Tải bản đầy đủ

PART 1

PART 1. PICTURE DESCRIPTION
I.
PEOPLE
1. Gesture with face
a. Eyes
No.
1.
2.

Word/

Part of

Collocation
Check sth

speech
V

Examine sth


3.

Gaze at sth

4.

Glance at sth

5.

Inspect sth

V
V
V
V

Phonetic

Meaning

Example

/ʧɛk/

Kiểm tra

The woman is checking some

Kiểm tra, khảo

information
He is examining an X-ray image.

/ɪgˈzæmɪn/
/geɪz æt /

sát
Nhìn chằm chằm A man is gazing at the computer


/glɑːns æt/

Liếc nhìn

screen.
Both of them are glancing at the

/ɪnˈspɛkt/

Kiểm tra, thanh

screen
She is inspecting some documents

6.

Look at sth

V

/lʊk æt/

tra
Nhìn

7.

Review sth

V

/rɪˈvjuː/

Xem xét

8.

Stare at sth

V

/steər/ /æt/

9.

View sth

10. Watch sth

on the table.
The man is looking at the door.
He is reviewing some papers.

Nhìn chằm chằm The woman is staring at the

V

/vjuː/

Xem, xem xét

window.
They are viewing some slides.

V

/wɒʧ/

Quan sát, nhìn

They are watching movies in the

theo dõi

living room.

b. Mouth
No.

Word/

Part of

Collocation
11. Talk to sb

speech
V

Phonetic

Meaning

Example

/tɔːk/ /tʊ/

Nói chuyện

The man is talking to the woman.

12. Speak to sb

V

/spiːk/ /tʊ/

Nói

The policeman is speaking to a

/həv/ /ə/ /

Có cuộc hội

kid.
They are having a conversation

ˌkɒnvə

thoại

13. Have a
conversation

V

with their teacher.


with sb
14. Give a
lecture to sb
15. Make a call
16. Address
oneself to
17. Deliver a
speech
18. Give a
speech
19. Laugh at sth
20. Smile at sb/

V

ˈseɪʃən/ /wɪð/
/gɪv/ /ə/ /

Giảng bài,

The professor is giving a lecture

V

ˈlɛkʧə/ /tʊ/
/meɪk/ /ə/ /kɔːl/

thuyết trình
Gọi điện

to the class.
The business woman is making a

/əˈdrɛs/

thoại
Nói chuyện

call at her office.
The teacher is addressing herself

V

/dɪˈlɪvər/ /ə/

riêng với
Phát biểu

to the pupil at the front table.
The speaker is delivering a

V

/spiːʧ/
/gɪv/ /ə/ /spiːʧ/

Phát biểu

speech in the meeting room.
A woman is giving a speech to

V

V
V

/lɑːf/ /æt/
/smaɪl/ /æt/

Cười

the audience.
People are laughing

Cười

comedies.
The child is smiling at his

sth

at

the

puppies.

2. Gestures with hands
No.
21.
22.
23.
24.

Word/

Part of

Collocation
Carry sth
Move sth
Hold sth

speech
V
V
V

Use sth

V

Phonetic

Meaning

Example

/ˈkæri/
/muːv/
/həʊld/

Mang, vác
Di chuyển
Cầm, nắm

He is carrying a box full of items
They are moving a heavy object.
A woman is holding a pen in her

Dùng

right hand.
He is using a public phone on the

/juːz/

25.
26.

Operating sth
Shake hands

V
V

/ˈɒpəreɪtɪŋ/
/ʃeɪk/

Vận hành
Bắt tay

street.
She is operating the machine.
The businessmen are shaking hands

27.

Point at sth

V

/hændz/
/pɔɪnt/ /æt/

Chỉ

with each other.
The speaker is pointing at the

Vỗ tay

screen.
The audience are applauding at a
concert.
They are

28.

Applaud

V

/əˈplɔːd/

29.

Clap for

V

/klæp/ /fɔː/

Vỗ tay

30.
31.

Touch sth
Reach for sth

V

/tʌʧ/
/riːʧ/ /fɔː/

Chạm, sờ
Với

performance
She is touching her cheek.
The doctor is reaching for the

Chọn, cầm lên

monitor.
They are picking up some apples

32.

Pick up sth

V

/pɪk/ /ʌp/

clapping

for

the


33.

Stretch

V

/strɛʧ/

Kéo, duỗi ra

from the shelf.
A woman is stretching one of her
arms.

