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Effect of body size and sub optimal water qual


Effect of body size and sub-optimal water
quality on some hemato-immunological
parameters of spotted babylon snail
Babylonia areolata
AuthorsAuthors and affiliations
11-14 phút

Jareeporn Ruangsri
Jumreonsri Thawonsuwan
Sunee Wanlem
Boonsirm Withyachumnarnkul

Jareeporn Ruangsri
o 1
Email authorView author's OrcID profile

Jumreonsri Thawonsuwan
o 2
Sunee Wanlem
o 3
Boonsirm Withyachumnarnkul
o 4

1. 1.Department of Fishery and Coastal Resources, Faculty of Science and Industrial
TechnologyPrince of Songkla UniversityMuangThailand
2. 2.Songkhla Aquatic Animal Health Research CenterSongkhlaThailand
3. 3.Faculty of Veterinary SciencePrince of Songkla UniversitySongkhlaThailand
4. 4.Aqua Academy Farm138 Tha ChanaThailand
Original Article Aquaculture
First Online: 05 March 2018


Cellular and humoral effectors are imperative for the innate defense mechanisms of
invertebrates, including the spotted babylon snail Babylonia areolata, a marine gastropod
belonging to the family Buccinidae. In this study, we have investigated the influence of body
size [5–8 g (small), 10–12 g (medium) and 15–17 g (large)], and culture waters of varied quality
[natural seawater, low salinity, low alkalinity, high total ammonia nitrogen (TAN) and artificial
seawater] on some hemato-immunological parameters [total hemocytic counts (THC),
hemolymphatic glucose, total protein concentration, phenoloxidase (PO), agglutinating and
lysozyme activity] of the snail. Growth performance measures and survival of test snails were
also evaluated after rearing them in culture water of varied quality. Body size did not influence
most parameters assessed, except that the lysozyme and PO activities of medium and large-size
snails were higher than those of the small-size snails. Sub-optimal culture water quality affected
hemato-immunological factors, growth and/or survival of the spotted babylon snail. Seawater
with low salinity, low alkalinity and a high TAN level caused decreased THC, hemolymphatic
glucose, and PO activity; increased lysozyme activity; and clearly retarded growth of the snail.

The snails held in artificial seawater could not survive after 4 weeks, suggesting the lack of
certain essential factors necessary for their survival.

Growth performance Innate defense Culture water Artificial seawater Marine gastropod
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This research was financially supported by Prince of Songkla University, Surat Thani Campus,
Thailand. Nirut Sukasem and his staff at Rajabhut Phuket University are gratefully
acknowledged for their help in conducting the experiments with sub-optimal water quality
conditions. We thank Associate Prof. Dr. Seppo Karrila for checking the English language.

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© Japanese Society of Fisheries Science 2018

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