Tải bản đầy đủ

Giáo án dạy thêm Anh 9 20 buổi

BUỔI 1:
CONSOLIDATION “THE TENSES”
* Objectives: By the end of the esson ss are able to use the present simple tense and the
present prgressive tense and do some exercises
*. Procedure
I/ Warm up:
- Greetings
- Check the total of the class
II/ Review:
I. Thì hiện tại đơn giản.
a. Động từ “ TOBE”
* Nghĩa tiếng Việt: Thì, là, ở
* Có 3 dạng : am, is , are.
* Cách chia động từ :
Chủ ngữ là I động từ Tobe chia là am , viết là I am = I’m.
He, She, It, Danh từ số ít Tobe chia là is .
You, We, They, danh từ số nhiều Tobe chia là are.
* Cấu trúc:
Thể khẳng định: S + am / is / are + …..
Thể phủ định : S + am not / isn’t / aren’t + …
Lưu ý : I am not = I’m not.

Thể nghi vấn : Are / Is + S + …..?
Lưu ý : thông thường đổi từ thế khẳng định sang thể nghi vấn chủ ngữ là “I / We” thì đổi
thành “You” .
Đối với những học sinh yếu cân có bài tập thay thế các danh chung, danh từ riêng với các
đại từ nhân xưng và ngược lại.
Ví dụ: Mai = she
Nam = He
Nam and Mai = They
b. Động từ thường.
Thể khẳng định : I, We, You, They, danh từ số nhiều + V( inf)
He, She, It, danh từ số ít + V-s / es .
Thể phủ định : I / We / You /They /danh từ số nhiều + don’t + V (inf)….
He / She / It / danh từ số ít + doesn’t + V(inf) ….
Thể nghi vấn : Do + you / they / danh từ số nhiều + V(inf) …?
Yes, I/ we/ they do . ; No, I / we / they don’t.
Does + he/ she / it / danh từ số ít + V(inf) …?
Yes, he / she / it + does . / No, he / she / it + doesn’t.
Cách dùng:
a. Diễn tả một thói quen ở hiện tại.
VD: I come to class on time.
She has lunch at home.
b. Diễn tả một sự thật bất biến, một chân lí luôn luôn đúng.
1


VD: The Sun rises in the morning and sets in the evening.
C, dấu hiệu: Các trạng từ chỉ thời gian thường dùng trong thì hiện tại đơn giản.
- In the morning/ afternoon/ evening…
- Every day / morning/ afternoon / evening / week / month / year / Monday…summer …
+ Often, usually, frequently: thường.
+ always , constantly: luôn luôn
+ sometimes, occosionally : thỉnh thoảng
+ seldom, rarely : ít khi, hiếm khi
*EX 1: Chia động từ trong ngoặc ở thì HTĐ
a. My best friend ( speak ) .................English very well
b. Mr Thanh ( teach )......................... Math in my school
c.We ( not study ) .....................in the same class
d.Song’s sisters ( go ) .......................to work by bus every day?
e.What you (do) ...................after school ?
f. Our teacher ( help )................. us to do these exercises?\


g. My brother and I ( visit ) .....................our parents twice a month
h. She (live ) ........................................for work at half past seven
II/ Thì hiện tại tiếp diễn.
1/ Form: ( +) Thể khẳng định: S + am / is / are + V- ing ….
Lưu ý: động từ Tobe được chia theo chủ ngữ
( - ) Thể phủ định: S + am not / isn’t / aren’t + V-ing ….
( ? ) Thể nghi vấn: Is / Are + S + V-ing ….?
Yes, S + am / is / are. ; No, S + am not / isn’t / aren’t.
2/ Usage:
a. Diễn tả hành động đang xảy ra tại thời điểm nói.
VD: I’m learning English now.
Lan and Nam are watching TV at the moment.
My mother is cooking dinner.
b. Diễn tả hành động sẽ xảy ra trong tương gần, đã có kế hoạch từ trước.
VD: My grand mother is coming to see my family next week.
c. Nói về sự đang thay đổi.
VD: The population of the world is rising very fast.
3/ Dấu hiệu thì: Các trạng từ: now, at the moment, at present, at this time,look, listen ,
where is Ba ? He is having a bath
• Những động từ liệt kê trong bảng ở dưới đây không được dùng ở thì hiện tại tiếp diễn
mặc dù có thể trong một số trường hợp, vì thế ta dùng hiện tại đơn để thay thế.
know
believe
hear
see
smell
wish
understand hate
love
like
want
sound
have
need
appear
seem taste
own
III. Practice:
I/ Chia động từ trong ngoặc ở thì HTĐ hay HTTD ( copied papers )
1. Oranges ( be) ...................rich in vitamin C
2. Tom ( not enjoy )............. jogging in the early morning but his sister does

