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Student Edition ISBN 13: 978-0-324-66382-2 ISBN 10: 0-324-66382-X Instructor Edition ISBN 13: 978-0-324-66387-7 ISBN 10: 0-324-66387-0 South-Western Cengage Learning 5191 Natorp Boulevard Mason, OH 45040 USA Cengage Learning products are represented in Canada by Nelson Education, Ltd. For your course and learning solutions, visit www.cengage.com Purchase any of our products at your local college store or at our preferred online store www.ichapters.com
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The Author Team Carl S. Warren Dr. Carl S. Warren is Professor Emeritus of Accounting at the University of Georgia, Athens. Dr. Warren has taught classes at the University of Georgia, University of Iowa, Michigan State University, and University of Chicago. Professor Warren focused his teaching efforts on principles of accounting and auditing. He received his Ph.D. from Michigan State University and his B.B.A. and M.A. from the University of Iowa. During his career, Dr. Warren published numerous articles in professional journals, including The Accounting Review, Journal of Accounting Research, Journal of Accountancy, The CPA Journal, and Auditing: A Journal of Practice & Theory. Dr. Warren has served on numerous committees of the American Accounting Association, the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants, and the Institute of Internal Auditors. He has also consulted with numerous companies and public accounting firms. Warren’s outside interests include playing handball, golfing, skiing, backpacking, and fly-fishing.
James M. Reeve Dr. James M. Reeve is Professor Emeritus of Accounting and Information Management at the University of Tennessee. Professor Reeve taught on the accounting faculty for 25 years, after graduating with his Ph.D. from Oklahoma State University. His teaching effort focused on undergraduate accounting principles and graduate education in the Master of Accountancy and Senior Executive MBA programs. Beyond this, Professor Reeve is also very active in the Supply Chain Certification program, which is a major executive education and research effort of the College. His research interests are varied and include work in managerial accounting, supply chain management, lean manufacturing, and information management. He has published over 40 articles in academic and professional journals, including the Journal of Cost Management, Journal of Management Accounting Research, Accounting Review, Management Accounting Quarterly, Supply Chain Management Review, and Accounting Horizons. He has consulted or provided training around the world for a wide variety of organizations, including Boeing, Procter and Gamble, Norfolk Southern, Hershey Foods, Coca-Cola, and Sony. When not writing books, Professor Reeve plays golf and is involved in faith-based activities.
Jonathan Duchac Dr. Jonathan Duchac is the Merrill Lynch and Co. Professor of Accounting and Director of the Program in Enterprise Risk Management at Wake Forest University. He earned his Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Georgia and currently teaches introductory and advanced courses in financial accounting. Dr. Duchac has received a number of awards during his career, including the Wake Forest University Outstanding Graduate Professor Award, the T.B. Rose award for Instructional Innovation, and the University of Georgia Outstanding Teaching Assistant Award. In addition to his teaching responsibilities, Dr. Duchac has served as Accounting Advisor to Merrill Lynch Equity Research, where he worked with research analysts in reviewing and evaluating the financial reporting practices of public companies. He has testified before the U.S. House of Representatives, the Financial Accounting Standards Board, and the Securities and Exchange Commission; and has worked with a number of major public companies on financial reporting and accounting policy issues. In addition to his professional interests, Dr. Duchac is the Treasurer of The Special Children’s School of Winston-Salem; a private, nonprofit developmental day school serving children with special needs. Dr. Duchac is an avid long-distance runner, mountain biker, and snow skier. His recent events include the Grandfather Mountain Marathon, the Black Mountain Marathon, the Shut-In Ridge Trail run, and NO MAAM (Nocturnal Overnight Mountain Bike Assault on Mount Mitchell). v
Leading by Example For nearly 80 years, Accounting has been used effectively to teach generations of businessmen and women. The text has been used by millions of business students. For many, this book provides the only exposure to accounting principles that they will ever receive. As the most successful business textbook of all time, it continues to introduce students to accounting through a variety of time-tested ways. The previous edition, 9e, started a new journey into learning more about the changing needs of accounting students through a variety of new and innovative research and development methods. Our Blue Sky Workshops brought accounting faculty from all over the country into our book development process in a very direct and creative way. Many of the features and themes present in this text are a result of the collaboration and countless conversations we’ve had with accounting instructors over the last several years. 10e continues to build on this philosophy and strives to be reflective of the suggestions and feedback we receive from instructors and students on an ongoing basis. We’re very happy with the results, and think you’ll be pleased with the improvements we’ve made to the text. The original author of Accounting, James McKinsey, could not have imagined the success and influence this text has enjoyed or that his original vision would continue to lead the market into the twenty-first century. As the current authors, we appreciate the responsibility of protecting and enhancing this vision, while continuing to refine it to meet the changing needs of students and instructors. Always in touch with a tradition of excellence but never satisfied with yesterday’s success, this edition enthusiastically embraces a changing environment and continues to proudly lead the way. We sincerely thank our many colleagues who have helped to make it happen.
