Enghlish 11 unit 2 relationships lesson 2 language
Unit 2- Relationships Lesson 2: Language
n t r
s r e
Siblings s e v
i t a l e R
Spouse Co lle a
Fr ie gu e
: mối quan hệ lãng mạn
be in a relationship
: đang hẹn hò
break up (with S.O)
: tan vỡ chia tay
be reconciled (with S.O)
: hòa giải
lend an ear
: lắng nghe
: thông cảm
: tranh luận (cãi) = row
have got a date
: có cuộc hẹn hò
lend an ear romantic 1. Write the words given in the box next to their relationship be in a sympathetic meanings. relationship break up (with someone) argument be reconciled (with someone) have got a date(with someone)
1. 2. 3.
have a meeting with a boyfriend or a girlfriend
a conversation in which people disagree
showing that you understand and care about other people's problems
end a relationship a relationship based on love and emotional attraction
listen to someone with sympathy
become friends again after an argument
be romantically attached
2. Complete the sentences with the words or phrases in 1. 1. Carol was willing to __________ lend an ear to John
when he _________ broke up with his girlfriend. 2. James and his father were _________ reconciled after an argument. 3. Their close friendship __________________ romantic relationship
4. Ann and John are ______________ in a relationship but are always having a lot of __________. arguments 5. I feel really excited because I _____________ have got a date with Laura tomorrow. 6. A true friend is someone who is sympathetic __________ and always willing to help.
Contractions a. Noun / pronoun, etc. + verbs -The short form 's (= is/has) can be used after nouns, pronouns, question words, here and there. -The short forms 'd (= had/would), 'll (= will/shall) and 're (= are) are usually used after pronouns, some question words, short nouns, and there. -Full forms are used at the end of a clause (e.g. Yes, he is.) -Or when the speaker wants to emphasize some information, hence the primary stress on the full
A. Contractions b. Verbs + not -There are two possible contractions for negative expressions. (e.g. She's not... / She isn't...) -Negative contractions can be used at the end of a clause. (e.g. No, they haven't.)
M: Find (on the ... OK, bye-bye. Seein you tomorrow. 1. thephone) contracted forms the conversation and MG: Who was that? their full forms in the space below. M: write Oh, one of my classmates, Granny. MG: It was Nam that called you again. Right? M: Yes. He called about our grammar homework. MG: You shouldn't=talk to him want should notall the time. I don't = do notto be too strict with you, but... I think you're = you too are young to start a relationship with a boy. = we are = he is = I amjust friends, = there M: Granny, we're andishe's not my boyfriend. = I am MG: Well, I'm afraid there's no real friendship between a boy and a girl. = you will You know, Mai, I'm worried you'll get involved in a romantic = do not relationship sooner or later. M: Don't worry. Granny. Nam and my other friends are good students. We just talknot about schoolwork and things like that. = do MG: I don't know why boys and girls are allowed to be in the same did not school=nowadays. When I was your age, we went to single-sex schools. = ityou is feel bored? = we are M: Didn't MG: Of course not. We were like one big family. I had some very close friends. = you are = it in is my school. In my class, we're all good friends and M: It's the same help each other. All my classmates are very kind, caring and
2. Listen and underline what you hear – the contraction or the full form. 1. A: Why won't you help me with my homework? B: I will / I'll. I will / I'll be with you in a minute. 2. A: You must be pleased with your test results. B: Yes, I am / I'm. 3. A: I thought he was in Hanoi today. B: He is / He's in Hanoi. That's where he is / he's calling from. 4. A: Here we are / we're. This is my place. B: I did not / didn't know it'd take two hours to get to your house. 5. A: I have / I've been to Hawaii several times. B: Really? That is / That’s an interesting place to visit, I suppose.
3. Listen and repeat the exchanges in 2. 1. A: Why won't you help me with my homework? B: I will. I'll be with you in a minute. 2. A: You must be pleased with your test results. B: Yes, I am. 3. A: I thought he was in Hanoi today. B: He is in Hanoi. That's where he's calling from. 4. A: Here we are. This is my place. B: I didn't know it'd take two hours to get to your house. 5. A: I've been to Hawaii several times. B: Really? That’s an interesting place to visit, I
A. Linking verbs Linking verbs do not express action. Instead, they connect the subject of the verb with an adjective or noun that describes or identifies the subject. We use an adjective or a noun after a linking verb.
