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Russia and the european union development and perspectives (contributions to economics)

Contributions to Economics

Elena G. Popkova Editor

Russia and
the European
Union
Development and Perspectives


Contributions to Economics


More information about this series at http://www.springer.com/series/1262


Elena G. Popkova
Editor

Russia and the European
Union

Development and Perspectives


Editor
Elena G. Popkova
Volgograd State Technical University
Volgograd, Russia

ISSN 1431-1933
ISSN 2197-7178 (electronic)
Contributions to Economics
ISBN 978-3-319-55256-9
ISBN 978-3-319-55257-6 (eBook)
DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-55257-6
Library of Congress Control Number: 2017941253
© Springer International Publishing AG 2017
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Preface

In the context of regionalization of the global economy, related to the growth of
members of international economic relations, the role of formation of regional
integration associations for the successful representation and protection of interests


of their countries in the world arena increases. Russia and the European Union are
characterized by not only geographical proximity but by similar sociocultural
specifics and common economic interests.
This provides possibilities and predetermines the necessity for expansion of
cooperation and interaction between Russia and the EU. However, despite
obtaining mutual profit from such cooperation, its development has been stopped
due to unfavorable influence of external factors caused by unfavorable geopolitical
and geo-economic situation.
This leads to loss of profit for Russia and the EU, caused by the impossibility to
realize the existing foreign economic potential and the potential for promotion of
the common policy at the international level. This special issue is devoted to the
search for the solution to the problem of strengthening of foreign economic
cooperation and development of Russia and the EU’s economies.
The basic precondition for creation of this special issue is the hypothesis that one
of the most important obstacles on the path of development of foreign economic
relations of Russia and the EU is insufficient substantiation of the need for it and
lack of specific practical recommendations for its conduct. This issue aims to fill
this gap in modern scientific thought.
It specifies theoretical and methodological foundations of cooperation and interaction between Russia and the EU, studies applied aspects of investment cooperation and crisis management, substantiates perspective directions for improvement
of state management, views integration and cluster processes in economies of
Russia and the EU, and determines perspectives of development of regional economy and joint development of innovational sphere in Russia and the EU.
Volgograd, Russia

Elena G. Popkova

v


Contents

Part I

Problems and Perspectives of Territories’ Development
in Macro-level Socio-economic Systems

The Subjective Approach to Accessing the Quality of Life
in the Regions of Russia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Marianne Santalova, Konstantin Kosarev, Svetlana Nechayeva,
Alex Kublanov, and Ksenia Sadykova
Issues of Effectiveness of Communal Service in View of Variability
of Apartment Blocks Management System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Elena S. Kryukova, Iurii S. Povarov, Evgenia V. Ruzanova,
Valentina D. Ruzanova, and Nikolai G. Frolovskii
Settlement System of Rural Areas: Trends and Spatial Aspects
of Development . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Elena V. Mikhaylova, Olga N. Izyumova, and Ivan A. Chusov
Market-Oriented Approach to Management of Territorial
Development: Discussion of Debatable Issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Daniil P. Frolov, Vladimir G. Sarkisyan, Apollon P. Karibov,
and Anastasia S. Strekalova
Regional & Climatic and Genetic & Physiological Determinants
of Lawmaking Activities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Vitalii A. Ponomarenkov, Pavel A. Paulov, Anna V. Sidorova,
Lilia G. Sayfulova, and Igor V. Ovod
Strategic Planning of Regional Ecological Development: Adaptation
of Elinor Ostrom’s Principles in Russia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Daniil P. Frolov, Elena G. Popkova, Anastasia S. Strekalova,
and Irina V. Marushchak

3

9

17

25

31

39

vii


viii

Contents

Results of Innovational Activities of Russian Regions in View
of the Types of Economic Culture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Yuri Treshchevsky, Larisa Nikitina, Mikhail Litovkin,
and Valentina Mayorova

47

Methodological Toolset of Regional Authority Bodies’ Cluster
Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Vasily Tarakanov, Alla Kalinina, and Elena Petrova

55

Micro-Level Financial Tools of Joint Overcoming of Crises
in Socio-economic Sphere in the Context of Russian-European
Cooperation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
M.A. Filin, A.M. Musaeva, A.S. Hanchadarova, S.N. Alborieva,
and A.I. Magomedov

