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OPINION ................................................................................................. 3
DISCUSSION......................................................................................... 28
PROBLEM & SOLUTIONS ..................................................................... 37
ADVANTAGES & DISADVANTAGES..................................................... 43
TWO-PART QUESTION ....................................................................... 48

1. It is neither possible nor useful for a country to provide university places for a high
proportion of young people. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Furnishing the young generations with tertiary education play an indispensable part in the
government’s policies. However, most policy makers reckon that it is infeasible and inefficient
to offer the vast majority of the youth higher education. From my perspective, I completely agree
with this statement for the following reasons.
It proves impossible for a country to provide entry to tertiary education for all young people. The
first reason is the prohibitive tuition fees and the inability to afford them of the majority of
youths. College or university undergraduates are supposed to learn from experiments, purchase
costly materials during a term, let alone other field trips if one majors in practical fields of study
like engineering or medical. All of these plus the fact that many students from rural areas find it
tough to meet only the annual tuition fees, especially in poverty-stricken countries. This leads to
the second reason in which I mean government have other priorities such as universal education,
health care system to invest in.
It also does not seem useful for the whole country once the state wish to accommodate the youth
with higher education. This is primarily because there is no guarantee that students will become
successful and contribute to the well-being of their nation after finishing their education. There
are the cases when distinguished graduates fail to secure a decent job and thus become
unemployed, exacerbating the burden on society as a consequence. Even worse, some are likely
to slack off with their studies or even drop out of school as they either take higher education for
granted or find no motivation in furthering their knowledge, given the thought that tertiary
education is subsidised or free of charge.
In conclusion, it’s my firm belief that not only it is neither possible nor useful for a country to
provide university places for a high proportion of young people.
(312 words)

2. It is better for college students to live far away from home than live at home with their
parents. Do you agree or disagree?
Many students are faced with the dilemma of whether to live in a university dormitory or at
home with parents. From my perspective, a dormitory is evidently the better option for most
On the one hand, there is a common belief that living with parents is better for students’ personal
development. People may argue that students living at home may fully concentrate on their
academic study because their parents would normally support them in other activities, such as
doing household tasks. However, it is irrefutable that in this way, some students may become
over-reliant on their parents in most of their daily activities, and thus lose the ability of living
independently in the future. By contrast, students who live in dormitories have to take care of
themselves in all aspects of life. Therefore, they may acquire the vital skills of a self-reliant
person, ranging from financial management and problem solving to meal planning and home
management, all of which are essential to foster the all-round personal development of this group
of students.

On the other hand, there are several distinct advantages of choosing on-campus residences. The
most evident advantage is that students who choose this type of accommodation would have
extremely easy access to libraries and various learning sources that are readily available at
school. Another obvious benefit is that those living in a students’ residence are exposed to a
diverse environment with people from various social and cultural backgrounds. From this,
students are better prepared to live in this multi-cultural world.
From the issues outlined above, one can conclude that living inside the school campus is
apparently a better choice than living at home with parents.
(278 words)

3. Government should invest more money in science education rather than other subjects to
develop the country. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?
People have different views on the subjects that the government should invest in and prioritize in
order to achieve what is termed economic development. Some believe that a larger portion of
government funds should be dedicated to teaching science-related. In my opinion, although
science plays a large role, other subjects hold merit in their own right in contributing to, and in
driving, economic progress and therefore, deserve equal government investment and funding.
On the one hand, public funding in science education subjects is important in driving the
development of a country in many areas, such as engineering and medicine. For example,
developed countries such as Japan has emphasized the science education of their citizens. This
strong focus has led to science learning, knowledge, and scientific research achievement fosters
innovation and increases productivity, which directly contributes to the national economic
growth of the nation. Therefore, investment in the teaching of science education is crucial for a
country’s economic progress.
On the other hand, the management of nation also determines its state of development and
economic progress. As such, it can be argued that curriculum subjects such as social sciences and
law require as much attention and investment. For example, developing economies such as
Indonesia and Cambodia have long experienced a history of political and social unrests and
conflicts. This can largely be attributed to instability and poor management of legal, social and
governmental systems. This is in contrast to their Asian counterparts such as Singapore and
Korea, where well-established and stable civil law and political institutions can be observed.
In conclusion, subjects related to the management of a nation’s economy such as social sciences
have as much impact and significance on the development and progress of one’s nation and
deserve as much government investment as science subjects.
(296 words)