“The teaching of accounting is no longer designed to train professional accountants only. With the growing complexity of business and the constantly increasing difficulty of the problems of management, it has become essential that everyone who aspires to a position of responsibility should have a knowledge of the fundamental principles of accounting.” — James O. McKinsey, Author, first edition, 1929
Leading by Example Textbooks continue to play an invaluable role in the teaching and learning environment. Continuing our focus from previous editions, we reached out to accounting teachers in an effort to improve the textbook presentation. New for this edition, we have extended our discussions to reach out to students directly in order to learn what they value in a textbook. Here’s a preview of some of the improvements we’ve made to this edition based on student input:
Guiding Principles System
Students can easily locate the information they need to master course concepts with the new “Guiding Principles System (GPS).” At the beginning of every chapter, this innovative system plots a course through the chapter content by displaying the chapter objectives, major topics, and related Example Exercises. The GPS reference to the chapter “At a Glance” summary completes this proven system.
After studying this chapter, you should be able to: 2
Describe managerial accounting and the role of managerial accounting in a business.
Describe and illustrate the following costs: 1. direct and indirect costs 2. direct materials, direct labor, and factory overhead costs 3. product and period costs
Describe and illustrate the following statements for a manufacturing business: 1. balance sheet 2. statement of cost of goods manufactured 3. income statement
Describe the uses of managerial accounting information.
Manufacturing Operations: Costs and Terminology
Financial Statements for a Manufacturing Business
Uses of Managerial Accounting
Direct and Indirect Costs
Balance Sheet for a Manufacturing Business
Differences Between Managerial and Financial Accounting The Management Accountant in the Organization
Manufacturing Costs 1-2
EE (page 10) EE 1-3 (page 11) EE 1-4 (page 13)
Managerial Accounting in the Management Process 1-1
EE (page 6)
At a Glance
Income Statement for a Manufacturing Company 1-5
EE (page 18)
Turn to pg 19
Written for Today’s Students
Designed for today’s students, the 10th edition has been extensively revised using an innovative, high-impact writing style that emphasizes topics in a concise and clearly written manner. Direct sentences, concise paragraphs, numbered lists, and step-by-step calculations provide students with an easy-to-follow structure for learning accounting. This is achieved without sacrificing content or rigor. vii
Leading by Example NEW!
Revised Coverage of Investments
A new chapter on investments and fair value accounting has been written to consolidate coverage of both dept and equity investments. The chapter also contains a conceptual discussion of fair value accounting and its increasing role in defining today’s modern accounting methods.
No topic is on the minds of many accounting practitioners more than the possible convergence of IFRS and GAAP. How accounting educators handle this emerging reality is perhaps even more of a question going forward. In the financial chapters found within this text, IFRS icons now exist in the margin to help highlight certain areas where differences exist between these standards.
Modern User-Friendly Design
Based on students’ testimonials of what they find most useful, this streamlined presentation includes a wealth of helpful resources without the clutter. To update the look of the material, some exhibits use computerized spreadsheets to better reflect the changing environment of business. Visual learners will appreciate the generous number of exhibits and illustrations used to convey concepts and procedures.
