interesting film B. if she saw an interesting comedy lately C. what comedy Nancy saw lately D. if she had seen any interesting comedy lately 3. Nick: “Did you see a bird in the tree?” Nick wonders ________ in the tree.
A. if I saw a bird
B. that I saw a bird
C. if I had seen a bird
D. whether I see a bird
4. Dick to Lucy: Have you received my telegram? Dick asked if ________. A. Lucy had received his telegram
B. Lucy has received his telegram
C. Lucy would receive his telegram
D. Lucy will receive his telegram
5. Ann: Write down my address. Ann asked me ________. A. writing down my address
B. to write down her address
C. had written her address
D. writes down her address
6. He said, “I'm very busy today.” He said ________. A. he had been very busy that day
B. he is very busy today
C. he was very busy that day
D. I had been very busy that day
7. Lena said, “Where have you been yesterday?” Lena asked ________. A. where she had been the day before
B. where she had been yesterday
C. where she was the day before
D. where she could be the day before
8. He thought: “What am I going to do?”
He thought ________. A. what was he going to do
B. what he was going to do
A. what he is going to do
D. what he can do
9. Mother asked me ________. A. why I have spent all the money C.
B. that I had spent all the money
if I had spent all the money
D. when I spend all the money
10. “Don't play in the street!” A. My mother told me don't play in the street. B. My mother said to play in the street. C. She asked me to play in the street. D. My mother told me not to play in the street. 11. Ann: “Is your sister good at English?” Ann asked me ________. A. that my sister is good at English
B. if my sister was good at English
C. whether my sister is good at English
D. my sister is good at English
12. Tom: “Don't forget to bring my book, Ann”. Tom asked Ann: ________. A. that she didn't forget to bring his
B. that she doesn't bring his book
book C. not to forget to bring his book
D. if she didn't forget to bring the book
13. Mother: “We are going to have supper”. Mother says ________. A. they are going to have supper
B. they were going to have
C. that they would have supper
supper D. they won't have supper
14. Jack said: “I was at home yesterday.” Jack said ________. A. he was at home.
B. Jack said he was at home the day before
C. he will be at home.
D. he had been at home the day before.
15. “Do you go in for sports?”, he asked. He asked ________. A. he went in for sports.
B. if I went in for sports.
C. if I'll go in for sports.
D. I should go in for sports.
C. READING 1. Read the following short texts about old people who still lead physically and mentally healthy lives. Answer the questions underneath each text by circling the best answer (A, B or C). Text 1. Barbara An 80-year-old pensioner from England passed her 55-minute Grade 7 ballet exam with merit. Barbara began ballet at the age of two, and while she stopped taking exams in her twenties, she never stopped teaching ballet. She says that it has kept her healthy. Barbara's daughter, who began taking adult ballet classes, recently persuaded her to start taking exams again. To prepare, she had to train two hours every day for three weeks.
Although Barbara lost her flexibility and has not done the splits for ten years, she plans to keep on dancing and has her sights on her Grade 8 ballet exams. (Text and image retrieved from: https://goo. gl/wjtRAV) 1. Match each word with its definition. i. merit
a. talk and convince someone to do something
b. the action of seeing something
c. with around 60%-70% of points
d. the ability to bend easily without breaking
e. putting your legs apart completely
2. Which of the following is true about Barbara? A. She is retired. B. She has passed her Grade 8 ballet exam. C. She started ballet in her twenties. 3. According to Barbara, what has contributed to her health? A. Taking ballet exams B. Dancing ballet C. Training for ballet competitions 4. What is true about Barbara's daughter? A. She doesn't like ballet. B. She convinced Barbara to take ballet exams. C. She has passed the Grade 8 ballet exam. 5. What do we learn about Barbara from the last paragraph? A. She can still do the splits after 10 years. B. She is still very flexible. C. She is determined to pass the exam. Text 2. Ursula Eighty-seven-year-old Ursula Shepherd from the UK left school in 1944 without being able to read, and she never had time to learn to read because she had to look after her poorly parents. At school in the 1930s and 1940s, she had pretended to read by turning the page when her classmates did. Ursula felt that she had missed out and felt really sad seeing other people read the papers or a book and decided that it was time to finally learn to read. She is making progress and hopes that she can inspire other people to read, too. (Text and image retrieved from: https://goo.gl/CPNU5f) 6. Match each word with its definition. i. poorly