2


3. Where is your sister , Huong ?
- She ( clean ) .....................the floor upstairs
4. It often ( get )................. hot in your country .
5. Look ! The birds (fly) ....................in a very straight line
6. How often you ( visit )....................... your grandmother?
- Twice a week
7. The flight A33 to Ha Noi ( take off) ............at 12.15 tommorow afternoon
8. She usually ( wear ) ......Jeans, but now She ( wear) ...........loose pants
9. My mother usually ( do ) .......the shopping,
10 .The Red river ( flow )............................... to the pacific Ocean?
11, You ( be ).................. in class 9A ? No, I (not be ) ......................
12, At the moment , my sisters (play) ....... volleyball and my brother ( play) coccer.
13, Your father ( go) ......to work by bus ?
14. Look ! A man ( call ) ..................you
15. They usually ( get) up at 6 in the morning .
16. We ( go) ........to the supermarket ( buy) ................some food.
17, Where you (live) ? I ( live) in Nghe An
18. What he ( do ) now ? He (water ) flowers in his garden
19. What she ( do) ? She ( be) a teacher
20. Where you ( be) from ? I ( be) from Viet Nam
21. How old ( be ) she ? She ( be) 16 years old
22. How ( be ) Minh ? He ( be ) ok
23. My children ( go) to school by bike
24. There ( be ) some animals in the circus.
25. He ( watch) TV at 7.00 p.m every evening ?
26. Who you ( wait) for , Linh ? I ( wait) for Lam
27. In the autunm, I rarely( go) sailing.
28, Every night She ( have) dinner at 7p.m
29. He (play) sports ?
30. An (like ) her job very much
31. When the school finishes .They (go) home and ( have ) lunch.
32. He ( visit ) HaLong bay once a year.
33. What time students ( go) to school ?
34. My house ( be ) in the country and it ( not be ) big
35. Mr Quang ( not live) in the city.
36. Nam ( be) in class 7 A?
38. She ( like) apples ?
39. Now Miss Hoa (draw) a picture
40. He can ( swim ) but he can’t ( sing) .
II/ Choose A, B, C or D to complete the following sentences
1. I wish Susan ____ harder for her examination
A. will work
B. worked
C. has worked
D. works
2. What were you doing when he _____?
A. comes
B. to come
C. came
D. coming
3. it seems difficult for us _____ abroad at the moment
3


A. go
B. to go
C. went
D. gone
4. There used ____ a movie theater here, but it closed a long time ago
A. be
B. to be
C. being
D. been
5. I come from Vietnam so I am not used to _____ on the left
A. drive
B. drove
C. driven
D. driving
6. Although we are far away from each other, we still _____
A. keep in touch B. say hello
C. keep together D. keep on
7. The children are playing ____ in the schoolyard
A. happy
B. happily
C. happiness
D. unhappiness
8. I wish they ____ here tomorrow
A. will come
B. would come
C. come
D. came
III / Use “used to” or “be used to”
Used to +V(inf) : Nói về việc đã từng làm trong quá khứ
Be/ get used to + V-ing: đang lam quen
1. They ____ go to Dalat in summer
2. They ____ playing soccer in the park
3. I ____ getting up early
4. Tom ____ do his homework in the evening
5. Lan ____ writing to Maryam
6. He ____ work at night
7. They ____ watching TV
8. She ____ driving on the right
9. My father ____ come home late but now he doesn’t
10. She ____ go swimming in the afternoon
Keys:
1, used to
2, are used to playing
3. am used to
4. used to
5. is used to
6. used to
7. is used to
* Homework:
- learn by heart the structures and the use
- Redo the exercises
BUỔI 2:
*Aims :
Help Students to grasp the past simple with wish , the present perfect and some words ,
structure in unit 1,2
*Preparation : Teaching plan , book , reference books , exercises
*Class activities
I/ Warm up
II/ Presentation
1 . Structure:
4


-Ask Students to tell the structure of wish :
S + wish (es ) + S + V in the past ( to be -> were )
-Ask Ss to do exercises

- Ss do on the board
-T : correct

2 . Exercises:
I/Rewrite these sentences with “ I wish”
1. I do not have time to study.
2. I can not answer the questions . .
3. We are not living in France.
4. I can not play the guitar .
5. I do not have a computer .
6. It is cold.
7. I live in a big city.
8. Mary is not here.
9. I can not go to the party .
10. There are many people here .
11. I have to work tomorrow .
12. I am not lying on a beautiful sunny beach .
13. I do not have anything to eat.
14. It is a pity your friend is not at this party.
15. I am sorry I am not able to go with you.
II/Choose the best answer to complete the sentences
1-Malaysia is divided .......... two regions ( to , into , in, on )
2-She often go to the .......to pray because her religion is Islam ( church , pagoda ,
mosque , temple )
3- The United State has a ……of around 250 million ( population , separation , addition ,
introduction )
4- Mathematic and literature are …….subjects in high school ( adding , compulsory ,
optional , religious )
5- Don’t forget to add sugar to the mixture.This…………….is very important (add
,addition ,additional ,additionally)
6- They were welcomed by friendly……………in Vietnam ( air , matter , impression ,
atmosphere )
7- HE doesn’t depend ………..his parents ( on , in , of , with )
8- If you have any trouble , ask …………help ( on , with , for , to )
9- This book is full …………..useful information ( on with , of , in )
10-We still keep in touch ….each other although we live away ……….each other ( on
from , with , to )
11- He will go to China …………..the end ………….this week
( on , at , with , of )
12- She went out ……………saying a word
( in , of , without , with )
13- I wish Susan …………harder for her examination ( will work , worked , has worked
, works )
14-What were you doing when he ……………? ( comes , to come , came , coming )
5


15- A good letter needs perfect …………..( introduce , introduction , introducing ,
introductory )
16- It seems difficult for us ………….abroad at the moment ( go , to go , went , gone )
17- There used…….a movie theater here , but it closed a long time ago ( to be,
be,
being,
been )
III/Put the verb in bracket in the correct form
1- They used to ( go )…………………….. swimming on Sundays
2- I wish they ( be ) ………………..here tomorrow
3- IS Lan used to ( write )…………… to MAryam ?
4- They ( not finish ) ………………….their work yet
5- He wish he ( be ) …………………….a doctor
6- I would rather you (do )………………… the test well
7- It’s time we (catch)………………….. the bus
8-I wish they ( be )…………….. here next time
9- It’s time we ( go )……………….
IV/ Read the passage, then choose the best answer.
Singapore is an island city of about three million people. It is a beautiful.....1 ....with lots
of parks and open spaces. It is also a very.....2.....city.
Most of the people....3..... in high rise flats in different parts of the island. The business
district is very modern with....4.....of high new office buildings. Singapore also has some
nice older sections. In China town, there ....5....rows of old shop houses. The government
buildings in Singapore are very....6....and date from the colonial days.
Singapore is famous....7....its shops and restaurants. There are many good shopping
centers. Most of the.....8....are duty free. Singapore’s restaurants....9.....Chinese, Indian,
Malay and European food, and the .....10.......are quite reasonable.
1- a-district, b-town, c-city ,d-village
2- a-large ,b-dirty ,c-small ,d-clean
3- a-live , b-lives , c-are living ,d-lived
4- a-lot ,b-lots ,c-many ,d-much
5- a-is ,b-will be ,c-were , d-are
6- a-beauty ,b-beautiful ,c-beautify ,d-beautifully
7- a-in ,b-on ,c-at ,d- for
8- a-good ,b-goods ,c-goody ,d-goodness
9- a-sells ,b-selling ,c-sell ,d-to sell
10- a-priced ,b-price ,c-prices ,d-pricer
-Ask Ss to do exercises 7/10 ,8/11 , 2/13 in work book
-T correct
3.Homework : Redo all exrcises
----------------------------------------------------------

