GRAMMAR REVISION I. TENSE Use the correct tense. 1. At present they (live)
in a very small flat.
2. Look! The sun (shine)
really bright today.
3. Sandra is tired. She (want) 4. Water (boil)
to go home now.
at 100 degrees centigrade.
5. The sun always (rise)
behind those hills.
6. The children (visit)
their grandparents last Sunday.
7. Alex (make)
model aeroplanes from 4pm to midnight yesterday.
8. While I (go) yesterday.
to school, I (meet)
9. This morning I (run)
my friend, Kate
to class when I (fall)
10. We (live)
here for over twenty years.
11. He (lose) of work.
his job last month and since then he (be)
12. It’s the first time she (ride) 13. We (wait)
for hours but she (not arrive)
18. We (go) 19. Do you think Sarah (pass) 1|Page
in this school for fifteen years.
15. My hand is tired because I (write)
17. They (always ,borrow)
14. Mr. Robinson (teach)
16. Vicky (study)
down the stairs.
letters all morning. for his lesson for 4 hours now. money from me but they never return.
to the theater tonight. We’ve got tickets. the exam?
20. I think it (rain)
. Look at those black clouds.
Use the correct form of USED TO V or BE/GET USED TO + Ving. 1. I (live)
in Japan when I was a child.
2. I (not/go)
swimming a lot because I couldn’t swim.
3. It was difficult at first, but now Mike (drive)
on the left.
4. I hated life in the city at first, but then I (live) 5. That furniture shop (be)
there. a cinema.
II. WISH Use the correct types. 1. She wishes she (know) 2.
I wish my friend (lend)
3. Jane wishes she (go)
how to dance. me his car for my date tomorrow night. to bed earlier last night.
Rewrite the sentences below. 1.
John wishes 2.
I’m not a doctor. (If only) If only
John won’t go out for holiday this summer vacation.
I’m sorry I can’t help you now. I wishes
III. PASSIVE VOICE Put the sentences into the passive voice. 1. The teacher is going to tell a story. A story 2|Page
2. We are painting our house at the moment. Our house 3. They have sent enough money to these poor boys. These poor boys Money 4. Does the hotel provide clean towels? 5. People saw him steal your car. He 6. They said that John was the brightest student in class. It was said that John was said 7. Do you wish me to serve dinner now? Do you wish 8. Why don’t you get an optician to test your eyes? Why don’t you get your eyes 9. They suggested making the tests easier. (Use should) They suggested 10. He let me go out. I
IV. REPORTED SPEECH
Put the following into reported speech. 1.”I am going to buy a new computer today,” said Clare. 3|Page
2. “ Will you arrive home at 9.00 tonight?,” said Irene. Irene asked 3.”We can go shopping tomorrow,” said Cathy. Cathy said 4. “Where are you going for your holiday?” Martha asked us. Martha asked 5. “If I were you, I wouldn’t buy that coat,” Angela said. (advise) Angela advised 6. “What hot weather it is!” She exclaimed 7. Peter said, “What time is it? I must go now.” Peter asked me 8.” Let’s go to that new café,” said Ann. (Use suggest) Ann suggested 9. “Don’t eat all that chocolate,” said Jenny to her sister. Jenny told her sister 10. “Do you know well about your new school?” asked Gerry. Gerry asked me
V.TAG QUESTIONS Add tag questions 1.Bill has breakfast at 7o’clock,
2. Sally can speak French,
3. I’m late, 4|Page
4. It’s hardly rained at all this summer, 5. Let’s have a party,
6. Wait here for a minute,
7. This is your best friend,
VI.VERB FORMS Put the verbs in brackets into the correct form 1. Don’t forget (lock)
the door before (go)
2. I tried (explain) (complain)
but he refused (listen)
and went on
3. Your windows need (clean) you? 4. Try (avoid) (be)
, would you like me (do)
late. He hates being kept (wait)