63

Regional Peculiarities of State Support for Agriculture . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Feliks M. Aliev, Dzhaniyat G. Imashova, Patimat M. Sheykhova,
and Perizat M. Kamalova
Specific Risks of Implementation of Infrastructural Megaprojects
in Regions of Modern Russia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inna Mitrofanova, Elena Russkova, and Marina Buyanova
Anti-crisis Budget Policy of Russia in 2016–2018 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sergey P. Sazonov, Gilyan V. Fedotova, Lyubov V. Perekrestova,
and Yuri A. Kozenko
Import Substituting Approach to Development of Regional Economy
of Russia and Europe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Khadizhat D. Mustafaeva, Umukusyum Z. Mamaeva,
Mina K. Bammatkhanova, Paizat A. Ibragimova,
and Bariyat A. Gamzatova
Food Supply Regional Management System of the Consumer Market
in the Modern Russian Economy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
M.A. Ananiev, O.K. Lukhovskaya, and E.S. Vasilchuk

69

75
81

89

97

Application of the Tools of Cognitive Analysis in Formation
of Regional System of Development of Small and Medium
Entrepreneurship . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
Sergey A. Korobov, Viktor O. Moseyko, Ekaterina G. Novoseltseva,
Veronika S. Epinina, and Elena Y. Marusinina
Computer Modeling of the Development of Russian Small Towns
on the Basis of Cognitive Maps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
Alexey F. Rogachev


Contents

Part II

ix

Institutional Peculiarities of Functioning and Development
of Modern Socio-economic Systems

Economic Expedience of Certain Procedures of Insolvency Institute
(Bankruptcy): Statistical and Legal Aspect . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121
Alla A. Pavlushina, Ekaterina A. Anaeva, Larisa V. Levchenko,
Andrey V. Loshkarev, and Valeria M. Nikiforova
Public-Private Partnership in Modern Russia: Models, Targets
and Realization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131
Svetlana N. Revina, Yulia A. Dorofeeva, Elena B. Kalashnikova,
Irina E. Milova, and Tatyana A. Kalentyeva
Customary and Legal Notions of Punishment of the Peoples
of Nether-Polar Urals with Traditional Mode of Life . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139
Vitalii A. Ponomarenkov, Sergey A. Kurushin, Tatyana S. Cherevichenko,
Aleksey L. Zakharov, and Aleksandra P. Korobova
Amendments to the Civil Code of the Russian Federation:
Contradictions of Theory and Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147
Agnessa O. Inshakova, Alexandr I. Goncharov, Oleg A. Mineev,
and Maxim V. Sevostyanov
Transformation of Human Rights in Information Society in Connection
with Formation and Formulation of the Right to Oblivion by European
Court of Human Rights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155
Svetlana N. Revina, Olga E. Surkova, Vladimir M. Kroz,
Grigory F. Tselniker, and Pavel A. Paulov
Dissemination Issues of Legal Information: The Past and the Present . . . . 161
Svetlana N. Revina, Anna V. Sidorova, Aleksey L. Zakharov,
Grigory F. Tselniker, and Sergey A. Kurushin
Establishment of the Institute of Audit as an Element of Market
Relations and Object of Legal Regulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169
Viktoria V. Bolgova, Aleksey V. Dashin, Natalya V. Deltsova,
Evgenia V. Medentseva, and Svetlana V. Startseva
Transformation of Logistics Organizational Forms Under
the Conditions of Modern Economy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177
Tatiana E. Evtodieva, Dana V. Chernovа, Natalia I. Voitkevich,
Elena R. Khramtsova, and Tatiana E. Gorgodze
Demographic Function of Modern Russian State: Issues
of Goal-Setting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183
Vladimir M. Kroz, Olga E. Surkova, Alexey N. Churakov,
Maksim A. Zolotov, and Evgeny V. Pisarev
Public-Private Partnership in Russia: Myths and Reality . . . . . . . . . . . 191
Svetlana A. Kozhevnikova, Viktoria V. Bolgova, Elena B. Kalashnikova,
Tatiana N. Gorokhovitskaya, and Olga V. Karsuntseva


x

Contents

Contractual Forms of Public-Private Partnership in Russia:
Problems of Application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 199
Elena A. Bratukhina, Tatiana S. Bobkova, Yulia O. Svyatun,
Olga G. Porunova, and Tatiana S. Cherevichenko
Labor as an Object of Legal Regulation in the Conditions of Modern
Market Relations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 207
Marina N. Bronnikova
Variability of Institutional Design in View of Anomalous
Institutionalization Forms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 215
Anna V. Lavrentyeva, Marina A. Katkova, and Daniil P. Frolov
Main Categories of Economics as an Object of Philosophical
Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 221
Anna Guryanova, Nikolai Guryanov, Vyacheslav Frolov,
Maksim Tokmakov, and Olga Belozerova
Exaptation of Institutes of Development and Formation of Institutional
Traps in the Russian Labor Market . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 229
Marina A. Katkova, Nalalia V. Mityaeva, Irina N. Pchelintseva,
Larisa V. Sankova, and Elena V. Yanchenko
Issues of Instituting Administrative Action Against Legal Entities
as Subjects of Entrepreneurial Activities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 237
Ekaterina N. Churakova, Galina Е. Ageeva, Andrey V. Loshkarev,
Elmira K. Gubaydullina, and Оlga N. Kolesova
Part III

