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PRACTICE TEST FOR UNIT 11 SOURCES OF ENERGY

UNIT 11: SOURCES OF ENERGY
I. Complete the sentence with the correct form of the verb in the box.
exhaust
release
alternate
research
relate
supply
renew
pollute
harm
finite
1. Coal, gas and oil are ______ forms of energy that cannot be replaced after used.
2. The nuclear plant provides a fifth of the nation's energy ______.
3. Solar energy is not only plentiful and ______ but also clean and safe.
4. Increased consumption will lead to faster ______ of our natural resources.
5. Electricity companies were criticized for failing to develop ______ energy sources.
6. Oxygen from the water is ______ into the atmosphere.
7. Fossil fuels will be exhausted within a ______ short time.
8. How to make full use of these sources of energy is a question for ______ all over the world.
9. These pesticides are environmentally ______.

10. Water power provides energy without ______.
II. Choose the words that has the underlined part pronounced differently from that of the others.
1. a. exhaust
b. source
c. enormous
d. cause
2. a. sun
b. solar
c. safe
d. sure
3. a. heat
b. great
c. release
d. reach
4. a. geothermal
b. power
c. solar
d. hydro
5. a. polluted
b. consume
c. nuclear
d. fuel
III. Choose - a, b, c or d that best completes the sentence or substitutes for the underlined word or phrase.
6. The amount of solar energy that reaches the earth depends ______ the atmosphere.
a. to
b. in
c. on
d. with
7. The natural environment consists ___ all natural resources. a. in
b. of
c. to
d. on
8. Solar energy can be changed ______ electricity.
a. in
b. to
c. into
d. for
9. Oil, coal and natural gas are ______ fuels made from decayed material from animal or plants.
a. unleaded
b. smokeless


c. solid
d. fossil
10. A nuclear reactor releases ______ which is dangerous to the environment.
a. radiation
b. heat
c. energy
d. carbon dioxide
11. We could make better ______ of our energy resources.
a. spend
b. use
c. need
d. limit
12. The government has spent £1 million on an advertising ______ to encourage energy conservation.
a. campaign
b. promotion
c. operation
d. enterprise
13. All fossil fuels are ______ resources that cannot be replaced after use.
a. unlimited
b. renewable
c. available
d. non-renewable
14. Solar energy is not only plentiful and infinite but also clean and safe.
a. boundless
b. unlimited
c. uncountable d. inflexible
15. Many newer cars have a much lower fuel ______.
a. consuming
b. consumer
c. consumation
d. consumption
Fill in each blank with one appropriate word from the box.
matter
consuming
filthy
dangerous
supply
available
reachs
contain
conservation
safe
renewable
correct
Solar energy, air and water are, usually called (1) ______, resources because there is an unlimited (2) ______, of them.
However, this definition may change if people are not careful with the (3) ______, of these resources. The quality of
solar energy that (4) ______ the earth depends on the atmosphere. If the atmosphere is polluted, the solar energy
reaching the earth may be (5) ______. If life is about to continue, the air must (6) ______ the appropriate amount of N,
O2, CO2 and other gases. If humans continue to pollute the air, it will not contain the (7) ______ amount of these gases.
Water is also a (8) ______ to take into consideration. Industry is making our water (9) ______. Therefore, resources
must be conserved, the air and water must be protected. (10) ______ must play important part in life.
A. Read the passage carefully, then choose the correct answers.
The search for alternative sources of energy has led in various directions. Many communities are burning garbage and
other biological waste products to produce electricity- Converting waste products to gases or oil is also an efficient way
to dispose of wastes. Experimental work is being done to derive synthetic fuels from coal, oil shale, and coal tars. But
to date, that process has proven expensive. Other experiments are underway to harness power with giant windmills.
Geothermal power is also being tested. Some experts expect utility companies to revive hydroelectric power derived
from streams and rivers. Fifty years ago hydroelectric power provided one third of the electricity used in the United
States, but to day it supplies only 4 percent. The oceans are another potential source of energy. Scientists are studying
ways to convert the energy of ocean currents, tides, and waves to electricity. Experiments are also underway to make
use of temperature differences in ocean water to produce energy.
