ĐỀ TỰ LUYỆN SỐ ….. kỳ II MÔN: TIẾNG ANH Thời gian làm bài: 60 phút, không kể thời gian giao đề
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions. 1. A. breath B. threaten C. great D. healthy 2. A. adopted B. appealed C. dedicated D. wounded Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions. 3. A. depression B. informal C. interview
D. attention 4. A. polite B. agree C. attempt D. entrance Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions. 5. 1. It is estimated that about 640 women remain illiterate in ………………… world, mostly in developing countries. A. a B. an C. the D. X 6. If you didn't wear shabby clothes, you _______ more good-looking. A. will be B. would be C. would have been D. can be 7. Henry _______ into the restaurant when some his friends were having dinner. A. went B. was going C. has gone D. did go 8. Nowadays, the divorce rate is higher than it used to be________ young people are allowed to decide on their marriage. A. despite B. but C. even though D. in spite of 9. Toxic chemicals in the air and land have also driven many species ______the verge of extinction. A. of B. about C. at D. to 10. __________, he received great support from his fans. A. Having been announced B. On his announcement C. He has announced D. Despite his announcement 11. _____ to be performed on a stage bare of scenery, Thornton Wilder's play Our Town depicts life in a small
New England community. A. Written
C. The writing
D. On the writing
12. Many reliable methods of storing information tended _______ when computers arrived. A. to forget B. to be forgotten C. forgetting D. being forgotten 13. Many teenagers show signs of anxiety and _ when being asked about their future. A. depression B. depress C. depressed D. depressing 14. _____ with the development of jazz in New Orleans in the 1920’s was one of the greatest periods in blues music. A. Deciding B. Gathering C. Taking D. Coinciding 15. Having understood all things happened, he didn’t want to _____ a fuss, he acted silently as much as possible. A. take B. do C. make D. change 16. The sudden resignation of the financial director put the company in a very position. A. weak B. unsteady C. collapsed D. vulnerable 17. The traffic problem has improved _____, out of the blue, really.
18. Mr. Brown refused to answer the questions on the _____ that the matter was confidential. A. reasons B. excuses C. grounds D. foundation Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions. 19. He had never experienced such discourtesy towards the president as it occurred at the annual meeting in May. A. politeness B. rudeness C. encouragement D. measurement 20. The members of the orchestra have arrived an hour prior to the performance for a short rehearsal. A. after B. while C. when D. before Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions. 21. It can be detrimental to your health to eat decayed food or food which has been contaminated.
22. Tom’s told amusing stories before, but this one really takes the biscuit. A. is the most amusing
B. sounds ridiculous
C lets people down D. make people surprised
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the option that best completes each of the following exchanges. 23. A man is talking to Alex when he is on holiday in Paris. The man: “You haven’t lived here long, have you?” Alex: “__________”. A. Yes, just a few days B. No, I live here for a long time C. No, only three months D. Yes, I have just moved here 24. Michael is going to have a birthday party and he would like to invite Mary to his party. Michael: “I'm having some friends over for my birthday party this Saturday evening. Would you like to join us?” Mary: “__________ ” A. Can I take a rain check? B. Come on. It's your turn. C. Thanks, but I mustn’t. D. As a matter of fact, I do. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 25 to 29. Are organically grown foods the best food choices? The advantages claimed for such foods over (25) _____ grown and marketed food products are now being debated. Advocates of organic foods – a term (26) _____
meaning varies greatly – frequently proclaim that such products are safer and more nutritious than others. The growing interest of consumers in the safety and more nutritional quality of the typical North American diet is a welcome development. (27) _____, much of this interest has been sparked( khơi dậy,lóe lên) by sweeping claims that the food supply is unsafe or in adequate in meeting nutritional needs. Although most of these claims are not supported by scientific evidence, the preponderance( tính ưu vệt) of written material advancing such claims makes it difficult for the general public to separate fact from fiction. As a result, claims that eating a diet (28) _____ entirely of organically grown foods prevents or cures disease or provides other benefits to health have become widely publicized and form the basis for folklore. Almost daily the public is besieged/bi'si:dʒ/ bao vây by claims for "no-aging" diets, new vitamins, and other wonder foods. There are numerous unsubstantiated( k được chứng thực) reports that natural vitamins are superior to synthetic ones, that ( 29) _____ eggs are nutritionally superior to unfertilized eggs, that untreated grains are better than fumigated grains and the like. ( from TEOFL READING)
