Foreword I This publication, Smart Economy in Smart Cities, featuring four African cities comes at an opportune time when significant global agendas are being agreed. This includes notably the Africa Agenda 2063 in 2014, the Sustainable Development Goals, the 21st Conference of Parties (COP 21) in 2015 and the United Nations Third Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development (Habitat III) this year. To take full advantage of the epochal agreements, there is an urgent need to strengthen the capacities of African countries and cities to engage with the preparatory processes in order to ensure their views are taken into account. For example, the preparation of the Habitat III Conference planned for October 2016 demands the empowerment of people and institutions with the right information and knowledge that helps to prioritize their needs in the global, national and local development agenda. Close engagement with the development of a global agenda such as the Habitat III process that will be endorsed by member states of the United Nations is critical because it happens every 20 years. Preparation and knowledge are therefore key to developing the framework to promote smart,
sustainable, inclusive and prosperous human settlements. The study of the four African cities draws on a robust set of concepts that include planning, housing, infrastructure development, economic development, environmental sustainability, social development, disaster exposure and resilience and peace and security. The planning of African urbanization must take into consideration and learn from the accumulated knowledge on various conditions that make cities smart, green, ecological, livable and healthy; and the progressive emergence of the ICT infrastructures and their correlates such as social media and in general data revolution. With the development of ICT infrastructures and their correlates, work places are becoming progressively spatially mobile. Walkability and public space provision have also increasingly become a central part of planning of the city of the twenty-first century. Furthermore, with the emergence of ICT infrastructures, the dichotomy between settlements, particularly between cities, towns and villages is becoming less relevant than it was traditionally perceived. Various comparative advantages traditionally associated with urban setting such as diffusion of ideas, innovation, economies of scale and agglomeration of economies can now be achieved in sparse but connected settlements. This is indicative of the pervasiveness of the ICT revolution in the region and in a sense signals the deepening of the era of digital urbanization in Africa. Given the increasing penetration of digital technologies, all things being equal Africa’s urbanization may well be accelerated and achieved well before the predicted year of 2035. Clearly, digital urbanization will help to address various urban issues that African cities are facing which result from certain foundational weaknesses characterized by three main factors: (a) poor urban planning; (b) insufficient provision of basic services; and (c) inefficient urban policies. We recognize that ICT alone cannot make a city smart; it is the way it is integrated in the city fabric that will determine the city smartness. With an extensive use of ICT to access services, there will be few cars than before on the road making streets friendlier and healthy for walking and cycling. Streets can be planned and designed as public spaces to serve communities for social interactions as well as mobility. Hence, they can promote infrastructure development, enhance environmental sustainability, support high socio-economic development and promote social development, equity and social inclusion. In the long term, it will reduce emissions of CO 2 , promote the creation of lowcarbon cities, reduce land degradation and promote biodiversity. Recently, African Ministers of Housing and Urban Development, convening in Abuja, Nigeria, in
February 2016, adopted the Abuja Declaration which spelt out Africa’s position on Habitat III. The Declaration contains six fundamental principles underlying the African perspective to the outcome of Habitat III which objective is to pursue an ambitious new, and transformative urban and human settlements agenda. It will make sense to harmonize at the practical policy level the lessons learnt from the smart economy in Smart City studies with the objectives of the Common African Position on Habitat III. In addition, we suggest that these studies be carried out in other African countries. Prof. Oyebanji Oyeyinka (Director, Regional Office for Africa)
Foreword II The Power of Sharing Cities globally are positioned to identify, adopt and implement transformational solutions. Technologies are changing the way cities are built, how citizens interact and move throughout the city, and how city services from health care to safety and from water to waste are delivered. A city’s livability, prosperity and inclusiveness are central to sustainable progress globally and smart solutions are paving the way. One of the greatest challenges we face today is ensuring that the work and experience in building Smart Cities worldwide can be shared across cities globally. In order to share experience, we need a common ‘language’ and agreement on the definitions and practices that make up a smart community, so that we are all measuring the same dynamics. At that point, processes become transferrable and improvable. Standardized city data can become that common language ensuring city solutions can ‘travel’ globally. Measurement is at the heart of the progressive Smart City. A new international standard now under development within ISO, Indicators for Smart Cities , will outline a set of indicators to enable cities to facilitate and promote the integration and