Exhibit 4 Retained Earnings Statement for Merchandising Business
NetSolutions Retained Earnings Statement For the Year Ended December 31, 2011 $128,800
Retained earnings, January 1, 2011 Net income for the year Less dividends Increase in retained earnings Retained earnings, December 31, 2011
$75,400 18,000 57,400 $186,200
Page 25 Post. Ref.
Cash Sales To record cash sales.
Leading by Example Chapter Updates and Enhancements The following includes some of the specific content changes that can be found in Managerial Accounting, 10e.
Chapter 1: Managerial Accounting Concepts and Principles • Added a new section at the beginning of the chapter on the uses of managerial accounting, which references subsequent chapters where the uses are described and illustrated. • Added an illustration of comparing merchandising and manufacturing income statements. • Added format for the cost of goods manufactured statement. • Added stepwise preparation of the cost of goods manufactured.
Chapter 2: Job Order Costing • Added format for the entries used to dispose of overapplied or underapplied factory overhead. • Changed order of entries so that entries for sales and cost of goods sold are shown separately from the finished goods entry for completed units.
Chapter 3: Process Cost Systems • Revised Exhibit 2 and accompanying narrative so that Exhibit 2 ties into Exhibit 8, which illustrates entries for Frozen Delights. • Revised illustration of cost of production report so that units are classified into groups consisting of beginning work in process units (Group 1), started and completed units (Group 2), and ending work in process units (Group 3). This aids students in computing unit costs and assigning costs to groups using first-in, first-out inventory cost flow. Accompanying exhibits and art also classify units by these groups. • Revised and expanded the section on using the cost of production report for decision making to include an example from Frozen Delights.
Chapter 4: Cost Behavior and Cost-Volume-Profit Analysis • Supplemented the mixed cost discussion by adding an equation for determining fixed costs. • Added contribution margin equation to cost-volume-profit discussion. • Added unit contribution margin equation to cost-volume-profit discussion. • Added “change in income from operations” equation based on unit contribution margin to cost-volume-profit discussion. • Incorporated a discussion of computing break-even in sales dollars using contribution margin ratio. • Added a stepwise approach to discussion of preparing cost-volume-profit and profit-volume charts. • Added equation for computing the percent change in income from operations using “operating leverage.” • Expanded discussion of margin of safety so that margin of safety may be expressed in sales dollars, units, or percent of current sales. • Revised appendix on variable costing to include format for variable costing income statement. ix
Leading by Example Chapter 5: Variable Costing for Management Analysis • Chapter objectives revised slightly. • Generic absorption and variable costing income reporting formats illustrated in Objective 1, followed by numerical examples. • Graphic on page 184 revised to include units manufactured = units sold. • Formulas (equations) added for contribution margin analysis section, Objective 5. • Exhibits 11, 12, and 16 revised for clarity.
Chapter 6: Budgeting • • • •
Made minor changes to chapter objectives. Added stepwise approach to preparing a flexible budget. Modified the definition of the master budget. Added new classifications of budget components of the master budget as operating, investing, and financing budget components. • Added format for determining “total units to be produced.” • Added format for determining “direct materials to be purchased.”
Chapter 7: Performance Evaluation Using Variances from Standard Costs • Added a 2nd level heading for Objective 1, “Criticisms of Standard Costs.” • Added several new headings for Objective 2, “Budget Performance Report” and “Manufacturing Cost Variances.” • Revised discussion of “Manufacturing Cost Variances” to better tie into subsequent discussion of standard cost variances. • Utilized a new equation format for computing standard cost variances. Using these equations, a positive amount indicates an unfavorable variance while a negative amount indicates a favorable variance. Later in the chapter, positive variance amounts are recorded as debits and negative variance amounts are recorded as credits. • Revised the factory overhead variance discussion to include equations for computing total, variable, and fixed factory overhead rates. These rates are then used to explain and illustrate the computation of the controllable factory overhead variance and the volume factory overhead variance. • Revised the factory overhead variance discussion to use equations for computing the controllable and volume variances. • Revised the discussion of how the total factory overhead cost variance is related to overapplied or underapplied overhead balance. Further explanation is provided to show how the overapplied or underapplied overhead balance can be separated into the controllable and volume variances. • Added new key terms for budgeted variable factory overhead, favorable cost variance, unfavorable cost variance, and standards.