25. A. conventionally
26. A. which 27. A. Therefore 28. A. making 29. A. fertilizer
B. intentionally B. whose B. However B. concluding B. fertile
C. additionally C. whom C. As a result C. consisting C. fertilizing
D. occasionally D. when D. Thus D. providing D. fertilized
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 30 to 34. Mass transportation revised the social and economic fabric( kết cấu) of the American city in three fundamental(=basic) ways. It catalyzed( xúc tác,thúc đẩy) physical expansion, it sorted out people and land uses, and it accelerated( đẩy mạnh) the inherent( vốn có) instability of urban life. By opening vast areas of unoccupied land for residential expansion, the omnibuses( xe bus), horse railways, commuter trains, and electric trolleys pulled settled regions outward ( kéo các khu vực định cư ra xa trung tâm tp)two to four times more distant from city centers than they were in the pre- modern era. In 1850, for example, the borders of Boston lay scarcely two miles from the old business district; by the turn of the century the radius extended ten miles. Now those who could afford it could live far removed from the old city center and still commute there for work, shopping, and entertainment. The new accessibility of land around the periphery( bên ngoài) of almost every major city sparked( gây ra,mang lại) an explosion of real estate development and fueled (cho biết) what we now know as urban sprawl. Between 1890 and 1920, for example, some 250,000 new residential lots were recorded within the borders of Chicago, most of them located in outlying areas. Over the same period, another 550,000 were plotted outside the city limits but within the metropolitan area. Anxious to take advantage of the possibilities of commuting, real estate developers added 800,000 potential building sites to the Chicago region in just thirty years – lots that could have housed five to six million people.
Of course, many were never occupied; there was always a huge surplus of subdivided, but vacant, land around Chicago and other cities. These excesses underscore ( nhấn mạnh) a feature of residential expansion related to the growth of mass transportation: urban sprawl was essentially unplanned. It was carried out by thousands of small investors who paid little heed to coordinated land use or to future land users. Those who purchased and prepared land for residential purposes, particularly land near or outside city borders where transit lines( các tuyến vận chuyển) and middle-class inhabitants were anticipated( biết trước), did so to create demand as much as to respond to it. Chicago is a prime example of this process. Real estate subdivision there proceeded much faster than population growth. ( TOEFL reading)
30. With which of the following subjects is the passage mainly concerned? A. Types of mass transportation. B. Instability of urban life. C. How supply and demand determine land use. D. The effects of mass transportation on urban expansion. 31. The author mentions all of the following as effects of mass transportation on cities EXCEPT _____ A. growth in city area B. separation of commercial and residential districts. C. Changes in life in the inner city. D. Increasing standards of living. 32. The word "vast" in line 3 is closest in meaning to_____ A. large B. basic C. new D. urban 33. The author mentions Chicago in the second paragraph as an example of a city_____. A. that is large B. that is used as a model for land development C. where land development exceeded population growth D. with an excellent mass transportation system. 34. The word "sparked" in line 8 is closest in meaning to_____ A. brought about B. surrounded C. sent out D. followed Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 35 to 42. The preservation of embryos(phôi) and juveniles is rare occurrence in the fossil record. The tiny, delicate skeletons are usually scattered by scavengers 'skævindʒə/ or destroyed by weathering before they can be fossilized. Ichthyosaurs ( ngư long/thằn lằn cá) had a higher chance of being preserved than did terrestrial( trên cạn) creatures because, as marine animals, they tended to live in environments less subject to erosion. Still, their fossilization required a suite of factors: a slow rate of decay of soft tissues, little scavenging by other animals, a lack if swift currents and waves to jumble and carry away small bones, and fairly rapid burial. Given these factors, some areas have become a treasury of well-preserved ichthyosaur fossils. The deposits at Holzmaden, Germany, present an interesting case for analysis. The ichthyosaur remains are found in black, bituminous marine shales deposited about 190 million years ago. Over the years, thousands of specimens of marine reptiles, fish, and invertebrates have been recovered from these rocks. The quality of