1. What is the best title of the passage?
a. The Use of Water Products for Energy b. The Search for Alternative Sources of Energy
c. Efficient Ways of Disposing of Waste
d. New Discoveries in Geothermal Power
2. What provided one third of the electricity in the United States fifty years ago?


a. wind
b. waste products
c. water
d. oil
3. What could Rest replace the phrase 'geothermal power' in the passage?
a. heat from the earth
b. gases in the earth's atmosphere
c. steam that shot up out of the earth
d. water in the ocean, lake, or river
4. Which of the following is not mentioned in the passage as an alternative source of energy?
a. Burning of garbage
b. Geothermal power
c. Synthetic fuels
d. Electricity.
5. According to the author, what is the impracticability of using coal, oil shale and coal tars' as sources of energy due
to? a. They take a lot of time
b. They are expensive
c. They are non-renewable resources
d. They are scarce resources
6. What can be inferred from the paragraph?
a. All alternative production of energy will be derived from water.
b. Hydroelectric power will be the main source of energy.
c. Synthetic fuels will be the principal source of alternative energy.
d. Alternative energy will come from a variety of sources.
Replace the relative clauses by an infinitive or infinitive phrase.
1. He was the first man who left the burning building. ______________________________________________
2. The last person who leaves the room must turn out the lights.
_____________________________________________________
3. The child is lonely; he would be happier if he had someone that he could play with.
_____________________________________________________
4. Here are some accounts that you must check. ________________________________________
5. My brother is the only one who realized the danger. _________________________________________
6. We had a river in which we could swim. ______________________________________
7. Neil Armstrong was the first man who walked on the moon. ________________________________________
8. The fifth man who was interviewed was entirely unsuitable. __________________________________
9. I wish we had a garden that my children could play in. _____________________________________
10. She is the only woman who was appointed to the board. ___________________________________
Change all of the adjective clauses to adjective phrases. Use the participles.
1. Only a few of the movie that are shown at the Gray Theater are suitable for children.
_____________________________________________________
2. The couples who live in the house next door are both college professors.
_____________________________________________________
3. A knuckle is a point that connects a finger to the rest of the hand.
_____________________________________________________
4. Antarctica is covered by a huge ice cap that contains 70 percent of the earth's fresh water.
_____________________________________________________
5. Only a small fraction of the eggs that are' laid by a fish actually hatch and survive to adulthood.
_____________________________________________________
6. Our solar system is in a galaxy that is called the Milky Way.
_____________________________________________________
7. None of the pedestrians who were walking up and down the busy street stopped to help the elderly man who was
slumped in the door way. _____________________________________________________
8. Food that passes from the mouth to the stomach goes through a tube which is called the esophagus.
_____________________________________________________
9. Animals that are born in a zoo generally adjust to captivity better than those that are captured in the wild.
_____________________________________________________
10. The children attended a special movie program that consisted of cartoons that featured Donald Duck and Mickey
Mouse.
_____________________________________________________
11. The Indians who lived in Peru before the discovery of the New World by Europeans belonged to the Incan culture.
_____________________________________________________
12. I was awakened by the sound of laughter which came from the room which was next to mine at the motel.
_____________________________________________________
Choose the word or phrase - a, b, c or d that best completes the sentence.
16. Nellie Ross of Wyoming was the first woman ______ governor in the United States.
a. who elected b. to be elected c. was elected d. her election as
17. Pioneers, ______ in isolated areas of the United States, were almost totally self-sufficient.
a. who living
b. living
c. lived
d. that Iived
18. Completed in 1756, Nassau Hall is the oldest building now ______ on the campus of Princeton University. .
a. standing
b. it stands
c. has stood
d. stood
19. Jerome Kern's most famous work is Showboat, ______ , most enduring musical comedies.
a. it is one of the finest
b. of the finest one
c. the finest one
d. one of the finest


20. ___ in large quantities in the Middle East, oil became known as black gold because of the large profit it brought.
