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KÌ THI OLYMPIC 10 3 lop 11 18 19

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NĂM HỌC 2017-2018




Thời gian làm bài: 180 phút, không kể thời gian phát đề
1. Pick out the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the others in each
1. A. merchant
B. sergeant
C. commercial
D. term
2. A. amuses
B. purses
C. blouses
D. pleases
3. A. Valentine
B. imagine

C. discipline
D. determine
4. A. spacious
B. security
C. document
D. technology
5. A. special
B. breath
C. breathe
D. pleasure
1. B
2. B
3. A
4. A
5. C
2. Pick out the word that stressed differently from the others:
6. A. appreciate
B. promote
C. participate
D. introduce
7.A. recommend
B. hurricane
C. photograph
D. separate
8.A. sympathetic
B. unbelievable
C. advantageous
D. circumstance
9.A. unconscious
B. accuracy

C. decisive
D. economy
10.A. satellite
B. artificial
C. heritage
B. dictionary
6. D
7. A
8. D
9. B
10. B
Part 2: WORD CHOICE: (10 PTS)
1. Choose the best alternative to fill the gap in each of the following sentences:
11. - "Would you like to have noodles, spaghetti, or something different?" - " ___________" .
A. I'm afraid not
B. Yes, please
C. Never mind
D. Anything will do
12. Having been served lunch, _______.
A. the problem was discussed by the members of the committee.
B. the committee members discussed the problem
C. it was discussed by the committee members the problem
D. a discussion of the problem was made by the members of the committee.
13. The damage was far more serious than __________ believed.
A. prior
B. precedingly
C. initially
D. primarily
14. It's a program that give some insight into the _______ life of the Victorians.
A. household

B. inner
C. house
D. domestic
15. – John: “Do you think that we should use public transportation to protect our environment?”
– Laura: “_________________”
A. There’s no doubt about it.
B Of course not. You bet!
C. Well, that’s very surprising.
D. Yes, it’s an absurd idea.
16. You should consider the_____ carefully before you make a decision.
A. pros and cons
B. safe and sound
C. spick and span
D. odds and ends
17. Remember to appreciate what your friends do for you. You shouldn’t take them_______.
A. as a rule
B. as usual
C. out of habit
D. for granted
18. ________ is the existence of a large number of different kinds of animals and plants which make a
balanced environment.
A. extinction
B. biodiversity
C. habitat
D. conservation
19. It is necessary for students to listen to their teacher ______.
A. attentive
B. attentively
C. attention
D attend

20. Not until all their demands had been turned down did the workers decide to go on strike for more
A. rejected
B. achieve
C. reviewed
D. deleted
11. D 12. B 13. C 14. D 15. A 16. A 17. D 18. B 19. B 20. A

21. _____ be needed, the water basin would need to be dammed.
A. Hydroelectric power should
B. When hydroelectric power
C. Hydroelectric power
D. Should hydroelectric power
22. I would like to have my mails and newspapers___________ early in the morning.
A. deliver
B. delivery
C. delivered
D. to deliver
23. Nick didn’t expect ___________ to Caroline’s party.
A. to invite
B. to be invited
C. inviting D. being invited
24.________that we all went for a picnic.
A. It was such a fine weather
B. So fine the weather
C. Such a fine weather was it
D. So fine was the weather

25. We’d like to buy the house___________ West Lake.
A. overlooks
B. overlooked
C. overlooking
D. to overlook
26. You _______ out yesterday without a coat. No wonder you caught cold.
A. shouldn’t have gone B. haven’t gone C. hadn’t gone
D. mustn’t have gone
27. _______ at his lessons, still he couldn’t catch up with his classmates.
A. Hardly as he worked B. Hard as he worked C. Hard as he does
D. Hard as he was
28. I didn’t know exactly how old he was, but he_____ about 30 the first time we met.
A. should be
B. should have been
C. must be
D. must have been
29. The replacement of shops such as the groceries’ and chemist’s by cafes_____ the housewives with
insufficient facilities for shopping.
A. leave
B. have left
C. has left
D. to have left
30. Alan________ loud rock music for three hours when her friends arrived.
A. was listening
B. had been listening
C. has been listening D. listened
21. D 22. C 23. B 24. D 25. C 26. A 27. B 28. D 29. C 30. B
31. They decided to _____ their differences and became friends.
A. take on