3. Postures
No.
34.
35.

Word/

Part of

Collocation
Stand on

speech
V

Stand across

Phonetic

Meaning

Example

/stænd/ /ɒn/

Đứng trên

The conductor is standing on

V

/stænd/ /ə

Đứng phía trước

across from the men.
The cashier is standing in front

Ngồi xung quanh

of the counter.
They are all sitting around a

Ngồi đối diện

conference table.
One woman is sitting across

36.

Stand in

V

ˈkrɒs/
/stænd/ /ɪn/

37.

front of
Sit around

V

/frʌnt/ /ɒv/
/sɪt/ /əˈraʊnd/

38.

Sit across

V

/sɪt/ /əˈkrɒs/

Đứng đối diện

the platform.
The women

are

standing

39.
40.

Sit in rows
Sit on

V
V

/sɪt/ /ɪn/ /rəʊz/
/sɪt/ /ɒn/

Ngồi theo hang
Ngồi trên

from the rest.
The people are seated in rows
There are passengers sitting on

41.

Lean on

V

/liːn/ /ɒn/

Dựa vào

the bus.
One woman is leaning on the

42.

Lean against

V

/liːn/ /əˈgɛnst/

Dựa vào

other.
The women are leaning against

Nghỉ ngơi

the lamp post.
The women are resting on the

43.

Rest

V

/rɛst/

44.

Walk through

V

/wɔːk/ /θruː/

Đi xuyên qua

benches
They are walking through the

45.

Walk hand in

V

/wɔːk/

Đi bộ tay trong

forest
The girls are walking hand in

/hænd/ /ɪn/

tay

hand

/hænd/
/wɔːk/ /əˈkrɒs/

Đi bộ sang phía

Some

/strəʊl/ /əˈlɒŋ/

bên kia
Đi bộ/ tản bộ dọc

hand
46.
47.

Walk across
Stroll along

V
V

theo
4. Appearance

people

are

walking

across the street.
People are strolling along the
waterfront.


No.
48.
49.

Word/

Part of

Collocation
Wear sth

speech
V

Have sth on

50.

Be dressed

V

Phonetic

Meaning

Example

/weə/

Đeo, mặc

They are wearing protective

Đeo, măc

helmets.
The couple have sunglasses

/hæv/ /ɒn/

V

formally

on.
They are dressed formally.

/biː/

Mặc trang trọng,

/drɛst/ /

lịch sự
Mặc không trịnh

The

51.

Be dressed

V

ˈfɔːməli/
/biː/ / drɛst/

52.

casually
Put on sth

V

/ˈkæʒjʊəli/
/pʊt/ /ɒn/

trọng
Mặc vào, đeo vào

casually at the school festival.
A man is putting on his name

53.

Try on sth

V

/traɪ/ /ɒn/

Thử đồ

tag
A woman is trying on some

Tháo, cởi
Tháo, cởi

shoes
He is removing his glasses.
He is taking off his striped

54.
55.

Remove sth
Take off sth/

V
V

/rɪˈmuːv/
/teɪk/ /ɒf/

take sth off

students

are

dressed

sweater

II.
THINGS DESCRIPTION
1. Transportation
a. Vehicle
No.

Word/

Part of
speech
V

Phonetic

Meaning

Example

56.

Collocation
Park alongside

/pɑːk/ /əˈlɒŋ

Đỗ xe dọc theo

Each truck is parked alongside

57.

sth
Park next to sth

V

ˈsaɪd/
/pɑːk/

Đỗ xe bên cạnh

another truck.
Trucks have been parked next

V

/nɛkst/ /tuː/
/pleɪs/ /ɒn/

Đặt trên

to the building
A car has been placed on the

Để mở

truck.
The car door has been left

58.
59.

Place on sth
Left open

V

/lɛft/ /

Được nâng lên

open.
The vehicles have been raised

Được nâng lên

into the air.
The vehicle has been elevated

60.

Be raised into

V

ˈəʊpən/
/reɪz/ /ˈɪntuː/

61.

Be elevated for

V

/biː/ /

sth/ doing sth
62.

Be loaded in

ˈɛlɪveɪtɪd/
V

/fɔː/
/biː/ /

for repairs.
Được xếp lên

Some bags have been loaded


63.
64.