Actual Issues of Development of Modern Economic Systems

Synergetic Effectiveness of Investing the Innovative Activities
in Russian Food Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 245
Elena V. Sibirskaya, Innara R. Lyapina, Maria A. Vlasova,
Elena V. Petrukhina, and Svetlana A. Timofeeva
Economic and Legal Essence of Consignee Liabilities in Cargo
Transportation Agreement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 253
Vladimir P. Kamyshansky, Yulia G. Leskova, Vyacheslav Е. Karnushin,
and Evgenia Y. Rudenko
Model of Evaluation of Influence of Globalization on the National
Stock Market . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 261
Viktoria I. Tinyakova, Alexandr N. Maloletko, Olga V. Kaurova,
Marina V. Vinogradova, and Anna A. Larionova
Financial and Economic Effectiveness of Enforcement Proceedings
in the Russian Federation: Ways of Improvement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 273
Olga V. Gritsay, Ramil Z. Yusupov, and Vera V. Kotlyarova


Contents

xi

Economic Principles of Responsibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 281
Sergey P. Bortnikov
Statistical Research of Voluntary Medical Insurance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 289
Elena V. Sibirskaya, Oksana A. Khokhlova, Lyudmila V. Oveshnikova,
and Elena I. Tulinova
Development of Methodological Approach to Analysis of Sustainable
Development of Industrial Enterprises Under the Conditions
of Clustering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 299
Marina S. Tolstel, Natalia N. Kosinova, Irina V. Grigorenko,
Dildarahon A. Shelestova, and Tatiana V. Chigareva
Intertextual Discourse Analysis of Concepts of Innovational
Development . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 307
Irina Tsvetkova, Tatyana Ivanova, and Tatyana Adaevskaya
Place Marketing Approach to Governance of Social-Ecological
Clusters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 315
Daniil P. Frolov and Anastasia S. Strekalova
Impact of Risks on Stable and Safe Functioning of Transport
and Logistics Cluster of the Transit Region . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 321
Evgeniy I. Makarov, Yuliya R. Nikolaeva, Elena A. Shubina,
and Galina V. Golikova
Economic Behavior and the Issue of Rationality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 327
Alexandr A. Shestakov, Eduard G. Noskov, Vladimir A. Tikhonov,
and Nonna S. Astafeva
Strategic Approach to Investment Activities Management in Russian
Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 333
Innara Lyapina, Olesya Stroeva, Maria Vlasova, and Elena Petrukhina
Inclusive Education in Russia and Abroad (Legal Aspects) . . . . . . . . . . 341
Elena L. Simatova, Kristina V. Belgisova, and Olga V. Shapoval
The Idea of Technology in Scientific Knowledge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 351
Olga M. Kalmykova and Elena B. Ivushkina
Development of Tourism and Service Sphere as a Tool of Crisis
Management in Russia and Europe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 359
Tatiana V. Degtyaryova, Nikolay I. Gusev, Natalia G. Nagay,
and Olga V. Eliseeva


xii

Part IV

Contents

Financial Aspects of Entrepreneurial Activity at the Modern
Stage of Economy Development

Statistical Modeling of Portfolio Profitability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 367
Elena V. Sibirskaya, Innara R. Lyapina, Irina V. Ushakova,
Tatyana N. Makarova, and Olga A. Lebedeva
Organization of Small and Medium-Sized Business Functioning
in the Cluster Model of Economic Development . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 375
Lyudmila Y. Bogachkova, Nadezhda Y. Usacheva, and Andrei A. Usachev
Valuation Cost of Equity Capital in the Conditions of Economic
Instability on Emerging Markets (by the Example of Russia) . . . . . . . . 383
Elena A. Kolesnichenko, Vladislav Y. Sutyagin, Yana Yu. Radyukova,
Valentina V. Smagina, and Inna N. Yakunina
Peculiarities of Analysis of Risks During Realization of Investments
Activities in Corporate Holding Structures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 393
Yulia V. Veys
Informational and Analytical Support for Integration
of Agro-Industrial Enterprises in Russia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 399
Natalya Gorshkova, Lyubov Grigoryeva, Pavel Perekhodov,
Ekaterina Shkarupa, and Anton Arkannikov
Characteristics of Interaction Between Small Innovational and Large
Business for the Purpose of Increase of Their Competitiveness . . . . . . . 407
Evgenia V. Simonova, Innara R. Lyapina, Ekaterina S. Kovanova,
and Elena V. Sibirskaya
Application of Organizational and Managerial Innovations
in Activities of Russian Companies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 415
Valery Maslennikov, Elena Popova, Tatiana Bezrukova, Irina Kalinina,
and Boris Bezrukov
Economic and Legal Problems of Influence of Audit Activities
Standards on Development of Institute of Audit as an Element
of Market Relations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 425
Ivan F. Alexandrov, Maria N. Zubkova, Marina K. Kot,
Evgenia V. Medentseva, and Fedor F. Shpanagel
Marketing Approaches to Study of Oil Companies in Emerging
Markets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 433
Yana S. Matkovskaya, Lilia V. Poluyufta, Yuliya Mordashkina,
and Elena G. Pupynina
Innovational Construction of Sectorial Cluster Management . . . . . . . . . 445
Galina S. Merzlikina and Ilya V. Pshenichnikov


