Jareeporn Ruangsri o 1 Email authorView author's OrcID profile
Jumreonsri Thawonsuwan o 2 Sunee Wanlem o 3 Boonsirm Withyachumnarnkul o 4
1. 1.Department of Fishery and Coastal Resources, Faculty of Science and Industrial TechnologyPrince of Songkla UniversityMuangThailand 2. 2.Songkhla Aquatic Animal Health Research CenterSongkhlaThailand 3. 3.Faculty of Veterinary SciencePrince of Songkla UniversitySongkhlaThailand 4. 4.Aqua Academy Farm138 Tha ChanaThailand Original Article Aquaculture First Online: 05 March 2018
Cellular and humoral effectors are imperative for the innate defense mechanisms of invertebrates, including the spotted babylon snail Babylonia areolata, a marine gastropod belonging to the family Buccinidae. In this study, we have investigated the influence of body size [5–8 g (small), 10–12 g (medium) and 15–17 g (large)], and culture waters of varied quality [natural seawater, low salinity, low alkalinity, high total ammonia nitrogen (TAN) and artificial seawater] on some hemato-immunological parameters [total hemocytic counts (THC), hemolymphatic glucose, total protein concentration, phenoloxidase (PO), agglutinating and lysozyme activity] of the snail. Growth performance measures and survival of test snails were also evaluated after rearing them in culture water of varied quality. Body size did not influence most parameters assessed, except that the lysozyme and PO activities of medium and large-size snails were higher than those of the small-size snails. Sub-optimal culture water quality affected hemato-immunological factors, growth and/or survival of the spotted babylon snail. Seawater with low salinity, low alkalinity and a high TAN level caused decreased THC, hemolymphatic glucose, and PO activity; increased lysozyme activity; and clearly retarded growth of the snail.
The snails held in artificial seawater could not survive after 4 weeks, suggesting the lack of certain essential factors necessary for their survival.
Keywords Growth performance Innate defense Culture water Artificial seawater Marine gastropod This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Notes Acknowledgements This research was financially supported by Prince of Songkla University, Surat Thani Campus, Thailand. Nirut Sukasem and his staff at Rajabhut Phuket University are gratefully acknowledged for their help in conducting the experiments with sub-optimal water quality conditions. We thank Associate Prof. Dr. Seppo Karrila for checking the English language.
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