BUỔI 3:

PRESENT PERFECT TENSE

I/ Objective: By the end of the lesson Ss will be able to :- understand and use the present
perfect tense well.
- Do more exercise about the present perfect tense.
II/ Teaching aids: exercise book , Extra board
III/ Procedure:
A. Theory
Thì hiện tại hoàn thành.
* form:
(+) S + has / have + V- ed (pp) + O
(-) S + has /have + not + V- ed (pp) + O
6


(?) Has / have + S + V- ed (pp) + O ?-> Yes, S + have / has
No, S + haven’t / hasn’t
PP = Past Participle Quá khứ phân từ
QTắc V-ed : BQT xem cột 3 (V3)
*Adv: Just, since, for, recently, yet, never, ever, already, before, so far, it’s the first/
second time…, up to now, up to the present, till now.
*VÞ trÝ cña c¸c tõ:

Just, never, ever, already xong ngay sau have/ has.
Yet, before xong cuối câu.
*Notes: yet: chỉ dùng trong câu phủ định và câu hỏi.
For + khoảng thời gian.
Since + mốc thời gian ở quá khứ.
Never: mang nghĩa phủ định.
eg: I have just seen my sister in the park.
*Note: (just,ever, never, already) đi sau have/has
She has finished her homework recently.
( recently,lately,yet) đặt cuối câu.
*Cách dùng:
- Diễn tả một hành động vừa mới xảy ra
- Hành động xảy ra trong quá khứ mà không rõ thời gian
- Hành động xảy ra trong quá khứ và còn liên quan đến hiện tại còn tiếp diễn đến
tương lai.
- Hành động xảy ra lặp đi lặp lại nhiều lần
B. EXERCISE:
I.Write the form of the verbs in the past simple tense and past participle form.
Verb
Past
P.parti Verb
past
P.parti Verb
past
P.parti
1. do
8. see
15.read
2. go
9. meet
16.write
3. eat
10.have
17.liste
n
4. be
11.put
18.take
5. find
12.get
20.wear
6.watc
13.work
21.teac
h
h
7. close
14.spea
22.mad
k
e
II. Supply "for" or "since" in the sentences
1. Tom's lived here __________ 10 years.
2. Have you waited for me _________ yesterday?
3. The boy has played the game __________ 3 pm.
4. I haven't seen her _________ a month.
5. They have kept in touch __________ they left school.
6. I haven't known about that __________ a long time.
7. Dad's worked this office __________1990
8. Peter has married ___________ half a month
9. We have finished the test __________ three hours.
10._Children have learned English __________ they were young.
7


III.

Put the correct verb in The present perfect tense.

1. Bob (see)______________ this movie before.
2. Jorge (read)____________ the newspaper already.
3. Mr. Johnson (work)____________ in the same place for 35 years.
4. We (not begin)_____________ to study for the test yet.
5. We (not see)_____________ this movie yet.
6. We never (take)________________________ a bus to school before.
7. John and I (be)______________ pen pals for nearly 3 years.
8. He (wear)___________ the same coat since he (move)___________ here.
9. I (not see)_____________ your brother recently.
10. I ( not / see ) him for two years.
11. I ( not hear ) about that doctor yet.
12. My teacher ( teach) English at this school for six years
13. Up to present , George ( do ) good work in this class.
14. So far, you ( make ) mistakes on this exercise
15. I ( not see) him since last Monday
16. Mary ( be ) in the hospital for two months
17. I (not see)_______________ him since last Christmas.
18. They just (receive)_______________a package from their grandfather.
19. Miss Huong (teach)________________us English for 2 years.
20. ________she (feed)___________________her dog yet?
Key:
1. has seen 2. has read 3. has worked
4. haven’t begun 5. haven’t seen
6. have never taken
7. have been
8. has worn/ moved
9. haven’t seen
10. hasn’t seen
11. haven’t heard
12. has taught
13. has done
14. have made
15. haven’t seen
16. has been
17. haven’t seen
18. have just received
19. has taught
20. has she fed.
--------------------------------------------BUỔI 4:

HOW TO MAKE QUESTION

(1)

* Objective:
By the end of the lesson ss are able to know how to use the passive form
* Procedure:
I/ PASSIVE FORM
Cấu trúc bị động:
a. Cách dùng: Miêu tả những sự kiện xảy ra với người và vật thường bị tác động bởi
người và vật khác. Chúng ta dùng động từ ở câu bị động khi chúng ta quan tâm đến hành
8


động hơn, khi chúng ta không biết người hành động hoặc khi thấy không nhất thiết phải
đề cập đến người thực hiện hành động.
b. Cấu trúc chung:
BE + PAST PARTICIPLE
c. Quy tắc chuyển đổi câu chủ động sang câu bị động:
- Tân ngữ trong câu chủ động làm chủ ngữ trong câu bị động
- BE được chia theo thể của động từ ở câu chủ động.
- Chủ ngữ của câu chủ động làm tân ngữ của câu bị động và thêm giới từ by trước nó
Active:
S
+ V +
O