Contents

xiii

Socio-economic Development of Small and Medium
Entrepreneurship: Potential of Resource-Based Approach . . . . . . . . . . 453
Sergey A. Korobov, Viktor O. Moseyko, Ekaterina G. Novoseltseva,
Veronika S. Epinina, and Elena Y. Marusinina
Crisis Management as a Key Direction of Business Education
in Market Economy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 461
Iakov I. Kayl, Nikolai M. Borytko, Irina V. Vlasyuk,
and Ekaterina A. Kozlovtseva
Banking System Tools in the Sphere of Joint Crises Fighting
in Russia and Europe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 469
Tatiana V. Zaitseva
Selecting Top-Priority Tools of Financial Incentives and Support
for Organization’s Innovative Activities at the Regional Level
(by the Example of Volgograd Oblast, Russia) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 475
Irina D. Anikina, Albina V. Gukova, Anastasiya A. Golodova,
and Anna A. Chekalkina
Engineering Control and Audit as a Tool of Joint Economic Crises
Fighting in Russia and Europe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 483
Evgeniy Y. Moskvitin
Conclusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 489


Part I

Problems and Perspectives of Territories’
Development in Macro-level
Socio-economic Systems


The Subjective Approach to Accessing
the Quality of Life in the Regions of Russia
Marianne Santalova, Konstantin Kosarev, Svetlana Nechayeva,
Alex Kublanov, and Ksenia Sadykova

Abstract The article presents a subjective approach to the assessment of the
quality of life. Conducting a sociological survey of the population of regions of
Russia allowed to form a regional index of quality of life and to compare objective
indicators of quality of life of the population in some regions of the country with
subjective measures determined by the proposed method of block assessment of the
quality of life, taking into account social quality.
Keywords Quality of life of the population • The social quality of life • Index of
the quality of life • The regional index of quality of life • Factors influencing the
quality of life

1 Introduction
Despite numerous studies in the study of the quality of life there is no uniform
approach to the definition of indicators that underlie the measurement of quality of
life and therefore the method of calculating the index of “quality of life”. Questions
remain insufficiently studied, determining the social quality of life.

M. Santalova (*) • K. Sadykova
Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow, Russia
e-mail: santalova-m@mail.ru; sadykova.kv@rea.ru
K. Kosarev • S. Nechayeva
Voronezh Branch, Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Voronezh, Russia
e-mail: kosarev1605@mail.ru; nechaeva@vmail.ru
A. Kublanov
Voronezh State Institute of Physical Culture, Voronezh, Russia
e-mail: kublanoff@mail.ru
© Springer International Publishing AG 2017
E.G. Popkova (ed.), Russia and the European Union, Contributions to Economics,
DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-55257-6_1

3


4

M. Santalova et al.

2 Materials and Methods
Currently, the index of quality of life is determined on the basis of objective
indicators (Balazkiy 2005; Davidof 2013; Pavlov 2011; Shelehova 2009). While
the accuracy of the calculations should be, from the point of view of the authors,
confirm the subjective data. To this end, based on the survey population, as in the
method proposed by the authors of objective indicators, it is necessary to identify
the factors, affecting the quality of life of the population, to calculate their indices,
prioritizes and calculate the composite index, i.e. generalized index of quality of
life, taking into account the views of people, living in a given territories.
The authors proposed to determine the regional index of quality of life as well as
a case study was conducted in two regions of Russia. Respondents answered
questions about satisfaction with the quality of life parameters in the region
(Santalova and Kosarev 2013). Asked Questions were divided into blocks: welfare,
the living conditions of population, the quality of the social sphere, information,
environmental quality, natural and climatic conditions, the social quality of life.
Author’s position on that unit “population quality” does not directly affect the
quality of life of the individual and should not be included in the list of issues for the
public opinion poll, it remains the same as in the objective and subjective approach
when. As the importance of the factor of the index for a given block must be the
average of the highest and lowest index calculated as a result of a poll, and use the
average of the highest and lowest index block as the block index.
To calculate the values of factor indices (inside the unit) used this formula:
Wj ¼