Chapter 8: Performance Evaluation for Decentralized Operations • Modified the chapter objectives slightly. • Added equations for computing service department charge rates. • Presented equations for allocating service department charges to decentralized operations (divisions).
Leading by Example • Added example format for determining residual income. • Added equations for computing increases and decreases in divisional income using different negotiated transfer prices.
Chapter 9: Differential Analysis and Product Pricing • Added section on managerial decision making. Objective 1 now includes a new flowchart depicting the steps that define the decision-making process. • Added equations (e.g., markup percentages, desired profit) to “Setting Normal Product Selling Prices” Section. • Adopted a stepwise approach to setting normal prices for each cost-plus (total, product, variable) concept. • Added Exhibit 11 to summarize cost-plus approaches to setting normal prices. • Added equation to determine “contribution margin per bottleneck constraint.” • Presented equations for assessing product pricing and cost decisions related to bottlenecks. • Added equation for determining “activity rate” in Activity-Based Costing appendix.
Chapter 10: Capital Investment Analysis • Replaced XM Satellite Radio with Carnival Corporation as the opener vignette. • Revised the learning objectives so that the nonpresent value (average rate of return and cash payback) methods have a separate learning objective from the present value (net present value and internal rate of return) methods. • Added an equation for determining the “average investment” for use in the average rate of return method. • Added an equation for determining the “cash payback period.” • Added a graphic for determining the present value of $1 along with additional explanations of present values. • Added format for using the net present value method that is consistent with that shown in the solutions manual. • Added an equation for determining the present value index.
Chapter 11: Cost Allocation and Activity-Based Costing • Added discussion and illustration of conditions when a single-plantwide rate might cause product cost distortions. • Added equations for determining activity rates.
Chapter Objective 1 revised slightly. Added equation for computing “Value-Added Ratio” for lead time. Added equation for computing “Total Within-Batch Wait Time.” Deleted Learning Objective 2 (Andersen Metal Fabricators" illustration) from previous edition. • Moved discussion of JIT for nonmanufacturing setting to precede implications of JIT for cost accounting.
Leading by Example Chapter 13: Statement of Cash Flows • Revised beginning section discussing the statement of cash flows (SCF) and illustrating the format for the SCF under the direct and indirect methods. • Revised beginning discussion of direct method to emphasize conversion of accrual income statement to cash flows from operations (on an item-by-item basis). New graphic for conversion of interest expense to cash payments for interest provides visual reinforcement for this topic. • Used stepwise format for preparing the statement of cash flows under indirect and direct methods. • Used stepwise format for preparing the work sheet for the indirect method in the end-ofchapter appendix.
Chapter 14: Financial Statement Analysis • New chapter opener features Nike, Inc. • Real world financial statement analysis problem features data from the Nike, Inc. 2007 10K, which can be found in Appendix B in the back of the text. • Each ratio is highlighted in a boxed screen for easier review. • Appendix on “Unusual Items on the Income Statement” was added.
Leading by Example Managerial Accounting, 10e, is unparalleled in pedagogical innovation. Our constant dialogue with accounting faculty continues to affect how we refine and improve the text to meet the needs of today’s students. Our goal is to provide a logical framework and pedagogical system that caters to how students of today study and learn.
Describe and illustrate reporting income from operations under absorption and variable costing.
Inventory valuation under absorption costing and variable costing
b. Inventory, $294,840
Clear Objectives and Key Learning Outcomes To help guide students, the authors provide clear chapter objectives and important learning outcomes. All aspects of the chapter materials relate back to these key points and outcomes, which keeps students focused on the most important topics and concepts in order to succeed in the course.
