Nilnaj Chaitanawisuti, Anutr Kritsanapuntu, 1998. Effects of stocking density and substrate presence on growth and survival of juvenile spotted babylon, Babylonia areolata link 1807 (Neogastropoda: Buccinidae). Oceanographic Literature Review. 9(45):1682.
Abstract Effects of stocking density and substrate presence on the growth and survival of juvenile spotted babylon, Babylonia areolata, were assessed over a period of 180 days. Juveniles, with an average shell length of 15.0 ± 0.4 mm (n = 25), were held in 1.0 x 1.0 x 0.8 ]m flow-through rearing tanks supplied with filtered (1 μm pore size) aerated seawater at a rate of 5 L/min. Juveniles were divided into four stocking densities at 50, 100, 150, and 200 individuals/m2 with sand substrate or no sand substrate in the rearing tank. Juveniles were fed to satiation twice daily with fresh carangid fish, Selaroides leptolepis. The results showed that absolute growth rates in shell length and body weight of juveniles reared with sand were significantly (p < 0.05) higher than those without sand, but no significant differences were found among the densities. Average length increment ranged from 3.3 to 3.8 and 2.1 to 2.7 mm/mo for sand and no sand substrate, respectively. Mortality during the experiment, at all densities, was negligible. Mean survival ranged from 92 to 100% and 83 to 95% for sand and no sand substrate, respectively. It may be concluded that growth, in both shell length and body
weight, and survival of juvenile B. areolata are considerably affected by the presence of substrate, but not by stocking density (up to 200 individuals per m2).