nÀ1
X

ai yji

ð1Þ

i¼1

where j is an index of factor of satisfaction of life; i is an index of variant of answer
of respondents on a question in relation to satisfaction of j-m a factor; n is an
incurrence of the envisaged variants of answer for a question (in our case 6); yji is a
stake of respondents specifying the i-s variant of answer for j-s factor of satisfaction; ai is a gravimetric coefficient of i-s variant of answer (necessity of comparison
“objective” and “subjective” indexes determines the use 5-s ball scale of gravimetric coefficients by analogy with the calculation of “subjective” index). Because at
estimations for all factors the single scale of gravimetric coefficients is used and has
a next structure: a1 ¼ 5; a2 ¼ 4; a3 ¼ 4; a4 ¼ 2; а5 ¼ 1). To the answer under a
number 6 I “Have difficulty to answer” a coefficient is not appropriated, because he
does not carry in itself information about satisfaction by one or another factor and
cannot be taken into account at a calculation factor.
For the calculation of values of factor indexes (into a block) drawn on the results
of the sociological questioning. The respondents it was offered to answer the abovestated questions, answers were offered following: Fully satisfied; Rather satisfied,
what dissatisfied; Neutrally; Rather dissatisfied, what satisfied with; Quite dissatisfied; I Have difficulty to answer.


The Subjective Approach to Accessing the Quality of Life in the Regions of. . .

5

Table 1 Satisfaction by the factors of quality of life (Santalova and Kosarev 2013)
Factor
Satisfaction by a level of profit
Satisfaction by housing terms
Satisfaction by quality of health protection
Satisfaction by education
Satisfaction by leisure
Satisfaction by the terms of labor
Satisfaction by the work
Satisfaction by physical and property safety
Satisfaction by quality of the given electronic services
Satisfaction of availability to facilities of telecommunication and informative infrastructures
Satisfaction by quality of environment
Satisfaction by climatic terms
Satisfaction by the level of rights and freedoms
Satisfaction by a communication, public activity, belonging to the certain group

Region 1
2.93
4.13
3.08
3.56
3.83
3.23
3.5
3.69
3.81
3.73

Region 2
2.55
3.91
2.89
3.73
3.18
3.15
3.23
3.13
3.76
3.77

3.26
3.37
3.31
3.14

3.75
3.02
3.21
3.0

Thus, “fully satisfied” an answer an index is appropriated 5, “Rather satisfied an
answer, what dissatisfied”—4, “Neutrally”—3, “Rather dissatisfied, what satisfied”
with—2, “Quite dissatisfied” an answer—1.
The accumulated data of the sociological questioning, adjusted on gravimetric
coefficients, are presented in a Table 1.
The system of gravimetric coefficients for all factors in every block is identical,
all distinguished factors in every block have equal weight, taking into account
implementation of balance condition:
m
X

bj ¼ 1

ð2Þ

j¼1

where bj is a coefficient of importance of j-s factor, m is an amount of analyzable
factors.
Thus, for the factors of block of “Condition of life of population” a gravimetric
coefficient is equal to 0.25; for a block “Quality of social sphere” is—0.33; the
blocks of “Information” and “Social quality of life” have a gravimetric coefficient
equal 0.5. The block “Quality of environment”, equal as the “Natural and climatic
terms” and “Welfare” have a gravimetric coefficient equal 1, because have in the
composition only one factor.
Applying the calculation formula of the above-described methodology, we get
the indexes of every block (Breckenkamp and Laaser 2000; Santalova 2006;
Santalova and Rodionov 2014). These expected indexes are presented in the
following Table 2.
Further, in accordance with methodology, it is necessary to set the level of
importance of every block.


6
Table 2 Sectional indexes of
satisfaction of population by
quality of life (Kosarev 2015)

M. Santalova et al.

Sectional indexes
Quality of population
Welfare
Terms of life of population
Quality of social sphere
Information
Quality of environment
Natural and climatic terms
Social quality of life

Regions
Region 1
3.38
2.93
3.65
3.44
3.77
3.26
3.37
3.23

Region 2
3.25
2.55
3.43
3.14
3.76
3.75
3.02
3.11

Table 3 Gravimetric coefficients of importance or priority of index of quality of life
Blocks of indexes of quality of life of population
Quality of population
Welfare
Terms of life of population
Quality of social sphere
Information
Quality of environment
Natural and climatic terms
Social quality of life