4. Too much emphasis is placed on going university for academic study. People should be
encouraged to do vocational training, because there is a lack of qualified tradespeople such
as electricians or plumbers. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
It is true that there is an increasing number of high-school graduates to prefer enrolling in
universities than vocational schools. This leads to a shortage of skilled workers for labor
markets. Therefore, I completely agree with the idea that young people need to be urged to take a
course in trade schools.
The achievement of students in vocational schools may ensure their success future. Obviously,
the developing economies require a high demand of manual workers for production lines and
service businesses. This means, upon graduating from career schools, students may have many
job opportunities and seek employment easier than those with bachelor degrees of business or
finance. For example, according to the report of Vietnam Ministry of Labour, War invalids and
Social Affairs in 2015, we have redundant 200.000 people with the bachelor of economics while
we lack hundred thousands of skilled workers such as welders, turner, machinist, and nurses in
order to supply for labor markets.
Therefore, this policy may help to balance between two types of manpower: white-collar and
blue-collar workers in society. Manual workers contribute to the growth of the economy as much
as white-collar workers do in the office. If a country lacks skilled workers, its economics may
have negative effects. For instance, national electrical supply systems not able to be operated
well if there are not enough electricians to maintenance them monthly. As a result, factories and
enterprises will be lost electrical power and effect directly on quality and quantity of product.
This leads to damages for businesses in particular and economics in general.
In conclusion, labor markets are in a severe shortage of qualified workers, hence, encouraging
youngsters to take part in trade schools are actually necessary to maintain the economic in good
(290 words)

5. Some people think that people who choose a job early and keep doing it are more likely
to get more a satisfying career life than those who frequently change their jobs. To what
extent do you agree or disagree?
It is claimed that people embarking their career early and keep pursuing it for a long time are
more likely to gain job satisfaction than those who usually switch their job. From my
perspective, I firmly hold the view that though both trends may bring people job pleasure in
different ways, being loyal to one position would make them more satisfied.
Borne employees have a propensity to change their job since they desire to find their real career
passion which is integral to job satisfaction. After some time working in a company, those who
find it monotonous to continue staying in the current position may change their direction. By
doing this, they have ample opportunities to challenge themselves in different working
environments, which afford them chances to build up their social network and a wide range of
necessary job skills. For this type of employees, it is undeniable that a larger circle of network
and skills acquirement bring them occupational pleasures.
However, I believe that the better opportunity of professional promotion by committing to one
company is more preferable. Long-time employees can gain profound experience and trust from
other colleagues, especially their superiors who could offer them opportunities to climb up on
their career ladder. This promotion method is applied in countries with deep-rooted employment
norms such as Korea and Japan, where employees get fixed career promotion path based on their
working time and loyalty rather than outstanding performance. Professional advancement can not
only secure employees better salary, allowing them to live a better life, but also help them earn
the feelings of being highly esteemed. This is where job satisfaction commonly comes from.
In conclusion, although occupation switch stills offer employee benefits, I opine that people
should be loyal to one organization for the professional promotion prospect which would bring
them a satisfactory career and secure a better livelihood.
(310 words)

6. Professional workers like doctors, nurses and teachers make a greater contribution to
society and so should be paid more than sports and entertainment personalities. To what
extent do you agree or disagree?
For many years, the distribution of country's wealth has been debated. Some have advocated
giving highly qualified professions such as doctors and teachers high wages than actors or
sportsmen. I completely agree with this notion for several reasons.
Nowadays, movie stars and football players are gaining much popularity and receiving all the
attention either from public or the government. That is why they are paid high salaries compared
to other people working in other jobs in the same community. That maybe due to the fact that
these actors and sportsmen are considered as role models for many especially children.
Nevertheless, the vast majority of people think these stars are over-rated since they have no
essential role in the country's renaissance. Conversely, health and education are the cornerstone
in any country's development.
Accordingly, people working in these fields should be paid salaries higher than other fringe jobs
for several reasons. Firstly, health care professionals and teachers spend tremendous effort and
long time to be highly qualified. Moreover, paying attention to these highly qualified jobs would
encourage young generations to attain these prestigious jobs. For example, if doctors and teacher
were paid high salaries, children would be encouraged to study hard to be qualified to attain
these careers.
In conclusion, although entertainment may be an important aspect in our life, this does not justify
paying people working in this field higher than other vital jobs. It is high time doctors and
teacher were paid wages higher than actors or sports stars.
(249 words)