B. put aside
C. give away
D. go over
32. When Tet Holiday comes, Vietnamese people often feel inclined to________ their houses.
A. do over
B. do in
C. do through
D. do up
33. The police must now________ the escape convict in the surrounding countries.
A. search
B. look after
C. look for
D. be in search of
34. I try to be friendly but it is hard to________ some of my colleagues.
A. get on with
B. watch out for
C. come up with
D. stand in for
35. The biggest company in our local area is _______the verge of bankruptcy.
A. on
B. in
C. at
D. from
36. Our project was successful________ its practicality.
A. in terms of
B. with a view to
C. regardless
D. on behalf of
37. When you are an old age pensioner, you have to learn to_______ a very small income.
A. live on

B. live out
C. live down
D. live up to
38. He said he would contribute money, but later he __________ of it.
A. backed down
B. backed out
C. turned away
D. backed away
39. Deborah is going to take extra lessons to_____ what she missed while she was away.
A. catch up on
B. cut down on
C. put up with
D. take up with
40. John’s about the same height as his father, but in very other respect he takes _____ his mother.
A. after
B. up
C. on
D. from

31.B 32. A 33. D 34. A 35. A 36. A 37. A 38. B 39. A 40. A
Read the following passage and choose the best answer A, B, C, or D for the question below.
When the first white men came to America, they found vast amounts of natural resources of
tremendous value. Forests covered a large part of the nation; later gas, oil and minerals were found in
unbelievable amounts. There was a great, abundance of very fertile soil. Forests, prairies, streams and rivers
abounded with wildlife. So vast were these resources that it seemed that they could never be used up. So
forests were destroyed to make way for farmland. Grass lands and prairies were plowed and harrowed.
Minerals and oil were used in great quantities to supply ung industrial nation. Almost every river became the

scene of factories, mills and power companies. Mammals and birds were slaughtered for food and sport.
Within a short time, the results were obvious. Floods caused millions of worth of damage yearly. The very
fertile soil was washed away or blown up in great clouds. The seemingly inexhaustible oil and minerals
showed signs of depletion. Rivers were filled with silt from eroding farms and wastes from factories. Many
of the rivers were made unfit for fish. Several species of birds disappeared, and some mammals seemed on
the verge of going. Future timber shortages were predicted. In short, Americans soon became to realize that
some sort of conservation program must be set up, if future as well as present Americans were to share in the
resources that are the heritage of every American.
41. The title that best expresses the main theme or subject of this selection is _____.
A. The loss of topsoil B. The cause of timber shortage
C. The story of America's natural resources D.
What the first white men found in America
42. It seemed to the early American settlers that _______.
A. there was a shortage of minerals.
B. fertile soil was scarce
C. the natural resources were inexhaustible
D. forests should not be cut
43. The use of America's natural resources by the early settlers was ______.
A. careless
B. predicted C. scientific D. unbelievable
44. Much of the fertile soil of America has ________
A. been covered by lakes B. been eroded by wind and water
C. sunk deep into the earth D. become the scene of factories
45. According to the passage, the false sentence is that
A. the killed animals for food and sport.
B. the early American settlers used a lot of minerals and oil.
C. they plowed and harrowed grasslands and prairies. D. they grew different kinds of plants in prairies
46. The word "abounded with" could best replaced by ____.
A. were plentiful of B. were abundant in C. were rich with
D. were a lot of

47. The word "silt' in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to ___
A. dust
B. soil
C. land
D. mud
48. One reason why many of our rivers are no longer suitable living places for fish is that _____
A. too many fish have been caught B. flood have caused much damage
C. a conservation program has been set up D. factories have dumped waste into the rivers
49. Some species of birds and mammals seemed _____.
A. to become extinct
B. to be killed
C. to be slaughtered
D. to die
50. Americans soon came to realize that _____
A. They should stop killing animals for food.
B. They must establish a conservation program
C. They shouldn't reclaim the land
D. They must give up exploiting minerals
41. C 42. C 43. A 44. B 45. D

46. B 47. D 48. D 49. A 50. B

The handling and delivery of mail has always been a serious business, atioti underpinned by the trust of
the public in requiring timeliness, safety, and the confidentiality. After early beginnings using horseback and
stagecoach, and although cars and trucks later replaced stagecoaches and wagons, the Railway Mail Service
still stands as one of America's most resourceful and exciting postal innovations. This service began in 1832,

but grew slowly until the Civil War. Then from 1862, by sorting the mail on board moving trains, the Post