Regions
Region 1
0.123
0.134
0.151
0.119
0.161
0.086
0.115
0.111

Region 2
0.124
0.148
0.144
0.127
0.157
0.109
0.090
0.101

Because composition of blocks entering in the complement of quality of life did
not suffer the changes of relatively “objective” index, then the level of meaningfulness will have the same values, namely (Table 3),
The final stage of methodology of calculation of “subjective” index is taken to
the calculation of the generalized index of quality of life, according from the sum of
the sectional indexes adjusted on the sectional coefficient of meaningfulness.
In a Table 4 values over of the sectional indexes adjusted on the sectional
coefficient of meaningfulness are brought.
The index of quality of life, expected on the base of the sociological questioning,
i.e. subjective indexes, 3.4 makes for a region 1 and 3.26 for a region 2, that
confirms, at comparison, correctness of objective indexes of quality of the life of
population, offered by authors in sectional objective methodology.

3 Results
As a result of comparison objective and subjective approaches of determination of
quality of life of population, or so-called sectional indexes of quality of life (but
expected without the account of adjustment on priority), in that it is suggested to


The Subjective Approach to Accessing the Quality of Life in the Regions of. . .

7

Table 4 Values of the sectional indexes, adjusted on the coefficient of meaningfulness
Blocks of indexes of quality of life of population
Quality of population
Welfare
Terms of life of population
Quality of social sphere
Information
Quality of environment
Natural and climatic terms
Social quality of life

Regions
Region 1
0.42
0.39
0.55
0.41
0.61
0.28
0.39
0.36

Region 2
0.4
0.38
0.49
0.4
0.59
0.41
0.27
0.31

take into account social quality of life and as a result it is possible to come to the
next conclusions:
1. Greater value of index “Welfare” at a region 1 as compared to a region
2 confirmed by the results of the sociological questioning, i.e. by the calculation
of subjective index. It was educed exactly through subjective approach, that a
population does not arrange the present level of profits, that even value higher
middle on a country is not sufficient for satisfaction necessary to the population.
2. The “subjective” index of block of “Condition of life of population” appeared
below, than “objective” index. By reason there is such factor as “satisfaction by
leisure” that was appraised by the population of considerably below
corresponding value of factor in an “objective” method.
3. Comparing the results of block “Quality of social sphere” can be done conclusion that value of index of such making factor as “property and physical safety”
confirmed during questioning. Thus difference on the whole subjective index in
a less side it contingently such “human” factors as satisfaction by the terms of
labor and satisfaction by the work.
4. Satisfaction by the block of “Information” a bit higher than values of this block
on “objective” approach.
5. Index of parameter “Quality of environment” higher by “subjective” estimation;
explained by absence of direct correlation between quality of environment and
visible consequences for a population.
6. Values of parameter natural and climatic terms on “subjective” and “objective”
approach in a region 1 took on similar values, while in a region 2 the understated
value on results questioning arose up as a result.
7. Value of “subjective” index of block “Social quality of life” higher than “objective” and is approximately at one level of development—3.23 and 3.11 for a
region 1 and region 2 accordingly. Although from statistical data—2.97 for a
region 1 and 1.65 for a region 2. Block “Social quality of life” on a region 1 in a
cut “subjective” and “objective” takes on similar values, in respect of region
2, then the difference of values of this block taking into account application of
two approaches is great enough. We suppose, it is related to the yet not formed


8

M. Santalova et al.

necessity of habitants of region 2 to active public activity and small amount of
public organizations is not perceived as a negative factor influencing on
satisfaction life.
In other the contradictions between objective and subjective indexes are not
educed. Thus, we consider correct to apply subjective approach with the purpose of
confirmation of estimation of quality of life of population on objective
methodology.

4 Discussion
This research came into question on the international research and practice conferences of the Plehanov Russian economic university, a reflection found in a monograph, articles, published by authors in Germany, Great Britain and Russia.
Acknowledgement The study was conducted in St. Petersburg, Voronezh and the Voronezh
region. The results will be taken into account urban administration attracted social policy.

References
Balazkiy ЕV (2005) Factors of satisfaction by life: measuring and integral indexes. Monit Public
Opin: Econ Soc Change 4:42–52
Breckenkamp J, Laaser U (2000) Freizeitinteressen und subjektive Gesundheit. BiB, Berlin
Davidof DG (2013) The modern going near research of quality of life. Soc Sci Mod Soc 2:54–67
Kosarev KE (2015) The quality of life. Analysis and management. LAP LAMBERT, Saarbrücken
Pavlov AP (2011) Quality of life is new vision (Electronic resource). Internet store Research-onresearch. 6 http://www.polytech21.ru/rekomendatsii. Accessed 16 Feb 2015
Santalova MS (2006) The formation of socio-economic policy: the system of indicators. Man
Labor 4:83–84
Santalova МS, Kosarev KE (2013) Estimation of criteria of quality of life of population. In:
Society and economic idea in the 21st century: ways of development and innovation: materials
of international research and practice conference. The Scientific Book, pp 121–129
Santalova MS, Rodionov EV (2014) Development of education in the region. In: 2nd the
International conference on the transformation of еducation held by SCIEURO in London,
24–25 Apr 2014. Printed and Bound by Berforts Information Press Ltd
Shelehova ТN (2009) Problem of choice of criteria of estimation of quality of life of population.
Geogr Nat Resour 1:108–114