preservation is outstanding, but what is even more impressive is the number of ichthyosaur fossils containing preserved embryos. Ichthyosaurs with embryos have been reported from 6 different levels of the shale in a small area around Holzmaden, suggesting that a specific site was used by large numbers of ichthyosaurs repeatedly over time. The embryos are quite advanced in their physical development; their paddles( vây), for example, are already well formed. One specimen is even preserved in the birth canal. In addition, the shale contains the remains of many newborns that are between 20 and 30 inches long. Why are there so many pregnant females and young at Holzmaden when they are so rare elsewhere? The quality of preservation is almost unmatched, and quarry( khai thác đá) operations factors do not account for the interesting question of how there came to be such a concentration of pregnant ichthyosaurs in a particular place very close to their time of giving birth. (Adapted from http://www. reading)
35. Which of the following best serves as the title for the passage?? A. Some species of ichthyosaurs decayed more rapidly than other species. B. Ichthyosaur newborns are smaller than other newborn marine reptiles. C. Ichthyosaurs were more advanced than terrestrial creatures. D. Ichthyosaurs may have gathered at Holzmaden to give birth. 36. Which of the following best expresses the relationship between the first and second paragraphs? A. The first paragraph describes a place while the second paragraph describes a field of study. B. The first paragraph defines the terms that are used in the second paragraph. C. The second paragraph describes a specific instance of the general topic discussed in the first paragraph. D. The second paragraph presents information that contrasts with the information given in the first paragraph. 37. The word "outstanding" in line 9 is closest in meaning to _____ A. extensive B. surprising C. vertical D. excellent 38. The word "site" in line 11 is closest in meaning to
A. example B. location C. development D. characteristic 39. Which of the following is true of the fossil deposits discussed in the passage? A. They include examples of newly discovered species. B. They contain large numbers of well-preserved specimens C. They are older than fossils found in other places D. They have been analyzed more carefully than other fossils. 40. The phrase "account for" in the last paragraph is closest in meaning to A. record B. describe C. equal D. explain 41. All of the following are mentioned as factors that encourage fossilization EXCEPT the _____ A. speed of burial B. conditions of the water C. rate at which soft tissues decay D. cause of death of the animal. 42. Why does the author mention the specimen preserved in the birth canal ? A. To illustrate that the embryo fossils are quite advanced in their development B. To explain why the fossils are well preserved C. To indicate how the ichthyosaurs died D. To prove that ichthyosaurs are marine animals. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions. 43. The midnight sun is a phenomenon in which the Sun visible remains in the sky for twenty-four hours or longer. A B C D 44. Although there are more than 2,000 different varieties of candy, many of them made from a basic boiled mixture of A B C D sugar, water, and corn syrup. 45. Nuclear energy, despite its early promise as a source of electrical power, is still insignificant in compared with older and safer energy sources. A B C D Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions. 46. My interview lasted longer than yours. A. Your interview wasn’t as short as mine. B. Your interview was shorter than mine. C. Your interview was as long as mine. D. Your interview was longer than mine. 47. Mary said : “ What will you do this evening, John ?” A. Mary asked John what would he do that evening. B. Mary asked John what John did that evening. C. Mary wanted to know what she and John would do that evening. D. Mary wanted to know what John would do that evening. 48. I think he didn’t take a bus yesterday because there aren’t any buses on Sundays. A. He couldn’t have taken a bus yesterday because there aren’t any buses on Sundays. B. He mustn’t have taken a bus yesterday because there aren’t any buses on Sundays. C. He needn’t have taken a bus yesterday because there aren’t any buses on Sundays. D. He mightn’t have taken a bus yesterday because there aren’t any buses on Sundays. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions. 49. I regret going to his party last night. A. I didn’t go to his party last night. B. I refused to go to his party last night. C. I wish I didn’t go to his party last night. D. I wish I hadn’t gone to his party last night. 50. He started computer programming as soon as he left school. A. No sooner had he started computer programming than he left school. B. Hardly had he started computer programming when he left school. C. No sooner had he left school than he started computer programming. D. After he left school, he had started computer programming.