Introduction • 1-2 sentences with general statements about the topic • the topic being discussed
• the plan of the essay
A generation ago, teaching in a high school was considered an extremely well-respected and popular job, and in some countries, is parts still true.
However, in this many of the world, there has been a sharp drop in the number of young people who want to become high-school teachers. This essay will look at the reasons for this and propose some solutions
Vocabulary to write about problems • Firstly, perhaps the worst problem stemming from this is (N/ that SV). • Secondly, another major/largest problem we need to deal with is • A further issue we need to deal with is (N/ that SV) • Another problem we are faced up to relates to (N). • Finally, there is undoubtedly the problem of (N) caused to (sb) • Finally, the issue of (N) must be taken into great consideration.
Vocabulary to write about solutions • • • • • •
A solution for the government is to … To tackle this problem, you should … The way forward might be to … This problem could be addressed by …
Dealing with this issue involves … Turning to possible solutions, one key step that should be taken is (N/that SV) • To tackle the problem of (N), we could also (V) • Also, the answer to the question could partly lie in (N) • Finally, a conscious effort should be made in order to (V)
Developing the topic sentences Linking phrases to explain the main idea That is to say, … In other words, … Giving reasons This is because …/ The reason is … Describing facts … which means that … Describing the result As a result, …/ As a consequence, …/ Therefore, …
PROBLEM AND SOLUTION ESSAYS (Lesson 2)
Clauses and Phrases of Purposes SV so that/ in order that SV. So that/ In order that SV, SV Many parents with young children only work part time so that [they can pay more attention to their children’s study] SV in order to/ so as to/ to V. In order to/ So as to/ To V, SV Many parents with young children only work part time so as to …
Contrasting ideas Although/ Even though/ Though SV, SV. SV although/ even though/ though SV Although [it is true that] teachers work long hours, [I believe that] teaching is a very worthwhile and important job. SV. However/ Nonetheless, SV. Many people say that living alone can be difficult and lonely. Nonetheless, I think that there are more advantages of having your own place, such as being able to do whatever you like.
Use second conditional sentences to write about solutions If + S + V(past simple), S + would do If the government reduced the tax on fresh produce, people would eat more fruit and vegetable and less unhealthy food.
Build a good paragraph • Body paragraph 1
• Body paragraph 1 – problem 1 – solution 1
– problem 1 – problem 2 – problem 3
• Body paragraph 2
• Body paragraph 2
• Body paragraph 3
– solution 1 – solution 2 – solution 3
– problem 2 – solution 2 – problem 3 – solution 3
Build a good paragraph 5 2 1 4 3
a) As a result, this would hopefully encourage consumers to buy healthier food and therefore lost weight. b) It is common these days for people to eat takeaway food or pick up a ready meal from the supermarket, rather than cook a healthy meal. c) One of the reasons that so many people are overweight is that they eat junk food instead of cooking a healthy meal. d) To address this issue, [many people suggest that] the government could increase sales tax on food considered e) For instance, to beinunhealthy. the UK, [it is true that] sales of pre-prepared meals, which contain high levels of fat and salt, have increased dramatically in the last few years.
the result of the solution the supporting sentences (explaining the main idea)
the main idea the solution to the problem an example
Grammar and vocabulary to write conclusions To sum up, in my view, the shortage of teachers in secondary schools is a serious problem, and unless we can attract more talented young people into this kind of teaching, our children's education will start to suffer. Governments must take steps to with theisproblem asthat soon as possible. All deal in all, there no doubt obesity is an increasingly worrying issue, affecting both children and adults. As I see it, governments, parents and schools all have a role to play in tackling the problem. Action must be taken urgently, otherwise our societies will face (confront) even greater health problems in the future.
Grammar and vocabulary to write conclusions Unless = If … not (condition)/Otherwise = or = or else (result) can be used to show what will happen if we do not start to - solve Unless weproblem. can attract more talented the young people into this kind of teaching, our children's education will start to suffer. - Action must be taken urgently, otherwise our societies will face even greater health problems in the future.