interoperability of city systems and build upon a core set of city indicators, already standardized in ISO 37120 Sustainable Development of Communities: Indicators for City Services and Quality of Life. Standardized indicators for Smart Cities will enable cities to draw comparative lessons and facilitate city to city learning. This standard will help cities to innovate and find technological and knowledge-based solutions to address urban challenges. One of the great attributes of this book is that it brings together respected authors from around the world, to help drive knowledge and exchange. This book describes programmes that experts have used with success in developing smart economies across a global array of cities. These ‘beacons of success’ can be emulated by other cities globally if a common language—data—is available to inform city to city learning. There are in fact two levels of benefits that readers will find in these chapters: Specific examples of solutions that can be adopted in other cities globally; and An overall emerging theme highlighting common elements that are needed in order to plan a universal strategic direction. Standardized information on cities, gathered on a global scale, builds a strategic base of knowledge for city leaders to act. It has the power to transform city building, to inform smart health care, allocate energy resources, achieve sustainable economic growth and raise incomes for all citizens. Although a great deal of hypothetical work has been done, there is little empirical study available on how Smart Cities generate urban economic development. This book opens that door, providing comparable information on what success looks like in different centres around the world. Patricia McCarney (President and CEO of the World Council on City Data (WCCD); Professor of Political Science and Director of the Global Cities Institute at the University of Toronto, Canada)
Foreword III The ‘Smart City’ idea comes from a long line of urban innovations that attempt to re-imagine the city and imbue it with fresh vision and purpose. Garden cities, model neighbourhoods, new towns, national capital cities, techno-cities, socialist cities, sustainable cities, eco-cities, low-carbon cities, healthy cities and now Smart Cities are all attempts to specify more precise versions of utopia. They all bring organization to the otherwise spontaneous clustering of people, homes, jobs and services that we call cities. They are attempted to improve social order. Garden cities focused on combining the benefits of town and country. Socialist cities focused on erasing inequalities. Eco-cities focus on minimizing ecological impact. Low-carbon cities narrow this objective even further. Healthy cities focus on improving health by design. There is always a utopian objective in the re-envisioning device. Smart Cities are a little different. And because of this, it may prove that they are a more viable and long-lived notion. ‘Smart’ is not an end in itself. Why would we strive for ‘smart’ for its own sake? The perspective of this interesting collection of writings is on ‘smart’ for the sake of ‘smart economy’. Leaving the authors of the initial chapters to define what ‘smart economy’ means, the formula of the title illustrates that the notion of Smart Cities is essentially about means not ends. A Smart City is an ITenabled city. This is the simplest way of understanding the idea. Expressed thus, it becomes less of a fad in urban planning doctrine or technology strategy and more of a phase of urban management whose time has come—a technological phase. Sensor technology; big data; inexpensive highpowered computing; pricing technology; and governmental, legal and other institutional innovations, all mean that technology can be applied to urban management in dramatically new ways. What happened in the factory several decades ago can now be applied to the city. The efficiency of many parts of the urban management system can be increased by automation. This has come gradually over the decades but has accelerated with nonlinear downward trends in the costs of computer processing; storage; communication and data capture; and upward trends in the speed, depth and scope of innovation in urban information and communications technology (ICT) applications. Bridge and tunnel tolls became more feasible on high-volume highways with the advent, first of automatic barriers, then more so with auto-tolling scanners. Number-recognition and other scanning technology and accompanying innovations in payment collection technologies made it possible to reintroduce the ancient idea of the road toll to city neighbourhoods as an alternative to hardengineering solutions to commuting ‘rat-runs’ and home-zone road safety. Innovations in pricing technology means congestion pricing can become more sophisticated, with fees adjusting to congestion levels at different times and places. Accompanying institutional and legal innovations allow experiments with the application of road pricing to different sub-markets and different spatial pricing boundaries, such as allowing retail owners in an urban block to set their own parking price to optimize parking congestion (setting the price regime so that parking lots are never too empty or completely full). Construction waste, to take another example, has traditionally been a deadweight loss for contractors and developers and society at large. Demolition waste and expendable concrete formwork and other cast-offs in the building trade add costs to a construction project. If they end up in a landfill, they become a social cost to the city. ICT can turn this construction industry externality into consumer surplus by creating a market. Builders need rubble and a good proportion of waste can be reused. Set up a real-time market and you can probably halve the amount of waste going to landfill.