a. advancement or development
b. ill, unwell
iii. miss out
c. act as if something is true, although it is not
d. encourage someone to do something
e. lose an opportunity to do
7. What is true about Ursula?
A. She never went to school. B. Her family was poor. C. She pretended to read in school. 8. Why has she started learning how to read? A. She missed books and papers. B. She wanted to read books. C. She didn't like seeing other people read. Text 3. Yuko Ninety-year-old geisha Yuko Asakusa has sat in front of her mirror putting on make-up and adjusting her kimono for 75 years. The Asakusa Geisha Association said Yuko is the city's oldest geisha who still maintains a busy schedule with up to 20 reservations a month. Yuko has been working as a geisha in the Asakusa district of Tokyo since she was 16 and says she's proud of her age and doesn't hide it. When she was 13, Yuko asked to become a geisha after she was influenced by a geisha film she watched with her mother. While she no longer dances due to her age, Yuko says she'll be singing and playing the Japanese three-stringed instrument called the shamisen until her last breath. Today there are a few geishas left in the profession in which female entertainers sing, dance and engage in witty conversations at dinner parties for exorbitant prices. The number of geishas, which means performer in Japanese, peaked at 80,000 in 1928, but now only about a thousand remain. (Text adapted from: https://goo.gl/rG7hav) 9. Match each word with its definition. i. adjust
a. feeling happy with something you've done
b. clever and entertaining
c. a booking for a service or room, etc.
d. make somebody do something
e. change something slightly to make it better
f. career or job
g. be the highest
ix. peak (v)
i. very high
10. How long has Yuko been a geisha? A. Ninety years B. Seventy-five years C. Twenty year 11. Which of the following is NOT true about Yuko? A. She is the oldest geisha in the city. B. She sees guests up to 20 times a month. C. She is no longer popular. 12. What do we learn from paragraph 3? A. Yuko is embarrassed about her age.
B. Yuko was 13 when she became a geisha. C. She doesn't hide the fact she is old. 13. Why did Yuko want to be a geisha? A. Because her mother was a geisha. B. Because she was influenced by a movie. C. Because her mother wanted her to.
14. Which of the following performances could we see Yuko do? A. Dancing B. Singing C. Playing shamisen 15. What do we learn about the geisha profession from the last paragraph? A. There are 80,000 geishas in Japan. B. Geishas perform at very high prices. C. The geisha profession is growing.
2. Read an article about the effects of wearing skinny jeans for long periods of time. Four clauses have been removed from the article. Choose a phrase (A-D) to complete each gap (1-4) A. as she had spent hours squatting while moving house B. was able to walk unaided after four days C. but it seems that they could damage your muscles and nerves D. although experts add that the chance of this happening is still pretty slim for most people Skinny jeans may be trendy and popular with both women and men, (1) ________. The warning comes after a 35-year-old woman from Australia had to be cut out of a pair of skinny jeans after her calves ballooned in size, (2) ________. Doctors believe that the woman had developed a condition called compartment syndrome made worse by her skinny jeans. The syndrome is a painful and potentially serious condition caused by bleeding or swelling within an enclosed bundle of muscles. The woman was put on a drip and (3) ________. Cases where patients developed tingly numbed thighs from wearing skinny jeans have also been reported, (4) ________. 3. On a blog, five young people have posted their views on smoking. Read their posts and answer the questions below. A. Jake - I've got to confess that I started smoking when I was 13, and I blame my parents because they smoked at the time. They've given up now, but I still smoke. I'm a bit worried because everyone says it's really hard to give up and that smoking can cause health problems later on. B. Mary - My parents have always been really anti-smoking, probably because one of my uncles and my grandpa died of lung cancer after smoking for years. That's why I just can't imagine ever taking up smoking. C. Alex - My parents are worried because they think my friends are a bad influence on me. What worries them the most is the idea that I'll start smoking because of peer pressure. I haven't tried it yet and I'm not intending to, but sometimes it's hard not to join in with my friends.
D. Laura - You get warnings on cigarette packets, people come to school to warn us about the dangers of smoking and there are anti-smoking campaigns on TV, and yet almost half of my friends smoke. I don't get it. Are they stupid or what? E. Dan - My mum's smoked for over 20 years and she says it helps her cope with the stress of work. When I point out that she smokes during the holidays as well, she says that's because she's addicted to nicotine. I think that's a really poor excuse and personally I'm never going to smoke.
(Text adapted from: https://goo.gl/CRogVe) Which person... smokes?
has family members that smoke?
has friends that smoke?
talks about health effects of smoking?