a. Discovering
b. which was discovered
c. Discovered
d. That when discovered
21. Neil Armstrong, ______ person to set foot on the moon, reported that the surface was fine and powdery.
a. the first
b. to be the first
c. was the first
d. as the first
22. The Massachusetts State House, __ in 1798, was the most distinguished building in the United States at that time.
a. completing
b. which was completed
c. was completed
d. to be completed
23. Lady Astor was the first woman ______ her seat in Parliament.
a. take
b. to take
c. taking
d. who takes
24. Norman Weiner, ______ mathematician and logician, had an important role in the development of the computer.
a. who as a
b. was a
c. whom a
d. a
25. War and Peace, ______, was published in 1869.
a. Leo Tolstoy's most celebrated novel
b. that is Leo Tolstoy's most celebrated novel
c. which most celebrated novel of Leo Tolstoy
d. is a Leo Tolstoy's most celebrated novel
UNIT 11: SOURCES OF ENERGY
A. PHONETICS
I. Circle the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the other words.
1)
A. heat
B. nuclear
C. feat
D. clean
2)
A. power
B. slow
C. snow
D. show
3)
A. plenty
B. energy
C. only
D. hydropower
II. Circle the word that has stress pattern different from that of the other words.
4)
A. electric
B. potential
C. plentiful
D. alternative
5)
A. alternative
B. geothermal
C. environment
D. expensively
6)
A. potential
B. exhausted
C. pollution
D. infinite
B. VOCABULARY AND GRAMMAR
* Circle the best answer for each sentence.
7) Non-renewable energy sources are running ____.
A. up
B. on
C. to
D. out
8) In some countries people use wind or sea ____ as the environment friendly energy sources.
A. waves
B. water
C. products
D. weeds
9) People have used coal and oil to ____ electricity for along time.
A. generation
B. generated
C. generate
D. generates
10) Coal and oil are non-renewable ____ sources.
A. engineer
B. energy
C. engineering
D. energetic
11) People on earth are ____ need of more nuclear energy.
A. on
B. at
C. in
D. for
12) ____ energy uses natural sources of energy such as the sun, wind, or water for power and fuel, rather than oil, coal,
or nuclear power.
A. Alternative
B. Solar
C. Hydropower
D. Electricity
13) Oil, coal and natural gas are ____ fuels made from decayed material.
A. unleaded
B. smokeless
C. solid
D. fossil
14) All fossil fuels are ____ resources that cannot be replaced after use.
A. unlimited
B. renewable
C. available
D. non-renewable
15) We should develop such ____ sources of energy as solar energy and nuclear energy.
A. tradition
B. alternative
C. revolutionary
D. surprising
16) Increased consumption will lead to faster ____ of our natural resources.
A. exhaust
B. exhausting
C. exhaustion
D. exhaustive
17) ____ heat comes from deep inside the earth.
A. Geothermal
B. Solar
C. Nuclear
D. Hydro
18) “Have you ever met the man ____ over there?” “No. Who is he?”
A. stands
B. is standing
C. standing
D. who he is standing
19) The boy ____ the piano is my son.
A. who is playing
B. that is playing
C. playing
D. All are correct
20) ____ by his parent, this boy was very sad.
A. Punished
B. Punishing
C. To be punished
D. Be punished
21) We have apartment ____ the park.
A. overlooking
B. overlooks
C. to overlook
D. overlooked
22) He was the last person ____ in this way.
A. to kill
B. who killed
C. being killed
D. to be killed
23) Nellie Ross of Wyoming was the first woman _____ governor in the United State.
A. who elected
B. to be elected
C. was elected
D. her election as
24) ____ in large quantities in the Middle East, oil became known as black gold because of the large profit it brought.
A. Discovering
B. Discovered
C. Which was discovered
D. That when discovered


25) She is the only in the discussion ____ to using nuclear power.
A. objects
B. objected
C. to object
D. whom objects
26) Johnny was the last applicant ____ for a position in that energy station.
A. to interview
B. interviewing
C. to be interviewed
D. which is interviewed
27) The instructions ____ by Professor Johnson helped us know more about the danger of energy pollution.
A. that explained
B. explained
C. explaining
D. which explained
C. READING
* Circle the item among A, B, C or D that best answers the question about the passage.
Energy is fundamental to human beings, especially to poor people – the one- third of humanity that does not have
modern energy supplies like electricity, with which their life could be improve.
Many people who live in countryside have to gather fuel wood. This takes a lot of time. Moreover, it causes
indoor air pollution because of heavy smoke. For many people living in rural areas in developing countries of the
world, biogas is the large energy resources available and costs almost nothing. The main use of biogas is for cooking
and heating. As biogas is smoke-free, it helps solve the problem of indoor air pollution. Moreover, plant waste and
animal manure cost almost nothing.