The editors and authors of this book call for a theory of Smart Cities and offer their case studies in the spirit of evidence building and theory building. Responding to their challenge, a theory of Smart Cities may be based on the idea of missing markets . Urban inefficiencies arise because of externalities—costs born by third-parties beyond the immediate parties to a transaction. Urban externalities such as congestion in housing and transportation markets, air, noise, light and water pollution, infectious disease risk, fire risk are typically addressed by regulation. Technology can fill a ‘missing market gap’, turning an externality into a commodity. The insurance industry is an example of how missing markets (in risk) can be activated through a combination of legal, organizational, financial and technological innovations. Risks that were once serious impediments to transacting in cities are turned into profit by the specialist skills of people working together in the insurance industry. A mobile app-based market for construction waste exchange turns waste from a deadweight loss to society and the construction industry into private and public benefit. All can gain if the market is structured correctly. Road pricing has the effect of reducing the volume of road-congestion externalities such as noise, fumes, danger and time-loss at the same time as generating revenue that can be used to further moderate travel-based externalities, such as constructing landscape buffers, widening or narrowing roads, introducing cycling lanes. In an industry, corporation or factory, the efficiencies introduced by smart technology are justified primarily on the basis of reduced costs or increase sales or profit. In a city, they can be justified by achieving a better balance between the costs and benefits of living together in a city. This includes reducing externalities, increasing social benefits, reducing the costs of urban management and raising the quality and effectiveness of urban management. The basis of a theory of Smart Cities is found, therefore, in the application of technology to the business of city management. This can be taken a step further. A Smart City is one where ICT is used to reduce the costs of the transactions that are the heart of a city’s life and economy. Cities exist because it is more beneficial for people to live in close proximity to each other. It is better to live together than apart. If that were not so, people would remain spread out evenly across the countryside. People live together for economies of scale in production and consumption. Transport communications technology (TCT) enabled people to move from the countryside as soon as the wheel was invented. TCT enabled the division of labour, which in turn produced even greater economies of scale as labour became ever more specialized. In a virtuous circle, more sophisticated TCT innovations led to more sophisticated city economies. When cities developed into production and consumption hubs that transported buyers and sellers, raw materials, goods, services, tastes and customs and knowledge from across ancient empires, the knowledge specialization, labour division, product differentiation, wealth and income of cities grew as a result. The role of technology-induced transaction cost reductions in making cities into the engines of economy and culture that they have been in every great empire is axiomatic to the history of civilization. ICT now plays a similar role. It reduces the costs of living and working in the city by making it easier to find a route to work, a suitable flat mate, supplier, customer, advisor, banker, factory site, shop premise, theatre, school, gym or even to find a marriage partner. ICT also lowers the transaction costs of getting things into the city and of distributing urban products and services away from the city. It enables cities to grow in relation to international and intercontinental as well as regional hinterlands. Smart Cities and smart economies intertwine in cause and effect. It is more likely that smart urban management technology will be invented, trialled and adopted in a city that hosts an entrepreneurial industrial culture. On the other hand, Smart City technology can encourage smart economic development as explored in detail in the case studies of this book. The evidence from the literature on
regional innovation systems points to a magic mix of strong and entrepreneurial government, low taxes, high incentives, skilled and flexible labour markets and good natural and cultural environmental conditions. The challenge to urban governments is to use Smart City technology in a way that blends into the background and that invisibly makes it easier to use the city for all that a city is good for. Governments have a historical tendency to oversupply public goods. The same is as likely to be true with ICT-based Smart City infrastructure as it is with TCT transportation infrastructure and other engineering interventions. This is certainly the case in large corporations, who since the start of the modern computer era have a well-documented history of failed multimillion dollar mega ICT projects. Urban governments would do well to focus not on grand systems that treat the city as a machine. We briefly went there in the 1960s and 1970s with comprehensive urban planning supported by the then-trendy ICT paradigm of cybernetics. Rather, we should be thinking about fostering many small and competitive innovations, preferably using app and cloud technology and designed