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Cross out the redundant word in each of the following sentences.
1. The sting of a scorpion is painful but rarely, seldom fatal.
2. There are almost nearly 5,000 miles of streets in New York City.
4. The first canal built in the United States connected together the Santee River and the Copper River in South California.
4. The Gila monster is the single only poisonous lizard found in the United States.
5. Around approximately ten percent of all solid wastes is glass.
6. The chief main ingredients in soap are fats and chemicals called alkalis.
7. The flowers of certain plants, such as for example daisies, are called composite flowers.
8. Most of the cities of the American West are separated apart from one another by vast, relatively unpopulated expanses of
mountains and deserts.
Exercise 210. Define which sentences seem wordy.
1. The man indicated a negative response by shaking his head.
2. Jane went to the store with the purpose of selecting and purchasing a new dress.
3. Running on foot through the street, the thief was apprehended by the police.
4. Bob saw several pieces of art that were expensive.
5. The ballerina danced her dances for hours.
6. Professor Blanton, who is the college president, will speak on this topic.
7. Three hours, was the length of time that we found necessary to drive to New York.

8. The book was read by me in four hours.
Find and correct mistakes in parallel structures in the followingsentences.
1. By obeying the speed limit, we can save energy, lives and it costs us less.
2. My home offers me a feeling of security, warm, and love.
3. The pioneers labored to clear away the forest and planting crops.
4. When I refused to help her, she became very angry and shout at me.
6. In my spare time, I enjoy taking care of my aquarium and to work on my stamp collection.
7. Computers are often used to control, adjustment, and correct complex industrial operations.
8. Mathematics can be considered a language, an art, a science, a tool or playing a game.
8. Paper may contain vegetable, minerals, or man-made fibers.
9. Many people who live near the ocean depend on it as a source of food, recreation, and to have economic opportunities.
10. This summer the Recreation Department will sponsor classes in swimming and to lift weights.
11. A bulldozer is used for pushing earth and to grade it.
12. In ancient Rome people used perfume for bathing, to soak their clothing, and even to give their horses a more pleasant odor.
Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the rest in the following questions.
Question 1: A. diving
B. discover
C. discipline
D. divide
Question 2: A. achieves
B. shakes
C. draws
D. plans
Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress in each of the following questions.
Question 3: A. attract
B. polite
C. promise
D. approach
Question 4: A. disappear
B. arrangement
C. opponent
D. contractual
Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 5: The way the care-taker treated those little children was deplorable. She must be punished for what she did.
A. respectable
B. unacceptable
C. mischievous
D. satisfactory
Question 6: The nurse told her that she would have to wait for a few days for the outcome of the medical check-up

A. putting
B. payment
C. result
D. coming
Choose the word or phrase that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions.
Question 7: But what the most prevents women from reaching the boardroom, say bosses, is lack of hands-on experience of a
firm’s core business.
A. unavailable
B. untested
C. impractical
D. insignificant
Question 8: he consequences of the typhoon were disastrous due to the lack of precautionary measures.
A. damaging
B. severe
C. physical
D. beneficial
Choose the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.
Question 9: I thought I could hear an echo, so I turned the volume up.
Question 10: : Bill asked the speaker to repeat again because he had not heard him the first time.
Question 11: Within hours of joining, she found the job easily and decided to attend work daily.