Issues of Effectiveness of Communal Service
in View of Variability of Apartment Blocks
Management System
Elena S. Kryukova, Iurii S. Povarov, Evgenia V. Ruzanova,
Valentina D. Ruzanova, and Nikolai G. Frolovskii

Abstract The article views the important issues of provision and payment for
communal services in view of peculiarities of specific ways of apartment blocks
management. Topicality of the studied problems is pre-determined by urgent
necessity for formation in Russia of transparent and clear legal system of communal
servicing in interconnection with the way of management applied in a particular
apartment block, which ensures a real possibility for efficient control over provision
of communal services. The purpose of the article is to determine the main direction
of improvement of existing mechanism of provision and payment for communal
services in view of variability of the system of management of apartment blocks on
the basis of determination and analysis of this mechanism’s drawbacks. The main
approaches to study of this problem are dialectic, systemic, and inter-sectorial,
which allow for complex consideration of apartment blocks management method’s
pre-determining the mechanism of payment for communal services. Results: the
paper provides the characteristics of ways of management of apartment blocks,
determines peculiarities of provision of communal services with multi-level model
of apartment blocks management, determines the role of apartment block council as
an element of the control system for proper provision of communal services, and
determines the directions of protection of consumers’ rights. The paper poses
practical value for specialists of various profiles that work in the sphere of communal servicing, scientists that perform analysis of legal and economic aspects of
housing and utilities infrastructure functioning, and persons involved with legislative activities.
Keywords Communal services • Apartment blocks management • Managing
organization • Association of apartment owners • Resource providing organization

E.S. Kryukova (*) • I.S. Povarov • E.V. Ruzanova • V.D. Ruzanova • N.G. Frolovskii
Samara National Research University, Samara, Russia
e-mail: kr-elena1203@mail.ru; povus@mail.ru; e.v.ruzanova@mail.ru; vd.ruz@mail.ru;
fng007@gmail.com
© Springer International Publishing AG 2017
E.G. Popkova (ed.), Russia and the European Union, Contributions to Economics,
DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-55257-6_2

9


10

E.S. Kryukova et al.

1 Introduction
1.1

Establishing a Context

Communal services are aimed at satisfaction of current everyday needs of citizens—due to which they are socially important. The citizens’ right for provision of
such services is one of the main housing rights of the Russians. Quality and order of
provision of communal services, structure and volume of payment for communal
services, and persons responsible for their provision are just a part of the most
important practical issues that emerge in the stated sector of economy. The problems in the sphere of communal servicing, which exist in legal practice, are not
always solved in permanently renewed provisions of housing laws. In particular,
legal regulation of relations for provision of communal services in view of variability of the system of apartment blocks management requires further
improvement.
This work studies the influence of the system of management of apartment
blocks on the mechanism of provision of communal services and determined
main directions of improvement of laws in this sphere.

1.2

Literature Review

Communal services are studied in multiple works of Russian and foreign economists and jurisprudents.
The history and modern state of the laws, which regulate the communal sphere,
were studied by Ruzanova and Kryukova (2012), Tarasova (2011), etc.
Establishment and development of the system of apartment blocks management
and the sector of communal services provision are studied in the works of economists and jurisprudents—in particular, Markova (2010), Sharygina and Sivaev
(2014).
General problematics of management is studied in multiple works by Russian
and foreign authors—Frolovskii (2006), Povarov (2013), Monks and Minow
(1995), and Kendal and Kendal (1998).

1.3

Establishing a Research Gap

In previous studies, the sphere of communal servicing was viewed as an independent sphere of activities with no connection to the system of apartment blocks
management, which does not allow determining the factors that influence the
effectiveness of such service and does not allow performing complex study of the
stated system’s influence on effectiveness of provision of communal services.


Issues of Effectiveness of Communal Service in View of Variability of. . .

11

The research determines dialectic connection between the mechanism of provision of communal services and system of apartment blocks management and
determines directions of improvement of the stated mechanism in view of variability of the management system.