for specific sub-market players to fill very specific urban missing markets. If governments want to invest, they should think in terms of setting up the platforms for their citizens to create their own Smart City inventions to increase efficiency in a multitude of specialist domains. Such is the spirit of the spontaneous city of the past and such will always, hopefully, be the spirit of the city of the future. The alternative kind of utopia can also be facilitated by ICT, but it is not desirable and is bound to fail. Cities across the regions of Asia are variously characterized by high density, poverty, high-speed development, massive size, strong government and a developmental state. Smart City technology can come from the top or bottom. It can enhance strong state planning and it can enhance spontaneous order. Asian cities need both and there is no reason why ICT should not increase efficiency of small and large settlements in political economies as different as India and China. To be successful, a Smart City application needs to match its context and those that work in China may not work in India. In the wild-west city Dongguan, in China’s Guangdong Province, rural collectives have used village assets to become fabulously wealthy from poorly regulated capitalism. One Township, Chang’an, with a population of one million people, is building an urban big data centre for smart local governance across sectors and across its one hundred square kilometres. In other Asian settlements, massive investment at the city scale like this will not be possible and it will be small smart initiatives that will capture the power of Smart City apps to make things more efficient at the local level first. So we need to distinguish between big versus small Smart City technology as well as centralized versus decentralized, demand-side versus supply-side, market-enhancing versus market-creating, speculative versus mature, public domain versus proprietary, consumer-oriented versus producer-oriented, multisector versus single-sector, and city-intranet platforms versus open Internet platforms. In many parts of Asia, local government is fluid, being rediscovered in transitional post-socialist economies or adapted to informal governance and financing institutions in low-income countries. Smart City ICT has a crucial role to play in the evolution urban governance in Asia. It even holds the potential for discovering new and more efficient forms of urban order not open to Western cities that are encumbered with historic institutional structures that make technological innovation more difficult to implement. Chris Webster (Professor of Urban Planning and Development Economics; Dean, Faculty of Architecture and Hong Kong Urban Lab, University of Hong Kong)
Foreword IV European Smart Cities: Current and Future Enterprises and Research Activities It has been acknowledged that in 2010 more than half the world’s population lived in cities; by 2050 that will have risen to 70 %. As a consequence, 80 % of the global gross domestic product (GDP) is generated in cities; as they grow, there is increasing pressure for them to become more sustainable. Around the world, Smart Cities are increasingly evolving and many nations are promoting and have started setting a Smart City agenda. According to politicians and financial analysts and experts, cities drive economic growth and prosperity. Sustainable, Smart Cities are where entrepreneurs, authorities and academia come together, using shared data and digital technology to improve urban living. In Europe, this has been further strengthened by Research Framework Programme-Horizon 2020, which has been broadcasted as the biggest EU Research and Innovation programme ever with nearly €80 billion of funding available over 7 years (2014–2020). By taking great ideas from the laboratory to the market, Horizon 2020 promises more innovations and discoveries as well as attraction of enormous private investment on the top of the funds to be distributed in relevant partnerships between European countries ( ec.europa.eu/programmes/horizon2020/ ). By launching this huge programme, it was noted that Europe will be presented in a changing world of inclusive, innovative and reflective societies (also present in current European Commission Decision C (2015)6776 of 13 October 2015). Horizon 2020 is currently implementing the Innovation Union, a Europe 2020 Flagship Initiative aimed at securing Europe’s global competitiveness. Thus, the programme has the political backing of Europe’s leaders and the Members of the European Parliament; they agreed that research is an investment in our future and so put it at the heart of the EU’s blueprint for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth and jobs. This turns out to be evident in the publication of Regulation (EU) No 1291/2013 of the European Parliament and the Council of 11 December 2013, establishing Horizon 2020—the Framework Programme for Research and Innovation (2014–2020) and repealing Decision No 1982/2006/EC. Whereas the European Council Decision of 3 December 2013 establishes the specific programme implementing Horizon 2020—the Framework Programme for Research and Innovation (2014–2020) by stating that: ‘The general objective of Horizon 2020 should be pursued through three priorities dedicated to generating excellent science (“Excellent science”), creating industrial leadership (“Industrial leadership”) and tackling societal challenges (“Societal challenges”). The general objective should also be pursued