The tendency to use renewable energy sources is on the increase when non-renewable ones are running out. In
the near, people in the developing countries may use wind or sea waves as the environment-friendly energy sources.
28) What is the role of energy to human beings?
A. unimportant
B. unnecessary
C. necessary
D. fundamental
29) What do poor people in countryside do to have energy?
A. They look for coal
B. They gather fuel wood
C. They look for oil
D. They use gas cookers
30) How long does it take to gather fuel wood in the countryside?
A. Not much time
B. A lot of time
C. Very little time
D. Half an hour a day
31) According to the passage, what energy sources do poor people often use for fuel?
A. oil
B. wood
C. nuclear energy
D. petrol
32) What is the main use of biogas?
A. It is used mainly for cooking and heating.
B. It is mainly used for lighting.
C. It is mainly used for operating.
D. It is mainly used for producing in factories.
33) According to the passage, what is the most awful effect of using fuel wood?
A. It causes indoor air pollution.
B. It may cause fire.
C. It damages their houses. D. It affects the local scenery.
34) Why, according to the passage, is biogas introduced to poor people?
A. Because it is easy to use B. Because it is not harmful
C. Because they like it
D. Because it is the largest energy resources available in the countryside and cheap
35) What, according to the passage, are the main advantages of using biogas?
A. It is smoke-free.
B. It costs almost nothing.
C. It is clean because it is smoke-free and costs almost nothing.
D. It is clean
36) The tendency to use renewable energy sources ____.
A. goes up
B. goes down
C. fluctuates
D. levels
37) What, according to the passage, may be used as the environment-friendly energy sources/
A. Nuclear energy
B. Coal
C. Wind and sea energy
D. Oil
D. WRITING
* Circle the underlined part among A, B, C or D that needs correcting.
38) The man to speak to me is John’s brother.
A
B C
D
39) He is the second person be killed in that way.
A
B C D
40) They work in a hospital sponsoring by the government.
A B
C
D
41) It an essay writing in 1779, Judith Sergeant Murray promoted the cause of women’s education.
A
B
C
D
42) A dam is wall building across river to shop the river’s flow and collect the water.
A
B
C D


UNIT 11: SOURCES OF ENERGY
I. Complete the sentence with the correct form of the verb in the box.
exhaust
release
alternate
research
relate
supply
renew
pollute
harm
finite
11. Coal, gas and oil are ______ forms of energy that cannot be replaced after used. Non – renewable
12. The nuclear plant provides a fifth of the nation's energy ______. supplies
13. Solar energy is not only plentiful and ______ but also clean and safe. infinite
14. Increased consumption will lead to faster ______ of our natural resources. exhaustion
15. Electricity companies were criticized for failing to develop ______ energy sources. alternative
16. Oxygen from the water is ______ into the atmosphere. released
17. Fossil fuels will be exhausted within a ______ short time. relatively
18. How to make full use of these sources of energy is a question for ______ all over the world. Researchers
19. These pesticides are environmentally ______. Harmful
20. Water power provides energy without ______. pollution
II. Choose the words that has the underlined part pronounced differently from that of the others.
26. a. exhaust
b. source
c. enormous
d. cause
27. a. sun
b. solar
c. safe
d. sure
28. a. heat
b. great
c. release
d. reach
29. a. geothermal
b. power /'pauə/
c. solar /'soulə/
d. hydro /'haidrou/
30. a. polluted
b. consume
c. nuclear /'nju:kliə/
d. fuel
III. Choose - a, b, c or d that best completes the sentence or substitutes for the underlined word or phrase.
31. The amount of solar energy that reaches the earth depends ______ the atmosphere.
a. to
b. in
c. on
d. with
32. The natural environment consists ___ all natural resources. a. in
b. of
c. to
d. on
33. Solar energy can be changed ______ electricity.
a. in
b. to
c. into
d. for
34. Oil, coal and natural gas are ______ fuels made from decayed material from animal or plants.
a. unleaded
b. smokeless
c. solid
d. fossil
35. A nuclear reactor releases ______ which is dangerous to the environment.
a. radiation
b. heat
c. energy
d. carbon dioxide
36. We could make better ______ of our energy resources.
a. spend
b. use
c. need
d. limit
37. The government has spent £1 million on an advertising ______ to encourage energy conservation.
a. campaign
b. promotion
c. operation
d. enterprise: tính táo bạo, hãng kinh doanh
38. All fossil fuels are ______ resources that cannot be replaced after use.
a. unlimited
b. renewable
c. available
d. non-renewable
39. Solar energy is not only plentiful and infinite but also clean and safe.
a. boundless: bao la, vô tận
b. unlimited
c. uncountable
d. inflexible: cứng rắn, ko linh hoạt
40. Many newer cars have a much lower fuel ______.
a. consuming
b. consumer
c. consumation
d. consumption
Fill in each blank with one appropriate word from the box.