Passive:

S+

BE + PP + ( by +O)

 Chú ý:
Không thể đổi câu chủ động sang câu bị động nếu động từ trong câu chủ động
không có túc từ.
Ex: The plane landed 1 hour ago.
Nếu động từ trong câu chủ động có 2 túc từ, khi chuyển sang bị động, ta lấy bất kỳ
túc từ nào xuống làm chủ từ cũng được.
Ex: He gave me a present.
Vị trí của trạng từ chỉ nơi chốn, trạng từ chỉ thời gian và trạng từ chỉ thể cách trong
câu chủ động
Một số lưu ý:
* Vị trí của trạng từ chỉ nơi chốn, thời gian và thể cách trong câu bị động.
S + { BE} + PP … + ( adv. of place ) + (by + O) + (avd. of time).
VD:Lan bought this hat in Ha Noi last month.
⇒ This hat was bought in Ha Noi by Lan last month.
S + { BE } + ( adv. of manner ) + PP + (by + O)
VD: Nam treats his dog badly
⇒ Nam’s dog is badly treated.
* By + them, people, everyone, someone, everything, me, you, him, her, us được lược
bỏ trong câu bị động.
- Nếu chủ ngữ của câu chủ dộng là: No one. Nobody : thì câu bị động ở thể phủ định
• Adv. of place: trạng từ chỉ nơi chốn
• Adv. of time: trạng từ chỉ thời gian
• Adv. of manner: trạng từ chỉ thể cách
Ex:
1 Tom visited Mary yesterday.
2 Hoa put the book on the shelf.
3 They did that work slowly.
Bỏ BY + O trong câu bị động khi nó có thể được hiểu ngầm, khi mơ hồ hoặc không
quan trọng.
Eg: People speak English in many countries in the world.
Không được tách hoặc bỏ các phần tử của động từ kÐp. (look up, take off, …) khi
chuyển sang câu bị động.
Eg: Dung looked after my son yesterday.
9


Nếu câu chủ động có hình thức: S + V + O + bare_inf (động từ nguyên mẫu không
TO) khi chuyển sang câu bị động, nguyên mẫu không TO phải chuyển thành nguyên
mẫu có to.
Eg: My father made me do that work.
 d. Cấu trúc cụ thể của câu bị động ở các thì của động từ.Thể bị động với các thì
thông dụng
Hiện tại đơn
S + am/is/are + PP + (by + O)
Hiện tại tiếp diễn
S + am/is/are + being + PP + (by + O)
Hiện tại hoàn thành
S + has / have been + PP + (by + O)
Qúa khứ đơn
S + was / were + PP + (by + O)
Qúa khứ tiếp diễn
S + was / were + being + PP + (by + O)
Qúa khứ hoàn thành
S + had + been + PP + (by + O)
Tương lai đơn
S + will / shall + be + PP + (by + O)
Tương lai hoàn thành
S + will / shall + have been + PP + (by + O)
* Thì hiện tại đơn giản:
Active:
S
Passive:

S

+

+

V(s, es)
is / are / am

+

O

+ PP /V-ed …(by + O)

Ví dụ: Lan cleans the house every day.
S
V
O
→ The house is cleaned by Lan every day.
II/ Practice:
Exercise1: Change the following sentences into the passive voice
1 The council has postponed the meeting
……………………………………………………………………………..
2 Alexandre Eiffel designed the Eiffel Tower for the Paris World’s Fair of 1889.
……………………………………………………………………………..
3 Miss Lan was doing that work at 10 a.m yesterday.
……………………………………………………………………………..
4 They will recycle the waste paper in a local factory.
……………………………………………………………………………..
5 By this time next year, Hong will have finished the course.
……………………………………………………………………………..
Exercise 2: Rewrite these sentences .
1 The police is questioning him.
He..........................................................................................................................
2 I will take care of the baby.
The baby................................................................................................................
3 Citizens ought to obey the country’s law.
The country’s law..................................................................................................
10


4 My parents made me do it.
I..............................................................................................................................
5 We have made great progress in our economy in the last few years.
Great progress.......................................................................................................
Exercise 3: Change the following sentences into the passive voice
1They can’t make tea with cold water.
………………………………………………………………………………
2. The chief engineer was instructing all the workers of the plant.
………………………………………………………………………………
3. Somebody has taken some of my books away.
………………………………………………………………………………
4. They will hold the meeting before the May Day.
………………………………………………………………………………
5. They have to repair the engine of the car.
………………………………………………………………………………
6. The boys took away some pictures.
………………………………………………………………………………
7. People spend a lot of money on advertising every day.
………………………………………………………………………………
8. They may use this room for the classroom.
………………………………………………………………………………
9. The teacher is going to tell the story.
………………………………………………………………………………
10. Mary is cutting the cake with a sharp knife.
………………………………………………………………………………
• Homework:
Finish all homework.

