Proofreader: Marcia Simmons Cover Designer: Karen Montgomery Interior Designers: Ron Bilodeau and J.D. Biersdorfer
First Edition. Second Edition. Third Edition. Fourth Edition. Fifth Edition. Sixth Edition.
Revision History for the Sixth Edition: 2013-11-06 First release 2013-12-02 Second release See http://oreil.ly/ipad6E_tmm for release details.
The O’Reilly logo is a registered trademark of O’Reilly Media, Inc. iPad: The Missing Manual and related trade dress are trademarks of O’Reilly Media, Inc. Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this book, and O’Reilly Media, Inc., was aware of a trademark claim, the designations have been printed in caps or initial caps. Adobe Photoshop™ is a registered trademark of Adobe Systems, Inc., in the United States and other countries. O’Reilly Media, Inc., is independent of Adobe Systems, Inc. Image on page 23 appears courtesy of Logitech. Image on pages 2, 4, 5, and 45 appear courtesy of Apple, Inc. Image on page 215 appears courtesy of GameCase. Image on page 70 appears courtesy of Novatel Wireless. Images on page 361 appear courtesy Apple (top) and Griffin Technology (bottom). While every precaution has been taken in the preparation of this book, the publisher and author assume no responsibility for errors or omissions, or for damages resulting from the use of the information contained herein. ISBN: 978-1-449-34180-0
WiFi Versus Cellular Networks. . . . . . . . . Get Your WiFi Connection. . . . . . . . . . . . Use Public WiFi Hotspots. . . . . . . . . . . . . Use a Cellular Data Network. . . . . . . . . . . Pick an AT&T Service Plan. . . . . . . . . . . . Pick a Verizon Service Plan.. . . . . . . . . . . Pick a Sprint or T-Mobile Service Plan. . . . Sign Up for Cellular Data Service . . . . . . . Transfer an Old Data Plan to a New iPad. . Turn Cellular Data Service Off or On. . . . . Check, Change, or Cancel Data Plans. . . . Use a Mobile Broadband Hotspot. . . . . . . Use the iPad as a Personal Hotspot.. . . . . Make Internet Calls with FaceTime. . . . . . Use Skype to Make Internet Calls. . . . . . . Travel Internationally with the iPad. . . . . .
58 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 74 75
Surf the Web.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Take a Safari Tour. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Use Browser Tabs in Safari. . . . . . . . . . Zoom and Scroll Through Web Pages. . Use Safari Reader. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Use Safari’s Reading List. . . . . . . . . . . See Links Shared From Twitter . . . . . . Jump to Other Web Pages. . . . . . . . . . Create and Use Bookmarks . . . . . . . . . Make Home Screen Bookmarks. . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . .
78 80 82 84 85 86 87 88 90
Call Up Your History List. . . . . . . . . . Manage Bookmarks and Folders. . . . . Play Favorites With Your Bookmarks.. Sync Bookmarks.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Save and Mail Images from the Web. . Stream Web Audio and Video. . . . . . Work with Online Apps. . . . . . . . . . . Use iCloud Tabs.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Use the Safari Share Menu. . . . . . . . . Use Autofill to Save Time. . . . . . . . . . Save Credit Card Numbers in Safari.. . Social Networking on Your iPad. . . . . Surf Securely. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Use Other Web Browsers. . . . . . . . . .
Visit the iPad’s Control Center. . . . . . Hang Out the “Do Not Disturb” Sign. . Set App Privacy Settings. . . . . . . . . . Find Your Way with Maps.. . . . . . . . . See Maps in Different Views. . . . . . . . Locate Your Position Using GPS. . . . . Get Directions on the Map. . . . . . . . . Use Facebook on the iPad. . . . . . . . .
Set Up iCloud on Your iPad. . . . . . . . . . Set Up iCloud on Your Computer. . . . . . Using iWork with iCloud on the Web.. . . Stream Photos with iCloud.. . . . . . . . . . Share Your Photo Stream. . . . . . . . . . . . Using Shared Photo Streams. . . . . . . . . Lock Up Passwords on iCloud Keychain..