through the specific objectives “Spreading excellence and widening participation” and “Science with and for society”’. Thus, Horizon 2020 is open to everyone, with a simple structure that reduces red tape and time, so participants can focus on what is really important. This approach makes sure new projects get off the ground quickly—and achieve results faster. The EU Framework Programme for Research and Innovation will be complemented by further measures to complete and further develop the European Research Area. These measures will aim at breaking down barriers to create a genuine single market for knowledge, research and innovation. Very recently research and international projects, such as the European Innovation Partnership on Smart Cities and Communities (EIP-SCC), envisioned bringing together cities, industry and citizens
to improve urban life through more sustainable integrated solutions ( ec.europa.eu/eip/smartcities/ ). The EIP-SCC consists of the High Level Group and the Smart Cities Stakeholder Platform; together, they are responsible for the Strategic Implementation Plan (SIP), which helps define how concepts promoting Smart Cities are put into practice. It also looks at how the European Commission can support these measures during the next Research Framework Programme—Horizon 2020. The EU Framework Programme for Research and Innovation will be complemented by further measures to complete and further develop the European Research Area by breaking down barriers to create a genuine single market for knowledge, research and innovation (Europe 2020 Flagship Initiative). Eleni Tracada (University Principal Tutor)
Contents Part I Introduction 1 Smart Economy in Smart Cities T. M. Vinod Kumar and Bharat Dahiya Part II Canada-Ottwa 2 Ottawa: Rise of a Smart Community Barry Gander, Bruce Lazenby, Charles Duffett, Greg Richards, Mark Hoddenbagh, Mark Kristmanson, Ritch Dusome, Sarah Linkletter and Sorin Cohn 3 Ottawa: Rewards for a Smart City in a Global Innovation Economy Barry Gander, Bruce Lazenby, Charles Duffett, Greg Richards, Mark Hoddenbagh, Mark Kristmanson, Ritch Dusome, Sarah Linkletter and Sorin Cohn 4 Ottawa: Leaders’ Views on Innovation and the Smart Community Barry Gander, Bruce Lazenby, Charles Duffett, Greg Richards, Mark Hoddenbagh, Mark Kristmanson, Ritch Dusome, Sarah Linkletter and Sorin Cohn 5 Seizing the Initiative Barry Gander, Bruce Lazenby, Charles Duffett, Greg Richards, Mark Hoddenbagh, Mark Kristmanson, Ritch Dusome, Sarah Linkletter and Sorin Cohn Part III China-Hong Kong Hksar 6 Introduction to Hong Kong’s Development Sujata S. Govada, Widemar Spruijt and Timothy Rodgers 7 Smart City Concept and Framework Sujata S. Govada, Widemar Spruijt and Timothy Rodgers 8 Assessing Hong Kong as a Smart City Sujata S. Govada, Widemar Spruijt and Timothy Rodgers 9 Kowloon East: Hong Kong’s New Smart CBD Sujata S. Govada, Widemar Spruijt and Timothy Rodgers 10 Way Forward and Conclusions Sujata S. Govada, Widemar Spruijt and Timothy Rodgers Part IV Germany-Stuttgart 11 Morgenstadt—A German View of the City of the Future
Satyendra Singh 12 Economic Impact of Ultraefficient Urban Manufacturing Satyendra Singh, Michael Hertwig and Joachim Lentes 13 Holistic Value Model for Smart Cities Alanus von Radecki and Satyendra Singh 14 Visualization for Decision-Making in Smart Cities Satyendra Singh, Günter Wenzel and Frank Brettschneider 15 Conclusion, Opportunities and Challenges Satyendra Singh Part V India-Calicut (Kozhikode) 16 Transforming Economy of Calicut to Smart Economy C. Mohammed Firoz and T. M. Vinod Kumar 17 Marketing and Branding of Calicut as a Smart City Destination Deepak S. Kumar, Lakshmi Manohar and Priyanka Singh 18 e-Design of Umami by Smart People for Smart Economy T. M. Vinod Kumar, P. Bimal and C. Mohammed Firoz 19 E-Urban Land Management as Business for Umami Suzana Jacob and T. M. Vinod Kumar Part VI India-New Delhi 20 Making Delhi a Smart City: Economic Buoyancy with Spatial Justice Ashok Kumar and Pradip Kumar Sarkar Part VII India-Varanasi 21 Smart Economy in Smart Cities Varanasi India: Case of a Smart Traditional Economy of Knowledge-Based Institutional Services and Creative-Cultural Products Joy Sen, Mouli Majumdar, Deepanjan Saha and Abhik Chaudhuri Part VIII India-Vijayawada 22 From Smart Agriculture to Smart Economy: Case of Vijayawada City Region N. Sridharan, Raktim Ray and Aparna Soni Part IX Italy-Bologna 23 Smart Cities, Local Community and Socioeconomic Development: The Case of Bologna
23 Smart Cities, Local Community and Socioeconomic Development: The Case of Bologna Antonio Caperna, Guglielmo Minervino and Stefano Serafini Part X Kenya-Nairobi 24 Smart City Foundation, the Core Pillar for Smart Economic Development in Nairobi Dennis Mwaniki 25 Infrastructure Development in Nairobi: Widening the Path Towards a Smart City and Smart Economic Development Dennis Mwaniki 26 Social Development and Security for Smart Economic Development Robert Ndugwa, Romanus Opiyo, Dennis Mwaniki and Omondi Odhiambo 27 Towards Smart Economic Development in Nairobi: Evaluating Smart City Economy Impacts and Opportunities and Challenges for Smart Growth Dennis Mwaniki, Michael Kinyanjui and Romanus Opiyo Part XI Nigeria-Lagos 28 Smart City Foundation for Smart Economy Femi Olokesusi, Femi Ola Aiyegbajeje, Gora Mboup and Dennis Mwaniki 29 Smart Infrastructure Developments for Smart Economy Femi Olokesusi, Femi Ola Aiyegbajeje, Gora Mboup and Dennis Mwaniki Part XII Senegal-Dakar 30 Smart City Foundation—Driver of Smart Cities Gora Mboup, Momar Diongue and Samba Ndiaye 31 Smart Infrastructure Development Makes Smart Cities—Promoting Smart Transport and ICT in Dakar Gora Mboup 32 Smart Social Development Key for Smart Economy Gora Mboup 33 Creating Digital, Smart Cities for Smart Economies: From Big Cities to Digital Urban Centers Gora Mboup Part XIII South Africa-Cape Town 34 Transforming the City of Cape Town from an Apartheid City to an Inclusive Smart City Paida Mhangara, Naledzani Mudau, Gora Mboup and Dennis Mwaniki