At the end of the first year of operations, 5,200 units remained in the finished goods inventory. The unit manufacturing costs during the year were as follows: Direct materials Direct labor Fixed factory overhead Variable factory overhead
$35.00 16.80 5.60 4.90
Determine the cost of the finished goods inventory reported on the balance sheet under (a) the absorption costing concept and (b) the variable costing concept.
Example Exercises Example Exercises were developed to reinforce concepts and procedures in a bold, new way. Like a teacher in the classroom, students follow the authors’ example to see how to complete accounting applications as they are presented in the text. This feature also provides a list of Practice Exercises that parallel the Example Exercises so students get the practice they need. In addition, the Practice Exercises also include references to the chapter Example Exercises so that students can easily cross-reference when completing homework. See the example of the application being presented.
Follow along as the authors work through the Example Exercise. Try these corresponding end-of-chapter exercises for practice!
Example Exercise 2-2
Direct Labor Costs
During March, Hatch Company accumulated 800 hours of direct labor costs on Job 101 and 600 hours on Job 102. The total direct labor was incurred at a rate of $16 per direct labor hour for Job 101 and $12 per direct labor hour for Job 102. Journalize the entry to record the ﬂow of labor costs into production during March.
Leading by Example “At a Glance” Chapter Summary The “At a Glance” summary grid ties everything together and helps students stay on track. First, the Key Points recap the chapter content for each chapter objective. Second, the related Key Learning Outcomes list all of the expected student performance capabilities that come from completing each objective. In case students need further practice on a specific outcome, the last two columns reference related Example Exercises and their corresponding Practice Exercises. In addition, the “At a Glance” grid guides struggling students from the assignable Practice Exercises to the resources in the chapter that will help them complete their homework. Through this intuitive grid, all of the chapter pedagogy links together in one cleanly integrated summary.
Prepare a cost of production report. Key Points
• Determine the whole units charged to production and to be assigned costs.
• Compute the equivalent units with respect to materials.
• Compute the equivalent units with respect to conversion.
• Compute the costs per equivalent unit.
• Allocate the costs to beginning inventory, units started and completed, and ending inventory.
Key Learning Outcomes
Manufacturing costs must be allocated between the units that have been completed and those that remain within the department. This allocation is accomplished by allocating costs using equivalent units of production during the period for the beginning inventory, units started and completed, and the ending inventory.
• Prepare a cost of production report.
Provides a conceptual review of each objective.
Creates a checklist of skills to help review for a test.
Building on the strengths of past editions, these openers continue to relate the accounting and business concepts in the chapter to students’ lives. These openers employ examples of real companies and provide invaluable insight into real practice. Several of the openers created especially for this edition focus on interesting companies such as Washburn Guitars, The North Face, and Netflix.
Directs the student to this helpful feature!
D A N
D O N E G A N ’ S
s we discussed in Chapter 1, Dan Donegan of the rock band Disturbed uses a custom-made guitar purchased from Washburn Guitars. In fact, Dan Donegan designed his guitar in partnership with Washburn Guitars, which contributed to Washburn’s Maya Series of guitars. The Maya guitar is a precision instrument that amateurs and professionals are willing to pay between $1,400 and $7,000 to own. In order for Washburn to stay in business, the purchase price of the guitar must be greater than the cost of producing the guitar. So, how does Washburn determine the cost of producing a guitar? Costs associated with creating a guitar include materials such as wood and strings, the wages of employees who build the guitar, and factory overhead. To determine the
G U I T A R
purchase price of Dan’s Maya, Washburn identifies and records the costs that go into the guitar during each step of the manufacturing process. As the guitar moves through the production process, the costs of direct materials, direct labor, and factory overhead are recorded. When the guitar is complete, the costs that have been recorded are added up to determine the cost of Dan’s unique Maya Series guitar. The company then prices the guitar to achieve a level of profit over the cost of the guitar. This chapter introduces the principles of accounting systems that accumulate costs in the same manner as they were for Dan Donegan’s guitar.