About the Author J.D. Biersdorfer (author) is the author of several O’Reilly books, including the first five editions of this book; iPod: The Missing Manual; Best iPhone Apps, Second Edition; and Netbooks: The Missing Manual. She’s been writing the weekly computer Q&A column for The New York Times since 1998 and also writes the Applied Reading column on literary apps for The New York Times Book Review. Over the years, she’s written articles for the AIGA Journal of Graphic Design, Budget Travel, and Rolling Stone. J.D. can be heard each week on the Pop Tech Jam audio podcast at www.poptechjam.com. She has a degree in Theatre & Drama from Indiana University. You can reach her by email at firstname.lastname@example.org.
About the Creative Team Peter McKie (editor) has a master’s degree in journalism from Boston University. In his spare time, he digitizes historic photos of his summer community. Email: email@example.com. Kristen Brown (production editor) is a graduate of the publishing program at Emerson College. She lives in the Boston area with her husband and an incredible amount of books and board games. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org. Julie Hawks (indexer) is a teacher and eternal student. She can be found wandering about with a camera in hand. Email: email@example.com. Marcia Simmons (proofreader) is a writer and editor living in the San Francisco Bay Area. She’s the author of the book DIY Cocktails, and you can find her blog at www.marciaisms.com.
Acknowledgments I would like to thank David Pogue for getting me into the book business back in 2002 and for being a terrific editor on our mutual projects over the years. Also thanks to editor Peter McKie for making sense of things during the mad scramble, and to all the Missing Manual folks at O’Reilly Media—especially Kristen Brown, Monica Kamsvaag, Ron Bilodeau, Jamey Harvey, and Frank Deras for the custom iPad photography gracing these pages. Big thanks to Mac guru Alan Yacavone for sharing his knowledge on all things Apple. Katherine Ippoliti’s graphics work in past and present editions also deserves a shout-out, as does Phil Simpson for his wonderful iOS fonts. And thanks to the friends who don’t get offended when I go into the deep, dark Deadline Zone, and to my family (especially and most importantly, my partner Betsy Book) for putting up with me during the long hours in the writing corner with The UK 1940s Radio Station streaming forth from the Web. —J.D. Biersdorfer
The Missing Manual Series Missing Manuals are witty, superbly written guides to computer products that don’t come with printed manuals (which is just about all of them). Each book features a handcrafted index. Recent and upcoming titles include: Windows 8.1: The Missing Manual by David Pogue Switching to the Mac: The Missing Manual, Mavericks Edition by David Pogue Dreamweaver CC: The Missing Manual by David Sawyer McFarland and Chris Grover OS X Mavericks: The Missing Manual by David Pogue HTML5: The Missing Manual, Second Edition by Matthew MacDonald Photoshop Elements 12: The Missing Manual by Barbara Brundage Photoshop CC: The Missing Manual by Lesa Snider Office 2013: The Missing Manual by Nancy Connor, Matthew MacDonald Quickbooks 2013: The Missing Manual by Bonnie Biafore WordPress: The Missing Manual by Matthew MacDonald For a full list of all Missing Manuals in print, go to www.missingmanuals.com/ library.html.