BUỔI 5 :
(2)
*Aim: By the end of the lesson ss will be able to know how to use the passive form .
*Procedure:
I .Thì qúa khứ đơn giản:
Active:
S +
V-ed / Cột 2

+

O

Passive:
S + was / were + PII … + by + o
EX: Nam Cao
wrote
this book
years ago
S
V
O
→ This book was written by Nam Cao years ago.
II. Thì hiện tại tiếp diễn:
11


Active:

S +

am/is/are

+

V-ing

+O

Passive:
S + am / is / are + being + PII …+( by + O)
Ex: My mother is planting some trees in the garden now
→ Some trees are being planted in the garden by my mother now.
III. Thì quá khứ tiếp diễn:
Active:
: S
+ was/ were +
V-ing
+O
Passive
: S
+ was / were + being + PII ....+ ( by + O)
Ex: She was decorating the room at 8 a.m last Sunday.
→ The room was being decorated at 8 a.m last Sunday.
IV. Thì tương lai gần :
Active: S + am / is / are + going to
+V
+O
Passive: S + am / is / are + going to be + PII …+ (by + O)
Ex: He is going to whitewash the walls
.→ Thewalls are going to be whitewashed
V. Thì tương lai đơn giản:
Active:
S + will + V + O
Passive: S + will + be + PII ….
Ex: They will build a cinema here next year.
.→ A cinema will be built here nex year
VI. Thì hiện tại hoàn thành:
Active: S + have / has + V-PII + O
Passive: S + have / has + been + PII….…(by + O)
Ex: We have used this car for five years
→ This car has been used for five years
VII. Quá khứ hoàn thành
Active: S + had + V-PII + O
Passive: S + had been + PII….…(by + O)
Ex: She had typed the letter by 9 pm yesterday.
.→ The letter had been typed by 9 pm yesterday.
VIII. Các động từ khuyết thiếu:
- S + should / may / might / can / could / must / ought to / would + be + PP …
- S + have to / has to + be
+ PII …(by + O)
Ex: We have to feed the p[igs every day.
→ The pigs have to be fed every day
- S + Used to + be
+ PP …(by + O):
Ex: They used to call me “John”
→ I used to be called “John”
Các nội động từ (Động từ không yêu cầu 1 tân ngữ nào) không được dùng ở bị động.
My leg hurts.
Đặc biệt khi chủ ngữ chịu trách nhiệm chính của hành động cũng không được chuyển
thành câu bị động.
The USA takes charge: Nước Mỹ nhận lãnh trách nhiệm
Nếu là người hoặc vật trực tiếp gây ra hành động thì dùng by nhưng nếu là vật gián tiếp
12


gây ra hành động thì dùng with.
The bird was shot with the gun.
The bird was shot by the hunter.
Trong một số trường hợp to be/to get + P2 hoàn toàn không mang nghĩa bị động mà
mang 2 nghĩa:


Chỉ trạng thái, tình huống mà chủ ngữ đang gặp phải.
Could you please check my mailbox while I am gone.
He got lost in the maze of the town yesterday.



Chỉ việc chủ ngữ tự làm lấy
The little boy gets dressed very quickly.
- Could I give you a hand with these tires.
- No thanks, I will be done when I finish tightening these bolts.

C. Practice:
-T ask ss to do some exercises about the passive form
11. He has provided the victims with food and clothing.
………………………………………………………………………………
12. You mustn’t used this machine after 5.30 pm
………………………………………………………………………………
13. They told the new students where to sit.
………………………………………………………………………………
14. John used to visit Mr Cole at weekends.
………………………………………………………………………………
15. my father won’t collect me at the station tomorrow.
………………………………………………………………………………
16. She ought to do all the housework.
………………………………………………………………………………
17. my mother had written the letter before 1985.
………………………………………………………………………………
18. I am cleaning my room.
………………………………………………………………………………
19. They should phone her before the meeting.
………………………………………………………………………………
20. Somebody has cleaned the room.
………………………………………………………………………………
21/ Bill is using the computer at the moment.
………………………………………………………………………………
22/They cancelled all flights because of fog.
………………………………………………………………………………
23They pay designers a lot of money.
………………………………………………………………………………
24/ When did they decorate your kitchen ?
………………………………………………………………………………
25: We have to test these products .
13


………………………………………………………………………………
26/ Somebody was recording our conversations.
………………………………………………………………………………
27/ How do people pronounce this word ?
………………………………………………………………………………
28/ They export bananas to Europe.
………………………………………………………………………………
D.Homework :
-Learn by hard the structures
-Redo the exercises
------------------------------------------------------BUỔI 6 :
(modal verbs)
* Objective :
By the end of the leson ss will be able to do some exercises and know how to use the
special passive voice
*Procedure:
+Practice:
@Dạng bị động đặc biệt:
* S + can, could, must, may, might,be able to, used to,ought to, should.......+
Be + VPII + by + O
Eg: This machine must be repaired by them
These exercises can be done by good students
* Người ta nói rằng …
Câu chủ động

S
â
IT

V
â
BE + P.P

THAT-CLAUSE
â
THAT-CLAUSE

Câu bị động
Giải thích:
• V: là những động từ như: SAY, THINK, BELIEVE, EXPECT, CONSIDER,
RUMOUR
• S: thường là những từ như: PEOPLE, THEY, SOMEONE…
Ex: People say that he is a good doctor.
=> It is said that he is a good doctor.
=> He is said to be a good doctor.
Câu chủ động

Sa

Câu bị động

Sb

14

Va
â

THAT

BE + P.P_Va

Sb

Vb
â

TO + INF…
TO + HAVE + PP…

Ob
â
Ob


Giải thích:
1 Nếu Vb là hiện tại hoặc tương lai: TO + INF…
Ex: People believe that she does that work very carefully.
She is believed to do that work very carefully.
2 Nếu Vb là quá khứ hoặc hoàn thành: TO + HAVE + PP…
Ex: They think that he stole that bicycle yesterday.
He is thought to have stolen that bicycle yesterday.
Exercise1:
1 People say that he beats his wife.
He..........................................................................................................................
2 He is said to have escaped to a remote country.
It is.........................................................................................................................
3 People say tortoises live longer than elephants.
It ...........................................................................................................................
Tortoises ...............................................................................................................
They think that he was innocent.
He..........................................................................................................................
4 People believe that he will win.
It............................................................................................................................
5 People say that he is a famous doctor.
It…………………………………………………………………………………
He…………………………………………………………………….
6 They thought that Mary had gone away.
It ……………………………………………………………………….
Mary…………………………………………………………………….
* nhớ bỏ
Câu chủ động

