Quản lý nhà nước đối với hoạt động quan hệ quốc tế của giáo hội công giáo việt nam tt (2)
NATIONAL ACADEMY OF PUPLIC ADMINISTRATION
PHAN THI MY BINH
STATE MANAGEMENT FOR INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS ACTIVITIES OF THE VIETNAMESE CATHOLIC ASSOCIATION
Major: Public Management Code: 9.34.04.03 SUMMARY OF DOCTORAL THESIS IN PUBLIC MANAGEMENT
Supervisors: Associate Professor Ph. D. Hoang Van Chuc Associate Professor Ph. D. Nguyen Thanh Xuan Reviewer 1: ………………………………………………… Reviewer 2: ………………………………………………… Reviewer 3: …………………………………………………
The thesis is presented at the Academy-level Thesis Assessment Council At National Academy of Public Administration Time: ... date ... month ... 2018
The thesis can be found at: - The Vietnam National Library - Library of National Academy of Public Administration
has become popular in modern society. Globalization has influenced and governed to all domains including religion. With this general trend, Viet Nam has participated in international integration since 1986, together with religion. Most of religions in Viet Nam have the international relations with the foreign religious organizations, without excluding Vietnamese Catholic Association. International relations activities help Vietnamese Catholic Association on organizational maturity Church, expanding the exchange activities of purely religious activities, raising the qualification of dignitaries in the Church. International
Association is a special type because apart the relationship on the church organization it is also diplomatic relations between the two countries. Meanwhile, state management practices for international relations activities of religions in general and Catholic Church in particular is a complex and difficult task. Just to ensure religious freedoms accord with Viet Nam and international law, just to assure the international relations policy of the Party and State, just to struggle against religion undermining the advantage of the industrial revolution. With the current globalization context, the international relations of
religions is increasingly rich, diverse and complex. Especially now the State of Viet Nam has not been planning a strategy for foreign religions
Catholic Association” as the topic of doctoral thesis Public Management. 2. Aims and Objectives 2.1. Aims Research state management for the international relations activities of Vietnamese Catholic Association, hence suggest some solutions to perfect state management regarding the international relations activities of Catholic Church in Viet Nam Association. 2.2. Objectives - Overview of research on state management for the international relations activities of Vietnamese Catholic Association. - Clarify the scientific basic in state management for the international relations activities of Vietnamese Catholic Association. - Analyze the actual situation of the international relations activities and state management for the international relations activities of Vietnamese Catholic Association. - Analyze the orientation and propose solutions in order to futher improve state management for the international relations activities of Vietnamese Catholic Association. 3. Subjects and Scope of study 3.1. Subjects State management for the international relations activities of
- About space: The subject study deployed research on Viet Nam territory. - About time: The subject study focused on researching from 1990 to 2018. 4. Methodology and Research method 4.1. Methodology The thesis was approached on the basic principles of Marxist and Leninist, Ho Chi Minh ideology, revolution lines of Viet Nam Communist Party and Viet Nam State policies on religion and foreign religion in the renovation period. 4.2. Research method The thesis used the following research methods: - Theoretical research method; - Practical research method; - The other auxiliary research methods. 5. Research question and Scientific hypothesis Research question: Question 1: How do the international relations activities of religious organizations influence in social- economic development in Viet Nam? Question 2: What are the results and limitations of the international relations activities of Vietnamese Catholic Association?
Vietnamese Catholic Association. 6. Theoretical and practical meaning of the thesis - About theory: overview of State management scientific basis for the international relations
activities of Vietnamese
Association. - About practice: + Overview of published scientific works about international relations and state management for the international relations activities of Vietnamese Catholic Association. + Analyze and asses practice of the international relations activities of Vietnamese Catholic Association. + Propose orientation and measures in order to perfect state management for the international relations activities of Vietnamese Catholic Association. 7. New contribution - Overview of the works related to international relations activities and state management for the international relations activities of Vietnamese Catholic Association. - Clarify state management scientific basis for international relations activities in general and the international relations activities of Vietnamese Catholic Association in particular. - Clarify state management practice for the international relations
Chapter 2: Scientific basis of State management for international relations activities of religious organizations. Chapter 3: Practice of international relations and state management for international relations activities of Vietnamese Catholic Association. Chapter 4: Orientation and solutions to complete state management for international relations activities of Vietnamese Catholic Association.
Association are: Nguyen Van Kiem, Truong Ba Can, Bui Duc Sinh, Nguyen Hong Duong, etc. The authors researched mainly on history of Catholic Church, the introduction and development procedure of Catholic Church in Viet Nam. 1.2. The study of state management for religion. - The research related to state management for religious activities in general focused on two parts: Marx-Engels, Lenin and Ho Chi Minh’s ideology about religion and religious affair, including some typical authors: Nguyen Duc Su, Ngo Huu Thao, Le Huu Nghia, Nguyen Duc Lu, Do Quang Hung, Nguyen Thanh Xuan, Hoang Minh Do, Do Lan Hien. The research of state management for religious activities in Viet Nam have typical authors: Nguyen Thanh Xuan, Nguuyen Huu Khien and Bui Duc Luan, since 2004 backward. 1.3.