Office Department was able to decentralize its operations as railroads began to crisscross the nation on a
regular basis, and speed up mail delivery. This service lasted until 1958. During peak decades of service,
railway mail clerks handled 93% of all non-local mail and '55 by 1905 the service had over 12,000
Railway Post Office trains used a system of mail cranes to exchange mail at stations without stopping. As
a train approached the crane, a clerk prepared the catcher arm which would then snatch the incoming
mailbag in the blink of an eye. The clerk then booted out the outgoing mailbag. Experienced clerks were
considered the elite of the Postal Service's employees, and spoke with pride of making the switch at night
with nothing but the curves and feel of the track to warn them of an upcoming catch. They also worked
under the greatest pressure and their jobs were In a considered to be exhausting and dangerous. addition to
regular demands of their jobs they could find themselves the victims of train wrecks and robberies.
As successful as it was, "mail-on-the-fly- still had its share of glitches. If they hoisted the train's catcher
arm too soon, they risked hitting switch targets, telegraph poles or semaphores, which would rip the catcher
arm off the train. Too late, and they would miss an exchange.
51. What does the passage mainly discuss?
A. How Post Office Trains handled the mail without stopping
B. The skills of experienced clerks
C. How the mail cranes exchanged the mail
D. Improvements in mail handling and
52. The word "underpinned” in paragraph one is closest in meaning to _____.
A. lowered
B. underlain
C. obliged
D. required
53. The public expects the following three services in handling and delivering mail EXCEPT ___.
A. confidentiality
B. timeliness
C. safety
D. accuracy

54. According to the passage, the Railway Mail Service commenced in _____.
A. 1832
B. 1842
C. 1874
D. 1 9 05
55. Which of the following can be interred from the first paragraph?
A. Mail was often lost or damaged as it was exchanged on the mail crane.
B. There was a high turnover of railway mail clerks.
C. The development of the mailroads during the second half of the 19th century enabled Post Office
Department to focus on timeliness.
D. The Post Office Department was more concerned about speeding up mail delivery than the safety of its
56. The word "elite” in the second paragraph is closest in meaning to ____
A. superior
B. majority
C. more capable
D. leader
57. According to the passage, which of the following is true .
A. The clerk booted out the outgoing mailbag before snatching the incoming bag
B. Clerks couldn't often see what they were doing
C. The Railway Mail clerk's job was considered elite because it was safe and exciting
D. Despite their success railway mail clerks only handled a small proportion of all non-local mail
58. In paragraph two, the word “they” refers to ____
A. trains
B. postal service's employees
C. mailbags
D. experienced clerks
59. The word "glitches” in paragraph three can he replaced by ____.
A. accidents
B. blames

C. advantages
D. problems
60.Where in the passage does the author first mention the dangers of the Post Office clerk's job?
A. Paragraph 1
B. The first three sentences of paragraph 2
C. The last three sentences of paragraph 2
D. Paragraph 3
51.D 52.B 53.D 54.A 55.C 56. A 57. B 58. D 59. D 60. C

Choose the best answer for each gap in the passage:

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct
word or phrase for each of the blanks from 31- 40
In Britain, the average young person now spends more money on games each year than on going to
the cinema or renting videos. But is this (61)________ a bad thing? For years, newspaper reports have been
(62) ______ that children who spend too much time playing computer games become unsociable, badtempered, even violent as a (63) ______ . But new research, (64) ______ out in both Europe and the USA,
suggests that the opposite may be true.
Indeed, playing some of the more complicated games may help people of all ages to improve certain skills.
Researchers claim that this is because the games (65) _______ the brain work harder in certain ways, like
(66) _______ sounds and movements quickly and identifying what they are. The fact that people play the
games repeatedly (67) ______ that they get a lot of practice in these skills which are therefore likely to
become highly developed.
Social skills may benefit, too. Researchers in Chicago think that fans of first- person shooter games (68)
“Counterstrike” are better than non-players when it comes to building trust and co-operation, and that this
(69) ______ them to make good friendships and become strong members of their communities. So rather

than (70) ______ up computer games, perhaps young people need to spend more time on them?
Question 61. A. necessarily
B. certainly
C. fully
D. nearly
Question 62. A. speaking
B. informing
C. telling
D. saying
Question 63. A. product
B. result
C. reason
D. conclusion
Question 64. A. worked
B. thought
C. turned
D. carried
Question 65. A. make
B. force
C. push
D. keep
Question 66. A. realizing
B. noticing
C. imagining
D. solving
Question 67. A. means
B. asks
C. brings
D. causes
Question 68. A. in order to