matter
consuming
filthy
dangerous
supply
available
reachs
contain
conservation
safe
renewable
correct
Solar energy, air and water are, usually called (1) non - renewable _, resources because there is an unlimited (2)
______, of them. However, this definition may change if people are not careful with the (3) ______, of these resources.
The quality of solar energy that (4) ______ the earth depends on the atmosphere. If the atmosphere is polluted, the
solar energy reaching the earth may be (5) ______. If life is about to continue, the air must (6) ______ the appropriate
amount of N, O2, CO2 and other gases. If humans continue to pollute the air, it will not contain the (7) ______ amount
of these gases. Water is also a (8) ______ to take into consideration. Industry is making our water (9) ______.
Therefore, resources must be conserved, the air and water must be protected. (10) ______ must play important part in
life.
B. Read the passage carefully, then choose the correct answers.
The search for alternative sources of energy has led in various directions. Many communities are burning garbage and
other biological waste products to produce electricity- Converting waste products to gases or oil is also an efficient way
to dispose of wastes. Experimental work is being done to derive synthetic fuels from coal, oil shale, and coal tars. But
to date, that process has proven expensive. Other experiments are underway to harness power with giant windmills.
Geothermal power is also being tested. Some experts expect utility companies to revive hydroelectric power derived
from streams and rivers. Fifty years ago hydroelectric power provided one third of the electricity used in the United
States, but to day it supplies only 4 percent. The oceans are another potential source of energy. Scientists are studying
ways to convert the energy of ocean currents, tides, and waves to electricity. Experiments are also underway to make
use of temperature differences in ocean water to produce energy.


1. What is the best title of the passage?
a. The Use of Water Products for Energy b. The Search for Alternative Sources of Energy
c. Efficient Ways of Disposing of Waste
d. New Discoveries in Geothermal Power
2. What provided one third of the electricity in the United States fifty years ago?
a. wind
b. waste products
c. water
d. oil
3. What could Rest replace the phrase 'geothermal power' in the passage?
a. heat from the earth
b. gases in the earth's atmosphere
c. steam that shot up out of the earth
d. water in the ocean, lake, or river
4. Which of the following is not mentioned in the passage as an alternative source of energy?
a. Burning of garbage
b. Geothermal power
c. Synthetic fuels
d. Electricity.
5. According to the author, what is the impracticability of using coal, oil shale and coal tars' as sources of energy due
to? a. They take a lot of time
b. They are expensive
c. They are non-renewable resources
d. They are scarce resources
6. What can be inferred from the paragraph?
a. All alternative production of energy will be derived from water.
b. Hydroelectric power will be the main source of energy.
c. Synthetic fuels will be the principal source of alternative energy.
d. Alternative energy will come from a variety of sources.
Replace the relative clauses by an infinitive or infinitive phrase.
11. He was the first man who left the burning building. ______________________________________________
12. The last person who leaves the room must turn out the lights.
_____________________________________________________
13. The child is lonely; he would be happier if he had someone that he could play with.
_____________________________________________________
14. Here are some accounts that you must check. ________________________________________
15. My brother is the only one who realized the danger. _________________________________________
16. We had a river in which we could swim. ______________________________________
17. Neil Armstrong was the first man who walked on the moon. ________________________________________
18. The fifth man who was interviewed was entirely unsuitable. __________________________________
19. I wish we had a garden that my children could play in. _____________________________________
20. She is the only woman who was appointed to the board. ___________________________________
Change all of the adjective clauses to adjective phrases. Use the participles.