Part XIV USA-St. Louis 35 Profile of St. Louis as an Urban Entrepreneurial City Jim Brasunas and Francis Chmelir 36 Challenges and Lessons Learned in Developing Smart Cities Jim Brasunas and Francis Chmelir 37 Smart City Leaders, Champions, and Entrepreneurs—The People Part of Vibrant Smart Cities Ken Harrington 38 Connected Innovation Neighborhoods and Innovation Districts David Sandel 39 Estimating the Economic Impact of Smart City Innovation Neighborhoods Patrick McKeehan 40 Smart Cities Are 90 % Sociology and 10 % Infrastructure David Sandel Part XV Conclusion 41 International Collaborative Research “Smart Economy in Smart Cities” and Conclusions of Cities Case Studies T. M. Vinod Kumar
Author’s Biography Femi Ola Aiyegbajeje hails from Kabba, Kogi State, Nigeria. He has a PhD in Geography, a Master of Science (M.Sc) degree in Geography and a Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) degree in Geography from the University of Ibadan, Ibadan Nigeria. He is currently with the Distance Learning Centre, University of Ibadan His research interests dwell on transport and communication geography, research methods, urban, and regional development.
firstname.lastname@example.org P. Bimal holds a master’s degree in city planning from Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur and bachelors’ degree in architecture from Kerala University. He had been working at JUSCO, Jamshedpur, before joining as assistant professor at Department of Architecture, NIT Calicut. He is currently pursuing PhD in urban modelling. He has presented papers on residential location modelling, development potential models, etc. in various international conferences. He has authored chapters in previous books of this series.
Jim Brasunas has 34 years of entrepreneurial, management, marketing and sales experience with technology-based companies. He has been involved with numerous start-up ventures, including telecommunications, IT, retail, manufacturing and a number of non-profit organizations. In April of 2008 he founded and became Executive Director of ITEN (www.itenstl.org) and served as the organization’s leader until joining the board of directors in June of 2015. He holds a Bachelor of Science degree from The Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He pursued graduate studies in psychology and innovative management at the Institute for Comparative Studies, Gloucestershire, England.
Frank Brettschneider is the chairperson of the department of communication science at university of Hohenheim. His main focus areas are communication in large infrastructure and construction projects and its management. He specially emphasizes the link between theory and practice. He is the president of VDI-Guidelines Committee 7001 “Communication and the public participation in planning and construction of infrastructure projects- standards for the service phase of the engineers”.
Antonio Caperna Antonio graduated from the Faculty of Architecture in Naples, he has been awarded a PhD from Roma Tre University. A visiting Professor at several universities, he had previously taught at the University of Rome “La Sapienza” and for 15 years at Roma Tre University (Italy). He is the President of the International Society of Biourbanism, and an academic consultant at the Portuguese Agency for Assessment and Accreditation of Higher Education. His latest research is mainly oriented to the emergent field of Biourbanism and to the application of complexity theory, evolutionary biology, Biophilia and Morphogenesis to define procedure/process and tools for a human oriented architecture and urbanism.
Abhik Chaudhuri is an Enterprise Security Architect and Domain Consultant in Cyber Security, Privacy and Policy. As
a Co-Editor of ISO/IEC JTC1/SC27 WG4 he is developing global standards in cyber security. His research papers on various aspects of IT and IoT Security, Privacy have been published in reputed journals like EDPACS (Taylor & Francis), ISACA Journal, Lecture Notes in Computer Science (Springer Verlag) and IGI Global. Abhik is a member of IEEE IoT Community, Editorial Board member of EDPACS Journal (Taylor & Francis, USA) and the Journal of Data Protection and Privacy (Henry Stewart Publications, U.K.).
Francis Chmelir has a deep history of contributing to the growth of scalable, technology startups over the last 12 years. Previous professional roles include having been the Director of Operations and founding member of the Technology Entrepreneur Center (TEC) and the Statewide Director for MoFAST, a part of the University of Missouri system program for technology commercialization. He currently serves as the Executive Director for ITEN, a catalyst of the tech startup ecosystem in the St. Louis region. At ITEN, he directs the fundraising, operations and overall strategy of the organization while also focusing on new client attraction, intake and business acceleration programs. Additionally, he works on enhancing mentor engagement throughout all of ITEN's services to its client companies.