The Missing Credits
Introduction APPLE ANNOUNCED THE ORIGINAL iPad on January 27, 2010, and the
consumer technology world hasn’t been the same since. Customers rushed to buy the tablet, snapping up more than 300,000 the day it went on sale. Competitors rushed to copy it, with Microsoft, Google, Samsung, Motorola, Amazon, and others creating their own variations on the app-friendly touchscreen device. In the fall of 2013, Apple released the fifth generation of the iPad, a slimmeddown full-size version dubbed the iPad Air, and the second version of its smaller sidekick, the iPad Mini, now with a super-sharp Retina display. Building on its success with the iPads that came before, this latest set of iPads bring zippier processors, lots of free Apple software for work and play, and the bright new iOS 7 operating system to the table. Apple has now sold 170 million iPads. So why has the tablet proven so popular, even among its increased competition? One theory: The world has shifted to an online and on-the-go lifestyle. Tablets and smartphones are outselling traditional computers, and a thin Internet-connected device that can expertly handle communications, entertainment, and school/business tasks—and look extremely stylish to boot—is going to be a winner. Apple embraced this “post-PC” world in 2011 with the arrival of its iCloud service. You don’t have to connect your iPad to your computer to set it up, fill it up, or back it up anymore. Your iPad can be your primary window to the Internet for work, play, and cat videos—no bulky laptop needed, because you’re living in an airy ecosystem where all your stuff is safely online, Up There if you need it. Even your music, videos, and ebooks await you in iCloud. And thanks to the 475,000 third-party tablet-specific apps available, the iPad can move beyond being just a platter that serves up media and Web content. In fact, it can pretty much be whatever you want it to be. Come to think of it, that may be 475,00 more reasons why it’s still so popular.
About This Book The small card that Apple includes with each iPad is enough to get your tablet up and running, charged, and ready to frolic on the Web. But you probably want to know more about all the great things it can do and where to find its coolest features. This book gives you more iPad info than that wee card. It’s neatly organized by task and topic, and it has nice big color pictures.
About→These→Arrows Throughout this book, and throughout the Missing Manual series, you’ll find sentences like this: “Tap Home→Settings→Wallpapers & Brightness→Choose Wallpaper and then tap the photo you want to use.” That’s shorthand for a longer set of instructions like this: “From the iPad’s Home screen, tap the Settings icon to go the Settings screen. On the Settings screen, tap Wallpapers & Brightness and then, on the screen that appears, tap Choose Wallpaper. On the next screen, tap the photo you want to use.” Our shorthand system keeps things snappier than these windy instructions do, and get you cruising on your iPad more quickly.
The Very Basics You’ll learn how to interact with your iPad using its touchscreen in Chapter 2, but you need to be familiar with a few desktop computer terms and concepts, too, so you can use iTunes, the iPad’s media manager: • Clicking. To click means to point the arrow cursor at something on the screen and then to press and release the button on the mouse (or laptop trackpad). To double-click, of course, means to click twice in rapid succession, again without moving the cursor. To drag means to move the cursor while pressing the button. On the iPad itself, a finger tap functions like a computer mouse click.
When you’re told to Ctrl+click something on a Windows PC, or C-click something on the Mac, you click while pressing the Ctrl or C key (both of which you can find near each computer’s space bar). • Menus. The menus are the words at the top of your screen: File, Edit, and so on. Click one to make a list of commands appear, as though they’re written on a window shade you just pulled down. • Keyboard shortcuts. Jumping up to menus in iTunes takes time. That’s why you’ll find keyboard quickies that perform the same functions sprinkled throughout this book—Windows shortcuts first, followed by Mac shortcuts in parentheses, like this: “To quickly summon the Preferences box, press Ctrl+comma (C-comma).” Master these techniques and you’ll have all the technical background you need to enjoy iPad: The Missing Manual.
About MissingManuals.com This book helps you get the most out of your iPad. As you read through it, you’ll find references to websites that offer additional resources. Each reference includes the site’s URL, but you can save yourself some typing by going to this book’s Missing CD page at http://missingmanuals.com/cds/ipadmm6e/. There, you’ll find clickable links to the sites mentioned in this book. The Missing CD page also offers corrections and updates to the book. To see them, click the View Errata link. You’re invited to submit corrections and updates yourself by clicking “Submit your own errata” on the same page. To keep this book as up to date and accurate as possible, each time we print more copies, we’ll make any confirmed corrections you’ve suggested. While you’re online, you can register this book at www.oreilly.com/register. Registering means we can send you updates about the book, and you’ll be eligible for special offers, like discounts on future editions of the iPad Missing Manual.