13. Only a few of the movie that are shown at the Gray Theater are suitable for children.
_____________________________________________________
14. The couples who live in the house next door are both college professors.
_____________________________________________________
15. A knuckle is a point that connects a finger to the rest of the hand.
_____________________________________________________
16. Antarctica is covered by a huge ice cap that contains 70 percent of the earth's fresh water.
_____________________________________________________
17. Only a small fraction of the eggs that are' laid by a fish actually hatch and survive to adulthood.
_____________________________________________________
18. Our solar system is in a galaxy that is called the Milky Way.
_____________________________________________________
19. None of the pedestrians who were walking up and down the busy street stopped to help the elderly man who was
slumped in the door way. _____________________________________________________
20. Food that passes from the mouth to the stomach goes through a tube which is called the esophagus.
_____________________________________________________
21. Animals that are born in a zoo generally adjust to captivity better than those that are captured in the wild.
_____________________________________________________
22. The children attended a special movie program that consisted of cartoons that featured Donald Duck and Mickey
Mouse.
_____________________________________________________
23. The Indians who lived in Peru before the discovery of the New World by Europeans belonged to the Incan culture.
_____________________________________________________
24. I was awakened by the sound of laughter which came from the room which was next to mine at the motel.
_____________________________________________________
Choose the word or phrase - a, b, c or d that best completes the sentence.
41. Nellie Ross of Wyoming was the first woman ______ governor in the United States.
a. who elected b. to be elected c. was elected d. her election as
42. Pioneers, ______ in isolated areas of the United States, were almost totally self-sufficient.
a. who living
b. living
c. lived
d. that Iived


43. Completed in 1756, Nassau Hall is the oldest building now ______ on the campus of Princeton University. .
a. standing
b. it stands
c. has stood
d. stood
44. Jerome Kern's most famous work is Showboat, ______ , most enduring musical comedies.
a. it is one of the finest
b. of the finest one
c. the finest one
d. one of the finest
45. ___ in large quantities in the Middle East, oil became known as black gold because of the large profit it brought.
a. Discovering
b. which was discovered
c. Discovered
d. That when discovered
46. Neil Armstrong, ______ person to set foot on the moon, reported that the surface was fine and powdery.
a. the first
b. to be the first
c. was the first
d. as the first
47. The Massachusetts State House, __ in 1798, was the most distinguished building in the United States at that time.
a. completing
b. which was completed
c. was completed
d. to be completed
48. Lady Astor was the first woman ______ her seat in Parliament.
a. take
b. to take
c. taking
d. who takes
49. Norman Weiner, ______ mathematician and logician, had an important role in the development of the computer.
a. who as a
b. was a
c. whom a
d. a
50. War and Peace, ______, was published in 1869.
a. Leo Tolstoy's most celebrated novel
b. that is Leo Tolstoy's most celebrated novel
c. which most celebrated novel of Leo Tolstoy
d. is a Leo Tolstoy's most celebrated novel
UNIT 11: SOURCES OF ENERGY
A. PHONETICS
I. Circle the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the other words.
1)
A. heat
B. nuclear
C. feat
D. clean
2)
A. power
B. slow
C. snow
D. show
3)
A. plenty
B. energy
C. only
D. hydropower
II. Circle the word that has stress pattern different from that of the other words.
4)
A. electric
B. potential
C. plentiful
D. alternative
5)
A. alternative
B. geothermal
C. environment
D. expensively
6)
A. potential
B. exhausted
C. pollution
D. infinite
B. VOCABULARY AND GRAMMAR
* Circle the best answer for each sentence.
7) Non-renewable energy sources are running ____.
A. up
B. on
C. to
D. out
8) In some countries people use wind or sea ____ as the environment friendly energy sources.
A. waves
B. water
C. products
D. weeds
9) People have used coal and oil to ____ electricity for along time.
A. generation
B. generated
C. generate
D. generates
10) Coal and oil are non-renewable ____ sources.
A. engineer
B. energy
C. engineering
D. energetic
11) People on earth are ____ need of more nuclear energy.
A. on
B. at
C. in
D. for
12) ____ energy uses natural sources of energy such as the sun, wind, or water for power and fuel, rather than oil, coal,
or nuclear power.
A. Alternative
B. Solar
C. Hydropower
D. Electricity
13) Oil, coal and natural gas are ____ fuels made from decayed material.
A. unleaded
B. smokeless
C. solid
D. fossil
14) All fossil fuels are ____ resources that cannot be replaced after use.
A. unlimited
B. renewable
C. available
D. non-renewable
15) We should develop such ____ sources of energy as solar energy and nuclear energy.