Sorin Cohn received a Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering from McMaster University in 1976, following a M.Sc. degree in Physics from the University of Calgary and a Masters. in Electronics from the University of Bucharest. Presently, he is the President of BD Consulting and Chief Program Officer of i-Canada, driving Innovation Nation programs to help Canadian communities and industry enhance their competitiveness. He is also on the Board of Startup Canada and leads the Conference Board of Canada research on innovation metrics and management, following a 35 year career managing innovation developments in universities, research institutions, multinational companies and high-tech startups.
An award-winning urbanist, Bharat combines research, policy analysis and development practice aimed at examining and tackling socio-economic, environmental and governance issues in the global urban context. Working with World Bank, UNHabitat, Asian Development Bank and UNDP, he initiated, led and contributed to international projects on sustainable urban development in Asia-Pacific. He conceptualised and coordinated the preparation of United Nations’ first-ever report on The State of Asian Cities 2010/11 . He has held academic positions in Australia, Indonesia and Thailand. Reuters, China Daily, Inter Press Service and SciDev.Net have quoted his work. He holds a PhD in Urban Governance, Planning and Environment from the University of Cambridge, United Kingdom.
Momar Diongue is presentely a Researcher and a Teacher at University Cheikh Anta Diop (UCAD) of Dakar. Dr. Diongue’s research interests cover; Peri-urban and territorial governance; Metropolization of large urban projects; land prodution; real estate and local public services; international migration and residential mobility. He was also a Visiting Professor at the University of Rennes (France) where he taught Master students courses on Urban Development (Urban development in the peri-urban of large cities in West Africa); Architecture and Cities’ Images (Emerging urban form in the peri-urban of Urban); Local Public Action and Territorial Solidarities (Local Public Services in West Africa).
email@example.com Charles Duffett has held roles at the Office of the Auditor General of Canada, Revenue Canada, and Transport Canada where he oversaw a number of strategic air safety initiatives. He rejoined the Federal Government on an Executive Interchange upon being asked by the Privy Council Office to assist in the strategy for the creation of Shared Services Canada. At SSC he led the Division responsible for development of current secret network and desktop standards. He has Chaired The Canadian Executive Development Series Advisory Board, and has been an Advisor to a local startup and the Canadian Advanced Technology Alliance. He has received numerous awards for merit.
Ritch Dusome has over 25 years of experience in engineering, product management, and networks. Ritch studied at the University of Ottawa and completed a BSc in Physics and Mathematics. He has provided strategic guidance to clients on internet and network architectures, business transformation, and enterprise architectures. He worked at Cisco Systems in engineering and product management and network operations and analysis. As network analyst for Bell Canada, he worked closely on the original CANARIE network, one of the world’s fastest research networks.
C. Mohammed Firoz is an architect and urban planner by profession. He holds a Ph.D. degree from IIT Kharagpur, postgraduation in urban and regional planning from CEPT University and B.Arch. degree from NIT Calicut for which he was as a university rank holder. He has been involved in teaching, researching and consulting at NIT Calicut since July 2004. He was also engaged as a visiting teacher at the Architectural Association London (AA London) for the term May–June 2015. His field of interest includes rural urban interface studies, sustainable urban design and planning, regional development and planning, etc.
Barry Gander has helped jump-start the development of advanced technology organizations in Canada and abroad. Working in both companies and in associations, with the public sector and academia, he has created initiatives that showcase the best of Canadian innovation to global markets. The i-CANADA program, which he co-founded, aims to create an “Intelligent Nation” by establishing a grass-roots movement of communities that network at ultrafast speed. He has authored several best-selling books including “Fast Lane”, which crystallized growth ideas, and a landmark book called “SUCCESS”, which highlights the views of 100 top executives.
Ken Harrington was the Founding Managing Director of the Skandalaris Entrepreneurship Center at Washington
University in St. Louis. Prior to joining the university in 2001, he held senior management positions at seven startup technology companies. He serves on a number of boards of directors and is an author and speaker including (1) How Cities and Regions Can Become Thriving Entrepreneurial Hubs, an award winning submission to the Entrepreneur Innovation Exchange, (2) Entrepreneurship Education Comes of Age on Campus: An essay collection published by the Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, and (3) Rebuilding the American Dream, Restoring American Jobs and Competitiveness through Innovation and Entrepreneurship, a book authored by Robert Skandalaris.
Michael Hertwig Michael Hertwig is working researcher at university of Stuttgart. His mayor research fields are development of suitable IT support of production processes and the procedure development for manufacturing in urban environments. In 2005, he graduated in production technology at the University of Combined Studies, Thuringia. In 2013, he was awarded a diploma of mechanical engineering at the University of Stuttgart. He is member of the association of German engineers (VDI). He is a member of the committee of the initiative “VDI STADT:DENKEN“. He belongs to Competence Team »Digital Engineering« at Fraunhofer Institute of Industrial Engineering(IAO). He is responsible for the process development and know-how transfer. His researches are about the processes with the support of digital technology can be optimized and what the production of the future would look like. He is also a member of the German Engineers Association (Verein deutscher Ingenieure e.V).