S

have
get

O (person)

V (bare)
To–inf
â

O (thing)

have
O (thing)
P.P
by + O (person)
get
Ex1: My parents are going to have my brother wash the clothes tomorrow.
=> My brother is going to have the clothes washed my parents by tomorrow.
Eg2: Did you get him to clean the floor yesterday?
Was he gotten the floor cleaned yesterday?
Eg3: I have him repair my bicyle yesterday.
=> I had my bicyle repaired yesterday
Exercise2:
1 I had my shoes polished.
I had the boy..........................................................................................................
I got the boy...........................................................................................................
2 Tom is getting the newspaper brought to her.
Tom is having someone.........................................................................................
15
Câu bị động

S


3 He has got his shirt washed
He has had someone..............................................................................................
4 I asked someone to draw the plan for the living room.
I had the plan.........................................................................................................
5 No one cleans the kitchen for us everyday.
We dont get..........................................................................................................
6 I have him repair my bicylce yesterday.
I .
*Homework:
-Redo the exercises
-learn by heart the structures

BUI 7 : PREPOSITIONS OF TIME
* Objective :
By the end of the leson ss will be able to do some exercises and know how to use the
prepositions of time.
*Procedure:
AT: Trớc giờ,tuổi
Ex: at 8 oclock, at the age of four (lúc 4 tuổi)
-Ngoại lệ: at night (về đêm), at christmas (vào lễ giáng sinh), at/ on weekend (vào ngày
cuối tuần), at bed time (vào giờ ngủ), at lunch time (vào bữa tra)
ON: Trớc ngày, thứ
Ex: on May 1st , on Monday, on christmas day (vào ngày giáng sinh)
IN: Trớc tháng, năm, mùa, thế kỷ
Ex: in January, in 1993, in spring, in the morning, in centuries
From..to/ upto..: có thể dùng ở hiện tại, quá khứ hay tơng lai.(chỉ khoảng thời gian
từ lúc nào đến lúc nào)
Ex: he waited from 5.30 to 7.00.
16


*Exercises:
I.Choose the correct preposition to complete each sentence.
1. We will go (in/ at/ on/ to) a picnic next week.
2. My village is about 100 kilometers (in/ at/ to/ for) the south of HCMC.
3. There is a shrine (on/ in/ at/ to) the top of the mountain near my uncle’s house.
4. We often go for a walk (in/ at/ on/ to) the weekends.
5. They will come here (in/ at/ on/ to) 11.30 a.m
6. She took many pictures to show the trip (of/ for/ to/ with) her parents.
7. There is a meeting (on/ between/ till/ at) 9 am and 2 pm
8. He was born (in/ of/ at/ on) 15th, January
9. We have lived in Hanoi (in/ since/ for/ at) 4 years.
10. She has come here (in/ since/ for/ on) yesterday.
11. Ba and Tam usually go fishing........................the weekends. (on, in, from)
12. The students will visit the capital.........................the summer. (on, in, at, of)
13. They heard a very strange noise............................midnight. (on, in, at, out)

14. Our little brother took a long nap from 1p.m........................4p.m. (till, up, between, at)
15. The competitions will take place....................8a.m and 12a.m. (from, between, up to, to)
II.Supply the correct word form.
1. He is a famous stamp (collect).
2. He has a fine stamp (collect).
3. They (invitation) me to join their family to Hue last year.
4. It is an (interest) journey.
5. He is (interest) in playing soccer.
6. It was an (enjoy) day.
7. She sings very (beautiful).
8. The accident happens because of driving (care).
9. You should (relaxation) for an hour.
10.
There is a (park) lot near my house.
III.Put the correct prepositions in brackets:
1.I haven’t seen Mai for a few days. I last saw her ……..Saturday.
2.I’ll phone you ………Sunday evening ………about 7 o’clock.
3.Tom went to bed………midnight and got up ……….5.30 the next morning.
4………..Sunday morning,we usually go for a walk………the park.
5.We usually gather………Henry’s home………..Christmas.
6.The door bell and the telephone rang………..the same time.
7.Ben has been invited to a wedding…………20 February.
8.Mr Thanh isn’t here …………. the moment.He’ll be back……..a few minutes.
9.I haven’t seen Liz…………Monday.
10.Can I meet you………..8 a.m and 9 a.m.

------------------------------------------------------BUỔI 8 : REPORTED SPEECH
A. Aim: By the end of the lesson ss are able to know how to use the reported speech
B. Procedure:
I. REPORTED SPEECH (Lời nãi gi¸n tiÕp )
* Lêi nãi gi¸n tiÕp(Dicrect and Indirect Speeches)

17


1. Giới thiệu: Trong c©u trùc tiÕp th«ng tin ®i th¼ng tõ ngưêi thø nhÊt
sang ngêi thø hai (ngưêi thø nhÊt nãi trùc tiÕp víi ngêi thø hai). Lời nãi
trực tiếp thường được thể hiện bởi: c¸c dấu ngoặc kÐp " " - tức là lời nói
được đặt trong dấu ngoặc kÐp.
VÝ dụ: 1- He said, “I learn English”.
2- "I love you," she said.


Trong c©u gi¸n tiếp, th«ng tin đi từ người thứ nhất qua người thứ hai
đến người thứ ba. Khi đã c©u có biến đổi về mặt ngữ ph¸p.