The study of
international relations and state
management for international relations of Vietnamese Catholic Association The study related to international relations and state management for international relations of Vietnamese Catholic Association has occurred in thesis, articles on magazine and research in conference, workshop with some authors: Nguyen Thi Bach Tuyet, Ngo Thi Xuan Lan, Nguyen Van Dung, Nguyen Huu Duc. 1.4. Achieved results and Established issues to research
+ Foreign lines of Viet Nam Communist Party and State in integration period. + Introduction and development procedure of Vietnamese Catholic Association. + Content of state management for religious activities in Viet Nam from 1990 to 2004. + International relations of religious organizations in Viet Nam since 2015 backward. + Relations between the State of Viet Nam and the Vatican. 1.4.2. Established issues to research - About theory: + Clarify the theory of state management for religious activities, and the theory for international relations of religious organizations. + International experience in state management for religion and relations with the Vatican. - About practice: + Assess relations practice between Vietnamese Catholic Association and the Vatican and some other countries’ Catholic Association, religious organizations in the world. + Assess practice of state management for international relations of Vietnamese Catholic Association in recent years. + Clarify reasons of ineffectiveness in state management for
2.1. Rationale 2.1.1. Definition terms Religion: The belief of human existence with the system concept and activity including worship, catechism, canon law, rites and operation. Religious operation: The collection of believers, dignitaries, priest of a religion that is organized under a certain structure, is recognized by State to carry out religious activities. Religious activity: The activities of evangelization of religion, activities and management religious operation. State management for religious activity: The process of impact, administration, adjustment of State in order to make religious activities take place in accordance with the law. Catholic: The general, universal direction, the public religion embrace everyone, without excluding any nation or country. Vietnamese Catholic Association: including two meanings: (1) the whole community of faithful (Catholics) and dignitaries (clergy) of Viet Nam Catholic. (2) the powerful institution – the organizational structure of the Catholic community in Viet Nam. International relations: The overall relationship of economy, politic, ideology, law, diploma, military, etc. between the countries and
State management for the international relations activities of religious organizations: The process of impact, administration, adjustment of the State in order to make the international relations activities of religious organization in Viet Nam take place in accordance with the law. 2.1.2. Content of state management for the international relations of religious organizations - Construct legal system of international relations of religious organizations. - Construct organizational structure and cadres and civil servants - Organize implementation of policies and legislation related to international relations of religious organizations. - Inspect, check the implementation of legislation. - Manage the international relations activities of religious organizations. 2.1.3. Subjects, Objects and Method of management - Subjects of management: the central level (Government, the Government Committee for Religious Affairs, Ministry of Public Security, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Office of the Government) and the provincial People’s Committee. - Objects of management: + Religious organizations, religious people (believers, dignitaries,
+ Construct a core force in religion 2.2. Practical basis 2.2.1. The factors affecting the international relations of religious organizations - Foreign factors + Influence of the Fourth Industrial Evolution to the international relations of religious organizations in Viet Nam. + Influence of international law to freedoms of religion. - Domestic factors + Impact of the market economy; + Impact of the open-door policies, the international integration of Vietnamese Party and Sate; + Impact of innovation policies regard to religion of Party and Sate. 2.2.2. Objective requirements of state management for the international relations activities of religious organizations - Existence, development process of Vietnamese Catholic Association have a large influence for the development of country and nation. - Local authorities, responsible officers have yet to realize fullly grasping the guidelines, policies of Party, legislation of Sate on religion.
Party, State and community. 2.2.3. Practice of international relations of Vietnamese State and international relations of religious organizations in Viet Nam in recent years - The international relations of Viet Nam over the periods: From the time of founding to the period of resistance against foreign aggressors invaded, and the period of peace, Vietnamese Party and Sate always wish to have diplomatic relations with the countries in the world. Especially, since 1986 to now Viet Nam has a way, expanded foreign policy and diplomatic relations with 187 countries, and is a member of many international organizations. - The international relations of religious organizations in Viet Nam: Most of religious organizations in Viet Nam have international relations with foreign religious organizations and other organizations. - The relationship between Vietnamese State and the Vatican: Since 1990 to 2018 Vietnamese State and the Vatican have had many meetings and dialoged some issues which both sides cared about, related to Vietnamese Catholic Association. 2.3.