7. Nowadays, most large companies operate multi-nationally. To what extent those
companies should have responsibility towards local communities in which they operate?
In the globalization process, a variety of organizations run on an international scale. However, I
believe that these firms should not forget to place more of an emphasis on contributing to the
development of the local societies where they are located in several aspects.
The first responsibility that the multinational companies should take is to preserve the local
environment. Companies of any size would exert negative influence on the region’s air and water
quality by running factories, disposing of waste to the waterworks or simply using airconditioners. Therefore, it is encouraged that they are active in placing restrictions on the level of
the contaminants released and endeavoring to operate on an environmentally friendly basis.
Second of all, paying tax on schedule is also an obligation. The tax money is used to upgrade the
public constructions and regulate the socioeconomic activities, thus facilitate people’s life.
Accordingly, not paying tax properly, the companies not only violate the national laws, but also
indirectly deprive the inhabitants of a wide range of benefits they are well-deserved to reap.
Finally, the major global companies can support the regional communities by creating jobs.
Provided with career opportunities at a firm near their homes, the workers can not only save time
and money for traveling but also find it easier to take care of their family. In a broader view, this
action helps reduce the unemployment rate at the area, which boosts the local economic
development in the long run.
In conclusion, I believe that helping the local communities thrive should be considered a must
for the international organizations, and there are many ways to implement the task.
(271 words)

8. International sporting events could contribute greatly to peace and stability in the world.
Do you agree or disagree? Give your opinion and relevant examples.
It is generally believed by many people that the peaceful and stable life on the Earth could be
provided by sport tournaments such as Olympic games and World Cup. I totally disagree with
this statement and think that sport competitions are not facilitators in peace.
Firstly, football matches and Olympic games are one of the approachable places for terror groups
to organize attacks. Plenty of dangerous organizations usually target to sport events to arrange
offence since thousands of spectators gather in one place, in on time. Moreover, rebels often
threat that they will carry out the assault during the matches or championships. For instance, in
2016, terror group so-called Islamic State organized several severe terror acts during the friendly
football match between France and Germany in Paris. As a result, five people were killed and 20
fans were wounded by this ISIS attack.
Secondly, I would argue that political tension in the world has worse affect to sport. Countries
which have long-term conflict, North and South Korea, Russia and Ukraine will not play
together within the international tournaments and organizations try to prevent sport fans and
players collapse in the stadium. This can be illustrated by the example that FIFA and
International Olympic Committee (IOC) will not put this nations team in on spot during the draw
ceremony in order to preclude their games. If their game is inevitable, this competition will be
held in a neutral area and an empty venue.
In conclusion, although there are a number of different points of regarding this viewpoint, I
claim that in the new era sport tournaments are not able ensure safety and stability. Therefore,
sport organizations have to develop security methods during the events.
(283 words)

9. Nowadays many young people spend their free time in shopping centers. This has a
negative effect on the youths and the society. To what extent do you agree or disagree with
this statement? Give your opinion and relevant examples.
The young today spend a large amount of their leisure time in shopping centers. It is feared that
this trend can bring negative influences on the youths and the society. I strongly agree with this
On the individual level, allocating excessive amounts of lime on making purchases at shopping
malls can make the young generations waste a great deal of money. Although browsing for
products like clothes or perfumes can be a captivating experience, the youths are easily tempted
into impulsive buying as there are dozens of brands with various prices and designs for them to
choose from. A clear example is a fashionable girl buying 10 shirts and jeans in a row because
there is a big sale period in progress at Christmas Holiday and this costs her somewhere 100
dollars, quite a high sum of money. In addition, such items often end up being unused: some
dresses can be left in the wardrobe, covered with dust anti are unfortunately over-sized upon
people’s first use.
On the societal level, the communities can suffer from a decrease in the intellectual level and
work productivity as young people are more interested in leisure pursuits rather than focusing on
their work or study. It is undeniable that an average woman spends at least two hours doing the
shopping while shopaholics can spend a whole day, and the trend is that they are being more and
more willing to spend fewer hours at the workplace during weekdays, or students often stop
reading a book and head to the nearest shopping mall if their friends ask them out. Gradually, the
economy also suffers due to less work being done, and the youths could slack off in their
acquisition of knowledge, making the national education standard drop significantly.
In conclusion, I believe that this trend has an overall negative impact on both the young and the
society as a whole.
(316 words)