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
Question 12: Harry and Mai are talking about their plan for the weekend.
Harry: “Do you feel like going to the cinema this weekend?”
Mai: “_______”
A. You’re welcome
B. That would be great
C. I don’t agree, I’m afraid D. I feel very bored
Question 13: Son: “Why don’t we buy a new car, Dad? This one is too old to go out with my friends.”
Dad: “_______ We don’t have much money.”
A. You’re right.
B. I have to think it up.
C. It’s out of the question now.
D. That’s a great idea.
Choose the correct answer to each of the following questions.
Question 14: Without a strong emphasis on learning, we will end up with a ________ skilled workforce which performs badly
A. poor
B. poorly
C. poverty
D. poorless
Question 15: The 25th Sea Games will be held in Lao. It is Lao’s first time as the ______ for the games.
A. host
B. competitor
C. supporter
D. participant
Question 16: Larry was given a special Comhaltas award last year for his extraordinary service to the organisation since its
______ in 1951.
A. disappearance
B. proposal
C. agreement
D. foundation
Question 17: Minister Thai expressed thanks to the athletes and sport teams for their _________competition and congratulated
the medal winners.
A. cut-throat
B. knock-out
C. close-knit
D. whole-hearted
Question 18: Don't worry we'll have to wait a little longer because I'm sure he'll ____ soon.
A. turn up
B. turn out
C. turn into
D. turn down
Question 19: I can ______ with most things but I can not stand noisy children
A. put on
B. put out
C. put up
D. put off
Question 20: I know it’s time to make ___ my mind. I don’t want to depend _________ my parents anymore
A. up / on
B. for / to
C. on /in
D. over / from
Question 21: In the last few days of early June, the climate has become___________ in some parts in the north of the country.
A. hottest and hottest
B. hot and hot
C. more and more hot
D. hotter and hotter
Question 22: Rural women work almost 16 hours a day, which is ___________ the physiologically acceptable work standard.
A. twice as much as
B. as twice much as
C. much as twice as
D. as much as twice
Question 23: My parents lent me the money. _______, I couldn’t have afforded the trip.
A. However
B. Therefore
C. Only if
D. Otherwise
Question 24: Last semester’s class was too large. It _______________ divided in half
A. should have been
B. could have been
C. can have been
D. would have been
Question 25: In November, 1997, Brunei was _________ as official member, raising total of members to 10.
A. proposed
B. organized
C. recognized
D. presented
Question 26: We should participate in the movement _______ to conserve the natural environment.
A. to organize
B. organizing
C. which organized
D. organized
Question 27: There were about 40,000 ______ attending the closing ceremony at My Dinh National Stadium.
A. observers
B. onlookers
C. watchers
D. spectators
Question 28: Then September 11, 2001 came as a remarkable point in American history when the Twin Towers ___ again.
A. were attacking
B. were attacked
C. had attacked
D. had attack
Choose the sentences that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.
Question 29: He took the food eagerly because he had eaten nothing since dawn.
A. He had eaten nothing since dawn although he took the food eagerly.
B. The food was taken at dawn and he had nothing to eat then.
C. He had eaten something before but he took the food eagerly.
D. Having eaten nothing since dawn, he took the food eagerly.
Question 30: When the unemployment rate is high, the crime rate is usually also high.
A. The unemployment rate and the crime rate are both higher.
B. The higher the unemployment rate is, the higher the crime rate is.
C. The unemployment rate is as high as the crime rate.
D. The high rate of unemployment depends on the high rate of crime.
Question 31: Diana ran into her former teacher on the way to the stadium yesterday.
A. Diana caused an accident to her teacher while she was going to the stadium.
B. Diana’s car ran over her teacher on the way to the stadium.
C. Diana happened to meet her teacher while she was going to the stadium.
D. Diana’s teacher got run over whole she was going to the stadium.
Choose the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.

Question 32: The student was very bright. He could solve all the math problems.
A. He was such bright student that he could solve all the math problems.
B. The student was very bright that he could solve all the math problems.
C. He was so bright a student that he could solve all the math problems.
D. Such bright was the student that he could solve all the math problems.
Question 33: He was exhausted after a long trip. However, he helped me to repair my broken chair.
A. Although he helped me to repair my broken chair, he was exhausted after a long trip.
B. Exhausted after a long trip as he was, he helped me to repair my broken chair
C. Because he helped me to repair my broken chair after a long trip, he was exhausted.
D. Exhausted after a long trip though he helped me to repair my broken chair.
Read the following passage and indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions:
Life is full of failures and success. When we play a game too, we may either win or lose. "Sportsman spirit" is the spirit of
accepting one's success with humility. One of the main advantages of playing any sport is that it teaches us to (34)______with
these failures and disappointments that come our way and to make renewed efforts to (35)______success next time. After being
defeated in a game repeatedly one begins to learn to fight better and yet accept the defeat gracefully.
Once a man lost all his money and property in business. The man was practically reduced to nothing. He had a great deal
of sportsman spirit and managed to get a hold over himself in such a way (36)_______he started building his business right from
scratch. He had been defeated at the game of business by his (37)________, but he had been a sportsman in school and this
helped him to remember the time he had been defeated by better. He recalled how the other team's caliber had in fact inspired
him to match up to their level and improve himself.
One should make efforts always to cultivate a sportsman spirit and go through life happily. The parents and teachers of
students should help in inculcating some values in their children about the need to keep one's chin (38)_______even in the face
of adversity. Indoor and outdoor games can always be provided for children so that they acquire training in the game of loss and
Question 34: A. cope
B. face
C. come up
D. solve
Question 35: A. improve
B. achieve
C. increase
D. enhance
Question 36: A. whom
B. which
C. who
D. that
Question 37: A. compete
B. competition
C. competitive
D. competitors
Question 38: A. up
B. on
C. down
D. out
Read the following passage and choose the correct answer to each of the questions.
Action stars like Bruce Lee, Jackie Chan, and Chow Yun Fat are well known for their skill at acting in fight scenes.
But there are also quite a few female actors known for their skill in acting in martial arts movies.
One of the most famous female stars in action movies is Michelle Yeoh. Yeoh was born in 1962 in Malaysia and grew up
watching movies with female action stars like Angela Mao and Hsu Feng. After studying ballet, Yeoh became Miss Malaysia in
a beauty contest in 1983. As Miss Malaysia, she made some commercials for television with Jackie Chan and was then chosen to
act in several action movies.
Yeoh did not know martial arts at that time, but while training to prepare for her roles, she worked out for up to nine hours
a day. Her acting and fighting scenes in the 1985 hit Yes, Madam! made her a huge star in Hong Kong.
In 1992, Yeoh starred in Super Cop with Jackie Chan. The film was a blockbuster, and Yeoh became the highest paid
female actor in Asia. Later, Yeoh starred in the James bond film Tomorrow Never Dies (1997) and in Crouching Tiger, Hidden
Dragon (2000). Both films helped Yeoh become even more famous worldwide.
Yeoh has also recently branched out into television, as it was announced in September 2014 that she had accepted her first
television role on the fifth and final season of Strike Back. Yeoh plays the role of Mei Foster, wife to the British Ambassador to
Thailand, and who is secretly a North Korean spy named Li-Na.
Question 39: The reading is about …
A. a famous female action star
B. movies made in Hong Kong
Question 40: How did Yeoh become famous in Malaysia?
A. She won a beauty contest.
B. She acted in several movies.
Question 41: How did Yeoh know Angela Mao?
A. Mao taught her martial arts.
B. She saw Mao in movies.
Question 42: Why did Yeoh begin studying martial arts?
A. She did not like ballet.
C. She was training for a role in an action movie.