A. tradition
B. alternative
C. revolutionary
D. surprising
16) Increased consumption will lead to faster ____ of our natural resources.
A. exhaust
B. exhausting
C. exhaustion
D. exhaustive
17) ____ heat comes from deep inside the earth.
A. Geothermal
B. Solar
C. Nuclear
D. Hydro
18) “Have you ever met the man ____ over there?” “No. Who is he?”
A. stands
B. is standing
C. standing
D. who he is standing
19) The boy ____ the piano is my son.
A. who is playing
B. that is playing
C. playing
D. All are correct
20) ____ by his parent, this boy was very sad.
A. Punished
B. Punishing
C. To be punished
D. Be punished
21) We have apartment ____ the park.
A. overlooking
B. overlooks
C. to overlook
D. overlooked
22) He was the last person ____ in this way.
A. to kill
B. who killed
C. being killed
D. to be killed


23) Nellie Ross of Wyoming was the first woman _____ governor in the United State.
A. who elected
B. to be elected
C. was elected
D. her election as
24) ____ in large quantities in the Middle East, oil became known as black gold because of the large profit it brought.
A. Discovering
B. Discovered
C. Which was discovered
D. That when discovered
25) She is the only in the discussion ____ to using nuclear power.
A. objects
B. objected
C. to object
D. whom objects
26) Johnny was the last applicant ____ for a position in that energy station.
A. to interview
B. interviewing
C. to be interviewed
D. which is interviewed
27) The instructions ____ by Professor Johnson helped us know more about the danger of energy pollution.
A. that explained
B. explained
C. explaining
D. which explained
C. READING
* Circle the item among A, B, C or D that best answers the question about the passage.
Energy is fundamental to human beings, especially to poor people – the one- third of humanity that does not have
modern energy supplies like electricity, with which their life could be improve.
Many people who live in countryside have to gather fuel wood. This takes a lot of time. Moreover, it causes
indoor air pollution because of heavy smoke. For many people living in rural areas in developing countries of the
world, biogas is the large energy resources available and costs almost nothing. The main use of biogas is for cooking
and heating. As biogas is smoke-free, it helps solve the problem of indoor air pollution. Moreover, plant waste and
animal manure cost almost nothing.
The tendency to use renewable energy sources is on the increase when non-renewable ones are running out. In
the near, people in the developing countries may use wind or sea waves as the environment-friendly energy sources.
28) What is the role of energy to human beings?
A. unimportant
B. unnecessary
C. necessary
D. fundamental
29) What do poor people in countryside do to have energy?
A. They look for coal
B. They gather fuel wood
C. They look for oil
D. They use gas cookers
30) How long does it take to gather fuel wood in the countryside?
A. Not much time
B. A lot of time
C. Very little time
D. Half an hour a day
31) According to the passage, what energy sources do poor people often use for fuel?
A. oil
B. wood
C. nuclear energy
D. petrol
32) What is the main use of biogas?
A. It is used mainly for cooking and heating.
B. It is mainly used for lighting.
C. It is mainly used for operating.
D. It is mainly used for producing in factories.
33) According to the passage, what is the most awful effect of using fuel wood?
A. It causes indoor air pollution.
B. It may cause fire.
C. It damages their houses. D. It affects the local scenery.
34) Why, according to the passage, is biogas introduced to poor people?
A. Because it is easy to use B. Because it is not harmful
C. Because they like it
D. Because it is the largest energy resources available in the countryside and cheap
35) What, according to the passage, are the main advantages of using biogas?
A. It is smoke-free.
B. It costs almost nothing.
C. It is clean because it is smoke-free and costs almost nothing.
D. It is clean
36) The tendency to use renewable energy sources ____.
A. goes up
B. goes down
C. fluctuates
D. levels
37) What, according to the passage, may be used as the environment-friendly energy sources/
A. Nuclear energy
B. Coal
C. Wind and sea energy
D. Oil
D. WRITING
* Circle the underlined part among A, B, C or D that needs correcting.
38) The man to speak to me is John’s brother.
A
B C
D
39) He is the second person be killed in that way.
A
B C D
40) They work in a hospital sponsoring by the government.
A B
C
D
41) It an essay writing in 1779, Judith Sergeant Murray promoted the cause of women’s education.
A
B
C
D
42) A dam is wall building across river to shop the river’s flow and collect the water.
A
B
C D



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