1.4

Aim of the Study

The aim of the research is to determine the directions of improvement of existing
mechanism of provision and payment for communal services in view of diversity
and possible multi-level nature of the system of apartment blocks management on
the basis of determination and analysis of drawbacks of this mechanism. This is
necessary for creation of transparent, clear, and controllable legal system of communal servicing in the Russian Federation.

2 Methodological Framework
2.1

Research Methods

General and specific cognition methods were used during the research process:
dialectic, historical, systemic, synthesis, formal and logical, legal modeling, comparative and legal, inter-sectorial, etc. Their complex application allowed tracking
the dynamics of the institute of communal servicing, determined by changes of the
system of apartment blocks management, and determining the legal construction of
an apartment block peculiar for Russia, and determining the main directions for
improvement of existing mechanism of payment for communal services in view of
variability of the system of apartment blocks management.

2.2

Research Base

The research base includes scientific works of Russian and foreign economists and
jurisprudents who studied various aspects of housing and communal sphere functioning (in particular, in part of apartment blocks management), laws in the sphere
of communal servicing, and practice of their application.


12

2.3

E.S. Kryukova et al.

Stages of the Research

The problem was studied in two stages:
– First stage: analysis of existing scientific literature on the topic of the research, as
well as laws in the sphere of communal services and practice of their application;
– Second stage: forming the conclusions obtained during analysis of scientific
literature, laws, and practice of their application, as well as preparation of
materials for publication.

3 Results and Discussions
3.1

Characteristics of Ways of Apartment Blocks
Management

Peculiarities of legal regulation of relations for provision of communal services are
largely determined by the management system applied in the specific apartment
block.
It should be noted that the category of management is universal and has been the
object of study of various disciplines: philosophy, cybernetics, economics, jurisprudence, etc. In the legal context, the most demanded interpretation is understanding of management (as an element and function of an organized system) in housing
and corporate spheres (Markova 2010; Povarov 2013; Frolovskii 2006); a very
widespread understanding of management is the one of a complex of relations that
emerge between various participants with determination of development and economic indicators of corporation, or as the day to day operations of the company
(Monks and Minow 1995; Kendal and Kendal 1998).
According to the just statement by Ruzanova and Kryukova (2012), the recent
modification of means of apartment blocks management influences the system of
provision of communal services, as the order of provision and payment for the latter
is pre-determined by the way of apartment management.
As is known, the legislator offers several variants of apartment block
management:
– direct management of property owners in the apartment block, the number of
apartments of which does not exceed thirty;
– management of association of owners of premises or housing or other specialized consumer cooperative;
– management of managing organization.
The way of apartment blocks management, selected by the owners, is
supplemented on a facultative (in some cases—imperative) basis by various elements envisaged by the law. In particular, association of property owners or


Issues of Effectiveness of Communal Service in View of Variability of. . .

13

cooperative may conclude an agreement for management of apartment blocks with
managing organization (Article 162 of the Housing Code of the Russian Federation
dated December 29, 2004; hereinafter—HC of the RF).

3.2

Peculiarities of Provision of Communal Services
with Multi-level Model of Buildings Management

Terms of provision of communal services to owners and users of premises in
apartment block, depending on the chosen way of apartment block management,
are determined by:
(a) in the agreement of apartment blocks management, concluded by property
owners in the apartment block or by the body of property owners association
body, specialized consumer cooperative with the managing organization, chosen in the way established by housing laws for apartment blocks management;
(b) in the agreement on provision of communal services, concluded with the
association or cooperative of residential property owners in an apartment
block, with the created association or cooperative;
(c) in the agreements concluded by residential property owners in an apartment
block with resource providing organizations.
In its turn, provision of communal services is ensured by the management
organization, association, or cooperative by conclusion with resource providing
organizations of agreements on purchase of communal resources for the purpose of
using these resources or providing communal services to consumers.
The legislator has selected a position, according to which the executors of
communal services are the managing organization or cooperative. Hence doctrinal
discussions on the legal nature of the agreement on apartment blocks management,
in which one of the management components is provision of communal services
(Bychkov 2011; Kozlova 2008).
At present, legal literature contains a lot of discussions of the problems of legal
position of the managing organization, association, or cooperative during provision
of communal services (Bessonov et al. 2013).
In case of residential property owners association or cooperative’s concluding an
agreement on apartment blocks management as a new subject within already
existing relations, a managing organization appears which does not have contractual relations with the association or cooperative’s members or owners who are not
members of these legal entities but live in this property. The order of provision and
payment for communal services, established by the legislator for the latter model,
raises a range of questions.
Firstly, Sub-article 6.1, Article 155 of the HC of the RF states that payment for
communal services is done to the managing organization. At that, the managing
organization concludes with the association (cooperative) the agreement on


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