10. When new towns are planned, it is more important to include public parks and sports
facilities than shopping centers for people to spend their free time in. To what extent do
you agree or disagree with this statement?
Big shopping centers are available everywhere in modern cities. The existence of these shopping
places actually brings much convenience for resident’s life. However, there is a very limited
number of public parks and sports facilities. It seems to me that when designing and building a
new town, there should be considerations of involving more public parks and sports facilities,
and with less shopping markets.
To begin with, in such a competitive society, people are much easier to confront with emotional
stress, public parks are ideal places to have relax and escape from their busy work temporally.
And doing exercise is also an effective approach to get physical and in spiritual relief. What is
more, providing more public parks and sports facilities would be helpful to citizen health. That
can encourage people to go out and enjoy the pleasure of sports. Finally, a town with more
public parks and sports facilities shows a very good city image and civilization. To some extent,
that would help to improve the city environment and reduce the air pollution.
On the other hand, the rapidly development of e-commerce are dramatically changing people’s
shopping style, so it is unlikely to cause troubles to citizen life if there are fewer shopping
centers in cities. Today, it becomes increasing popular to shop online, which can make up the
decrease numbers of real shops. And constructing fewer shopping markets can save a large
amount of resources.
For the reason above, giving more access to public parks and sports facilities is an essential part
to a new town. That is of great importance for a modern citizen healthy lifestyle, as well as a
good city image.
(276 words)

11. The main aim of advertising campaign is to increase sales of a certain product, but
people don’t really need it. To what extent you agree or disagree? Give your own opinion
and relevant examples.
Some people argue that there is no need to do such campaigns as it doesn't make a huge
difference on a buying decision of the customer. However, my inclination does not support the
statement because advertisements are meant to provide lots of information in favor of making
right purchase decisions.
Firstly, technology and fashion are changing every now and then. Hence, adverts keep the
viewers updated about the latest trends of the market. For instance, usually for every season, the
apparel brands introduce a new collection based on the upcoming fashion. So, public will aware
about the new introduction in the stores only through the marketing campaign of the brand.
Secondly, promotion allows people to understand the features of the product and its use. For
example, the Blackberry phone was meant for only working people, so, its advertisement was
clearly stating that it was not for the youth. At last, the buyers get an opportunity to compare the
same product of different brands so that the purchase end up as the best buy.
Conversely, the purchase decision mostly depends either on a budget or on a need of the
customer. Hence, seeing advertisement will hardly alter the buyer's decision. To exemplify, if the
Samsung is advertising a product with advanced features and a great look, but its cost does not fit
one's pocket, it can never divert customer towards the Samsung product. More to it, sometimes
the campaigns are so superficial which never appeal to the viewer as it does not communicate
clearly about the use and benefits of the product.
To sum up, marketing strategies are meant to influence the mass, however, I strongly believe that
the prompt use of information supplied by the medium of advertisement will always help a buyer
to hit the birds eye.
(298 words)

12. The society would benefit from a ban on all forms of advertising because it serves no
useful purpose, and can even be damaging. Do you agree or disagree?
It is regularly argued that prohibition of all categories of advertisement, which are thought to be
pointless and even detrimental, could generate numerous benefits for the community.
Notwithstanding, from my standpoint, social members tend to not only reap advantages but also
tolerate demerits from this trend.
On the one hand, it seems undeniable that the ban on multiple kinds of advertisement can be
beneficial for consumers. Forbidding advertising is synonymous with the fact that purchasers
may not have to pay a remarkable measure of money for advertising services included in product
prices. This can serve to reduce consumers’ expenditures for shopping. Moreover, no sooner are
numerous advertisements exaggerating the functions, values and qualities of commodities with a
view to pressing citizens to purchase their products prohibited than individuals may select their
items to fulfill their requirements without being adversely affected by the messages in which the
truths related to these goods can have been exaggerated or even distorted.
On the other hand, it would appear that the bar to advertisement services likewise pose untold
drawbacks to the community. The first shortcoming could be the joblessness which employees
involved in advertising could be confronted with, in all likelihood, giving rise to an increase in
the unemployment rate. Another disadvantage might be that this prohibition can keep consumers
in ignorance of the latest goods available on the market. Hence, they may be faced with obstacles
in searching for and comparing the quality and price concerning the products of the same
category before deciding to purchase them.
In conclusion, it is my conviction that banning advertisements can wield both desired and
adverse effects on community members.
(273 words)