Be left near sth
Put air into the

V

ˈləʊdɪd/ /ɪn/
/biː/ /lɛft/

V

/nɪə/
/pʊt/ /eər/ /

tire

Được để gần

in the back of the vehicle.
Three bicycles have been left

Bơm xe

near the tracks.
People are putting air into the

ˈɪntuː/ /ðə/ /

tires.

ˈtaɪə/
No
.
65.

Word/
Collocation
Land on

Part of
speech
V

Phonetic

Meaning

Example

/lænd/ /ɒn/

Hạ cánh ở

The helicopters have landed on

V
Adj

/teɪk/ /ɒf/
/ɒn/ /ðə/ /

Cất cánh
Trên đường bang

the grass.
The plane is taking off.
There are several airplanes on

68.

Be tied up

V

ˈrʌnweɪ/
/biː/ /taɪd/

Được cột vào

the runway
The boats are tied up along the

69.

Pass under sth

V

/ʌp/
/pɑːs/ /

Đi phía dưới

water’s edge.
A boat is about to pass under

V

ˈʌndə/
/bɔːd/ /ə/

Lên máy bay

the bridge.
The passengers are boarding a

Tiếp viên hàng

plane.
A flight attendant is serving

66.
67.

Take off
On the runway

70.

Board a plane

71.

Flight attendant

N

/pleɪn/
/flaɪt/ /ə

72.

Ground crew

N

ˈtɛndənt/
/graʊnd/

không
Nhân viên kỹ

water to the passenger.
The ground crew is examining

73.

In the departure

Adj

/kruː/
/ɪn/ /ðə/ /dɪ

thuật mặt đất
Phòng chờ khởi

the aircraft.
People are waiting to board in

ˈpɑːʧə/

hành

lounge

the departure lounge.

/laʊnʤ/

b. Road & Street
No

Word/

Part of

.
74.

Collocation
a lot of traffic

speech
N

75.

curves into sth

V

76.

one - way traffic

N

Phonetic

Meaning

Example

Nhiều phương

There is a lot of traffic on the

tiện lưu thông
Uốn cong theo

street.
The road curves into the

Đường 1 chiều

distance
The street is open to one - way
traffic only.


77.

on the road

78.

be resurfaced

Adv

ở trên đường

There aren’t any cars on the

road.
(mặt đường) được The road is being resurfaced

V

làm lại, làm mới
2. Architecture
a. Building
No

Word/

Part of

.
79.

Collocation
At the foot of sth

speech
Adj

Phonetic

Meaning

Example

/æt/ /ðə/

ở chân (núi,

There are buildings at the foot

Adj

/fʊt/ /ɒv/
/əˈraʊnd/

tháp,..)
Xung quanh tòa

of the mountain.
Workers are standing around

nhà
Gần sông

the building.
There are buildings near the

80.

Around the

81.

building
Near the river

Adj

/ðə/ /ˈbɪldɪŋ/
/nɪə/ /ðə/ /

82.

Overlook sth

V

ˈrɪvə/
/ˌəʊvəˈlʊk/

Nhìn ra, xoay ra

/ɒn/

phía
ở 2 phía

83.

On both sides of

Adj

sth

/bəʊθ/

river.
Buildings overlook the lake.
Buildings are on both sides of
the street.

/saɪdz/ /ɒv/
b. Construction
No

Word/

.
84.

Collocation
building

Part of

Phonetic

Meaning

Example

speech
N

/ˈbɪldɪŋ/ /mə

85.

material
Be painted

V

ˈtɪərɪəl/
/biː/ /

Được sơn

piled up behind the vehicle
The building is being painted

86.

Be demolished

V

ˈpeɪntɪd/
/biː/ /dɪ

Bị phá hủy

A fence is being demolished

V

ˈmɒlɪʃt/
/biː/

(Đường) được lát

The path is being paved with

V

/peɪvd/ /wɪð/
/pɔː/ /ðə/ /

bằng
Đổ bê tông

bricks.
The workers are pouring the

87.

Be paved with

88.

sth
Pour the
concrete

Vật liệu xây dựng Some building materials

ˈkɒnkriːt/

concrete in to the tank.

3. Scenery
No

Word/

Part of

Phonetic

Meaning

Example

are


.
89.

Collocation
Flow over

speech
V

Chảy qua

The water is flowing over the

/biː/ /

Được trồng theo

rocks.
The trees have been planted in

rows

ˈplɑːntɪd/ /ɪn/

hàng

91.