Safari® Books Online Safari® Books Online is an on-demand digital library that lets you search over 7,500 technology books and videos. With a subscription, you can read any page and watch any video from our library; access new titles before they’re available in print; and copy and paste code samples, organize your favorites, download chapters, bookmark key sections, create notes, print out pages, and benefit from tons of other time-saving features. O’Reilly Media has uploaded this book to the Safari Books Online service. To have full digital access to this book and others on similar topics from O’Reilly and other publishers, sign up for free at http://my.safaribooksonline.com. Introduction
You’ll learn to: •Activate your iPad or iPad Mini
•Wirelessly sync media to your tablet •Use iTunes to manage your iPad’s contents •Charge up the iPad’s battery •Stretch battery life
Set Up Your iPad
SINCE ITS ARRIVAL FEWER than four years ago, Apple’s tablet com-
puter has been adopted by millions of people, and adapted in countless ways, including as a gaming arcade, a laptop substitute, and a batterypowered media machine that can both play—and make—movies. In November 2013, the fifth version of the 10-inch iPad, now dubbed the iPad Air, hit the scene. The second generation of the popular iPad Mini also arrived, bringing with a faster processor and, best of all, a Retina display that made everything on its 8-inch screen look twice as sharp as the screen on the original 2012 Mini. Whether it’s showcasing your vacation photos, plotting your position on a 3D map, or describing faraway lands in travel apps like 1,000 Places to See Before You Die, an iPad can whisk you away to new worlds. But before you can take off with your new tablet, you need to set it up for the first time, learn a few basic controls, charge its battery, and stock it with media. That’s where this chapter comes in. It’s said that a journey of a thousand miles starts with a single step. So let your first step be setting up your new iPad. To do that, turn the page.
Meet the iPad THE FIRST IPAD APPEARED in the spring of 2010,
and the tablet’s been so popular that Apple has updated it four times since, making the screen sharper, the processor faster, and the syncing more seamless. Apple debuted the iPad 2 in 2011. The third- and fourth-generaton iPads, released in March and November 2012 respectively, sported the high-resolution Retina display. And that fall 2012 release saw the debut of the iPad’s little brother, the original iPad Mini. In October 2013, after 170 million iPads had been snapped up around the world, Apple introduced its fifth-generation full-size tablet, called the iPad Air, the lightest, fastest iPad yet, available with a black or white front. That same day, Apple added the super-sharp Retina display to the iPad Mini (skip to page 4 to read about the Mini’s capabilities).
The iPad Air
While older iPad models still float around eBay, Apple and other outlets sell four tablets as new these days: the iPad Air, the iPad 2 (an entry-level option at a lower price), the original Pad Mini, and the Pad Mini with Retina display.
The iPad Air vs. the iPad 2 So what’s the difference between the two larger models, the iPad Air and the iPad 2? Basically, it’s a matter of screen and speed. The fifth-generation iPad sports a robust A7 processor, an M7 motion coprocessor that handles accelerometer and compass duties, a high-definition Retina display with a thinner frame around the screen, and a 5-megapixel back camera. This iPad can record video at 1080p resolution with the rear camera and at 720p with the front FaceTime camera; both resolutions qualify as high-definition. The Air is available in four storage capacities: 16 gigabytes (GB), 32 GB, 64 GB, and 128 GB. All four iPads come in either WiFi-only or Wi-Fi + Cellular models. Cellular-capable iPads can get online through zippy 4G LTE networks when there’s no WiFi signal around.
The iPad 2
The iPad 2, on the other hand, cruises along on a slower A5 processor and has a screen that’s half the resolution of the Retina display, though it’s still crisp. It has 2 Chapter1
a rear camera with around 1 megapixel of resolution for still photos (which isn’t very sharp), but it can record video at a resolution of 720p. The iPad 2 is only available with a 16 GB drive, but it comes in both Wi-Fi and Wi-Fi + 3G models; the latter gets online via a wireless network or by tapping into the slower 3G cellular networks from AT&T or Verizon. With its more modest specs, the iPad 2 is the cheapest 10-inch iPad, but it still runs the apps and media in your life.