Leading by Example Business Connection and Comprehensive Real-World Notes Students get a close-up look at how accounting operates in the marketplace through a variety of items in the margins and in the “Business Connection” boxed features. In addition, a variety of end-ofchapter exercises and problems employ reallargest business, such as Ford Motor Company, compaTHE ACCOUNTING EQUATION nies use the accounting equation. Some examples taken world data to give stuThe accounting equation serves as the basic foundation for from recent ﬁnancial reports of well-known companies are the accounting systems of all companies. From the small- shown below. dents a feel for the materiest business, such as the local convenience store, to the al that accountants see Company Assets* Liabilities Owner’s Equity daily. No matter where $13,043 $16,920 The Coca-Cola Company $ 29,963 Circuit City Stores, Inc. 4,007 2,216 1,791 they are found, elements Dell Inc. 25,635 21,196 4,439 2,589 10,905 eBay Inc. 13,494 that use material from real 1,433 17,040 Google 18,473 McDonald’s 29,024 13,566 15,458 companies are indicated 32,074 31,097 Microsoft Corporation 63,171 Southwest Airlines Co. 13,460 7,011 6,449 with a unique icon for a Wal-Mart 151,193 89,620 61,573 consistent presentation. *Amounts are shown in millions of dollars.
Integrity, Objectivity, and Ethics in Business In each chapter, these cases help students develop their ethical compass. Often coupled with related end-of-chapter activities, these cases can be discussed in class or students can consider the cases as they read the chapter. Both the section and related end-ofchapter materials are indicated with a unique icon for a consistent presentation.
ACCOUNTING REFORM The ﬁnancial accounting and reporting failures of Enron, WorldCom, Tyco, Xerox, and others shocked the investing public. The disclosure that some of the nation’s largest and best-known corporations had overstated proﬁts and misled investors raised the question: Where were the CPAs? In response, Congress passed the Investor Protection, Auditor Reform, and Transparency Act of 2002, called the
Sarbanes-Oxley Act. The Act establishes a Public Company Accounting Oversight Board to regulate the portion of the accounting profession that has public companies as clients. In addition, the Act prohibits auditors (CPAs) from providing certain types of nonaudit services, such as investment banking or legal services, to their clients, prohibits employment of auditors by clients for one year after they last audited the client, and increases penalties for the reporting of misleading ﬁnancial statements.
Leading by Example Summaries Within each chapter, these synopses draw special attention to important points and help clarify difficult concepts.
Self-Examination Questions Five multiple-choice questions, with answers at the end of the chapter, help students review and retain chapter concepts.
Illustrative Problem and Solution A solved problem models one or more of the chapter’s assignment problems so that students can apply the modeled procedures to end-of-chapter materials.
Market Leading End-of-Chapter Material Students need to practice accounting so that they can understand and use it. To give students the greatest possible advantage in the real world, Managerial Accounting, 10e, goes beyond presenting theory and procedure with comprehensive, time-tested, endof-chapter material.
Online Solutions South-Western, a division of Cengage Learning, offers a vast array of online solutions to suit your course needs. Choose the product that best meets your classroom needs and course goals. Please check with your Cengage representative for more details or for ordering information.
Aplia Founded in 2000 by economist and Stanford professor Paul Romer, Aplia is an educational technology company dedicated to improving learning by increasing student effort and engagement. Currently, our products support college-level courses and have been used by more than 650,000 students at over 750 institutions. For students, Aplia offers a way to stay on top of coursework with regularly scheduled homework assignments. Interactive tools and content further increase engagement and understanding. For professors, Aplia offers high-quality, auto-graded assignments, which ensure that students put forth effort on a regular basis throughout the term. These assignments have been developed for a range of textbooks and are easily customized for individual teaching schedules. Every day, we develop our products by responding to the needs and concerns of the students and professors who use Aplia in their classrooms. As you explore the features and benefits Aplia has to offer, we hope to hear from you as well. Welcome to Aplia.