13. People should look after their health for personal benefits, rather than a duty for a
society. What extent do you agree or disagree?
Whether ensuring a healthy lifestyle should be deemed as public responsibility or individuals’
own advantages has evolved as a heated topic of controversy. While I consent to the social
implications of personal fitness, I opine that the populace should retain their health in their
In the first place, no sooner do individuals allocate their time and efforts for enhancing their
health conditions than they can contribute as viable human resources to social betterment. For
example, on account of constant training under a myriad of harsh conditions, loyal and strongwilled soldiers will be physically well-qualified to shield national security and sovereignty from
abhorrent conspiracies of enemy forces. Simultaneously, when citizens are in good physical
conditions, they have the competence to entirely devote themselves to the social development
thanks to the capability to work for long hours with high productivity.
However, there is a common consensus that a good health lays the foundations for life
fulfilment, which firmly endorses the viewpoint that people are obliged to maintain their welfare
as personal benefits. By virtue of staying healthy and getting involved in recreation activities,
people are bound to greatly enjoy their life. In addition, it is indisputable that the medical
treatments often places a large financial burden on individuals, especially those suffering from
chronic diseases like diabetes, tuberculosis or cancer. Therefore, through the medium of
initiating appropriate diets and workout schemes, people will be able to prevent both illnesses
and money loss.
All in all, it is my belief that citizens should take the maintenance of their health into serious
consideration, as this benefits not only every single person but also the whole community.
(272 words)

14. Studies show that many criminals have a low level of education. For this reason, people
believe that the best way to reduce crime is to educate people in prison so they can get a job
when leave prison. Do you agree or disagree?
Recently, crime has been increasing out of control. Some hold the idea that in order to deter
crimes, criminals should be given proper education while in prison. Personally, I partly share the
same view with this.
It is my belief that nurture, not nature, is responsible for malignant and antisocial behaviors. That
is to say, everybody is born with good personalities and what turns some into criminals is
parental neglect and lack of education. Many studies have shown that children who are not
supervised by their parents on a regular basis are many times more likely to go off the rails,
commit acts of selfishness or to behave aggressively against others. This rationalizes why I think
a good number of prisoners after being released will not repeat their offences if they are given
In addition, while being in jail, inmates have plenty of time which can be misspent. For example,
some of them spend their time on gambling with their cellmates or accessing materials with
objectionable contents. Thus, giving them the opportunity to be educated translates to the
reduction of time which can be potentially frittered away or used for malicious purposes.
Nevertheless, there are objections to this perspective. Those who oppose claim that the potential
program of giving education to criminals can cost a huge amount of money from the
Government budget. However, considering the result it can deliver in the long run as far as
societal stability is concerned, this program is not a waste of taxpayers’ money.
What has been discussed above has effectively corroborated my view that education can reduce
participation in criminal activities and inmates should receive education while serving time.
(277 words)