international relations of religious organizations in Viet Nam 2.3.1. Relationship between State and Church - Russian Federation: the religious policies of Russian Federation
- Relationship between Russian Federation and the Vatican: Russian Federation has relationship with the Vatican from the middle of the XV century and was cut off for not bringing any results. By the early of 60s of the XX century, this relationship was set back. On March 15th, 1990 Russian Federation and the Vatican established formal diplomatic relation on the basis of delimiting the past and forwards future. - Relationship between the Republic Union Myanmar and the Vatican: the Republic Union Myanmar is a Muslim country and have a small proportion of Catholics, but on May 4th, 2017 established formal diplomatic relation with the Vatican. 2.3.3. Lessons for Viet Nam Relationshiip between State and Church: the State should manage religion by legal system, however should also faciliate interest and investment for religions which have much contributions for building and retention country in the integration period. Relationship with the Vatican: both Russian Federation and Myanmar had not good relationship with the Vatican in the past, even confrontation, struggle fiercely with each other. However, now both countries, particular Myanmar is a Southest Asian neighbours country of Viet Nam, put the past behind and look forward future, construct diplomatic relations not only with the Vatican but also with other
3.1. Generalizing of Vietnamese Catholic Association 3.1.1. Introduction and development process - Beginning period (1533-1659): Catholic came to Viet Nam in 1533, by a cleric named Irigo came to Ninh Cuong and Quan Anh villages, Nam Chan district and Tra Lu village, Giao Thuy district, Nam Dinh province. From 1533 to 1659 the Catholics had increased up to 100.000 people over the country. The Catholics held religious activities by small communities, did not form organization church and the places of workshop. - The period of formation of diocese (1659-1884): On September th
9 , 1659 Pope Alexander VII decreed “Super Cathedram Principis” to establish in Viet Nam two primary dioceses and assigned two missionaries of the Paris missionary society as representatives of the Court. - Development period (1885-1960): After Dong Duong community, Viet Nam Catholic Church developed quickly because of clear orientation, many new dioceses were established. To 1939 Vietnamese Catholic Association had 16 dioceses, 17 Bishops, 1.544.765 Catholics. - Mature period (1960-1975): This period marked an significant event of Vietnamese Catholic Association, on November 24th, 1960
Court of Bishop. The congress issued a public letter in 1980, with the direction of “Living the Gospel in the heart of the nation to serve the welfare of compatriots” 3.1.2. The Church organization - Organization structure: Vietnamese Catholic Association is one of the major religion, have tight organization with 3 ecclesiastical provinces and 26 dioceses. - Hierarchy: Head of 3 ecclesiastical provinces are 3 Archbishop and head of dioceses are Bishops. To October 2016, the Holy appointed 116 Bishops, including 6 Cardinals, 10 Archbishopsand 96 Bishops. 3.1.3. Characteristic of Vietnamese Catholic Association - Vietnamese Catholic Association is dependent and received the direction of organization and activites of the Vatican. - The missionary relationship is condition for Viet Nam Catholic to have international relations. - National cultural integration. 3.2. Practice of the international relations of Vietnamese Catholic Association 3.2.1. With the Vatican Relationship Viet Nam – the Vatican on Church - The activities of the Vatican in Viet Nam: Vietnamese Catholic Association has a tight relation with the Vatican about organizational
- With French Catholic Association: Relationship of Church and religion with purely charitable and humanitarian activities. - With American Catholic Association: Relationship of religion through the visit, work, exchange, learn and humanitarian activities. - With Vietnamese Catholics communication in foreign. 3.2.3. Relationship between the Vatican and Vietnamese Sate related to Vietnamese Catholic Association - The period of 1990 backward: Although no formal relation on State, Vietnamese senior leader had meetings with the representatives of the Vatican. - The period from 1990 to 2018: The representative of the Vatican and the representative of Viet Nam Government have had 18 times meeting, discuss about the problems regard to Vietnamese Catholic Association. Both sides have established the Team of mixed experts Viet Nam – Vatican since 2009. By 2018 Team of mixed experts Viet Nam – Vatican had 7 meetings and agreed to upgrade from non-resident envoy to resident envoy of the Vatican in Viet Nam. 3.3. Practice of State management for international relations of Vietnamese Catholic Association 3.3.1. The legal system construction of international relations of religion The legal system of international relations of religious
facilitates the religions to involve in international relations. 3.3.2.Organizational structure and Cadres, Civil servants - The system which works on religious affairs form national to basic level is reinforced and consolidated. - However the reality qualified cadres working in religious affairs, particular in diplomatic affairs of religion, are mainly part-time, and mostly without training, fostering intensive religion, skills to tackle the specific religious situations. 3.3.3. Implementation of legislation policies on international relations of religious organizations - Propaganda affairs about legislation policies are occurred regularly by plans with varied forms with different objects (staff, civil servant, believer, dignitary of religion) - The mobilization of masses are make with many diverse forms through good organization of the patriotic emulation movement. - The foreign affairs help friends around the world understand the religious and policy situation of Viet Nam by: complete legal system; dialogues about human rights, religion; the conferences, seminars in order to enlist the support of the countries in the world and region. 3.3.4. Inspection, checking the implementation of the law The inspection, checking the implementation of the law of religion in general and of international relations of Vietnamese Catholic
expropriation, requisition currently using, or by government borrowing does not return to the religious organizations; or religious installations are closing unused. 3.3.5. Management specific international relations activities - Vietnamese Catholic Association and individuals participate in religious activities in foreign; - The religious activities of foreigners legally resident in Viet Nam; - Patriarch consecration, appointment, election have foreign elements; - The social activities of foreign religious organizations, individuals in Viet Nam. 3.4. General evaluation 3.4.1. The achieved results Firstly, Facilitating for Catholics to involve in international activities in the framework of law. Create conditions for Catholic Association to maintain and expand the relations with the Vatican, the Catholic Association of other countries in region and over the world, training of highly qualified cleric. Secondly, through international relations of Vietnamese Catholic Association make the world deeply understand Viet Nam, the freedom belief and religion policy in Viet Nam.