What’s In the Box No matter which iPad you bought, big or small, you get the same components inside its glossy white box. Beyond the tablet itself, here’s what awaits you when you shred the shrinkwrap: • A white USB cable. The Retina display iPad and the Mini use the smaller Lightning connector on one end, while the iPad 2 uses the big Dock Connector plug. • A square-shaped USB power adapter for charging the iPad’s battery. • A little card of basic quick-start information that’s not nearly as fun or as colorful as this book.
If you have a Wi-Fi + Cellular iPad (AT&T, Verizon, Sprint, or T-Mobile) or an iPad with 3G service from AT&T, you’ll find a tiny piece of wire that looks like a paperclip stuck to the pamphlet that came with your iPad. This highly technical piece of gear serves one purpose: to open the micro-SIM card tray on a 4G/3G iPad (Verizon iPad 2 models don’t use SIM cards). You insert the pin into a tiny hole on the left edge of the iPad to pop open the tray. SIM cards (short for Subscriber Identity Module) store information about your cellular account. The Mini’s card is so tiny it’s called a nano-SIM card, but you may wonder why you even need to eject the card. Usually, you don’t—unless the iPad has 4G/3G troubles and you need to replace the card, or you travel internationally and want to pop in a card from a local carrier. See page 75 for more on global iPad travel.
Set Up Your iPad
Meet the iPad Mini
WHEN THE ORIGINAL IPAD debuted in 2010, Apple executives said the 10-inch screen and general form factor worked best for the tablet experience and that the company had no plans to make a smaller model. Still, that didn’t stop the rumor blogs from speculating that a smaller iPad would eventually come along— especially as 7-inch tablets from Amazon, Google, and Samsung began to take a big chomp out of Apple’s tablet market share and juicy profits.
Finally, after years of rumors, leaks, and blogger wishes swirling around every press conference, Apple announced a smaller version of the iPad in October 2012. The new model was officially dubbed the iPad Mini and it went on to snag 60% of total quarterly iPad sales in its first year, according to some analysts. The Mini was a hit, and the thing people most wished for—a sharper screen—was granted in November 2013, when the Mini with Retina display landed. In a way, Apple’s broadened iPad line repeats the company’s history with its iPod music players. The original player arrived in 2001, and then, in 2004, Apple released a smaller version called the iPod Mini. That Mini did pretty much everything the regular iPod could do, all while being smaller and more colorful. Just as the iPod Mini ran the same operating system, played the same music, and had the same buttons and switches as its big brother, so does the iPad Mini. This smaller iPad runs the same internal software (iOS 7), plays all the same media files and apps, and has the same arrangement of buttons, ports, and switches as the iPad Air. In fact, the iPad Air and iPad Mini are so similar, this book often refers to everything in Apple’s tablet line as “iPad.”
iPad Mini with Retina Display vs. the Original iPad Mini The iPad Air and iPad Mini with Retina display (Apple’s formal name for it; its friends call it Retina Mini) have almost identical internal parts. The main difference between iPads big and small is the precise screen size, which, for those with rulers, happens to be 9.7 inches for the Air versus 7.9 inches for the Mini. Like its Air-y older sibling, the Retina Mini also burns up the airwaves with an A7 processor, the M7 motion coprocessor (designed for handling data from movement-oriented games and fitness apps), and the latest WiFi technology for the peppy wireless-network connections. The new Mini also comes in four sizes that fit varying amounts of your digital stuff: 16 GB, 32 GB, 64 GB, and 128 GB. The original Mini, on the other hand, has more in common with the iPad 2 in terms of processor power and screen technology. Both run the older dual-core A5 chip, and neither has a Retina display. The original Mini, still for sale as the cheapest ticket to iPadWorld, now only comes in the 16 GB size, but it’s still a great starter iPad, especially for kids. Like the latest iPads, both Minis use the smaller 8-pin Lightning connector port, have the same FaceTime HD front camera and 5-megapixel rear camera for high-def video (Chapter 14), and offer the Siri personal assistant software (page 40). And you get to choose between a white or black Mini. Like the big iPads, the original Mini and Retina Mini come in a Wi-Fi model for use with wireless networks, and in a more expensive Wi-Fi + Cellular model that lets you jump online through the same 4G LTE data networks that smartphones use. The Minis work with all four major U.S. wireless carriers, too. Chapter 4 explains all the ways to get online with your iPad, no matter its size. Make no mistake—the smaller size and lighter weight of this petite iPad (less than seven-tenths of a pound) is huge for many people. The Mini’s size makes it easier to tote around and that, coupled with its lower price, means it’s a more attractive option for students and people who need to stay online but want something bigger than a smartphone screen, yet smaller than the regular iPad. The Mini fits in the palms of (most) adult hands. It uses the same operating system, runs the same apps, and sports the same Lightning adapters and accessories as its big brothers. Apple itself said it best: “The iPad Mini is every inch an iPad.”