B. such as
C. due to
D. as well as
Question 69. A. supports
B. helps
C. shows
D. serves
Question 70. A. giving
B. ending
C. taking
D. stopping
61.A 62.D 63.B 64.D 65.A 66. B 67. A 68. B 69. B 70. A

Few people now question the reality of global warming and its effects on the world's climate. Many
scientists (71) _____ the blame for recent natural disasters on the increase (72) _____ the world's
temperatures and are convinced that, more than ever before, the Earth is at (73) _____ from the force of the
wind, rain and sun. (74) _____ to them, global warming is making extreme weather events; such as
hurricanes and droughts, even more (75) ___ and causing sea levels all around the world to (76) ____.
Environmental groups are putting (77) ____ on governments to take action to reduce the amount of carbon
dioxide which is given (78) _____ by factories and power plants, thus attacking the problem at its source.
They are in (79) _____ of more money being spent on research into solar, wind and wave energy devices,
which could then replace existing power stations. Some scientists, (80) ____ , believe that even if we
stopped releasing carbon dioxide and, other gases into the atmosphere tomorrow, we would have to wait
several hundred, years to notice the results. Global warming, it seems, is to stay.
71. A. give
B. put
C. take
D. have
72. A. in

B. at
C. by
D. to
73. A. threat
B. danger
C. risk
D. harm
74. A. Concerning
B. Regarding
C. Depending
D. According
75. A. strike
B. strong
C. severe
D. heavy
76. A. raise
B. arise
C. lift
D. rise
77. A. force
B. pressure
C. persuasion
D. encouragement
78. A. off
B. away
C. up
D. over
79. A. belief
B. request
C. favor

D. suggestion

80. A. because
B. however
71.B 72.A 73.C 74.D 75.C

C. despite
76. D 77. B 78. A

D. although
79. C 80. B

Fill in each gap in the passages below with ONE suitable word
Open doze text 1
As swimming became a popular recreation in England during the 1860s and 1870s, several (81) _____
sports developed, roughly patterned after land sports. (82) _____them were water football (or soccer), water
rugby, water handball, and water polo, in which players rode on floating barrels, painted to look (83) _____
horses, and struck the ball with a stick. Water rugby became most popular of these sports, but somehow the
water polo name became attached to it, and it's been attached (84) ______ since. As played in England, the
object of the sport was for a player to touch the ball, with both (85) _______, at the goal end of the pool. The
goaltender stood on the pool deck. ready to dive on any opponent who was about to score. Water polo
quickly became a very rough sport. filled (86) ______ underwater fights away from the ball. and it wasn't
unusual for players to pass out for lack of air. In 1877. the sport was tamed in Scotland by the addiction of
goalposts. The Scots also replaced (87) _____ original small, hard rubber ball with a soccer ball and
adopted (88) _____ that prohibited taking the ball under the surface or, "tackling" a player unless he had the
ball. The Scottish game, which emphasized swimming speed, passing, and (89) _____ work, spread to

England during the early 1880s, to Hungary in 1889, to Austria and Germany in 1894. to France in 1895,
and (90) _______ Belgium in 1900. Water polo was the first team sport added to the Olympic program, in
81. water 82. Among 83.like 84. ever 85. hands 86. with 87. the 88. Rules 89. team 90. to
About twenty percent of the world's present energy already comes from the sun in one form or another.
Special devices have been (91) _____ available to place on the (92) _____ of houses or flats to catch the
sun's rays and thus heat water. Thousands of these (93) ______ are now being used to provide (94)_______
in homes throughout the United States while more than a million solar water — heating units have already
been (95) _______ in homes in Japan. Other purposes for which energy is at present (96) _______ used
include the extraction of salt (97) _____ _ seawater, irrigation ad sewage disposal.
(98) ________ most people in deveoping countries, the need is (99) ________ for air condition or central
heating but for cheap (100) _______ of cooking food, drying crops and lighting home.
91. made
92. Roof
93. Devices 94. Energy 95. Installed
96. Being

97. From

98. For

99. Not

100. ways

I. Use the correct form of the words given in brackets to fill in the blanks in each sentence:
101. Bill was given a medal in __________ of his services. RECOGNISE
102. She listens more _________ than anyone else I know. SYMPATHY