1. Choose the verbs in the box to complete the sentences. Make changes to the verb forms, if necessary. look grow sound get stay seem 1. A: Jane wants to reconcile with her friend. B: That _________ good. sounds 2. Children become more independent as they grow / get __________ older. 3. I can’t _______ stay awake any longer. I'm sleepy. 4. Turn off the air-conditioner. It's ________ getting too cold in here. 5. Getting involved in a romantic relationship does notseem _______ right for you now. You are too young. seemup with his girlfriend, but he didn’t 6. look Jack /broke
2. the correct word to complete sentences. unhappy 1. Underline What s the matter with you? You lookthe (unhappy /
unhappily). warmly and made 2. We greeted the visitors (warm / warmly) them feel welcome. 3. John (sudden / suddenly suddenly) appeared from behind the door and said hello to us. 4. Ann felt excited (excited/ excitedly) when Alan suggested angry a date. 5. Who is he shouting at? He sounds very (angry / annoyed angrily). 6. He kept beeping the car horn loudly and the other awful got (annoyed / annoyingly). drivers 7. Last night's leftover food in the fridgequickly smells (awful / awfully). Don't eat it.
B. Cleft sentences with It is / was...that...
• Cleft sentences are used when we want to focus on a particular part in the sentence. • The focus is put after It is / was. The part of the sentence we don't want to emphasize is put into a clause beginning with that.
It is/was + focus + that...
NOTES - In cleft sentences, ‘that’ is commonly used after the focus. When the focus is on a person, ‘who’ can be used in a more formal style. - When the focus / emphasized subject is a pronoun (I, you,...), there are two possibilities for formal and informal styles. Examples: - Formal: It is I who am responsible. It is you who are responsible. - Informal: It's me that is responsible. It's you that is responsible.
1. Rewrite each sentence to emphasize the underlined part. 1. Her sad story made me cry. 2. You are to blame for the damage. 3. We really enjoy hiking in the forest. 4. You should really speak to your parents when you have problems. 5. I dislike his dishonesty the most. 6. Lana is in a relationship with Jim. 7. He became successful as a famous writer at the age of 20. 8. They had their first date in a nice coffee
1. Her sad story made me cry. ⇒ It was her sad story that made me cry. 2. You are to blame for the damage. ⇒ It is you that (who) are blame for the damage. 3. We really enjoy hiking in the forest. ⇒ It is hiking in the forest that we really enjoy. 4. You should really speak to your parents when you have problems. ⇒ It is your parents that (who) you should speak to when you have problems.
5. I dislike his dishonesty the most. ⇒ It is his dishonesty that I dislike the most. 6. Lana is in a relationship with Jim. ⇒ It is Jim that (who) Lana is in a relationship with. 7. He became successful as a famous writer at the age of 20. ⇒ It was at the age of 20 that he became 8. successful. They had their first date in a nice coffee shop. ⇒ It was in a nice coffee shop that they had their first date.
2. Write the answers to these questions. Use the words or phrases in brackets as the focus. 1. Did you have a date with Susan? (Mary) ⇒ No. It was Mary that I had a date with. 2. Did your father give you a new bike for your birthday? (a smartphone) 3. Are you going to spend the holiday in Nha Trang with your family? (in Tokyo) 4. Do you want to become a businessman? (a lawyer) 5. Does John earn 10,000 dollars a month? (his brother) 6. Is Mai in love with Phong? (Ha)
2. Write the answers to these questions. Use the words or phrases in brackets as the focus.
2. Did your father give you a new bike for your birthday? (a smartphone) ⇒ No. It was a smart phone that he gave me for my birthday. 3. Are you going to spend the holiday in Nha Trang with your family? (in Tokyo) ⇒ No. It is in Tokyo that we are going to spend the holiday. 4. Do you want to become a businessman? (a lawyer) ⇒ No. It is a lawyer that I want to become.
2. Write the answers to these questions. Use the words or phrases in brackets as the focus.
5. Does John earn 10,000 dollars a month? (his ⇒ brother) No. It is John’s brother that (who) earn 10,000 dollars a month. 6. Mai in love with Phong? (Ha) ⇒ Is No. It is Ha that (who) Mai is in love with. 7. speak three languages (my ⇒ Can No. Ityou is my friend that (who) canfluently? speak three friend) languages fluently. ⇒ No. It is at 8 a.m. tomorrow that we have a 8. Do we have a meeting at 8p.m. tomorrow? (at 8
- Learn new words by heart. - Study the ways to make contractions. - Study the ways to use linking verbs and how to make cleft sentences. - Prepare: SKILLS (page 22) - Do exercise in exercise book (page 12, 13, 14)