Set Up Your iPad
Turn the iPad On and Off THINK OF APPLE’S IMAC, iPhone, and iPod Touch. In addition to starting with
the letter “i,” all these products are sleek gadgets with a minimum of buttons to disrupt their smooth skin. The iPad family is no exception. Run your finger along the tablet’s top edge and you’ll find a small thin button on the right (circled). It’s got a long name: On/Off, Sleep/Wake.
Here’s what it does:
• It turns the iPad off and on. To turn your iPad off completely—so that it gobbles no power at all—press and hold down this button until you see an on-screen prompt (’ slide to power off) asking you to confirm your request. Touch the arrow, and slide your finger along the screen from left to right. If you’re not going to use your tablet for a few days, this total shutdown is the way to conserve as much battery life as possible.
’ To turn the iPad back on, press the On/Off button for a second or two, until you see the Apple logo. After a minute or so of boot-up gyrations, you’re back in business.
• It puts the iPad to sleep and wakes it up. Press the button briefly to turn off the iPad’s screen and put it in power-saving Sleep (standby) mode. To wake the iPad from its power nap, quickly press the Sleep/Wake button again. (You may also need to wake your iPad if you leave it untended for more than a few minutes, because it goes to sleep all by itself to save power. (To change its nod-off settings, see page 338.) Whenever you turn your iPad on or wake it from its electronic slumber, you end up on a locked Home screen (unless you have one of Apple’s Smart Covers; see page 361). To get to the iPad’s goodies, swipe your finger along the slider in the direction of the arrow. Why does the Home screen lock itself? Because on a touchscreen device, one unintended tap when the iPad is in your briefcase or bag can turn on a program without you knowing it, and poof, there goes that battery charge. 6 Chapter1
Find the Home Button and Cameras THERE’S ONLY ONE SWITCH on the front of the iPad: the Home button (circled below). This round, gently indented switch sits in the bottom-center of the iPad’s black or white picture frame (known as a bezel in geek-speak). You’ll probably use this button more than any other in your iPad adventures.
The Home button may seem like a humble little control, but it has a wider range of powers than you might expect. Page 20 gives you the lowdown on its versatile role, which changes depending on what screen you’re on and how many times you press it. For now, though, think of the Home button as another way to wake up your iPad—gently press it to wake a sleeping tablet. Every iPad (except the original model) comes with two tiny cameras built into the tablet’s front and back. The camera on the front, which looks like a small pinhole, is smack dab in the middle of the bezel’s top edge. This is the camera you use for FaceTime chats and wacky Photo Booth self-portraits (Chapter 15). The rear camera is, naturally, on the back of the iPad. It’s the small round lens below the Sleep/Wake switch. You use it to take still pictures and shoot videos—which you can then edit right on the tablet. See Chapter 14 for more about videos, and Chapter 15 for details on snapping still shots with the iPad. NOTE
The iPad 2, third- and fourth-generation iPads, the iPad Air, and both iPad Minis each have a built-in gyroscope, an orientation sensor that tells the tablet which way you’re holding and moving it. Games (Chapter 10) that incorporate the gyroscope can be thrilling to play since you actually move the iPad to control gameplay.