15. Prison is the common way in most countries to solve the problem of crime. However, a
more effective solution is to provide people a better education. Do you agree or disagree?
Despite the popularity of prison sentences as the way to control illegalities, improvements on
education have gained social endorsement as a means to eliminate the problem from its root. In
my opinion, I disagree that education is the better one as it is rather impossible to compare these
two methods’ effectiveness owing to their distinct impacts.
On the one hand, the reasons why prisons are of indispensable necessity for social security are
varied. They are the place to keep people who have broken the law contained, ensuring the safety
of other citizens. Especially, dangerous criminals such as murderers or rapists have to be
imprisoned for their heinous actions. Furthermore, severe prison sentences act as a deterrent
against crimes. Knowing there might be a chance of getting caught and condemned to jail, which
also means losing freedom and living a miserable life in a cell, ones who are having the intention
of committing illegalities would reconsider going down the path.
On the other hand, education serves as a remedy for the origin of crimes. Education contributes
greatly to heighten people’s intellect and to form a civilized society. With access to better
educational services, citizens would be well-informed about the damage that committing crimes
would cause to their community and themselves, which eventually leads to the decline in crime
rates. Additionally, the possession of certain qualifications through fundamental education like
vocational training could secure a person’s stable life, which would dispel any ideas of
committing crimes.
In conclusion, I believe there is no absolute way to deduce whether imprisonment policies or
better education would take the dominant role in dealing with crimes as they both tackle the
problem just in different ways.
(280 words)

16. New parents should attend parenting classes to learn how to bring up their children
well. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the statement? Give your opinion,
supported by examples from your own experience.
No one can argue that modern parents are more likely to taking care of their children very well.
As people are more educated, modern parents have a better understanding about parenting much
more than in the past. It becomes a new trend these days that many new mothers attend child
care courses in order to be able to take care kids properly. Some think that it is very essential for
being parents, whereas others disagree. Personally, I agree with this statement for a couple
To begin with, there are many details of looking after children that most parents unfamiliar.
Many tasks and skills are very difficult such as holding infants, feeding kids or even massaging
babies. These skills can only be acquired unless parents take a child-care course. Many parents
especially in developed countries are concerned that if they are not learning from other people or
experts, they will find a hard time in looking after their infants. For example, good touching or
massaging has many benefits such as improving relationship between parents and babies and
increasing a child’s blood circulation. However, without practicing massage skills from the
course, parents may not be able to do it correctly and might hurt their kids.
Moreover, studying parenting skills can definitely widen new knowledge. The latest research and
important parenting theory which are very useful for taking care of kids will be gained during the
course. Scientists or health care experts can demonstrate specific techniques and answer all
unclear questions to parents. As a result, parents can eliminate misunderstanding about baby
nursing and learn updated parenting skills based on scientific knowledge. For example, in a class
a dietitian can illustrate healthy food for children in different ages and demonstrates how to
prepare it which helps new parents to overcome these tasks. Without a nutrition class, parents
would have no ideas about what types of food that they can feed kids.
In conclusion, attending child care classes has many merits for all families. Being parents is not
easy however, this class definitely helps parents to widen their horizons and clear all
misunderstanding details about looking after their children. Hopefully, taking this course will
boost parents’ knowledge and skills which is very practical and very useful for them.
(375 words)

17. Many people think modern communication technology is having some negative effects
on social relationships. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?
It is argued that technological advancements in the field of communication have adversely
affected one’s personal and professional relationships. Personally, I strongly disagree with this
As new ways of communicating with one another, such as mobile phones and social networks,
are introduced, some fear that people might become socially isolated. Their rationale is that these
technologies, which promote communication in virtual reality, have marginalized physical
interaction and thus may potentially fracture concrete relationships. However, this claim is
largely exaggerated. In reality, virtual interaction augments social relationships rather than
undermines them. For example, most Facebook users talk to friends and colleagues both through
the social network and in person. The extra features that Facebook provides like instant
messaging and video calling do not substitute for having a conversation in real life, but merely
help us stay connected over long distances.
I am convinced there is further evidence to suggest that innovations in communication exist not
to the detriment of social relationships, but rather to their benefit. Not only do they address the
question of distance as demonstrated above, these tools also help us to expand our social circles.
For instance, online food forums connect people who share a passion for culinary arts, while
photo-sharing applications like Instagram can bring together a group of individuals who have the
same taste in fashion. These examples are a testament to how technology establishes
communities and promotes interaction among people.
In conclusion, there are sufficient grounds to reject the view that social relationships might be
jeopardized by the advent of advanced communication technologies. It is my genuine belief that
as technology improves going forward, so will people’s social experience.
(275 words)