5. Most people prefer (spend) 6. Do you remember (read) newspaper.
money to (earn)
it? No, at that time I was too young (read)
VII.CONDITIONAL SENTENCES 1. It is very cold, so we can’t go swimming. If 2. Keep silent or you’ll wake up the baby. If
4. If she doesn’t hurry, she’ll be late. Unless 5. If she calls me, please tell him I won’t come back until next Sunday. Should 6. If I were you, I’d accept the job. 5|Page
Were 7. If they had asked me, I would have helped them. Had 8. If he did not have a visa, he couldn’t come to that country. Without 9. If I forget, please remind me of my promise. In case I 10. You can borrow my bike, if you ride it carefully. Provided (that)
VIII. RELATIVE CLAUSES 1. The police officer was friendly. She gave me directions. 2. Paris is an exciting city. It is the capital of France. Paris ,
3. 1989 is the year. We moved to New York then. 1989 is
4. I know Mr John. His wife is my son’s teacher. I
5. These are the friends. I met them on my trip to Hawaii. These
6. The city was beautiful. We spent our vacation there. The city 7. We are studying sentences. They contain adjective clauses. 6|Page
8. The man was standing over there. I was telling you about him. The man
9. This machine is still working. I have looked after it for 10 years. This machine
10. The reason is that I always come to class late. I’m scolded by the teacher for this reason. The reason
IX.COMPARISION 1. Marry is
as her sister.(pretty)
2. Her jokes are always much
than mine. (interesting)
3. We stayed at 4. That was
hotel in the town. (cheap) movie I’ve ever seen to. (bad)
5. When I get excited, my hearts beats
6. John is the tallest student in my class. No one 7. My brother is the smartest person in my family. No one 8. Tokyo is not as big as New York. New York 9. My story is more interesting than my brother’s story. My brother’s story is My brother’s story 10. No one in my class studies better than Sally. 7|Page
REWRITE WITH THE SAME MEANING Because /Since/As + clause Because of/ Due to/ Owing to + phrase 1.
It’s raining heavily, so we can’t go out.
Because Because of 2.
, we can’t go out.
He bought this car because its price is low.
Owing to 3.
, we can’t go out
, he bought it.
The weather was really bad, so we decided to postpone our camping.
we decided to postpone our camping.
we decided to postpone our camping.
He couldn’t go to school because of his sickness. Because , he couldn’t go to school. 4.
Though/ Although/ even though + clause In spite of/ Despite + phrase 1.
The weather was cold but I went swimming.
, I went swimming.
In spite of
, I went swimming.
Although her computer skill was poor, she still got that job.
Despite 3. 8|Page
, she still got that job.
The traffic is very bad but she arrives at work on time.
, she arrives at work on time.
, she arrives at work on time.
S + V + ADV → S + BE + (A/AN) + ADJ + N My uncle teaches very well. My uncle is a good teacher. 2. My brother plays soccer very well. My brother is____________________________________________ 3. Beckham runs fast. Beckham is______________________________________________ 4. Mary works hard as a student. Mary is_________________________________________________ 5. Susan studies hard. Susan is_________________________________________________ 6. She is an excellent ballet dancer. She____________________________________________________ 7. That boy plays soccer very well. That boy is______________________________________________ 8. She speaks English very well. She is __________________________________________________ 9. She sings beautifully. She is __________________________________________________ 10. We run fast. We are__________________________________________________ 1.
The present perfect tense >< the past simple tense It’s been three months since she started learning English. She has learnt English for 3 months. 2. I last saw him when I was a student. I_______________________________________________________ 3. I last read War and Peace in 2002. The last _________________________________________________ 1.
The last time I saw him was 2 months ago.
I This is the first time I’ve seen a volcano. I’ve ___________________________________________________ 6. When was the last time you saw Mary? How long_______________________________________________ 7. Lan started studying English two years ago. Lan has__________________________________________________ 8. Lan hasn’t met him for 3 months. Lan last The last time Lan 9. I started working for the company a year ago. I’ve been 10. She started working as a secretary five years ago. She has 5.
SO THAT/SUCH THAT/ TOO/ENOUGH/ Too + Adj (for sb) + to do sth Adj enough (for sb) to do sth Enough + Noun to do sth so + adj/ adv + that clause such + (a/an) adj + N that clause notes : so + auxiliary + S + that clause emphasize so many + Pl N that = such a lot of + Pl N that… 1)
The furniture was so expensive that I didn’t buy it.
The furniture was too expensive for me to buy. 2)
It was so late that nothing could be done.
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It was too 3)
The cake was so hard that I could not eat it. (such…that) It was
The water was so cold that the children could not swim in it. The water was
The children couldn’t go swimming because the sea was very rough. The sea was too
That restaurant is so dirty that no one wants to eat there. It is such
He was so tired that he fell asleep before the end of the film. He was too 8. He was so tired that he slept for fourteen hours. (So tired...) (*)So tired was he that he slept for fourteen hours. 9. He has so many books that he doesn’t know where to store them. (Such…that) ________________________________________________________________ 10. It was such a hot day that we couldn’t go out. (So + Adj + a/an + N + That Clause) The day was so (*)It was INVERSION AND EMPHASIS IN ENGLISH 1. I have never heard such a silly thing.
Never have I heard such a silly thing. 11 | P a g e
2. He seldom helps me do my homework. Seldom 3. They not only take care of me, but they also treat me well. Not only 4. I was so happy that everybody is better. So 5. We little realized the dangers that were waiting us Little 6. As soon as he saw her, he fell in love with her. No sooner