CengageNOW Express CengageNOW Express™ for Warren/Reeve/Duchac Managerial Accounting, 10e, is an online homework solution that delivers better student outcomes—NOW! CengageNOW Express focuses on the textbook homework that is central to success in accounting with streamlined course start-up, straightforward assignment creation, automatic grading and tracking student progress, and instant feedback for students. • Streamlined Course Start-Up: All Brief Exercises, Exercises, Problems, and Comprehensive Problems are available immediately for students to practice. • Straightforward Assignment Creation: Select required exercises and problems, and CengageNOW Express automatically applies faculty approved, Accounting Homework Options. • Automatic grading and tracking student progress: CengageNOW Express grades and captures students’ scores to easily monitor their progress. Export the grade book to Excel for easy data management. • Instant feedback for students: Students stay on track with instructor-written hints and immediate feedback with every assignment. Links to the e-book, animated exercise demonstrations, and Excel spreadsheets from specific assignments are ideal for student review.
Online Solutions CengageNOW CengageNOW for Warren/Reeve/Duchac Managerial Accounting, 10e, is a powerful and fully integrated online teaching and learning system that provides you with flexibility and control. This complete digital solution offers a comprehensive set of digital tools to power your course. CengageNOW offers the following: • Homework, including algorithmic variations • Integrated E-book • Personalized Study Plans, which include a variety of multimedia assets (from exercise demonstrations to video to iPod content) for students as they master the chapter materials • Assessment options which include the full test bank, including algorithmic variations • Reporting capability based on AACSB, AICPA, and IMA competencies and standards • Course Management tools, including grade book • WebCT and Blackboard Integration
WebTutor™! Available packaged with Warren/Reeve/Duchac Managerial Accounting, 10e, or for individual student purchase Jumpstart your course with customizable, rich, text-specific content within your Course Management System. • Jumpstart—Simply load a WebTutor cartridge into your Course Management System. • Customizable—Easily blend, add, edit, reorganize, or delete content. • Content—Rich, text-specific content, media assets, quizzing, test bank, weblinks, discussion topics, interactive games and exercises, and more. Visit www.cengage.com for more information. xviii
For the Instructor When it comes to supporting instructors, South-Western is unsurpassed. Managerial Accounting, 10e, continues the tradition with powerful print and digital ancillaries aimed at facilitating greater course successes.
Instructor’s Manual This manual contains a number of resources designed to aid instructors as they prepare lectures, assign homework, and teach in the classroom. For each chapter, the instructor is given a brief synopsis and a list of objectives. Then each objective is explored, including information on Key Terms, Ideas for Class Discussion, Lecture Aids, Demonstration Problems, Group Learning Activities, Exercises and Problems for Reinforcement, and Internet Activities. Also, Suggested Approaches are included that incorporate many of the teaching initiatives being stressed in higher education today, including active learning, collaborative learning, critical thinking, and writing across the curriculum.
Solutions Manual The Solutions Manual contains answers to all exercises, problems, and activities that appear in the text. As always, the solutions are author-written and verified multiple times for numerical accuracy and consistency with the core text. Solutions transparencies are also available. Test Bank For each chapter, the Test Bank includes True/False questions, MultipleChoice questions, and Problems, each marked with a difficulty level, chapter objective association, and a tie-in to standard course outcomes. Along with the normal update and upgrade of the 2,800 test bank questions, variations of the new Example Exercises have been added to this bank for further quizzing and better integration with the textbook. In addition, the bank provides a grid for each chapter that compiles the correlation of each question to the individual chapter’s objectives, as well as a ranking of difficulty based on a clearly described categorization. Through this helpful grid, making a test that is comprehensive and well-balanced is a snap! ExamView® Pro Testing Software This intuitive software allows you to easily customize exams, practice tests, and tutorials and deliver them over a network, on the Internet, or in printed form. In addition, ExamView comes with searching capabilities that make sorting the wealth of questions from the printed test bank easy. The software and files are found on the IRCD.
PowerPoint® Each presentation, which is included on the IRCD and on the product support site, enhances lectures and simplifies class preparation. Each chapter contains objectives followed by a thorough outline of the chapter that easily provide an entire lecture model. Also, exhibits from the chapter, such as the new Example Exercises, have been recreated as colorful PowerPoint slides to create a powerful, customizable tool.