103. The film was so sad that it made me feel very _________ . (EMOTION)
104. There were 50 _______ in this talent contest. (COMPETE)
105. ______________ thirst for knowledge. YOUNG
106. Ralp Nader is an ____________ of peace. ADVOCACY
107.Keith's exam results turned out to be _______ . (DISASTER)
108. Karen and Catherine are _________________ twins. IDENTITY
109. His family suffers from his _____________. EXPEND
110. Please ____________ our letter of the 14th. We have not had a reply. KNOW
101 recognition 102. sympathetically 103. emotional 104. competitors 105. Youngsters
106. advocate 107. disastrous 108. identical 109. over expenditure 110.acknowlegde

II. Complete the following passage with the correct form of the words given.
reduce cover
The rate at which the deforestation of the world is proceeding is ( 111 ) ________ In the 1950
approximately 25 percent of the earth's land surface had been (112) ______ w ith forests, and less than
twenty-live years later the amount of the forest land was (113) to 20 percent. This decrease from 25 percent
to 20 percent, from 1950 to 1973 (114) _____ an astounding 20 million square kilometers of forest.
Predictions are that all, additional 20 million square kilometers of forest land will he (115) ____ by 2020.
The majority of deforestation is occurring in the tropical forests in developing countries. (116) ____ by the
developing countries' need for increased aizricultural land and the desire on the part of developed countries
to import wood and wood products. More than 90 percent of the plywood used in the United States, for

example, is (117) ___ from developing countries with tropical rain forests. By the mid-1980s, solutions to
this expanding problem were being (118) ____, in the form of attempts to (119) ____ an international
regulatory organization to (120) ____ the use of tropical forests.
111. alarming 112. covered 113. reduced 114. represent 115. lost
116. fueled
117. imported 118. sought
119. establish 120. oversee
Part 3: The passage below contains 10 mistakes. Underline the mistakes and write their correct forms in
the space provided in the column on the right. (0) has been done as an example.
Air pollution is a cause for ill - health in human beings. In a lot of countries, there are laws limited the
amount of smoke which factories can produce. Because there isn't enough information on the amount of
smoke in the atmosphere, doctors have proved that air pollution makes lung cancer. The gases from the
exhausts of cars have also risen air pollution in most cities. The lead in petrol produces a poisoned gas which
often collects in busy streets surrounding by high buildings. Children who live in areas where there is a lot
of lead in the atmosphere cannot think as quick as other children and they are clumsy where they use their
hands. There are long-term effects of pollution. If the gases in the atmosphere continues to increase, the
earth's climate will become warmer. A lot of ice near the Poles may water and may cause serious floods.
121. limited -----> limiting
122. Because => Although 123. makes => causes 124. risen -----> increased
126. surrounding => surrounded 127. quick quickly 128. where-> when 129. continues continue
130. water => melt 125. poisoned -----> poisonous
Finish each of the following sentences in such a way that it mean exactly the same as the sentence
printed before it.
131. The phone stopped ringing the moment I got down stairs.
No sooner _______________________________________
No sooner had I got downstairs than the phone stopped ringing.
132. She agreed to go out to dinner with him because she assumed he was not married.

Had she ______________________________________________________________
Had she known that he was married, she would not have agreed to go out to dinner with him.
133. Barbara was shocked to hear that she had failed his driving test.
It came _______________________________________________
It came as a great surprise to Barbara that she had failed his driving test.
134. Martin may not be very well but she still manages to enjoy life.
Martins poor ____________________________________________.
Martins poor health doesn’t prevent/stop him from enjoying life.
135. He was sorry he hadn’t said goodbye to her at the airport.
He regretted ___________________________________________________.
He regretted not saying goodbye to her at the airport.
Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using the given word.
126. When he arrived at the airport, his family welcomed him warmly. (GIVEN)
On ________________________________________________________
On his arrival at the airport, he was given a warm welcome by his family

137. Many species of wildlife are threatened with extinction. (VERGE)
Many species of wildlife are _______________________________________________
Many species of wildlife are on verge of extinction.
138. I daren’t turn on the television because the baby might wake up. (FEAR)
I daren’t turn on the television for fear of waking the baby up.
139. This is the most amusing thing I have ever read. (SUCH)
I have ________________________________________________________
I have never read such an amusing thing before.
140. He gambled, lost everything and began to owe money. (INTO)
He gambled, __________________________________________________________.
He gambled, lost everything and ran into debt.
-- THE END --