4. ________ 9. ________
feels pressured to smoke? 10. ________ Read the text again and complete the following table: Reasons why people smoke
Reasons why people do not smoke
D. WRITING 1. Report the statements below. 1. Anne: If John is cursing, it means that he is very angry. (It is still true.) Anne said that ____________________________________________________________________ 2. Anne: If John is cursing, it means that he is very angry. (Referring to a past habit.) Anne said that ____________________________________________________________________ 3. Jerry: If I got home late, my mom scolded me. Jerry said that_____________________________________________________________________ 4. Mark: If we leave now, we can catch the train. (The train has not left.) Mark said that ____________________________________________________________________ 5. Mark: If we leave now, we can catch the train. (The train has left.) Mark said that ____________________________________________________________________ 6. Catherine: If I lost my job, I would be in serious trouble. (It's possible.) Catherine said that ________________________________________________________________ 7. Catherine: If I lost my job, I would be in serious trouble. (It's not possible.) Catherine said that ________________________________________________________________ 8. Paul: If I knew the answer, I’d tell you. Paul said that _____________________________________________________________________ 9. Tom: If we had booked our flight earlier, it would have been cheaper.
Tom remarked that ________________________________________________________________ 10. Lauren: If I don't go to sleep now, I'll feel very tired in the morning. (She has gone to sleep.) Lauren said that __________________________________________________________________ 2. Complete the sentences to report what was said, using a to-infinitive or gerund. 1. “You'd better wear another skirt, Andrea.” Jane advised _____________________________________________________________________ 2. “It was nice of you to invite me to your dinner party. Thanks Katie.” Jim thanked ______________________________________________________________________ 3. “I can get you there in good time.” Tom guaranteed __________________________________________________________________ 4. “I'm sorry I couldn't come to visit you last summer.” Kate apologized __________________________________________________________________ 5. “I must have made a mistake on the test.” Jane admitted _____________________________________________________________________ 6. “I wish I'd asked for his phone number.” I regretted _______________________________________________________________________ 7. “You're selfish.” Mai accused _____________________________________________________________________ 8. “I'll pay for the coffee.” Sarah insisted_____________________________________________________________________ 9. “Perhaps we can go to Da Nang for the weekend.” Nam suggested ___________________________________________________________________ 10. “I'll take my medicine on time.” She promised ____________________________________________________________________ 11. “I hear you won the competition. Congratulations!” David congratulated _______________________________________________________________ 12. “You should drink 2 litres of water a day.” Jack recommended ________________________________________________________________ 13. “All right. I will let you take another test to raise your grades.” The teacher agreed ________________________________________________________________ 14. “You mustn't drink too much coffee.” Mark warned _____________________________________________________________________ 15. “If all goes to plan, I'll travel to Italy this summer.” Rachel hoped ____________________________________________________________________ 3. Report these sentences with to-infinitive or gerund, using the words provided in the brackets.
1. “Would you like something to eat,” said Lan Anh. (OFFER) ________________________________________________________________________________ 2. “I won't let you watch TV if you don't finish your vegetables” said the mother. (WARN) ________________________________________________________________________________ 3. “I'd buy the pink dress if I were you,” said her friend. (RECOMMEND)
________________________________________________________________________________ 4. “Remember to go to bed early,” she said to her kid. (REMIND) ________________________________________________________________________________ 5. “Why not try looking up the information on the Internet?” Jane said. (SUGGEST) ________________________________________________________________________________ 6. “Would you please wait here until the doctor is ready for you?” the nurse said. (ASK) ________________________________________________________________________________ 7. “You must read chapter 11 before class next week,” the teacher said. (INSIST) ________________________________________________________________________________ 8. “Could you speak more slowly, please? I can't understand,” he said to me. (ASK) ________________________________________________________________________________ 9. “Don't forget to give me a call when you arrive,” he said. (REMIND) ________________________________________________________________________________ 10. “I'm sorry I didn't phone you earlier. I was very busy,” Kathryn said to me. (APOLOGISE) ________________________________________________________________________________ 11. “I didn't break the window!” Larry said. (DENY) ________________________________________________________________________________ 12. “You should buy this more expensive dress. It looks beautiful on you!” said the salesperson. (PERSUADE) ________________________________________________________________________________ 13. “I can't wait to try this new Mexican restaurant,” said the girl. (LOOK FORWARD) ________________________________________________________________________________ 14. “I won't give you my homework answers” he said to his friend. (REFUSED) ________________________________________________________________________________ 15. “You did a terrible paint job!” she said to the worker. (CRITICISE) ________________________________________________________________________________ 4. Write a story in 150 words, beginning with the following sentence. Sean used to be very unhealthy. ______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________