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UNIT 1 pronunciation

UNIT 1: PRONUNCIATION
Consonants
p pen, copy, happen
b back, baby, job
θ thing, author, path
ð this, other, smooth
j
yet, yes
j(u:) beauty, few
s
ʃ

soon, cease, sister
ship, sure, national

z zero, music, roses, buzz
ʒ pleasure, vision
dʒ judge, age, soldier
t
d
k

g

f
v
h
m
n
ŋ
l
r
w
ʔ

tea, tight, button
day, ladder, odd
key, clock, school
get, giggle, ghost
church, match, nature
fat, coffee, rough, photo
view, heavy, move
hot, whole, ahead
more, hammer, sum
nice, know, funny, sun
ring, anger, thanks, sung
light, valley, feel
right, wrong, sorry, arrange
wet, one, when, queen
(glottal stop: âm tắc thanh hầu)
department, football

Vowels
ɪ kit, bid, hymn, minute
i: fleece, sea, machine
i happy, radiate, glorious
ɜ: nurse, stir, learn, refer
ə about, common, standard
u: goose, two, blue, group
u thank you, influence, situation
ʊ foot, good, put
e dress, bed, head, many


æ trap, bad
ɔ: thought, law, north, war
ɒ lot, odd, wash
ɑ: start, father
ʌ strut, mud, love, blood
eɪ face, day, break
aɪ price, high, try
ɔɪ choice, boy
ɪə near, here, weary
eə square, fair, various
əʊ goat, show, no
aʊ mouth, now
ʊə poor, jury, cure

The pronunciation of the ending “s”:
- ‘es’ được phát âm là /iz/ khi đi sau các âm: z, ʒ, dʒ, s, ʃ, tʃ.
washes, kisses, oranges
+ ‘es’ được phát âm là /z/ khi đi sau các âm: i, v, o.
babies, potatoes, leaves
- ‘s’ được phát âm là /s/ khi đi sau các âm vô thanh: f, p, t, k, θ.
books, cats, caps.
- ‘s’ được phát âm là /z/ khi đi sau các âm hữu thanh: b, g, n, l, d, v, m, r, j, w, η, ð, + toàn bộ nguyên
âm.
The pronunciation of “–ed” ending:
-‘ed’ được phát âm là /ɪd/ khi đi sau các âm: t, d.
wanted, mended
(Trường hợp đặc biệt (id): learned, wretched, loved, scared, naked, ragged…)
-‘ed’ được phát âm là /t/ khi đi sau các âm vô thanh: f, p, k, θ, s, ʃ, tʃ.
walked, jumped
- ‘ed’ được phát âm là /d/ khi đi sau các âm hữu thanh: b, g, n, l, z, ʒ, dʒ, ð, v, m, r, j, w, η + toàn bộ
nguyên âm.


EXERCISES
Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest.
1. a. apply
b. university
c. identity
d. early
2. a. choice
b. achieve
c. each
d. chemistry
3. a. final
b. applicant
c. high
d. decide
4. a. average
b. indicate
c. application
d. grade
5. a. course
b. four
c. our
d. yours
6. a. worker
b. whom
c. interview
d. answer
7. a. honest
b. holiday
c. home
d. happiness
8. a. character
b. teacher
c. chemist
d. technical
9. a. interview
b. minute
c. question
d. suitable
10. a. economy
b. industry
c. qualify
d. priority
11. a. right
b. private
c. communist
d. minority
12. a. measure
b. subsidies
c. domestic
d. hospital
13. a. though
b. encourage
c. enough
d. country
14. a. improve
b. introduce
c. move
d. lose
15. a. future
b. mature
c. pasture
d. nature
Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest.
1 a. cooks
b. loves
c. joins
d. spends
2 a. advises
b. raises
c. devises
d. goes
3 a. hands
b. parents
c. chores
d. boys
4 a. brothers
b. weekends
c. problems
d. secrets
5 a. clothes
b. cloths
c. roofs
d. books
6 a. enjoys
b. feels
c. takes
d. gives
7 a. attempts
b. shares
c. looks
d. beliefs
8 a. sometimes
b. gestures
c. interests
d. examples
9 a. elephants
b. decades
c. poachers
d. actions
10. a. dreams
b. heals
c. kills
d. tasks
11. a. resources
b. stages
c. preserves
d. focuses
12. a. villages
b. whistles
c. assures
d. costumes
13. a. offers
b. mounts
c. kitchens
d. words
14. a. likes
b. works
c. accidents
d. names
15. a. sports
b. households
c. minds
d. plays
Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest.
1. a. naked
b. looked
c. booked
d. hooked
2. a. concerned
b. raised
c. developed
d. maintained
3. a. appeared
b. agreed
c. coughed
d. loved
4. a. sacrificed
b. trusted
c. recorded
d. acted
5. a. laughed
b. weighed
c. helped
d. missed
6. a. advised
b. devised
c. raised
d. practised
7. a. shared
b. viewed
c. confided
d. measured
8. a. determined
b. expressed
c. approved
d. married
9. a. smoked
b. called
c. photographed
d. based
10. a. demanded
b. lived
c. questioned
d. supposed
11. a. explained
b. disappointed
c. prepared
d. interviewed
12. a. included
b. wanted
c. decided
d. noticed
13. a. endangered
b. threatened
c. recovered
d. advanced
14. a. booked
b. survived
c. laughed
d. typed
15. a. changed
b. crashed
c. jumped
d. introduced



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