Mark Hoddenbagh is responsible for engaging industry, government and community organizations in the activities of the College. Since 2007 when he joined Algonquin College he has accomplished this by developing strong internal and external networks with creative, driven and passionate people; leveraging the expertise of faculty and staff; engaging students in addressing real-world problems and opportunities; and collaborating closely with industry, government and community organizations. He has a Ph.D. in Chemistry and worked in pulp and paper and biotechnology in technical and management roles for 15 years prior to joining Algonquin.
Suzana Jacob currently works as a research associate at National Institute of Urban Affairs (NIUA), New Delhi. She holds a master’s degree in urban planning from National Institute of Technology, Nagpur, and a bachelor’s degree in civil engineering from Cochin University. Prior to joining NIUA, she worked as a lecturer in Department of Architecture and Planning at National Institute of Technology, Calicut, and as a research assistant for a HUDCO-HSMI project on Cluster Level Sustainability of Nagpur City. Her research interests include anthropology, housing, Smart Cities, social planning, urban finance and urban land management.
Michael Kinyanjui is a Consultant with UN-Habitat. He holds a Masters in Urban Management and a Bachelor of Arts degree in Geography from the University of Nairobi Kenya. His previous professional experience includes working at the United Nations Center for Regional Development (UNCRD)—Africa Regional Office as a National Officer, providing technical expertise in preparation of Integrated Regional Development Plans (IRDP) for sub-national regional authorities in Kenya and as a Curriculum Coordinator for the Africa Training Course on Local Regional Development Planning and Management. He previously worked as the Research Consultant with the Policy Analysis Branch, Monitoring, and Research Division at UN-Habitat towards preparation of the Global Reports on Human Settlements (GRHS). He has also extensively worked and researched on Sustainable Urban Shelter Delivery Strategies and Urban Poverty with Intermediate Technology Development Group (ITDG) currently Practical Action.
Mark Kristmanson was appointed CEO of the National Capital Commission by Foreign Affairs Minister John Baird on Monday, February 3, 2014. In addition to numerous university degrees including a PhD [Humanities] from Concordia University, he was most recently director, capital interpretation and commemorations, at the National Capital Commission. From 2000 to 2003, he served as the founding executive director of the New Brunswick Arts Board and from 1982 to 1994 as technical director of the National Arts Centre. He held the 2011 Fulbright Visiting Research Chair in Public Diplomacy at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles. He was expert adviser to the Cultural Capitals of Canada Program from 2002 to 2010 and has served on federal government’s Commemorations, Canada Remembers and War of 1812
Bicentennial interdepartmental committees.
Ashok Kumar has been working in the School of Planning and Architecture, New Delhi as a Professor since 1993. His research interests include Inclusive Planning, and Planning Epistemologies. He has published 90 papers, written and edited 8 books, and published 18 book chapters. He has been serving as the Editor of the ITPI Journal since 2002. In 2016 he has co-edited two books: one for Springer, and another one for Cambridge Scholars Press. A co-authored chapter was published by the Policy Press in April 2016. Another co-authored book chapter will be published in the Routledge Handbook of Theory in early 2017.
Deepak S. Kumar Assistant Professor, Amrita School of Business, Coimbatore and Fellow (IIM Kozhikode), MBA, B.Tech. (NIT, Calicut). His research interest areas include branding, service scape, aesthetics and green marketing and have published in journals such as The Marketing Review, IIM Kozhikode Society & Management Review. He has also presented papers in many conferences including Academy of Marketing Annual Conference; UK, International Marketing Trends Conference; Paris, Pan-IIM World Management Conference; IIMK. At ASB Coimbatore, he teaches marketing, services marketing and brand management. He is also an invited faculty of NITC and undertakes skill development programmes for EDPs, of Technology Business Incubator TBINITC.
Bruce Lazenby After serving 20 years in the military, Bruce served in senior technology executive positions including CEO with Ottawa’s FreeBalance Inc., Chairman of the Ottawa Software Cluster, and Vice President in Canada for Corum Group Ltd.—the world’s largest software M&A advisory firm. He was also a Chair and executive coach with The Executive Committee – a global network of 15,000 chief executives in 16 countries. He is a frequent speaker at knowledge-based executive events across North America, and in 2005, he was voted Canada’s Private Sector Technology Leader by the Canadian Advanced Technology Alliance.