18. Scientists predict that humans will speak the same language in the future. Do you think
it is a positive or negative development?
The omnipresence of some languages around the globe has resulted in an anticipation that one
specific language will be worldwide spoken by all people in the future. While this trend offers
some undeniable benefits, I believe that it is a negative development.
On the one hand, it is true that an universal dialect may help remove language barriers, allowing
people from different parts of the world to convey their thoughts and ideas more effectively.
Using the same language would, as a result, facilitate many fields including international
business transactors, cross-border cooperation and tourism. The emergence of English as the
predominant communicative language has testified for this advantage. Furthermore, without
linguistic barriers, any country could freely communicate and cooperate with others, forming a
global village with a myriad of unprecedented opportunities.
On the other hand, I am of the belief that those aforementioned advantages are negligible when
compared with the potential consequence. As people around the world speak merely one
language, this would lead to the disappearance of many other languages which are integral to
national identities of any country. For example, some ethnics’ cultures in Taiwan would be on
the edge of extinction, if minor languages of these tribes are replaced by one global dialect,
which poses a dire threat to Taiwan’s cultural diversity.
In conclusion, it seems that people can reap a great number of benefits regarding communication
thanks to the use of an universal dialect. I firmly hold the view that the drawbacks should not be
overlooked and concrete actions should be taken to retain the linguistic diversity in the world.
(263 words)

19. The best way to solve the world’s environmental problems to increase the price of fuels.
Do you agree or disagree?
Environmental issues are now becoming global concerns. Some people believe that an increase
in fuel price is the best solution to reduce those problems. However, I am of the opinion that
there are particular measures would be more effective than raising fuel costs.
It is a fallacy to consider high fuel costs as the best way to tackle environmental problem.
Advocates of such a perception tend to claim that heightening fuel prices would lead to a
decrease in the amount of fuel consumption for transportation and production resulting in
reducing carbon dioxide emission and toxic air pollutants from vehicles and factories which are
likely to be the main causes of greenhouse effect and global warming. However, such a scenario
would not happen since using fuel terms to be a deep-rooted practice of human, which could be
clearly seen that most vehicles in the world use fuels as the main source of energy. Furthermore,
this solution may not only have no positive impact on the global environmental condition but
also cause a counter-effects on the world’s economy. Therefore, applying a higher fuel price
should not be regarded as the most practical solution.
In my point of view, some feasible measures could be taken to handle our environmental issues.
Firstly, the governments should introduce laws as well as organize campaigns to encourage their
citizens to use public transportation which may directly reduce the amount of smoke released
from private cars and motorbikes. Besides, every country should have its public transportation
improved to promote such a type of eco-friendly commuting mode. Secondly, an immense
investment in renewable sources to reduce the cost of these types of power would switch
people’s habit to use alternative energy instead of fossil fuels. Compared to such an inefficient
measure like heightening fuel costs, those solutions tend to be more practical and sustainable to
tackle environmental issues.
In conclusion, high fuel cost could not be considered as the most feasible method to solve
environmental issues as other measures are likely to be more practical and sustainable.
(338 words)

20. It is more important for schoolchildren to learn about local history than world history.
To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Many people have valued the role of local history to schoolchildren over that of world history. In
my opinion, I disagree with those people as both of them are equally essential for young learners.
Studying the history of their hometown is for sure an indispensable part of school’s curriculum
during students’ early education. I believe having thorough insights into what happened in the
past at one’s locality develops his patriotism. For example, children of primary and secondary
schools in my village are taught about how their ancestors defended their land against outside
intruders and reclaimed sovereignty. Therefore, those young children would take pride in their
origin and treasure the life they know as it is today. Additionally, I think it is not only students’
privilege but also their responsibility to know about their own history to understand their
hometown’s traditional values and identity.
From another angle, learning about world history shares equal importance just as local one.
Acquiring knowledge about the world’s past events equips students with a more well-rounded
perspective of life. Lessons about the World War or Feminism protest against women’s abuse
and discrimination would help those learners enhance their understanding about various aspects
of the world. Furthermore, I think that being taught about the other countries’ historical
backgrounds would benefit young learners in their future career. Students who accumulate
knowledge of this particular field at an early age would possess a golden selling point to work
for foreign enterprises, especially those who highly value company culture like Japan.
In conclusion, I believe the significance of domestic and international history cannot be brought
into comparison to see which one is more necessary because they have distinctively equal
meanings to children.
(282 words)