Instructor Excel® Templates These templates provide the solutions for the problems and exercises that have Enhanced Excel® templates for students. Through these files, instructors can see the solutions in the same format as the students. All problems with accompanying templates are marked in the book with an icon and are listed in the information grid in the solutions manual. These templates are available for download on www.cengage.com/accounting/warren or on the IRCD.
Instructor’s Resource CD-ROM This convenient resource includes the PowerPoint® Presentations, Instructor’s Manual, Solutions Manual, Test Bank, ExamView®, An Instructor’s Guide to Online Resources, and Excel Application Solutions. Lively demonstrations of support technology are also included. All the basic material an instructor would need is available in one place on this IRCD.
For the Student Students come to accounting with a variety of learning needs. Managerial Accounting, 10e, offers a broad range of supplements in both printed form and easy-to-use technology. We continue to refine our entire supplement package around the comments instructors have provided about their courses and teaching needs.
Study Guide This author-written guide provides students Quiz and Test Hints, Matching questions, Fill-in-the-Blank questions (Parts A & B), Multiple-Choice questions, True/False questions, Exercises, and Problems for each chapter. Designed to assist students in comprehending the concepts and principles in the text, solutions for all of these items are available in the guide for quick reference. Working Papers for Exercises and Problems The traditional working papers include problem-specific forms for preparing solutions for Exercises, A & B Problems, the Continuing Problem, and the Comprehensive Problems from the textbook. These forms, with preprinted headings, provide a structure for the problems, which helps students get started and saves them time. Additional blank forms are included.
Blank Working Papers These Working Papers are available for completing exercises and problems either from the text or prepared by the instructor. They have no preprinted headings. A guide at the front of the Working Papers tells students which form they will need for each problem. Enhanced Excel® Templates These templates are provided for selected long or complicated end-of-chapter exercises and problems and provide assistance to the student as they set up and work the problem. Certain cells are coded to display a red asterisk when an incorrect answer is entered, which helps students stay on track. Selected problems that can be solved using these templates are designated by an icon.
Klooster & Allen General Ledger Software Prepared by Dale Klooster and Warren Allen, this best-selling, educational, general ledger package introduces students to the world of computerized accounting through a more intuitive, user-friendly system than the commercial software they’ll use in the future. In addition, students have access to general ledger files with information based on problems from the textbook and practice sets. The program is enhanced with a problem checker that enables students to determine if their entries are correct and emulates commercial general ledger packages more closely than other educational packages. Problems that can be used with Klooster/Allen are highlighted by an icon. A free Network Version is available to schools whose students purchase Klooster/Allen GL. Product Support Web Site www.cengage.com/accounting/warren. This site provides students with a wealth of introductory accounting resources, including quizzing and supplement downloads and access to the Enhanced Excel® Templates.
Acknowledgments Many of the enhancements made to Managerial Accounting, 10e, are a direct result of countless conversations we’ve had with principles of accounting students over the past several years. We want to take this opportunity to thank them for their perspectives and feedback on textbook use; we think that 10e represents our finest edition yet! Bucks County Community College Instructors: Lori Grady, Judy Toland Bernadette Allen Matarazzo Vikas Patel Erica Olsen Eric Goldner Shelly Rushbrook Eamon Coleman Tracy Bunsick Baltimore City Community College Instructors: Jeff Hillard, John Wiley Sulaimon Adeyemi Udeya Diour Dwain White Debra Witherspoon Jacqueline Tuggle Mabono Soumahoo Des Moines Area Community College Instructors: Shea Mears, Patty Holmes Zach Schmidt Angie Lee Tim Hoffman Richard Palmer Sharon Beattie Joseph J. Johnson Armina Kahrimanovic Ryan Wisnousky Lindsay Tripp Tiffany Shuey Jenny Leonard Susann Shaffner Cori Shanahan Nicholas Wallace Kyle Melohn Wendy Doolittle LaRue Brannan Nicholas Christopher Yaeger Jason Aitchison Kean University Instructor: Gary Schader Margherita Marjotta Hugo Prado Marta Domanska
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