The relationship between the Vatican and Vietnamese State is in exchanging level. Enlist international relations of the hostile forces. Enlist the humanitarian activities of the foreign non-government organizations. 3.4.3. Reasons - Reasons for the achieved results + About cognition: the Party and State have close and timely guidance for international relations of religious organizations. + About action: the good law propaganda will be effective on state management. - Reasons for the limitations + Viet Nam has not had a diplomatic religion strategy which is full and comprehensive. + The qualified of cadres who is working in affairs related to diplomatic
communication skills. + The coordination between the units, departments just is a formality. + The relationship between Vietnamese State and the Vatican still contains psychological misgivings.
- Expanding international relations and interreligious dialogue - Developing religion associated with social activities - Taking advantages of international relations of the Vietnamese Catholic Association by hostile forces 4.2. Ho Chi Minh’s ideology, the Party’s viewpoint, the State’s policy on religion 4.2.1. Ho Chi Minh’s ideology on religion and religious affair. - Respect and ensure freedom of religious beliefs and freedom of non-religious beliefs of citizens. - Facilitate religions to build international relations. - Struggle to prevent the enemies from taking advantage of religion, disguising in religion to destroy the revolution and society. 4.2.2. Party’s viewpoints, Government’s policies on religion and Catholic Inheriting Ho Chinh Minh’s ideology on religion and religious affair including religious diplomacy, the Party and the State have issued many documents to direct the international relations of the religions by means of Ordinance 234, Resolution 24, Resolution 25 and many legal documents guiding the implementation with the direction: beliefs, religions are long-term issues and the spiritual needs of a part of people; instructing religions to implement foreign relations in accordance with the Party and State’s foreign policies. In addition to the religious
the foreign policy of the Party and State of Vietnam, Resolution No.25/NQ-TU and Resolution of the 11th Party Congress affirmed: - Instruct religions to implement foreign relations in accordance with the foreign policy of the Party and the State. - Proactively improve the quality of foreign information and propaganda, making international friends and people all around the world more and more fully and comprehensively understand the Vietnamese country and people, the guidelines and policies of Vietnamese Party and State and the renovation of Vietnam. - Promote the role of Vietnam in international forums and world people’s movements. - Successfully mobilize the Vietnamese community abroad. 4.3. State management solution for international relations activities of the Vietnamese Catholic Association 4.3.1. Group of solutions related to institutions and policies Consensus on the awareness of religious affairs and international relations activities of the Vietnamese Catholic Association. - Complete the system of legal documents on international relations on religion: The order of patriarch consecration, appointment, vote and election with foreign elements; Sanctions against violations; Regulations on organizing international conferences and seminars on religion in Vietnam; Coordination mechanism among sectors to resolve
4.3.3. Group of solutions on religious foreign affairs - Ensuring freedom of religion and beliefs of citizens pursuant to the Constitution and International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights that Vietnam has signed. - Strengthening foreign affair propaganda, taking advantage of the support of the nations, international organizations, NGOs and progressive people all over the world. - Expanding the relationship between Vietnam and the Vatican. 4.3.4. Group of solutions on public mobilization - Innovating methods of mobilization and enlisting the heads. - Building a key force in the Catholic people. - Forming a good relationship with the Vietnamese Catholic community abroad. - Promoting the role of the Catholics in social life. 4.3.5. Group of solutions on inspection, examination and complaints and denunciations settlement - Regarding inspection: The inspection staff must be ethical, professional and knowledgeable about law, inspection activities should be conducted in accordance with the law and right competence. - Regarding complaints and denunciations settlement: Complaints should be settled right from the fundamental level; the settlement must strictly comply with the Party’s and the State’s guidelines and policies