In the

Adj

/rəʊz/
/ɪn/ /ðə/ /

Ở phía sau

There is a mountain in the

92.

background
In the forest

Adj

ˈbækgraʊnd/
/ɪn/ /ðə/ /

Ở trong rừng

background
There is a lot of grass in the

93.

Flow down

V

ˈfɒrɪst/
/fləʊ/ /daʊn/

Chảy xuống

forest
The river is flowing down the

90.

Be planted in

94.

At the bottom of

95.

sth
Extend from sth

96.

Rough

97.

Be reflected in

98.

sth
along the edge

99.

of sth
Line sth

V

/fləʊ/ /ˈəʊvə/

rows

Adj

/æt/ /ðə/ /

Ở dưới chân/

mountain
There is a lake at the bottom

V

ˈbɒtəm/ /ɒv/
/ɪksˈtɛnd/

dưới đáy
Kéo dài từ

of the hill.
A ramp extends from the shore

Adj

/frɒm/
/rʌf/

Dữ dội, gồ ghề

to the boat
The water in the harbour is

V

/biː/ /rɪ

Phản chiếu vào

rough.
The birds are reflected in the

Adj

ˈflɛktɪd/ /ɪn/
/əˈlɒŋ/ /ði/

Ven theo mép

pond.
The horse is walking along the

V

/ɛʤ/ /ɒv/
/laɪn/

Kéo dài dọc theo

edge of the water.
Many trees line the water

4. Household Items
a. Store & Product, Interior Decoration
No

Word/

.
Collocation
100. Lay out sth

Part of
speech
V

Phonetic

Meaning

Example

/leɪ/ /aʊt/

Bày ra, để ra

Different kinds of bread are

101. Attach to sth

V

/əˈtæʧ/ /tuː/

Đính kèm

laid out for sale.
Labels have been attached to

102. Stack on sth

V

/stæk/ /ɒn/

Xếp chồng lên

the bottles
The bottles are stacked on top

103. Decorate

V

/ˈdɛkəreɪt/

Trang trí

of each other.
The
cakes

have

been

104. Be displayed

V

/biː/ /dɪs

Được trưng bày

decorated
The items are displayed in the

105. flower

N

ˈpleɪd/
/ˈflaʊər/ /ə

Bình hoa

showcase
A large flower arrangement is


arrangement
106. Fill with sth
107. Be hung on sth
108. Above the

V

ˈreɪnʤmənt/
/fɪl/ /wɪð/

V

/biː/ /hʌŋ/

Adj

/ɒn/
/əˈbʌv/ /ðə/ /

fireplace

Làm đầy

on the table.
The vases are filled with

Được treo trên

flowers.
Pictures are hung on the wall

Trên lò sưởi

near the windows.
There are candles above the

ˈfaɪəˌpleɪs/

fireplace.

b. Appliance and Equipment
No

Word/

.
Collocation
To
be located
109.
110. Cover with
111. Be neatly

Part of

Phonetic

Meaning

Example

/tuː/ /biː/

Được đặt ở

The table is located in front of

V

/ləʊˈkeɪtɪd/
/ˈkʌvə/

Bao phủ

the sofa
The table is entirely covered

V

/wɪð/
/biː/ /

speech
V

with a table-cloth
Được sắp xếp gọn Pillows are neatly arranged on

arranged

ˈniːtli/ /ə

112. Folded blanket

N

ˈreɪnʤd/
/ˈfəʊldɪd/ /

113. in the corner of

Adj

ˈblæŋkɪt/
/ɪn/ /ðə/ /

Ở trong góc

blankets on the sofa.
There is a television in the

sth
114. Be arranged by

V

ˈkɔːnər/ /ɒv/
/biː/ /ə

Được sắp xếp

corner of the room.
The saucepans are arranged by

ˈreɪnʤd/

theo kích cỡ

size.

/baɪ/ /saɪz/
/ɒn/ /ðə/

Ở phía bên trái

/lɛft/

của

of the bed.

/saɪd/ /ɒv/
/tɜːn/ /ɒf/

Tắt

The hall lights have all been

size
115. on the left side

Adj

of sth
116. Turn off

V

gàng

the bed.

Chăn đã được gấp There

are

some

folded

There is a lamp on the left side

turned off



Tài liệu bạn tìm kiếm đã sẵn sàng tải về

Tải bản đầy đủ ngay

×