He said he had bought a new motorbike for himself the day before.
- Nếu động từ chÝnh ở hiện tại đơn, th× hiện tại hoàn thành, hoặc tương lai
đơn th× trong lời nãi trÝch dẫn ta kh«ng đổi th× của động từ, chỉ đổi đại
từ.
Ex: 1. The farmer says, “I hope it will rain tomorrow”.
= The farmer says that he hopes it will rain tomorrow.
2. She has said, “I’m tired now.” = She has said (that) she had lost his umbrella
Notes: - Nếu động từ tường thuật là “say”, “tell + O” th× ta thường bỏ “that” trong
c©u gi¸n tiếp
- Nếu động từ tường thuật là “complain, explain, point out…..” ta phải giữ lại
“that”
2. Những thay đổi trong lời nãi TRực và Gi¸n tiếp:
2.1 Đổi th× cña c©u:
Th× của c¸c động từ trong lời nãi gi¸n tiếp thay đổi theo một nguyên tắc
chung là lïi về qu¸ khứ (c¸c th× xuống cấp):
- Hiện tại đơn
- Hiện tại tiếp diễn
- Hiện tại hoàn thành
- Hiện tại hoàn thành TD
- Qóa khứ đơn
- Qóa khứ hoàn thành
- Tương lai đơn
18


- Tương lai TD
- Is/am/are going to do
- Can/may/must do
H·y xem những vÝ dụ sau ®©y:
He does
He is doing
He has done
He has been doing
He did
He was doing
He had done
He will do
He will be doing
He will have done
He may do
He may be doing
He can do
He can have done
He must do/have to do
2.2 C¸c thay đổi kh¸c:
a. Thay đổi Đại từ
C¸c đại từ nh©n xưng và đại sở hữu khi chuyển từ lời nãi trực tiếp sang lời
nãi gi¸n tiếp thay đổi như bảng sau:
ĐẠI TỪ
Đại từ
nhân xưng

19


Đại từ
sở hữu

b. C¸c thay đổi ở trạng từ kh«ng gian và thời gian:

This
That
These
Here
Now
Today
Ago
Tomorrow
The day after tomorrow
Yesterday
The day before yesterday
Next week
Last week
20


Last year
Ví dụ:
Trực tiếp: "I saw the school-boy here in this room today."
Gi¸n tiếp: She said that she had seen the school-boy there in that room
that day.
Trực tiếp: "I will read these letters now."
Gi¸n tiếp: She said that she would read those letters then.
Ngoài quy tắc chung trªn d©y, người học cần chớ rằng t×nh huống thật
và thời gian khi hành động được thuật lại đóng vai trß rất quan trọng
trong khi chuyển từ lời nói trực tiếp sang lời nãi gi¸n tiếp.
c. C¸c trường hợp kh«ng đổi thời
– Sự thật, sự việc lu«n ®óng
“The earth moves round the sun” he said.
–> He said that the earth moves round the sun.
II. Imperatives :
Direct speech
Indirect speech
Affirmative V1 + ……
S+ told / asked B + to + V1 + ……
Imperative Mike said to Henry, “Give me my
Mike told Mary to give him his book back.
book back, please.”
Negative
Don’t + V1 + ……
S+ told / asked B + not + to + V1 + ……
Imperative "Don't play on the grass, boys,"
She asks the boys not to play on the grass.
she said.
B. Practice:
I. Change into reported speech: (Affirmative Imperatives: )
He said to me:” Let’s go to the zoo.”

She said to the passer-by:” go straight ahead for two blocks and turn left.”

She said to her classmate:” Be quiet, please!”

The teacher said to his student:” Write these sentences.”

She said to me:” behave to your parents as your friend tells you.”

He said to us, "Run more quickly."
→ He
The mother said to her son, “ move here, please.”
→ The mother
My sister said to me, “ Open the window.”
21


1

1

→ My sister
II. Change into reported speech: Negative Imperatives:
He said to me:” Don’t make a noise.”

She said to the passer-by:” Don’t turn left at the two blocks ahead.”
→ She said to her classmate:” Don’t talk in class.”
The teacher said to his student:” Don’t touch that new board.”

She said to me:” Don’t believe everything your friend tells you.”

He said to us, "Don't go too far."
→ He
The mother said to her son, “ Don’t put off your coat, please.”
→ The mother
My sister said to me, “Don’t open the window.”
→ My sister
III. Homework: - Redo the exercises and learn by heart the form , tructures
--------------------------------------------------------BUỔI 9 : QUESTIONS IN REPORTED SPEECH
A. Aims: By the end of the lesson ss are able to know how to use the reported speech in
the statements and the questions
B. Procedure:
* Questions:
I. Change into reported speech: Statements:
She said:” I can’t find my umbrella.”
→ ………………………….....................................................................………
Tom said:” My friend is coming next week.”
→ ………………………….........................................................................…………
2. We said:” We shall overcome this difficulty.”
→ …………………………...........................................................………
3. The boy said to the neighbor:” I’m going on holiday tomorrow.”
→ ………………………….........................................................................……………
4. The teacher said to his class:” You will have to finish all these exercises before next
week.”
→ .........................................................................................................................................
5. Peter said:” I enjoy looking at myself in the mirror.”
→…………………………......................................................................................
………
6. Nam said “I am told to be at school before 7 o’clock.”
à Nam said…………………………............................................................
7. Lan said “I will be very busy tomorrow.”
à Lan said………………………….......................................................…
8. Thu said “All the students will have a meeting next week.”
à Thu said………………………….................................................................
9. Phong said “My parents are very proud of my good marks.”
àPhong said……………………….......................................................................………
22


10. My teacher said to me “You should read these books.”
à My teacher told …………………………......................................................................................…
11 Hoa said “I may visit my parents next summer.”
à Hoa said…………………………..................................................................................
12 Her father said to her “You can go to the movies with your friend.”
à Her father told…………………………...........................................................................
13 The coach told the players “You have to train harder for the next match.”