C. women doing martial arts
D. the first female action star
C. She met Jackie Chan.
D. She made some TV commercials
C. She studied ballet with Mao.
D. They starred in a movie together.
B. She wanted to become Miss Malaysia.
D. She was introduced to Jackie Chan.

Question 43: Which of these sentences about Michelle Yeoh is NOT true?
A. She is well known outside Asia.
B. She has starred in a James Bond movie.
C. She became the highest paid female action star in Asia.
D. She starred in Super Cop two years after winning a beauty contest.
Read the following passage and choose the correct answer to each of the questions.
"The economic history of the United States", one scholar has written, "is the history of the rise and development of
the capitalistic system". The colonists of the eighteenth century pushed forward what those of the seventeenth century have
begun: the expansion and elaboration of an economy born in the great age of capitalist expansion.
Our excellent natural resources paved the way for the development of abundant capital to increase our growth.
Capital includes the tools – such as: machines, vehicles, and buildings – that makes the outputs of labor and resources
more valuable. But it also includes the funds necessary to buy those tools. If a society had to consume everything it
produced just to stay alive, nothing could be put aside to increase future productions. But if a farmer can grow more corn
than his family needs to eat, he can use the surplus as seed to increase the next crop, or to feed workers who build tractors.
This process of capital accumulation was aided in the American economy by our cultural heritage. Saving played an
important role in the European tradition. It contributed to American’s motivation to put something aside today for the tools
to buy tomorrow.
The great bulk of the accumulated wealth of America, as distinguished from what was consumed, was derived either
directly or indirectly from trade. Though some manufacturing existed, its role in the accumulation of capital was
negligible. A merchant class of opulent proportions was already visible in the seaboard cities, its wealth as the obvious
consequence of shrewd and resourceful management of the carrying trade. Even the rich planters of tidewater Virginia and
the rice coast of South Carolina finally depended for their genteel way of life upon the ships and merchants who sold their
tobacco and rice in the markets of Europe. As colonial production rose and trade expanded, a business community emerged
in the colonies, linking the provinces by lines of trade and identity of interest.
Question 44: With what subject is this passage mainly concerned?
A. Geography
B. Finance
C. Economics
D. Culture
Question 45: The phrase "paved the way" in the second paragraph is closest in meaning to ____.
A. paid for
B. supported
C. accumulated
D. resembled
Question 46: It can be inferred from the passage that the European ancestors of early Americans ____.
A. sent many tools to America
B. taught their skills to their offspring
C. were accustomed to saving
D. were good farmers
Question 47: According to the passage, which of the following would lead to accumulating capital?
A. Training workers who produce goods.
B. Studying the culture history of the country
C. Consuming what is produced
D. Planting more of a crop than what is needed
Question 48: The word "it" in the third sentence of paragraph 2 refers to____.
A. growth
B. resource
C. labour
D. capital
Question 49: According to the passage, capital includes all of the following EXCEPT____.
A. factories
B. tractors
C. money
D. workers
Question 50: According to the passage, the emergence of a business community in the colonies was a result of ____.
A. efficient saving
B. the immigration
C. the success of production and trade
D. the existence of manufacturing

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