21. Although more and more people read the news on the Internet, newspaper will remain
the most important source of news for the majority of people. Do you agree or disagree
with that statement?
Some people believe that despite the spreading popularity of the online media, traditional
newspaper will still hold the most vital position among news readers. In my opinion, this idea is
rather absurd as the Internet has become increasingly dominant due to the benefits it offers.
The first thing that attracts people to reading news on the online sources is their easy access.
With the presence of the Internet around almost every corner of the world, people with a portable
device such as a mobile phone can access huge storage of news. In fact, latest events, for
example IS Terrorist attacks, would be updated immediately on CNN or New York Times. By
contrast, with prolonging procedures including editing and printing, traditional newspaper might
not be able to compete with the Internet in terms of the updating speed.
Another benefit with which the Internet can, from my point of view, take over the position of
printed newspaper is the new experience it brings to readers. One limitation of newspaper is that
it cannot convey visual messages to the people who read news on a regular basis. Meanwhile,
non-stop progress of the technology industry has unfolded the possibility to upload videos and
voice records on various online websites. For instance, soccer fans these days can rematch their
favorite matches anytime they want with only a laptop connected to the Internet, which a mere
paper cannot do.
In conclusion, I disagree that printed newspaper would continue to be the most crucial source of
information because more and more people will be drawn to use the Internet.
(262 words)

22. It is impossible to help all people in the world, so governments should focus on people in
their own countries. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
The question whether governments should provide aids internationally or domestically has
drawn much attention from the public. Although I understand why helping everyone in the world
is unachievable, I strongly disagree that governmental support should solely be concentrated on
satisfying local needs.
On the one hand, I suppose the world’s leaders’ hesitation over the provision of international aids
to deprived regions is legitimate. Firstly, it is unfeasible for governments’ support to reach all of
the underprivileged as their number is enormous in many separated places around the globe and
the type of support they need also varies. For example, developed nations may encounter
numerous obstacles in terms of transportation upon sending food and medicines to poor regions
scattering around Africa where people are facing the threat of famine or contagions. Secondly, I
believe leaders of a country should prioritize the well-being of their citizens and stabilize their
economy and politics before carrying out any acts of global assistance.
On the other hand, I still believe governments should help as many people as they can regardless
of the fragile odds for worldwide comprehensive support for all people. To begin with, in many
underdeveloped countries, their leaders are unable to bear the burden of eradicating domestic
poverty or crises due to, for example, terrorism, which calls for the involvement from other
affluent nations. Also of great significance is that this national act of charity could have a huge
impact upon individuals living in prosperous areas. If the government take actions to help people
overseas, citizens of that country will idolize the idea of self-devotion toward a better world.
In conclusion, I truly believe the world leaders should lend their neighbors a hand to offer help to
people in need on their doorstep.
(290 words)

23. It is more important for governments to spend public funds on promoting a healthy
lifestyle than treatment. Do you agree or disagree?
An often-debated topic is whether the government should use state budget for promoting healthy
lifestyle to limit illness or spend it on the treatment of the people who are already ill. In my
opinion, a healthy life style as well as timely medical attention and cure for any illness of citizens
are equally important.
To begin with, to maintain the healthy lifestyle of all citizens should be the main concern of the
government. To prevent ailments from occurring, an early warning system should be set up to
advice people how to avoid contracting. Taking pandemic H1N1 as an example, when the
government informs all citizens from initial days about the dangers of this epidemic, virus
therefor was unavailable to spread and the well-being of many people could be maintained. In
addition, the government has to encourage people to lead completely healthy lives to minimize
the possibilities of getting ill. National and local health campaign need to be launched to educate
people understand the risks of using alcohol and cigarettes.
However, curing people who suffer from illness is very important as well. Everyone has the civil
right to have access to medical system regardless of their health status. As all citizens have
already paid money through the tax system, no one should be excluded from any service.
Moreover, when treating people with physical ailment, doctors could be able to find new more
effective ways to prevent the pandemic flu. From historical evidence, many medical
breakthroughs are created from the process of curing people. Hence, the government should take
all reasonable measures to help people who are sick.
By way of conclusion, I strongly believe that the government should give equal attention to
promoting healthy lifestyle of people and curing them from illness.
(291 words)

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