à The coach said…………………………......................................................................................……………………
II. Questions in indirect speech
Direct speech
Indirect speech
Yes / No questions
1. S+ asked B + if / whether + S + V2 + ……
1 “Do you know My Son, Nga?” Nhi
= Nhi asked Nga if/ whether she knew My Son.
asked.
= Nhi asked Nga if/ whether My Son was
2 “Is My Son far from Hanoi? Nhi
far from Hanoi.
asked.
= He asked if/ whether she would be there
3 He said, “Will you be here
the next day.
tomorrow?”
4 “Is there a post office near here?” she = She asked me if/ whether there was a post
office near there.
asked me.
2. Wh_questions
2 S+ asked B + Wh- / How + S + V2 + ……
He said, “Where is she going?”
= He asked where she was going.
= He asked where she lived.
He said, “Where does she live?”
= He asked who lived next door.
“Who lives next door?”
II.1. Practice:
II.2. Change into reported speech: (Wh- / How questions: )
1
“Where are you going?” Lan asked.
à Lan..................................................................................................................................
2. “How far is it from HCM to Vung Tau?” A tourist asked.
à A tourist asked me..................................................................................................
3. “How many people are there in your family?”
à She asked Ha......................................................................................................
4. “How do you go to the airport?”
à His friend asked him............................................................................................
5. “Where do you learn English?”
à She asked Lan...........................................................................................
6. “What aspect of learning English do the students find most difficult?”
à The teacher asked me ........................................................................................
7. “What time do schools begin?”
à He asked...........................................................................................................
8. “How long will you stay in England?”
à Tam’s friend asked him......................................................................................
9. “What do you think about language learning?”
à Ba asked his sister.................................................................................................
10. “Why is she crying?”
à Thu asked Hoa.......................................................................................................
II.3 Change into reported speech: (Yes / No questions: )
23


1. “Do you like sports?”
à Hoa asked Lan.....................................................................................................
2. “Does Hoa play soccer?”
à Lan asked Thu.......................................................................................................
3. “Will it rain tomorrow morning?”
à She asked her friend...............................................................................................
4. “Are Tam and Hoa late for class?”
à Tuan asked Lan.......................................................................................................
5. “Do you need an umbrella to go out?”
à He asked me…………………………......................................................................
6. “Have you worked here before?” She said to him
..........................................................................................................................................
7. “Do you have to work on Saturday?” she said to him
.…………………………………………………………………………………………
8.“Does your room have a window?” she asked
.…………………………………………………………………………………………
9 . " Would it be alright if I had the day off?” she said to her boss.
.…………………………………………………………………………………………
1 Can you borrow your pen please, HA? She asked
.…………………………………………………………………………………………
2 he asked me “Why didn’t you come to class yesterday?”
.…………………………………………………………………………………………
3 “Do you know where my tennis racquet is, Mum?” she asked her Mum.
.…………………………………………………………………………………………
4 “Was Ha at work yesterday?” she her secretary
.…………………………………………………………………………………………
5 “Were your children at home last night?” he said.
.…………………………………………………………………………………………
6 “Did you read the article about Prince Diana?” she asked him
.…………………………………………………………………………………………
-----------------------------------------------------BUỔI 10:
REVIEW
A. Aim: By the end of the lesson ss will be able to do some exercises
B. procedure:
* Question: Test 1
I. choose the word that has the underlined part pronouned differently from the rest.
1. A. primary
B. satify
C. variety
D. biology
2. A. book
B. typhoon
C. cook
D. flood
3. A. dynamite
B. terrify
C. symbol
D. deny
II, Choose the best answer to complete the sentence:
1, I wish I (will visit/ could visit/ visit) President Ho’s Mausoleum in Ha Noi
someday.
2, We love (to watch/ watching/ watch) cartoon on TV everynight.
3, The oil spill has (pollute/ polluted/ pollution) the sea.
24


4, She is a singer, she is very good( on/ at/ in) singing.
5, The box is (so/ such/ too/ ) heavy that noone can lift it.
6, At 9 last night, Mai (do/ is doing/ was doing) her homework.
7, Lan is interested (at/ in/ on) learning French.
8, They have lived in Viet Nam (since/ ago/ for) 5 years.
III. Using the correct form of the word in brackets:
1, Mr.Nam is a teacher . Now he (teach) at Le Loi school ...........................
2, Today is (beautiful) than yesterday. ......................................................
3, What a (beauty) girl! ..............................................................................
4, Who is the (tall) in your class? ...............................................................
5, Doctor Jone’s (invent) is well known all over the
world.........................
6, He seldom (do) his homework. He is a lazy student........................
7, If I (be) you, I would take some rest before the game tommorow..............
8. I was very (bore) with the film last night………………………………..
IV. Rewrite the following sentences:
1, “Is she a nurse?” Nga asked
-> Nga asked me............................................................................................
2, The girl was so beautiful that everyone admired her
-> It was such a………………………………………………………………
3, In my family, no one is taller than my father.
-> My father is the..............................................................................................
4, They are going to build a new house next week.
-> A new house is...............................................................................................
5, Nga is too short to reach the shelves.
-> Nga is not........................................................................................................
6, They are very poor, they want to build a house.
-> They wished....................................................................................................
V. Read the folowing passage and answer the questions:
In Western countries, electricity, gas, and water are not luxury but necessities.Company
now realize that consumers want products that will not only work effectively, but also
save money.
For most North American households, lighting acounts for 10 percent to 15 percent
of the electricity bill. However, this amount can reduced by replacing an ordinary 100watt light bulb with an energy saving bulb. These bulbs use a quarter of the electricity of
standard bulbs and last eight time longer. Therefore cosumers can save about US7 to
US21 per bulb.In Europe, there is a labeling scheme for refrigerators, freezers, washing
machines and tuble dryers. The lable tell the consumers how much energy efficiency each
model has, compared with other appliences in the same category.
25


Tài liệu bạn tìm kiếm đã sẵn sàng tải về

Tải bản đầy đủ ngay

×